ST.

MICHAEl'S INsTlnmoN, IPOH
STPM Trial Examination - 2009
Upper Six Sciences
Instruction_ie>
Pltyslcs 1
(960/1)
1 hr45 min
There are fifty questions in this tesl For each question. four suggested answers are
given. You are required to chooee one which is the best answer and marl< on the separate
Multiple Choice Answer 5_ provided.
At1ower .. t the questions. Mar1<s will not be deducted for wrong -.s. Your total
score in this leal be the number Qf questions correctly answered .
• If necessary, use the vlJiues of cons/ants provided on page 10.
Thi. question _ consists of 10 printed
1 Using the symbols L, M, T, Nand 0 as the dimensions for length, mass, time, amount of
substance and temperab,lre, What is the dimensions of R il the equation pV", = RT?
(p It pressure, Vrn is the molar vOlume. R is the gas c:onstaIlt, T is the thermodynamic temperature)
A ML 7
'
e"' C ML 7'2 N' 1 e-
t
B Mt. 'r' 0" D ML'" N" 0"
Z A student uses a mia"ometer screw gauge Ie measure the diameter or a baU-bearing. Based on
five measurements, the fDlowfng results were obtained
minimum diameter = 5.28 mm
maximum dlameter '"' 5.33 mm
mean value = 5.30 mm
It is known that thfi actual diameter is 5.24 mm. What Is the most probabte reason why the
mean value obtained differs from the actual diamete<? .
A There is I*'8I1ax Ofl'9r.
B The nu..- 01 readi1gs I;Iken is insutlldenl.
The a Itft:tg tnltr'umel1t is not enough.
o There is zero error in measuring instrument
A wIlesl suddenly deta</Ied f!<)m a t!e\i!:oI>Ier wIlile n is j!1OVllg horizonlally 8\ 1 .. krn h" at a
height of 500 m abOVo tho oaf1h. Wh$t is tho horizontal dillance travelled by tho """'" _ Ms
tho ground? [T- g to be 10 m s" sod Ignore tho e1Iec:tsqr air resistance and wind!
A 200m B 300m C 400m 0 SOOm
4 M and P, _ are·of mass 3.0 kg and 5.0 kg respectively, are connected tog_ with an
In_ string. M lo pulled by a horizontal force of 30 N.
3,0 kg
30 ''::=::::L
T
P M
Iftho1l1dion -. MandPwllhthoftoor i04.0 N and 10 N respectively. what is tho tension
T In the sVtng?
A 4.0 N B 10,0 N C 11.3 N D 16.0 N
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5 A truck of mass 2 600 kg is moving along a horizontal road. When its brakes are applied, heat
is produced at a steady rate of 58.5 kW for 5.0 5 before the truck stops. Estimate the speed of the
truck just before the application of the brakes.
A 10.0 m 5.
1
C 15.0 m 5.
1
o 22.5 m 5"
6 A steel ball of mass 0.005 kg falls vertically through a liquid at terminal speed 0. 1 m 5", The
energy dissipated per second in the liquid by the ball 's motion, in mJ, is
A 0.025 B 5.0 C 10 o SO
7 The radius of curvature of the North-South Highway at a certain place is 200 m. At what angle
must its surface be banked so that a car moving with a speed of 108 km h-
I
will not experience any
lateral strain on the wheel?
A zero B 24.6 ' C 61 .6 ' o 65.4 '
8 To what quantity in linear motion is the moment of inertia of a rotati ng body analogous?
A force B momentum C acceleration o mass
9 The diagram shows a metre rule which is placed on a smooth horizontal table.
smooth table metre rule
t
,
impulsive force
When a horizontal force is applied to one end of the meter rule in a direction
perpendicular to its axis, the metre rule will experience
A translation only.
B rotation only.
C rotation and translation.
o vibration, rotation and translation.
10 A body of mass m is placed on a rough surface that is inclined at an angle of e to the
horizontal.
If the body remained stationary, the coefficient of static friction J.I is given
A C ).1= mgkos 9
B o f1= tane
11 The escape velocity of a carbon dioxide molecule On the Earth's surface is 1.1 x 10" m 5.
1
, What
will be its escape velocity at an altitude of O.4R, where R is the Earth's radius?
A 0.9 X 10" m 5.
1
B 1. 1 x 10"ms·
1
C 1.3 x 10" m 5"
o 1.5 x 10" m 5"
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12 The graph on the right shows the variation of
the gravitational potential energy U of a spacecraft
with its distance r from the Earth's centre, The
radius of the earth is R
u
R "

- U, - ---f- -- - - -.:; ---'--
If the spacecraft is orbiting the Earth in an
orbit of radius r 0 , the total energy of the spacecraft
is
- U,
c ·2U,
,
,
,
,
,
,
13 When the amplitude of a simple harmonic motion changes, which of the following quantities
does not change?
A period C acceleration
8 velocity D restoring force
14 A frictionless trolley of mass 1.0 kg is tied to two points, X and Y, using two stretched


c) 0=
-
x
The trolley is displaced a small distance (0.050 m) towards Y by a force 5.0 N and then released.
The subsequence motion is represented by the equation a = . oozx, where x is the displacement of the
trolley from its equi librium position. What is the value of 00
2
?
A 0.25 rad
z
s ' z
B 1.0 rad
z
s""2
C 100 rad
z
s'
o 400 rad
z
S' 2
15 Diagrams (a) and (b) show the displacement--distance and displacement·time graphs of a
transverse wave.
displacementlmm displacementfmm
of\J\J distance/em
(a)
of\PJa
(b)
.. tlme/ms
The velocity of the wave is
A 0.004 m s·, B 0.4 m s' \ o 4ms'\
16 Which of the following statements is not true about stationary waves?
A Particles between consecutive nodes vibrates in phase.
B Particles between consecutive nodes vibrates with the same velocity.
C Particles between consecutive nodes vibrates with different amplitude.
D Particles between consecutive nodes vibrates with the same frequency.
17 A spectator is standing by the side of a racing track. When a Formula·1 racing car passes him,
he observed that the pitch of the sound produced by the car decreases. This is due to
A Doppler effect. C damping.
B resonance. o reflection.
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18 A point source produces a sound at the rate of 120 W. What is the intensity level of the sound
at a distance of 2.0 m from the source? [threshold of hearing, 10 = 10.
12
W m'2j
A 30dB B 124 dB C 130 dB D 141 dB
19 The diagram below shows the extension (x) of a wire varies when it is stretched by a force (F).
F
o LL-_--.l'-__ X
The shaded region represents the
A strain in the wire.
S stress on the wire.
C strain energy stored in the wire.
D strain energy per unit volume stored in the wire.
20 The graph shows how the potential
energy U between two atoms in a diatomk:
moJecule changes with the distance of
separation r between them.
At a certain temperature T, each atom
between two positions which are
represented by the points P and Q .
The maximum thermal energy of the
molecule at temperature T is
A E.
B E, . E. C E, + Eo
u
o
E,
Ii. ..
,
Q
D
21 The r.m.s. speed of the molecules in an ideal gas of volume V and pressure p is Co. The gas is
heated until its volume becomes t V and its pressure becomes 6p. lNhat is the new r.m.s. speed of
the molecules?
A 2e. B 3e. C 4e. D Be.
22 The graph below represents the distribution of molecular speed in a gas at temperature T.
number of
molecules,
n(v)
z speed, v
The quantity z is the
A modal speed (most probable speed) .
B root mean square speed.
C mean square speed.
o mean speed.
23 Which of the following equations is not applicable to an ideal gas undergoing adiabatic
change?
A dO=O
B pV=nRT
C pV = constant
o TV'" 1 = constant
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24 Two c:onduc:ling biocks are maintained at 8 temperature di1ference of 20 K. and are connected
through tW<i nicrS 01 length 0.4 m aoQ thermal conductivity 25 W m·' K' . The cross-sectional a"", of
one of the rods is 1.0 x tnI while that of the other is 4.0 x 10"" rn'-. The space between the
conducting bkidcS is filled will lagging.
The rate of heat flow between !he two blocks is
A 0.13W B 0.25W C 0.31 W o 0.63W
25 Two Identical metal spheres, X and Y. are given positive charges 01 ax and Qy respectively,
wt1efe Cit > av. 'NtJich of the following statements is true about X and Y1
A The elecbic field strength inside both spherea is zero.
B The eloclric inside both spheres is zero.
C The eloclric fteld strengiI1 on !he surface of both spheres is zero.
o The eIocIric potential inside both sphen!s is the same.
28 The diagnam shows two dlarges - q and + 3q at points A and B respectively.
Aa -q
. ".
(AS' BC :CA· 20 em;
M is the mid-point of AS )
r/ii- ..... .... ........ :,. C
+3q
If q • 5 iJC. calculate the potential difference belween points C and M.
A 1350 kV B 000 kV C 450 kV 0 4.5 kV
2'1' The flash ligll in a camera consisb of. xeoon diad1arge lube which is connected to a
cap8!Clor ""'!ch is charged by. 1 000 V SOUfCe. The ..... __ oupplied to the discharge tube
is 2 000 W and Ihe du!alion 01 the flash is O.Q.oIO s. Estimate Ihe capac:ilance of lie capacitoI.
A B C 0
28 lead becomes • below its critical temP'!f"OlI!te. """'ich <!flhe foIIooIing
_ best explained this phenomenon?
A The conduction ele Alons n1OY8 in pains.
B The vibtatlon of the atoms stopped.
C The heat content of the materiaf is zero.
o The number of conduction hed increased tremendously.
29 A milliammeter can be converted to a voltmeter by connecting
A a resistor of high value in parallel to it.
o a rc.istor of high value in series with it.
C & resistor of low value in parallel to it.
D a. resi_or of tow value in series with it.
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30 Six identical resistors, each of value 5 fl, are connected to a 2 V cell whose internal
resistance can be ignored.

2V r
yL-________ ------______
The potential difference across X and Y is
A
3.
v
)
B
Jlv
9
c
±v
)
31 The diagram shows a 40 em straight conductor
carrying a current 0[20 A in a 2.0 T field.
The magnetic field acts in the horizontal plane at
an angle of 8 with the direction of the current.
If the weight ofthe conductor is 8.0 N and the
magnetic force is just enough to balance the weight
of the conductor, what is the angle (f!
32 The figure shows the trajectories
of two charged particles P and Q
shot perpendicularly into a region of
uniform magnetic field with the
same velocity.
If the radii of the trajectories are
the same, identify P and Q.
p
Q
A a-particle electron
B electron a-particle
C electron positron
0 positron electron
33 The figure shows the side view of a circular
coil of N turns and area A in a magnetic field B.
Ifthe normal to the plane of the coil makes
an angle q with the magnetic field, the total
magnetic flux through the coil is
o
2IIA
p - -.--
o --+_-
Qrcularcol
,
B
A NBA casu B NBA sinu C BAcosu o BA sinn
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34

d:tW:crrrrr:::Imcrg:ucr& Soft "'"
Coil
R
In the circuit above, switch S is closed and the current in the coil is increased gradually by
adjusting the rheostat. When the current is at its maximum, switch S is opened. The deftection
shown on the galvanometer is largest
A at the instant switch S is closed.
8 while the current in the coil is increasing.
C when the current is at its maximum.
o at the instant switch S is opened.
35 In a circuit, an alternating CUlTent of r.m.s. val ue 1.00 A flows through a resistor. In another
circuit, a steady current of magnitude I flows through an identical res istor. If the two resistors
dissipate heat at the same rate, the value of I is
A 0.71 A B 1.00 A C 1.41A o 2.00 A
36 A sinusoidal voltage of r.m.s. value 0.60 V is connected to a 30 mH inductor. If the peak current
flowing through the inductor is 45 mA, what is the frequency of the a.c.?
A 18 Hz B 100 Hz
37 The figure shows the symbol of an
operational amplifier.
Which terminal and label do not
correspond?
Terminal Label
A P Inverting input
B Q
Non-inverting input
C R Feedback output
0 S
Signal output
C 110 Hz
P ~ - - I
o ~ - - I '
38 The figure shows an operational amplifier circuit.
lOll,.,
,.' ",
K:
r-t:-r:
V.
_10V
I
-
'-
o 630 Hz
R
I
V.
Which graph represents the variation of the output voltage Va with the input voltage Vi?
s
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A
C
- >0
~ 5 ,
,
,
."
0 2.61 V;IV
_10
V,.IV
."
-10
- 8-
B
D
~
-"
,
."
0
"
Vi/V
,
,
,
-10
V.N
.10
,
V;IV
39 In photoelectric emission, the energy of the photon is used
A as the kinetic energy of the electron only.
e to release the electron from the lattice only.
C by the electron to produce a new electron called photoelectron
o to release the electron from the lattice and as the kinetic energy of the electron.
40 A proton and an electron have the same value of the de Broglie wavelength. If the K E. of the
proton and the electron-are. respectively, Kp and 1<.. which of the following is correct?
A Kp > K,
41 The fi gure shows some of the energy levels
of an atom.
The maximum number of spectral lines
produced by the transition of electrons from
these four energy levels is
A 3
B 4
C Kp=K, o
I
K=-
P K
,
---- ---- --£.
----------£,
- ----- ----£,
-----------£,
C 5 o 6
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42 The graph shows the X-ray
spectra I and II produced by an X-ray
tube when it is operated at two
different voltages.
Which statement explains why the
minimum wavelength of spectrum II is
longer than that of spectrum I?
- 9-
A A higher voltage is used to produce spectrum II.
B A lower voltage is used to produce spectrum II.
':
"
" , I
Wavelength
C An element of smaller atomic number is used as the target material to produce
spectrum II.
o An element of bi gger atomic number is used as the target material to produce
spectrum II.
43 The penetration power o f of X-rays produced from an X-ray lube can be increased by
A increasing the length of the X-ray tube.
B increasing the operating voltage of the X-ray tube.
C increasing the current flowing through the cathode.
o changing the target metal to an element of hi gher atomic number.
44 The nucleus of iron l ~ Fe is more stable than the nucleus of bi smuth z:; Oi . Which of the
foll owing is true of the more stable nucleus?
A Smaller mass per nucleon
B Lower ratio of proton to neutron
C Lower binding energy per nucleon
o Higher binding energy per nucleon
4S When a slow neutron is captured by a stationary I ~ ~ Cd nucleus, a I:: Cd nucleus is formed and
a 'Y4ray photon is emitted. What is the wavelength of the y -ray?
[Mass of ~ n = 1.0087 u, mass of ':: Cd "" J 12.9044 U, mass of I:; Cd "" 113.9034 uJ
A 2.0SxlO-
23
m
B 6.63 X10-
16
m
C 1. 37 X \0-1) m
o 1.45 xlO-
12
m
46 A radioactive sample consists of a nucl)de which emits a-particles at the rate as shown in the
graph below.
_01"""""
Determine the decay constant of the nuclide.
A 5.5)( 10-3
S
· 1 B 9.2x 10 -3
5
-' C 75s
o 125 s
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47 A radioactive element X decays to a radioactive element Y which then decays to element Z. If
the sample initially contains X only, which of the foll owing factors influences the ratio or the
number ory nuclei to the number of X nuclei after a certain time?
48
A Half· life of element Y
B Half·life of element Z
"x ->
m
'io
C Initial number of X nucle i
o Surrounding pressure
+
',Y
The equation above represents a nuclear reaction. What do the symbols m, nand Y represent?
!I! !L
A 4 2
B 2 4
C 2 4
0
- 1 0
49 The antiparticle of the electron is the
A quark B meson
50 The strong force is responsible for
A bela decay.
B alpha decay.
X
nucleon
neutron
proton
helium nuclide
C neutrino D positron
C bindi ng the nucleons together.
o holding the electrons in the atom.
960 PHYSICS
Values of constants
Speed of light in free space c
Permeability of free space
1'0
Permittivity of free space
..
Magnitude of electronic charge e
Planck constant h
Unified atomic mass constant u
Rest mass of electron m.
Rest mass of proton m,
Molar gas constant R
Avogadro constant L. NA
Boltzmann constant k
Gravitational constant G
Acceleration of free fall g
Prepared by: Lee Ping Kew,
August, 2009
Checked by:
PRAKAs
LPK@C:IPIIYSICSFORM6lEXAMl09STPMT,ia[ PtJfMrf.doc:
=
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

41tx10 , T
Hm
, !
8.85 x 10 . 12
F
m ·
1
( 1/(36n)) x 10" F m"
1.60 x 10 , n
C
6.63 x 10 , 3-4 J s
1.66 x 10 ·
2T
kg
9.11 x 10 , 31 kg
1.67 x 10'27 kg
8.31 J K ., mar I
6.02 x 10
23
mol -'
1.3Bx10 ·
23
JK-
t
6.67 x 10 .
11
N m 2 kg ·
2
9.B1ms -
2
Endorsed by/?
a-w'1:..U ..
c;u", Kmrtm $aifU
SML St. Midwd
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ST. MICHAEL'S INSTITUTION, IPOH
STPM Trial Examination - 2009
Upper Six Sciences
Physics 2
(960/2)
2 hr 30 min
Full Name: _ ___ ________ _
Class No.: Class: Upper Six Science __
(as in the Class Register)
Instructions to candidates:
Answer all the questions in Seclion A in the spaces provided. All working must be shown. For
calculations, relevanl values of constants in the Data Booklet· must be used. For numerical answers,
units must be quoted wherever they are appropriate.
Answer any (our questions from Section B. For this section, write your answers on the answer
sheets (test pad) provided. Begin each answer on afresh sheet o/paper, and arrange your answers in
numerical order. Tie your answer sheets to this question booklet (from page I to page 6 only) .
• ljnecessary, use the values of constants provided on page 10 in this question booklet.
This question booklet consists of 10 printed pages
Section A
Answer all the questions in this section.
1 (a) Define a vector quantity.
... ........ ............... ... . ...... .. . .............. ..... ..... ........... ........ .... ...•... ...............•......... .•.........
(b) A r!gid wire frame is in the form of a cube. A force of
20 N is applied along a diagonal from the origin 0 to a point
A which is diagonally opposite to O. Refer to the Figure on
the right.
Three forces of equal magnitude, each parallel to a side of
the cube, are then applied at point O.
Determine the magnitude and direction of these three
forces so that they will balance the 20 N force.
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z
,
,
,
,
f---
y
20N
O V " ' ' ' - ~ - - T - - - - ~ x
, ,
-------y
,
,
,
,
[1 J
[4J
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2 The archerfish hunts by dislodging an unsuspecting insect from its resting place with a stream
of water expelled from the fish's mouth. Suppose the archerfish squirts water with an initial speed of
2.5 m 5"1 at a beetle on a leaf 4.0 em above.the water' s surface, as shown below.
(a) If the fish aim in such a way that the stream of water is movirlg hori zontally when it hits the
beetle. what is the launch angle, 9?
(b) How much time does the beetle have to react?
(e) What is the horizontal distance, d, between the fish a n ~ the beetle when the water is launched?
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[2]
[2]
( I]
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3 Figure (a) shows the bone and muscle structure ofa person's arm holding a 5.0 kg mass in
equilibrium. The forearm is horizontal and is at ri ght angles to the upper arm. Figure (b) shows the
equivalent mechanical system. fM is the force exerted by the biceps muscle and FJ is the force at the
elbow joint.
E
om
20N
35cm
Figure (a)
p
E r - + - ~ r - - - - - - - -
5.0om·_
N
om
35 em
Figure (b)
(a) (i) Suggest a reason why a 20 N fo rce has been included in this system.
5.0 kg
(i i) State the condition(s) that must be met by the forces when the arm is in equilibrium.
(b) Calculate the magnitude orlhe force F
M
.
(e) In many athletes, the distance between the elbow joint (E) and the muscle attachment (P) is
greater than 5.0 em. Explain why this is an advantage in lifting and throwing events .
.............................................. ............................ ................................................... ...............................
...............................................................................................................................................................
960/2
(1)
[2)
[ I)
(1)
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4 (a) State the first law of thermodynamics.
(b) Explain the following observations:
(i) when gas from an aerosol can is suddenly released, the container becomes cooler.
(ii) while pumping up a bicycle tyre, the pump barrel becomes warmer.
5 An ideal solenoid consists of 1000 turns of wire per em wound around an air-filled cylindrical
structure. The solenoid is of2.0 em long and cross-sectional area 1.8 cm
2
, A current of2.0 A passes
through the wire.
(a) Calculate the magnetic flux in the centre of the solenoid.
(b) Calculate the self-inductance of the solenoid.
960/2
/1)
(2)
[2)
II I
[2J
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6 A sinusoidal a.c. supply is applied to the circuit as shown below .
. - - - - - , D ~ - - - - - , A
a.c . ....,
R
L--------------J a
(a) (i) Write down the equation representing the potential difference between A and B. [I [
(ii) On Graph I below, sketch the variation with time of the potential difference between A
and B for two cycles. [I]
(b) A diode is then connected to the circuit at point D. On Graph II below, sketch the variation [ 11
with time or the potential difference between A and B for two cycles.
(e) (i) Describe how you would modify the circuit in order to smoothen the p.d. across AB. [11
(ii) After the modification, sketch the variation with time of the potential difference between A
and B for two cycles on Graph III below.
v v v
01-----+
o o
Graph I Graph II Graph III
7 (a) What is a photon?
(b) A p.d. (V) is applied across a photocell as shown in Figure (a). The photocell is then
illuminated with monochromatic light of wavelength 365 nm. The current in the circuit is measured
for various values of V. The results are shown in Figure (b).
960/2
v

Figure (al
,
V,rl.,..
d.c. ,uppty
(i) Deduce the value of the stopping potential.
-,

,
' wv
Figure (bl
[IJ
[1 J
(1 J
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(ii) Calculate the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons emitted_
(iii) Determine the work function of the cathode materiaL
8 The initial number of atoms in a 4.0 g radioactive element is 8.0 x 10
21
• The half-life of the
element is 5 hours.
(a) Calculate the number of atoms which decay in 12 hours.
(b) Determine the mass of the radioactive element ~ f t after 24 hours.
960/2
[1 )
[2)
[4)
[II
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Section B
Answer any four questions in this seclion
9 (a) Describe briefly the characteristics of a projectile motion.
(b) A ball-bearing of mass 50 g rolls off the edge of a hori zontal platform at a height 2.4 m and
strikes the fl oor at a horizontal distance of3.2 m from the edge of the table.
[2]
(i) Calculate the time taken by the ball-bearing to reach the fl oor. [2]
(ii) Determine the speed of the ball-bearing just before it falls. [2]
(iii) Calculate the magnitude and direction of the velocity of the ball-bearing just befort: it hils
fu_ ~ ]
(iv) Dctennine the average power of the ball-bearing. 14]
10 (a) (i) Stale Newton's law of uni versal gravitation. [2]
(ii) Define gravitational field strength. [I]
(iii) Use your answer to part (i) and (ii) to show that the magnitude of lhe gravitational fi eld [2]
strength at the earth's surface (Eo) is given by the expression £ :It: GM where M is the mass of
• R'
the earth, R is the radius of the earth and G is the gravitational constant.
(b) A communication satellite is in an orbit such that its period of revolution around the earth is 24
hours .
(i) Explain the significance of this period.
(ii) What is the term given to this particular orbit?
(iii) Show that the radius of the orbit, Ro, is given by
R • • VGMT 2
4n '
of the orbit, and G and M have the same meaning as in (a)(iii).
where T is the period
(c) Estimate the minimum kinetic energy which must be given to a satellite of mass 2500 kg at
[2]
[ I]
[ 2]
the earth's surface for it to reach a point which is at a distance Ro from the centre of the eanh. State [5]
two assumptions made in your calculat ions.
[M · 6.0 x 10" kg, R· 6.4 x \0' m]
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11 (a) (i) State two assumptions of an ideal gas. (21
(ii) State two physical conditions under which a real gas behaves as an ideal gas. [2]
(iii) A 0.45 m ) tank contains 8.0 kg of butane gas. Assuming that the gas behaves as an ideal
gas, calculate irs pressure at 27°c' (3]
[Molecular mass of butane is 58 g mor
l
1
(iv) Butane gas normally behaves as a real gas. The aelUal pressure of the butane gas is higher
than the calculated value in (a)(iii). Give a reason.
(b) (i) What is meant by the degrees of freedom of a gas molecule?
(ii) Write an expression relating the total kinetic energy E of a gas molecule to the number of
degrees offreedomf Explain any other symbols used.
(iii) The escape velocity of Mars is 5.0 x 10) m 5.
1
• If the temperature of Mars is 300 K, determine
whether oxygen gas can exist on the planet.
[Molecular mass of oxygen is 32 g mol'l 1
12 (a) Two thin conducting plates have an area of 0.50 m
2
each. They are placed parallel to each other
and 20 mm apart. One plate is maintained at +75 V while the other at - 75 V by a d.c. suppl y.
(i) Determine the amount of charge stored on each plate.
(ii) Calculate the energy per unit volume stored in the electric fi eld between the plates.
(b) The fi gure shows a simple circuit of the photographi c flash used in a camera.
The capacitance of the capacitor is 40.0 .... F, and the resistance of the resistor is 45.0 k!l.
[ I)
[I)
[2)
[4)
[3]
[3]
(i) Explain how the capacitor functions in this application. [41
(ii) Calculate the time required to charge the capacitor to 63% so that a good flash can be
obtained. [4]
(iii) Suggest a way to reduce the charging time of the capacitor. [I]
960/2
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- 9-
IJ Figure (a) shows how two op-amp are connected together in series. Both are supplied with
± 9.0 V. Figure (b) shows how the voltage gain of a non-inverting amplifier de pends on frequency.
input
0----1+
Figure (a)
1 kU
+
OV
output
22kU
P
UcU
OV
Voltage gain
200'
2k
200
20
2
3 30 300 31t 30k lOOk 3M
frequency' Hz
Figure (b)
(a) (i) Name the type o f feedback circuit used.
(ii) Explain the meaning of this type offeedback.
(iii) State two advantages of this type of feedback.
(b) (i) Calculate the voltage gain of each individual amplifie r.
(ii ) Deduce the voltage gain of the whole system.
(e) A steady voltage of - 3.0 mV is appli ed to Ihe input of the system.
(i) Determine the voltage at the output.
(ii) Calculate the electri c potential at point P.
(d) A s inusoidal a.c. of peak voltage 30 mY is then applied to the input.
On the same axes, sketch the graph of
(i) the input voltage against time.
(ii) the output voltage against time.
In your graph. label each line carefully and label all the important values on the axes.
(e) Using the graph in Figure (b), estimate the bandwidth of the whole system.
14 (a) Give the meaning of eacn of the following terms.
(i) nucleon number
(ii) proton number
(iii) binding energy
(b) The structure of the nucle us was investigated by the experiment shown in the Figure below.
960/2
protons
intense radiation
beryllium
solid containing
hydrogen atoms
[ I]
[Ij
[2]
[ I]
[ I ]
[ I]
[21
[41
[21
[II
[Ij
[2]
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- 10 -
Alpha particles were fired at a piece of beryllium and an intense radiation was found to be
emitted from the beryllium. When this radiation entered a hydrogen-rich solid, protons were
knocked forward from the solid. The initial reaction in the beryllium is
tHe + tBe -> dn + IgC
(i) In the above equation, which symbol is used to represent the alpha particles?
(ii) What information does the symbol give about the alpha particles?
(iii) Suggest, with a reason, which particle is responsible for knocking a proton oul of the
solid containing hydrogen atoms.
(iv) The intense radiation was originally thought to be y-rays . Why does the existence of
the knocked-forward protons make this impossible?
(c) The masses of the particles in part (b) arc as follows.
i He + :Be ---+
+
4.00260 u 9.01212 u 1.00867 u 12.0000 u
[1 J
[ 1)
[2J
[2J
(i) Calculate the mass defect. in kilogram, in the reaction. [2J
(ii) Hence. find the energy equivalence of this mass defect. Express your answer in MeV. [31
960 PHYSICS
Values of constants
Speed of Itght in free space c
Permeability of free space
Po
=
Permittivity of free space
Co
=
=
Magnitude of electronic charge e =
Planck constant h =
Unified atomic mass constant u =
Rest mass of electron m, =
Rest mass of proton m, =
Molar gas constant R =
Avogadro constant L. NA =
Boltzmann constant k =
Gravitational constant G =
Acceleration of free fall
g =
Prepared by: Lee Ping Kew,
August, 2009
Checked by:
3.00 x 10 ms
4nx10·
7
Hm-
1
8.85x 10 · 12 F m·
1
(1/(36n)) x 10.
9
F m-
1
1.60 x 10 - 19 C
6.63.x 10 -34 J s
1.66x 10 ·27 kg
9.11 x 10-
31
kg
1.67 x 10 .
21
kg
8.31 J K -1 mol·'
6.02 x 10
23
mold
1.38x10 ·
23
JK·
1
6.67 x 10 ·11 N m 2
kg
·2
9.81 m S-2
Endorsed by:
. . '._' -
LPK@C:PHYSfCSFORM6lEXAMI09 STPMT ri8J Pspor2.doc
960/2
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S.M.K. ST. MICHAEL IPOH STPM TRIALS 2009
PHYSICS PAPER 1 (ANSWERS)

1 C 26 C
2 D 27 C
3 C 28 A
4 B 29 B
5 C 30 A
6 B 31 D
7 B 32 D
8 D 33 A
9 C 34 D
10 D 35 B
11 A 36 B
12 A 37 C
13 A 38 A
14 C 39 D
15 D 40 B
16 B 41 D
17 A 42 B
18 B 43 B
19 C 44 D
20 B 45 C
21 B 46 B
22 A 47 A
23 C 48 C
24 D 49 D
25 A 50 C

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1 (a)
(b)
2 a
b
c
ST. MICHAEL'S INSTITUTION, IPOH
STPM Tri al Examination - 2009
Upper Six Sciences
Physics 2
(960/2)
2 hr 30min
(Marl<ing Scheme)
Secti on A
... . possessed both magnitude and direction. 1
The 3 forces are in the negative C-x, negative Y
O-y and negative O-z directions. .. (1 m) 20 N
,
~ .
Lei their magnitude be p.
,
,
f:O-
' ,
Using algebra,
- -- I
,
' 'X
J ~ 2 + p2 +p2)=20

4
(2m) •

,


,

,
W = 20

,
,
· ,
-------y
z
p= 11.5 N (1m)
TOTAL 5
Consider vertical motion:
';=u
2
+ 2as
When water reaches target. v = O. 2.5 ms"
..
0= (vo sin 9)2 + 2(-g)h

= (2.5 sin 9)2 + 2(-9.81)(0.040)
,
4 .0 an
,
.I'in
2
0=
2(9.81)(0.040)
2.5 sin e ' 0 2
..
(15)'
-
... "- ....... ..... "d ... _ .......... ......... ,-_ ......
2.5 cos e
= 0.1256
(diagram optional)
..
9 = 20.8 0
.
Consider vertical motion:
_ (u."}
v=u+al
Or: ,- --
when waler reaches target, v = O.
2
.. 0= (vosin 0) + at
..
1= ( ~ l
= 2.5 sin 20.a
o
+ (-9.81)1
UH
2.5sin20.S
o
_ ( 2(0.040) )
2
.. I ~
9.81 25sin20.8° +0
= 0.090 5
= 0.090 s
Consider horizontal motion:
d = (vocos9)t
= (2.5 cos 20.8j (0.090)
1
= 0.210 m
TOTAL 5
- 1 -
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3 a(l) This is to lake into account of the weight of the forearm. 1
(i i) 1. The resultant force in any direction is zero. 1
2. The moment about any pOint is zero. 1
b Taking moment about E. .
eO) { " ) {")
,
F" - " 2 - + (5.0X9. 81 -
100 100 100
F
M
"" 403N
1
c The fOfce (FloC) exerted by the athletes witl have a greater moment about the elbow E. 1
TOTAL 5
4 (a) The heat supplied to a system equals to the sum of the increase in its internal energy and
1
the external work done ID: the system.
(b) (i) Work is done the gas using part of ils internal energy. 1
Since the gas expands adiabatically, heat does not flow inlo the system causing its 1
internal energy to decrease.
(ii) The work done on the gas is changed into internal energy. 1
Since the gas is compressed adiabatically, heat does not flow oul of the system 1
causing its internal energy to increase.
TOTAL 5
5 (a) Magnetic flux density, B "" 1J.,n1
= (4rr x 10.
7
)(1000 x 10
2
)(2.0) converl 1000 em" 10 m"
= 0.2513 T 1
Magneti c flux, <%> = BA
= (0.2513»(1 .8 x 10-4)
= 4.523 x 10-5
= 4.52 x 10-liWb
2

OR
Magneliejlux, f/> ... BA
- (P",I)A
... Iq')(I000x Ui) (2.0)(1.8x Ifr )
- x ur Wb
(b) Magnetic flux linkage, <%>' = N¢
= 4>
= (2000 x 2)(4.523 x '0"). NB: n is in em" , lis in em .. o.t
1
:c 0.09046 'Ml
Also ¢' = II
L = <%> '/1
= 0.0904612.0
1
= 4.52 X 10.
2
H
TOTAL 5
- 2 -
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.- - -
---
6 (a) (i) V'" Vo Sin wi 1
(e) Connect a capacitor parallel to R.
1
.
V V V
1
[(\ f'I
oV\ f\

", ,', 1
-
.
0
, ,
0
. . .
,
TV
2T T 2T T 2T
1
(a)(ii) I (b) Graph Il (c)(ii) Graph I II
TOTAL 5
7 (al
.... a packet (quantity) of electromagnetic energy.
1
. .. -
(b)(;) 1.0 V 1
(ii) Em&>! - eV, :; ( 1.S0 X 10" ")(1.0) 1.60 X 10' J 11 1.0 eV
1
(iii) E ...... - hf-Wo
Wo=hf-E", ..
::: he_
E
A. max
=
(6.63xIO-
34
X3.0x I0
8
)
- (1.6OxlO-
19
)
365)( 10-9
=
3.85 X 10.
1
• J
II 2.41 eV
.2
TOTAl T
8 (a) Number of halt· lites, n '" 1215 2.4
1
Number of radioactive atoms left, N = N
o
( Xi f
= B.O X 10
21
)2.4
= 1.516x10
1
1
Number of radioactive atoms decayed ::: No - N
= 8.0 X 10
21
- 1.516 X 10
21
.
= 6.484 X 10
21
= 6.48 X 10
21
1
(bl Number of radioactive atoms left after 24 days, N N
o
( Xi )
= 8.0 X 10
21
)2<415
= 2.872 x 10
1
At the beginning: B.O x 10
21
atoms = 4.0 9
After 24 days: 2.872 x 10
20
= [ (2.872 x 1021) I (8.0 x 10
21
») X 4. 0
= 0.144 9 1
OR
After 24 dnys, mass left, m - m.,( v.r
- 4.0x(v.i'-'
- O. 144g
TOTAL 5
.-
·3·
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Section B
9 (a) 1. Horizontal component: Motion under constant speed.
Vertical component: Motion under uniform acceleration (a ;: g, accelerati on of free-fall ).
1
2. The trajectory (path of projectile) is a parabola. 1
(b) (i) Consider vertica1 motion:
Use: s:::ut+ y.at
2
, , ~
.. 2.4 = (0) + Y.i (9.B1) e <Subs' . s '" 1.4, u - O. a - 9.8>
obtained: t = 0.69949
".
~
= 0,699 5 3.2 m
,
2
II" i
,
",
_____ 1
.-- -.
(ii) Consider horizontal motion;
Use: x = ut
.. (3.2) = v. (0.69949) <Subs/. x = 11. t .. 0.69949>
Obtained; v. = 4.5747
= 4.57 m 5 ·'
2
(iji) Consider vertical molion:
Use: v = u+at
1
.. Vy = (D) of- (9.Bl){ 0.69949) <Subsf. u .. 0, a .. 1i.8/, I = 0.69949>
= 6.8619 m s·'
magnitude of velocity, V = ~ ( V I 2 +v/ )
= J(4.5747' + 6.8619' )
2
= B.247
= 8.24 m s "
Let the angle between v and the horizontal = e.
o=tan --(::)
. ,(6.8619)
= tan
4.5747
= 56.309
2
= 56.3°
(Iv)
E
power =-
,
Imv
2
=-'-- just before ;/ hilS the ground, the balf-bearing possesses K.E.
2
,
= t (0.050X8.247)' 1
0.69949
= 2.430B
1
::: 2.43W
TOTAL 15
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\
\
,.
.
a
b
(c)
(i) Newton's law --- the gravitational force between two bodies is directly proportional 10
the product of thei r masses and inversely proportional to the square afthe distance
between them. 2
(or, in equQ{ionjormprovided meaning of al/ the symbols are given).
-
(i i) Gravitational fiel d strength --- gravitational force acting on a unit mass . 1
(iii) Consider a body of mass m on the Earth's
surlace.
Gravitational force, F = G AI;
;?
m
R
F
By definition, E.,=-
m

M
=
2
m
GM
(diagram optional)
- fi2
(i ) 1. lis period of revolution equals to the period of rotation of the Earth. 1
2. Its position relative to a fixed point on Earth does not change. 1
(ii) Geosynchronous /I geostationary /I parking orbit
[-;-.
1
(iii) 'v\Ihile in orbit,
centripetal force = gravitational force
, Mm
.. maJ Ro '" G- -,
1
R.
.. m(2JtyR =G
Mm
T· ,
R.
..
Ro =V
GMT2
4,'
1
I--
radius of orbit,
Ro =V
GMT2
4, '
= 3
(6.67.xlO IIX6.0xl024X24x60x60)2
,
4,'
= 4.23 X 10
7
m 1
6,K=U
o
- U, , where U
o
= P .E. at distance R
o
, U
1
= P.E. at Earth's surface.
= _GMm_(_G
Mm
)
R. R
=
GMm( 1
R R.
= (6.67 x x 10
24X
2500{ I 6 - 1 7)
1
6.4 x 10 4. 23 x 10
= 1.33 X 10
11
J
1
Assumptions: 1. No air resistance
1
2. Speed of the satellite at level Ro is zero.
1
TOTAL
15
-
,
5
.
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11 (a) (i) Assumptions
1.
The internal energy of the ideal gas consists only of the total kinetic energy of the
gas molecules.
2. There is no force between the gas mol ecul es except during collisions. 2
.
3. Collisions between the gas molecules are perfectly elastic.
4.
The volume of the gas molecules is negl igible compared to volume of the gas.
(any two)
(ii) 1. Allow pressure II when the pressure approaches zero.
2
2. At high temperature.
(iii) For an ideal gas,
pV =( ; )RT
1
Thus, pressure,
mRT

MV
_ (8.0 X8.31 X27 + 273 )
m, M must in kg (SI unit)
1
-
1
= 7.64 x 10 Pa
(iv) At this high pressure of 7.64 x 10 Pa, butane gas deviates from the behaviour of the
ideal gas /I The volume of the gas molecules is nol negligible. 1
(b) (;) Independent modes of motion the gas mol ecule II
IndeQendenl modes of acqutring kinetic energy by the gas molecule. 1
(ii) , .L
kT
2
1
where k is Boltzmann's constant and T is the thermodynamic temperature of the gas.
1
(iii) Translational K.E. :c f mv
2
= t kT
..
v : J 3:r
== J 3Rr
using: m = (MIN.J and kNA R
At
3(8.3 1 X300
1
. = V. J2 r iO - I
'" 483 m s' \
1
This velocity is less than the escape velocity of Mars (i.e. 5.0 x 10
3
m S · I ) II
1
oxygen molecules can not escape from the gravitational pull of Mars
Thus. oxygen can exist on Mars.
1
TOTAL 15
· 6 ·
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12 (a) (;) Q CV
£;/)v
(8
0
85XW")(0050) )[75 _ (- 75)J
20xI O-)
= 3.3 186 x 10-e
=3.32x 10"C
energy stored in the capacitor
(ii) energy per unit volume = .
volume _of _ the _electric _ field
=tQV
Ad 0 0
+<3.3 1 86xI 0· ' )(150)
(0.50)( 20xI0· ' )
= 2.4889 x 10"'"
= 2.49 x 10'" J m.J
(b) .(i) When the switch is opened, the capacitor is charged by the battery.
Energy is stored in the (electric field between the plates of the) capacitor.
/'
V
<; d-o>
When the switch is closed. the capacitor discharges (through the flash bul b).
1
1
.......
0
::K
BY
1
1
4
The energy stored (in the capacitor) is used to produce a flash (in the flash bulb) .
(ii) During charging, p.d. across capacitor, V V
o
(1 e )
lM1en it is 63% charged, V = 0 B3V
o
-<'C.
)
0.37
0 63Vo = Vo(1 -e )
0.63 = (1 -
e-VCR = 0.37
etICR = 110.37
(400 0XIO· ' )(450 0XIO' ) ln( _ I _ )
0.37
= 1.7896
1
2
= 1.795 1
(iii) use a resistor of resistance smaller than 45.0 kO. 1
TOTAl 15
·7-
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13 (al
(II Negative feedback 1
(ii) A fraction of the output is fed (applied) to the inverti ng input.
1
(iii) 1, The voltage gain is independent of the op-amp characteristics.
,
2. The amplification is constant over a wider frequency range.
3. Distortion of the output is reduced. 2
(Any two)
(bl (II
R
f
A= +
1
R ,
=
22k +1
Ik
= 23
(ii) (231 = 529 1
(cl (II
Vi= AVo
:: (S29)(- 3.0 x 10..:1 )
1
= -1.S89V
(ii ) Vp =
Ik x( - 1.589)
Ik + 22k
1
= - 0.0691 V
1
(dl
='1;;':+
, ,
1
- j -
_ / -1-\ '.lL.
/i'
III
, "
, , .
!. ' •
, , .
ii
- - -
-
2
,
-
r '
,-
- I'"
-
- 1
, m"
,iJ
, ,
1"7"
,

/
,
, , ,
,
"
,
,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
,
,
,
- .3
I
mV - ":: .... I
- - '- - "',' '- -,
2
1
' 1 1 -l-
- I \- , -'-,- ,-- 1-- [ -,-
• • • • • , \ , , \ I
,- - \11 I \ 1-1 -
"l' V -, ' T ' I I r =1==l= - -r'---r-+
_L,J I , I __ _ , I
NB: If there's no saturation. peak voltage of output = A (VJpeak
= 529x30mV
= 15.9 V
(el
3 Hz to 9.5 x 10· Hz 2
TOTAL 15
,8,
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I . (a) (i) Tolal number of protons and neutrons in a nucleus.
1 1
(ii) Number of protons in a nucleus. 1 1
(iii) The amount of energy required to completely separate all the nucleons in the 2 2
nucleus_
,
,
(b) (;)
4
2He 1 1
(ii) an alpha particles consist of 2 protons and 2 neutrons. 1 1
(iii) the neutrons 1
2
reason: the C-12 nucleus is too large to penetrate the solid.
1
(iv) The emitted protons have momentum in the forward direction. 1
Thus, it requires thai the incident particles have at least the same momentum.
2
h
1
V-rays will have much smaller momentum ( ie, P = A. )
(e) (;)
t. m = (4.00260u + 9.01212u) - (1 .00867u + 12.00000u)
= 0.00605u 1
= x 10 -21) kg 2
= 1.DOx 10 · kg
1
(ii) E me
= ( 1.00 x 10 -.2')(3.00 X 10 11) 2
= 9.00 x 10 _13 J
1
9.00 x
10 _ Il
eV
=
(1.60 x
\0 - '., )
J
9.00 x 10-
13
1
=
( 1.60 x 10 19 )(10
6
)
MeV
= 5.63 MeV
1
TOTAL 15
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