# I. Using alcebraic laws ofsct. prove that I(Au B)" C]u[(Au B) " C']- B = A-B.

[6 marb]
2.
.Ii
Find 1 3x dx
ZTx' +1
[4 marb]
3. On the same diagram, sketch the graphs of y = x: I and Y - 2x - J. [3 morks)
A region R is bounded by the two graphs and the y-axis. Find the area of region R.(7 marh]
A solid is fonned by rotating the region R completely about y-axis. Find the volume ofthc
sol id fonned. [5 marb]
4. The functionfis defined by fIx) = { ~ . x ~ 3 .
O. x =3
(i) Find ! ~ T - fIx) . ! ~ T - f<x) nnd hence dctennine if the functionfis continuous atx - 3.
[3 marb]
(i i) Sketch the graph off [2 marb]
S. Prove that. for aU yaJues of k. the line kx + y - 8k is a tangent to the hyperbola xy = 16.
Hence, find the coordinates of the point of contact. (S marks]
6. Sketch the graphs of y= ....!-. and Y=I2x - llonlhesamediagram. Hence, solvc the
Ixl
inequality IZx - I I> ~ . [7 marb]
Ixl
7.
[
Y - 2
Findthevaluesofx.yandzif 4..1'; 4
x'
4< -1)
x is symmetric.
2: - 1
[5 marb)
8. Given thatf(x) ... f + a:/ + 8x + b, where a and b are constant. f '(x) - 0 when x z: -2. When
1(..1') is divided by x + 2, the remainder is 2.
9.
Dctennine the \'alues of a and b.
(8) Show that the equationf(x) - 0 has only one real root and find the set of values of x
such thatf(x} > 0
(b) Express x + 4 in partial fructions.
fIx)
(
I I
Given the matrices A - P 4
7 - 3
Find the values of p. q and r.
-I) (I
2 and 2
- I I
[5 marb]
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954/ 1
10.
Hence. solve the simultaneous equations
x+ y - z ::-2
2y + Z a. 5.r - 9
7x - 3y - : - 14
Given that y z> , showthat (I + X2)d
1y

dx' dx
2009
[4 marks)
) I. Express _-1_- as partial fraction.
(r + I)(r + 2)
(4 marks)
,.J- I
Hence or otherwise. find the value of ) ----
.:-=, (r + l )(r + 2)
, .. 2.. I
Find also the value of lim L ----
........ . ... 4 1 (r + l )(r + 2)
(6 marks)
[4 marks)
12. By using sketching graph. show that the upproximate value of the root can be derived by the
following Newton - Raphson iterative fonnula
X .. .
1
=- X .. - f(x,, ) . [4 marks]
f(x. )
Show that the equation Ian x "" 2.r has a root in the interval ( ; . [3 marks]
Hence. find the root of me equation for %). correct to three decimal places.[7 mor.tsJ
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1. Express 3sinO-cosO inthefonn Rsin{O-a) ,with R >O. andOo <a < 90°. Hencc solve the
equation 3sinO-cosB= I . for 0° <0<360°. 18 J
2. By using the substitution y = vx. show that the general solution for the differential equations
= x + 2}' is AXl = (x _ y) l ,where A is a arbitrary constant I 5 I
dx 3x
3. In a chemica1 process to obtain substance B from substance A. every molecule of A is directly
change to molecule of B. The rate of increment of molecule B at any instant arc directly
proportional to the number of molecule A at that instant. Initially the number of molecule of A is
/,1 and the number of molecule B at t minutes after the process began is x.
By assuming x as the continuous variable. Sbow that the differential equation representing tht'
chemical process is = *(M - x), with k as a eonstant
dl
If x "" Owhent = O.showthat x=M(1- e-
b
)
Sketch the graph of x versus t. 18 I
4. Ship A moves witb vclocity ( kmh -
'
and ship B moves with velocity
kmh-' . Initially . the position vector of ship B relative to ship A is (5 -1-12;') km.
Calculate the magnitude and direction of ship A relative to ship B and the nearest distance bctwccp
ship A and ship B 1 5 1
5. (a) If ! and !!... are the position vectors of two points A and B respectively .and P is a poi nt
no +mb
which divides AB in the ratio m : n. Show that P has the position vector r = - - ---
m + n
PJ
(b) Find a vector of the equation oflhe straight line passing through the point A with position
vCClOr a = 2 i +.i and is parallel to the vector = - 5 - 2 j
I ' I
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6. lbe figure shows a quadrilateral which inscribed two isosceles triangles ABC and ADE with base
AB and AE respectively. Each trianglcs has the base angles of75 o. Be and DE are parallcl and
equal in lengths.
~ , ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ ;
Show that
(a) LeBE = LBED = 90'
(b) ACD is an equilateral triangle
[ 4 )
r 31
7. The random variable X is normally distributed with mean • jJ • and variance 400 . It is known that
I'(X > 1159) ,; 0.123 and P(X > 769) ~ 0.881 . Determine the range of the value of I'. 1 5 )
8. In a certain city . records for burglari es show that the probability of an arrest in one week is 0.42.
l bc pro bability of an arrest and conviction in that week is 0.35.
(a) Find the probability that a person arrested for a particular week for burglary will be convicted.
(b) What is the probability that there wi ll be 3 weeks of successful arrested and conviction in onc
particular month. .[5 }
9. The continuous random variable X has probability dcnsity function given by
{
k(x+I), O';x S 2
lex) = 2k 2 S x S b .
() otherwise
Where k and b arc constants.
(a) Given that P(X > 2.5) =.!.. find the val ue of the constants k and b.
6
(b) Sketch the graph ofthc probabi lity density function [(x).
(e) Find 1'(1 .5 S X S 2.5)
16)
131
12 1
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10. A discrete random variable X has a probabil ity function
P(X) ={ k(9-x)', x = 5,7,8 .
o otherwise
With k as 0 constant.
(0) the value of k.
(b) Find the cumulative distribut ion f ooction F(X).ond s ketch the graph of F(X)
(e) Find the mean and variance for X
(d) Find E(4X-2} and Var{4X- 2)
[2 J
[ 4)
[3 J
[7 J
II. The successful sale of T-shirts in a local shop is bi nomially distributed with the probability of
selling one T-shirt (if thc customer enter the shop) is 0.35.
(a) If 12 customers visit the shop in onc parti cul ar day, find thc probabi lity that
at least two T-shirts were sold. (2 ]
(b) CaJculate the least number of nceded in order the probability of getting at
least one sale is greater than 99 %. r 3 J
12. The following data are the handphones prices . to the nearest RM 100, of40 hand phones taken at
random from a handphone shop, arrange in ascending order.
100
1000
1400
2100
3300
400
1100
1500
2300
3400
500
1100
1600
2400
3900
600
1200
1700
2500
4100
900
1300
1700
2600
4500
900
1400
1800
3000
4500
1000
1400
1900
3000
4900
1000
1400
2100
3300
5300
(a) Display the data in a .templot [ 2 :
(b) Find the median and interquartile nUlge. [ 4 I
(c) Calculate the mean and the standard deviation. r 5 '
(d) Draw a box piotto represent the data ( 3 I
(e) State the sJlape of the fTequency distribution and givc a reason for your answer. , j
Elfd 0/ questions
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Stpm2009 mls: I
Us ing algebraic laws of set, prove that [(Av B) nCJv[(AV B) nC'J- B = A -B. [6 mar.lsl
Solution: [(Av B) n C JV[(AvB) nC'J - B =[(Av B)nCJV[(AV 8) n C'l n B' BI
= (AvB) n (CvC) n B' BI

=(Av B) n B' BI
=(AnB') v (BnB') BI
=(AnB') v ;
=(A n B') BI
=A-B BI
2.
:;
Find r 3x dx
i 2:.rr:i
14 mar'; .. ]
Solution:
r 3x 'f 3U
l 2J7:i <Ix = , 2u'du
MI
, 3
= f-du
,2
AIMI
AI
3. On the same diagram, sketch the graphs of y = and y '" 2x - I. (1 marks I
x + 1
A region R is bounded by the two gmphs and the y-axis. Find the area of region R.[7 marh]
A solid is fonned by rotating the region R completely about y-axis. Fi nd the volume of the
sol id formed. [5 morh]
Solution:
5 - -----"---+..,f-,-=--'--+

010101
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Slpm2009 mls:2

H I
S= 2x2+X- 1
2xl +x - 6 = O
(2x - 3)(x+2) = 0
MIAI
,
Area - MIAI
o x+1 2 2 2
, 9
= 5In [x+ IU -3+
4
MIMI
= AI
2 4
'n5 )' I (3)'
Volume = "ily- ' dy +"3" 2" (3)
X
25 10) 9
,.. If 1'"--+1 dy+-1t
1 y Y 4
(
25 )' 9
= If - --101ny+ y +-If
Y , 4
MIA I
AI
= ,,[( - ¥ - 10In5+ 5 )-( - ¥ - 10In2 +2 H 1
= AI
4 5
4. The function/is defined by I(x) = x ';C 3.
O. x = 3
MI
(i) Find lim I(x) . lim I(x) and hence detennine iflhe functi on/i s continuous al x = 3 .
..... ,. . .... r
[3 marls)
(ii) Sketch the g .. ph off [2 marls]
Solution:
lim lex) = lim x- 3 = I
. -.,. .-d· x - 3
lim /(x) = lim -
H 3
=_1 MIAI
.... ,. . ... ,- x - 3
Since lim I{x) "'\$. lim I(x)
. _.,' .-0)'
:. lis not continuous at x = 3. A I
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Stpm2009 mls:3
0---
DIDI
5. Prove that, for all values of k, the line /l!x + y = 8k is a tangent to the hyperbola xy::: 16.
' -Icnee, find the coordinates of the point of contact. [5 marks1
Solution:
y=8k-.I".
.I"(8k - 6) = 16
k'x' - 8h+ 16 - 0
(h - 4Xh - 4) = 0
(h - 4)'- 0
4
:. x=!
.:::) There is only one point of contact
MIAI
MI
:. The line Itx + y "'" 8A: is a tangent to the hyperbola .ry "" 16. A I
When x = ! . x=4k
k
:. The coordinates of the point of contact =- ( ~ . 4 . t ) BI
6. Sketch the graphs of y = ~ and y "" 12x - l ion the same diagram. Hence. solve the
Ixl
inequality 12x - II> ~ . [7 mOTu]
Ixl
Solution:
...!.. =f 2.1" - 11
Ixl
:::) .!. = 2x - 1
.I"
=> 2..' - .1" - 1 = 0
y Ilx - II
010101
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Slpm2009 mls:4
=>«- I)(2x+
I
x : J, - 2'
MIAI
For the solution D {x:x< I}
MIAI
(
y - 2 x'
7. Find the values of x, y and z if 4x - 4 2x
Y y+z
4X- I)
X is symmetric.
2% - 1
Solution: Xl = 4%- 4 ,, - 4x - l, x"'y+z.
MIAI
=><'- 4x +4 - 0,
=> (x - 2)2 a 0,
=>x=2, y = 4(2) - 1 =7,z =2 - 7 =-5 MtAIAI
[5 marb)
8. Given thall(x) - x' + ax' + 8x + b. where a and b an: constant. I '(x) - 0 when x = -2. When
f(x) is divided by x + 2, the remainder is 2.
Determine the values of a and b.
(a) Show that the equationj(x} "" 0 has only one real root and find the set of values ofx
such thatl(x) > 0
(b) Express %+ 4 in partial fractions.
I(x)
Solution: I(x) - x' + ax' + 8x + b
['(x) - lx' + 2ax + 8
1 (-2) - 12 - 40 + 8 =0
40 20
a - 5
Whena - 5. I(x) - x' + 5x' + 8x + b
1(-2) - -8 + 20 - 16 + b - 2
-4+b - 2
b - 6
:.I(x) - x' + 5<' + 8x + 6
a) [(x) ax' +0:<' + 8x+ b
1(- 3) = - 27 + 45 - 24 + 6 = 0
.: :c - -3 i\$ a rool o/the equationj(x) = O.
Lel[(x) = x'+ 5<' + 8x + 6
=(x + 3)(<' + 2x + 2)
When[(x) - O. (x + 3)(<' + 2x + 2) - 0
.T _ _
2(1)

x - -3. x - --2-
The equalion n,x) - 0 has only one real rool, X " - 3.
Whenl(x) > 0
(x + 3)(..' + 2x + 2) > 0
But ,r2 + 2.t + 2::: (x + 1)2 + 1 > O. since (x + 1)2 > 0 for all real valuesof x
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Stpm2009 mls:5
Hence (x + 3)(x
2
+ 2x + 2) > 0
Whenx+3 > O::::)x > -3
The set of values ofx such that}{x»O is/x: x >-3).
b) x+4 _ x+4
f(x) (x + 3)(x' + 2.<+ 2)
l..c x+4 A nx+C
t (x+3)(x'+2x+2) · (x+3) + (x'+2x+2)
x + 4 . A (x' + 2.r + 2) + (x + 3)(& + C)
Substitutingx - -3: I =A(9 - 6+2)
A=.!.
5
Comparing the coefficients 0 = A + B
B- -.!.
5
Comparing the constant terms: 4 .,. 2.'1 + JC
4 = +3C
5
3C - .!.8.
5

5
I I 6
.: A=S, B- -S andC -
S
x+4 = _ 1_ _ (x - 6)
(x+3Xx
2
+ 2x+2) S(x+) 5(x
l
+ 2.%+2)
9. Given the matTices A -2
1
) and
1 - 3 - I I
Find the values of p, q and ,..
Hence, solve the simultaneous equati ons
x+y - z =-2
2y +z o: Sx-9
1x - 3y - z = 14
Since AB " SA
:) satisfy AB c BA
AB - BA "" nl, where n is a scalar and I is the 3 x J idenfity molrix.

4 ; !]= nf
1 - 3 - I 1 5 r
[5 marks)
[5 morbI
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10.
mls:6
q - 2
pq+22
7q-14
3p+ 16+2r = nl
7- r J
9 - r
q - 2
pq+22
7q - 14
3p+16+2r = 0 n 0
7 -r J (n 0 OJ
9- r 0 0 n
p+ 10 = 0, q - 2 = o and 7 - r = O.
p=-IO,q=2and r=7
4
7 - 3 - I 7 - 3-1
Also, AB :: BA "'" 2J
x+y-z "' -2
2y+z = 5x - 9. -IOx + 4y+2z = - 18
7,- 3y-z c 14
The 3 simultaneous equations can be written as a matrix equation as follows
HO = J
Premultipllying with matrix B
BAUJ = B( V = B(
=

2.r = 4, 2y c - 2 and 2z = 6
x == 2.y =- 1 andz ; )
Given that y = . show that O+ x2}d
2y

dx' dx
(4 marks]
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Stpm2009 mls:7
x
Answer: y = - - - ,
( l +x1)1
,
y( I + X2)2 - x
y(1 +x, )- i (.!.X2x) + (1 +x, )i !!l. = 1
2 dx
y ' + (1 u , )i !!l. = 1
dx
2y !!l. + (I +x, )i d'y +!!l.(.!.Xlu, )-i (2x)= O
dx dx' dx 2
(I+xl)i d
2
y +2[2Y+(I + x
2
)-i
x1
= O
dx' dx
(I +X, )i d
1y
+ 3( __
(/xl ! fix
(I +X1 )1
(I+z' / 'y + 3z!!l. = O
dx' dx
II . Express --1-- as partial fraction.
(r + IXr +2)
._2. 1
Hence or otherwise, find the value of L ----
, ••• , (r+IXr +2)
. ,· 1.. I
Find also the value of lim L ----
....... , ..... , (r + IXr +2)
Answer: Let __ 1 __ = _ A_+_ B_
(r+ IXr + 2) (r+l) (r + 2)
I - A(r+2) + B(r + I)
Substitute r ... -2 I = - B, B:: - I
r '"" -I if .. I
(r + IXr + 2) (r + l) (r + 2)
'f __ 1 __ ;; 'f
, .... , (r + IXr + 2) , .... , r + 1 r +2
(_ I __ __ I _ ) + (_ I __
n + 2 n+ 3 n +3 n+ 4 n + 2 n+3
(_ I __ ....... + (-,- __ 1_ ) +
n+ 4 n+ 5 2n 2n + 1
(_1 ___ 1_ ) .
2n + 1 2n + 2
1
n +2 2n + 2
[4 mar,u]
[6mar,u]
[4 mar,u]
papercollection
S!pm2009 mls:S
2("+1)("+2)
1
IimL ----
.40, ••• , (r + I)(r + 2)
lim n
·-2("+1)("+2)
lim(_I-- _ I-)
..... n+2 2n+2
o
12. By using sketching graph, show that the approximate value of the root can be derived by the
following Newton - Raphson iterative fonnula
x •• , = x. - f(x. ) . [4 marks]
f(x.)
Show that the equation tan x = 2x has a root in the interval %). [3 marks1
Hence. find the root of the equation for correct to three decimal places. [7 marks]
frx)
f{x.)]
Q(x". ,) x,.
01
Refer to the graph above, Q is the point of intersection of tangent at P and the x-axis.
Gradien! ofll>e langen!.! P = f(x.)
:. Equation of lang en! . ! P is:y - j(x.) = f(x.) [ x - x.l
A!Q.y=O.O - j(x.) =f(x.)[x", - x.l MIAI
:. x •• , = x. - f(x.) , f'(x.) 0 A I
f(x.)

"
MI
:. The equation tan x = 2r has a root in the interval %). A I
j(x) - lanx - 2x
f(x) = sec' x - 2
Letxo "" I , XI = X(J - !(x
o
)
f'(x. )
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SIpm2009 mls:9
x = 1_ tanl - 2 = 1.3 105 MIAI
I secl l - 2
= 1.3105 _ tan(I.31 05) - 2(1.31 05) - 1.2239
X, sec'(1.3 105) - 2
= 1.2239 _ tan(1.2239) - 2(1.2239) _ 1.1760
X, sec'(1.2239) - 2
x, = 1.1760 tan(1.I760) - 2(1.I 76O) =1.1659 MI
sec'(1.I76O) - 2
x, = 1.1659 tan(1.I659) - 2(1.1659) = 1.1656 M I
sec' (1.1659) - 2
:. x = l.l66 AI
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(,.", '00 - ((. r (J -;::0 (-!! 5,:, ( J (,'1 \ ,-( _ 1-.. ' ('fJ( (J (,1> (;'{
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., c.
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3
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oi l
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o A : q
p
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n
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n r t (Yl r- =- fY' h I n l'1
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f'" "'4 + r'YI b
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r'l'1 -J n
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