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Acid rain

by E.K.! March 12th, 2014! Presented to Mr. T.T.

What is acid rain?

Acid Rain. Digital image. N.p., 28 Feb. 2014. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rain>.!

What is acid rain?


Acid rain is the term used to describe any precipitation that contains a content of acidity that is higher then normal.!

Martz, John. Acid Rain. Digital image. Laughing Squid. N.p., 8 Aug. 2010. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://laughingsquid.com/acid"rain/>.!

What is its chemical formation?


One of the main formation of acid rain is when nitrogen dioxides and water react in high temperatures, they form nitrous and nitric acids.

Ophardt, Charles E. Acid Rain "Nitrogen Oxides. Digital image. Virtual Chembook, 2003. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/193nox.html>.!

How do you measure acidity?


Scientists measure the acidity of rain water using pH meters. These tools measure the pH levels of the water.
"Acid Rain." Government of Canada, Environment Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <https://www.ec.gc.ca/eau"water/default.asp? lang=En&n=FDF30C16"1#archived>.!

The discovery of acid rain


Robert Angus Smith was the rst scientist to closely study the acidity levels in water in the mid"1800s.!
Unknown. Robert Angus Smith. Digital image. Oxford DNB. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://www.oxforddnb.com/ templates/article.jsp?articleid=25893&back=&version=2004"09>.!

What causes acid rain?


There are numerous causes of acid rain, produced both by nature #such as volcanos$ and by the activities of people #such as the burning of fossil fuels$.

Fredd. Digital image. Blogspot, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http:// freddsez.blogspot.ca/2011_10_01_archive.html>.!

Science Skill Areas. Digital image. Science.taskermilward. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://science.taskermilward.org.uk/mod1/Year%204/Vinegar%20Volcanoes.htm>.!

What are the affects of acid rain?


Acid rain e&ects many things such as forests, lakes, animals, structures, and the air.

Dowdey, Sarah. How Acid Rain Works. Digital image. HowStu&Works. HowStu&Works.com, 05 Aug. 2007. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://science.howstu&works.com/nature/climate"weather/ atmospheric/acid"rain2.htm>.!

Land
Acid rain changes the makeup of the soil by leaching important nutrients that plants need in order to live.
Environmental Impact of the Petroleum Industry. Digital image. Wikipedia., 03 June 2014. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_the_petroleum_industry>.!

Water
The leached metals, salts and acids ow into rivers and lakes which is harmful to the animals and plants in the water.

Acid Rain Kills Rivers. Digital image. Acid Rain. Water Encyclopedia, 2014. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/A"Bi/Acid" Rain.html>.!

Fossil fuels have been a great boon to our civilization. Without them, we would never have had the Industrial Revolution, we would never have had the past two hundred years, and we would still be living the way people did in the Middle Ages. '
!Martin Ho"ert, New York University professor

' Parks, Peggy J. Acid Rain. USA: Thomson Gale, 2006. Print. Our Environment.!

How to reduce acid rain?


There are various e&orts that both the individual and society can do to reduce the amount of acid rain in the world.

Living Chain Demonstration for Choices in Birth. Digital image. Budapest Moms RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://www.budapest"moms.com/2010/10/living "chain" demonstration"for"birth"choices/>.!

Bibliography
Websites: "Acid Rain." Government of Canada, Environment Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <https://www.ec.gc.ca/eau" water/default.asp?lang=En&n=FDF30C16"1#archived>.! "Acid Rain." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2014. <http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/ index.html>.!
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Books: Gutnik, Martin J. Experiments That Explore Acid Rain. USA: n.p., 1992. Print.! Parks, Peggy J. Acid Rain. USA: Thomson Gale, 2006. Print. Our Environment.!