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Frequency Hopping

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Frequency Hopping
In RF FH, each TRX is not assigned a fixed frequency, and different timeslots on one TRX and different TRXs can use different MA lists. The number of frequencies in different MA lists can be different. The number of frequencies in an MA list is not dependent on the number of hopping TRXs. It can exceed the number of hopping TRXs. During transmission, the TRX determines the frequency used to transmit a burst according to the HSN. Then, the burst is transmitted on the frequency. Figure 3-2 shows the working principle of RF FH. In the figure, f0 to fn indicate all the frequencies in an MA list. (GBFD113701 Frequency Hopping (RF hopping, baseband hopping)

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Illustration of 1*3 TCH Frequency Allocation

TRX1 TRX2 ... TRX7 TRX1 TRX2 ... TRX7

TRX8 TRX9... TRX14 TRX8 TRX9... TRX14 TRX15 TRX16...TRX21

TRX15 TRX16...TRX21

The red items are BCCH RCs


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Hopping Parameters

All the parameters which are related to hopping are configured in cell/configure Hopping data

Hopping mode: the mode used by the BTS system, including three options: not hopping, base band hopping and RF hopping.

MA (Mobile Allocation Set): the set of available RF bands when hopping, containing at most 64

frequency carriers. The frequency being used must


be those of the available frequency
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Description of Hopping Parameters

HSNhopping sequence number063. HSN=0cycle hopping. HSN0random hopping. Every sequence number

corresponds a pseudo random sequence.

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Hopping Parameters

MAIO (Mobile Allocation Index Offset): used to define the initial frequency of the hopping. Be careful to configure the MAIO of same timeslot in all channels, otherwise interference occurs.

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Description Hopping Parameters

At the air interface, the frequency used on a specific burst is an element in MA set. MAI is used for indication, referring to a specific element in the MA set.

MAI is the function of TDMA FN, HSN and MAIO.

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Example
How to allocate 1*3 Frequency Reuse

Suppose 900 band: 96124 BTS configuration: S3/3/3

BCCH layer: 96109 reuse pattern: 4*3


TCH layer: 110124 reuse pattern: 1*3

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TCH Consecutive Allocation Scheme


Cell1 MA1 Cell1 MA1

Cell3 MA2

Cell2 MA3

Cell1 MA1

Cell3 MA2

Cell2 MA3

Cell3 MA2

Cell2 MA3

MAIO MA1 MA2 MA3


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111 112 116 117 121 122

113 118 123

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TCH Interval Allocation Scheme


Cell1 MA1 Cell1 MA1 Cell2 MA3

Cell3 MA2

Cell2 MA3

Cell1 MA1

Cell3 MA2

Cell3 MA2

Cell2 MA3

MAIO MA1 MA2 MA3


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Thank you
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