physics

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physics

© All Rights Reserved

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A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the object distance and image distance of a lens. The arrangement of the apparatus for this experiment is shown in diagram 1.1.

Diagram 1.1 A object is put in front of a light bulb, the object distance, u is adjusted to 20.0 cm and the light bulb is switched on. The screen is adjusted until a sharp image formed on the screen. The image distance, v is shown in diagram 1.2. The procedure is repeated with object distance, u = 25.0 cm, 30.0 cm, 35.0 cm, and 40.0 cm. The corresponding image distances, v are shown in diagram 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6. v

cm

10

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

cm

10

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

v

cm

10

27

28

29

30

31

cm

10

25

26

27

28

cm

10

24

25

26

27

u = 40.0 cm v = ___________cm 1 = ______________1 1 = ______________1 Diagram 1.6 a) For the experiment described in question 1, identify: i) The manipulated variable _________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] ii) The responding variable _________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] iii) The constant variable _________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

2

b)

Based on the diagram 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6: i) Record the images distance, v. [2 marks] ii) Calculate

1

iii) Calculate

c)

d)

against . [5 marks]

e)

and . [1 mark]

Graph

against

,

4

2.

A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the length of the conducting wire, l with its resistance, R. In this experiment, difference length of conducting wire is used to collect a series of pair data, voltage and current, to calculate the resistance. The result is shown in the graph of resistance, R against length of conducting wire, l in diagram 2. a) Based on the graph in diagram 2: i) State the relationship between R and l. _________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] ii) Determine the value of R when l = 48 cm Show on the graph, how you determine the value R. R = ___________________ [2 marks] b) Calculate the gradient, k, of the graph R against l. Show on the graph how you determine the value of k.

where,

R = resistance of the conducting wire, l = length of conducting wire, A = cross-sectional area of conducting wire, and = resistivity of the conducting wire. If cross-sectional area of the conducting wire, A = 0.04 cm2, use your result in question 2(b), calculate the resistivity of the conducting wire, .

[2 marks] d) Based on the graph in diagram 2, determine the value of R when l = 128 cm Show on the graph, how you determine the value R. R = ___________________ [3 marks] e) State one precaution that should be taken to improve the result of this experiment. ____________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

5

Graph

R/

8.0

7.0

6.0

5.0

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

l / cm

20

40

60

80 Diagram 2

100

Section B [12 marks] Answer any one question from this section. 3. Diagram 3 shows the water spurt out from the holes of the container.

Diagram 3 Based on the information and observation: a) State one suitable inference b) State one suitable hypothesis c) With the use of apparatus such as thistle funnel, manometer, thin rubber sheet, and other apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in (b). In your description, state clearly the following: i. Aim of the experiment. ii. Variables in the experiment. iii. List of apparatus and material. iv. Arrangement of the apparatus. v. The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. vi. The way you would tabulate the data. vii. The way you would analyse the data. [12 marks]

4.

Diagram 4 shows water wave travel from deep water to shallow water.

Diagram 4 Based on the information and observation: a) State one suitable inference b) State one suitable hypothesis c) With the use of apparatus such ripple tank, vibrator, white paper, and other apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in (b). In your description, state clearly the following: i. Aim of the experiment. ii. Variables in the experiment. iii. List of apparatus and material. iv. Arrangement of the apparatus. v. The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. vi. The way you would tabulate the data. vii. The way you would analyse the data. [12 marks]

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