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DRUMSTICKCONTROL

a beginning approach to snare drum technique Jeff Moore

F U N D A M E N TA L

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ISBN-10: 0-7390-9956-6 ISBN-13: 978-0-7390-9956-8

Fundamental Drumstick Control

TABLE OF CONtENtS
Dedication and Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Preface Fundamental Drumstick Control; Transfer Value . . . . . . . . . . . 4 The Muscle Groups; Percussion Strokes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Metronome Games; How to Use this Book; Rhythmic Ratios; Important Concepts to Focus On . . . . . 6 Chapter 1: Single Strokes Single Stroke (Hands Separate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Single Stroke (Independence Approach) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Single Stroke (Independence Approach Duple Rhythm) . 10 Single Stroke (Rhythmic Partials) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Single Stroke (Duple Rhythm Chop Builders) . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Single Stroke (Independence Approach Triple Rhythm) . . 13 Single Stroke (Independence Approach Triple-Rhythm Chop Builders) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Single Stroke (Duple and Triple Combinations) . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Single Strokes (Drumset Application Time Functioning) . . 18 Single Strokes (Drumset Application Fills and Solos) . . . . 19 Chapter 2: Double Strokes Double Stroke (Hands Separate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Double Stroke (Independence Approach Duple Rhythm) . . . . . . . . . . 23 Double Stroke (Rhythmic Partials Drags) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Double Stroke (Duple Rhythm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Double Stroke (Roll Timing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Double Stroke (Triple Rhythm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Double Strokes Interlock (The Single-Stroke Four) . . . . . . . . 28 Double-Stroke Rolls (Hands-Separate Chop Building) . . . . . 29 Double-Stroke Roll (The PAS International Drum Rudiments Roll Chart) . . . . 30 Double-Stroke Roll (Chop Builder Combinations) . . . . . . . . . 32 Double Strokes (Drumset Application Time Functioning) . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Double Strokes (Drumset Application Fills and Solos) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Chapter 3: Triple/Quad Strokes Triple Stroke (Hands Separate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Triple Stroke (Independence Approach, Duple) . . . . . . . . . . 42 Triple Stroke (Independence Exercises) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Triple Stroke (Roll Builders, Skeleton Exercises) . . . . . . . . . . 46 Triple Stroke (Sticking Combinations, Duple) . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Triple Stroke (Roll Builders, Sextuplets/French Rolls) . . . . . . 48 Triple Stroke (Sticking Mixtures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Double and Triple Strokes Combinations (Create Hybrid Rudiments) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Quadruple Stroke (Technique Builder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Triple Strokes (Drumset Application Time Functioning) . . 52 Triple Strokes (Drumset Application Time Fills and Solos) . . . . . . . . . 53 Chapter 4: Combination Strokes Combination Strokes (Single, Double, Triple, and Quadruple) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Combination Strokes (Duple to Triple Rhythms) . . . . . . . . . . 58 Combination Strokes (Single-Stroke Roll Duple Rhythms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Combination Strokes (Single-Stroke Seven Roll Duple Rhythms) . . . . . . . . . 64 Combination Strokes (Double-Stroke Roll Duple Rhythms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Combination Strokes (Double Stroke Seven Roll Duple Rhythms) . . . . . . . . 66 Combination Strokes (Triple Strokes with Roll Duple Rhythms) . . . . . . . . . . 67 Combination Strokes (Quadruple Strokes with Roll Duple Rhythms) . . . . . . 69 Double Strokes (Duple- and Triple-Roll Mixtures) . . . . . . . . . 70 Combinations (Drumset Applications) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

R L R L R L R

L R L R L R

L R L R L R L R L R L R

Chapter 1: Single Strokes

4 . (duple single and triple combinations) 4 . stroke


R R R R R R R R R R R L L L L L L Single-Stroke Combinations L L L L L L#1

15

4 .R

3 3

3 3

4 4 4
R R L L

.. . R R
L L R R LR LR L L

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L
3 3

3 3

3 3

R R
L L R R LR LR L L

R R
3 3

. .. R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

L L R R

L R L R L L

R R
L L R R L R L R L L

3 3 3 3

R R

L L R LL R L RLR L L RL R L R L R L

R R

R R
LL L RL R R R L L

R R
3 3

L LR L RL R L R L

R R
LL R L RL R L R L

3 3

3 3

R R R R R R R R R R R R
LL L RL R R R L L L L L L R R R R L L L L R R R R L L L L R R R R L L L L L L R R R R L L L L R R R R L L

R R
L L R R

3 3

R R
3 3

R R L L

L L R R

R R R R
3 3

3 3

R R L L

L L L L R R

R R L L

L L L L R R

R R
3 3

R R L L

L L L L R R

.. .

R L R L R L R L R R L L R L R L R L R L L R L R L R L R L R

R L R L R L R L R R L L R L R L R L R L L R L R L R L R L R
Track 7

R L R L R L R R L L R L R L R L L R L R L R L R

R L R L R L R L R L R R L L R L R L R L R L R L L R L R L R L R L R L R

Single-Stroke Combinations #2

4 4 4 4 4 4
R R L L

. .. R .. . R R
L L R R LR LR L L R L L


R R L L


R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L
6 6 3 3

3 3


R R L L


R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L
6 6 3 3

3 3

R R R R R R R R
L L R R LR LR L L L L R R L R L R L L L L R R L R L R L L L L R R L R L R L L
6

R R
LL L RL R R R L L

R R R R R R R R R R
LL L RL R R R L L L L R R L R L R L L LL R L R RL L R L LL R L R RL L R L LL L RL R R R L L

.. R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R .
L L L L R R R R L L L L L L R R R R L L L L R R R R L L L L R R

6 Single-Stroke Combinations #3

R R L 4 L 4 4

L R L .. R R .. L R L R
R L L

3 3 L 3 R L R L R L R L R L 3R L R L R L R L R L L L L R R R R L R R R R L L R R R L L R L L R R L L R L L R L L R R L R R L L R L L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R
R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L
6 6

3 3 R L R L R L L R R L L R L R L R
R R L L R R L L
6 6

R R L L
R R L L

.. 3 . 3 L R L R L R L R L R L R L L R L R R R R R L R L L R L L R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R
6 6

R R L L

L L L L R R

R R L L

L L R R

R R L L

L L R R

R R L L

L L L L R R

R R L L

L L R R

R R L L

L L R R

R R L L

L L L L R R

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L

R R L L

.. .. R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L
6 6 6 6

R L R L R L R R L R L R L R L R L R L L R L R L R L L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R
3 3 3 3

R L R L R L R L R L R L R R L R L R L L R L R L R L R L R L R L L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R
3 3 3 3

Single-Stroke Combinations #4

4 4 4 4 4 4

. ... R R R R R L L L L L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L
R R R R R L L L L L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L

. ...

.. .. R
R L L
3 3


R R L L

3 3


R R L L
3 3


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L
6 6


R R L L

3 3


R R L L


R R L L
3 3


R R L L

3 3


R R L L
3 3


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L


R R L L
6 6

3 3


R R L L

.. .. R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L R L
R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R R L L R

36

Fundamental Drumstick Control

double strokes

(drumset applicationtime functioning)


Track 34

Independence Building (Hands Played in Unison)

y . 4 . 4
R

y
R

> y
B

> y
B

y
R

y
R

> y
B

y
R

..

y ..
R

y
R

> y
B

y
R

y
R

> y
B

> y
B

y
R

..

Double-Stroke Roll Combination #4 and #5 Applied to a Hip-Hop Groove

> > > 3 y y y 3 y y> 3y 4 4 ..


R
3

L R L

B R

LB L

RR

LR

L BR

> > > 3 3 > 3 > y y y y y y .. ..


R L L RR R RL B R R R L

> > > 3 3 y y y> y ..


Track 35

R R

LB L

BR

R L

> y R 4 4 > y 4 4

> 3 y y y y y y y > 3 > 3 3 L R L .. L L R L L


3

R
3

> 3 > > > 3 > 3 3 3 y y y y y y y y y y y y y y . 3 3 > > > 3 > 3 . > 3 R L L R R L R R L R L L R L L
L R L L R R L R R L R L L R L L

R L L double strokes R R R L

> 3 > 3 3 y y y y y y y y y y y y ..
3

L L R RL applicationlls LR R L L LL R L R L R (drumset and R Rsolos) R

> > > 3 > 3 3 y y y y y y y y y ..


LL RR L RL R L L L L

Double-Stroke Rolls Around the Set (Eighth Notes)

.. R R L L R 4 4 L..
R R L L R R

Track 36

L
L

L
R

R
R

R
L

L
L

L
R

R
R

R
L

L
L

.. .. .. .. ..

.. L ..
L

L
R

R
R

R
L

L
L

R
R

R
L

L
L

L
R

R
R

R
L

L
L

L
R

R
R

R
L

..
L

50

Fundamental Drumstick Control

double and triple strokes combinations

(create hybrid rudiments)

Combining double and triple strokes have created some popular hybrid rudiments. Hybrid rudiments are patterns that are created by combining different existing rudiments in new combinations. These types of rudiments are ever developing and evolving and are beyond the list of the 40 Percussive Arts Societys International Drum Rudiments. The following are two popular hybrids utilizing double and triple strokes. Shirley Murphy (Hands Separate)
Track 50

R R R R L L L L R R R R L R Murphy R R R L (Hands L L Together) L R R R R L Shirley

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4

.. .. .. R .. R .. R .. R

R R R R

R R

3 3 3 3 R 3 R R 3 R

R R

L L L L

L L L L

L L

3 3 3 3 L3 L L3 L

L L

R R R R

R R R R

R R

3 3 3 3 R 3 R R 3 R

R R

L L L L

L L L L

L L L L L L

L L

3 3 3 3 L3 L L3 L

L L

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. R .. R .. R .. R

R L L R L R R L R L L R L R R L R Shirley L L R L R R L (Alternate R L L R L R R L Murphy Notation)

L L

3 3 3 3 L3 L L3 L

L L

R R R R

L L L L

R R

3 3 3 3 R 3 R R 3 R

R R

L L L L

R R R R

L L

3 3 3 3 L 3 L L 3 L

L L

R R R R

L L L L

R R

3 3 3 3 R 3 R R 3 R

R R

L L L L

.. .. .. .. .. ..

R L L R R R L R R L L L R L L R R R L R R L L L Egg Beaters 3-2 Conguration (Hands Separate)

. ... .. .. .. R L L R R R L R R L L L .. R L L R R R L R R L L L R L L R R R L R R L L L
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 R L 3 L R R 3 R L R 3 R L L 3 L R L 3 L R R 3 R L R 3 R L L 3 L

.. .. .. .. R L L R R R L R R L L L . . R L L R R R L R R L L L . . R L L R R R L R R L L L
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 R L 3 L R R 3 R L R 3 R L L 3 L R L 3 L R R 3 R L R 3 R L L 3 L

. . ... ... .. .. .. .. .. R L L R R R L R R L L L R L L R R R L R R L L L. . .. R L L R R R L R R L L L R L L R R R L R R L L L. . R L L RRR L RR L L L RL L RRR L RR L L L


6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 R L L6 R R R L R R6 L L L R L L6 R R R L R R6 L L L R L L6 R R R L R R6 L L L R L L6 R R R L R R6 L L L

R L L RRR L RR L L L RL L RRR L RR L L L

R R R L R R R L L L L R L L L R R R R L R R R L L L L R L L L R L L L R L L L R Egg Beaters 2-3 Conguration (Hands Separate)

.. . ... R .. R L .. R L .. R L .. .. . R ... R L .. R L .. R L
R L R L L

R R L R L R L

R R L R L R L

L L R L R L R

R R L R L R L

R R L R L R L

R R L R L R L

L L R L R L R

.. . ... .. .. ..

.. . ... R .. R L .. R L .. R L
R L R L L

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

L L R L R L R L L R L R L R
L R L R R L R L R R

R R L R L R L R R L R L R L
R L R L L R L R L L

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

L L R L R L R L L R L R L R
L R L R R L R L R R

L L R L R L R L L R L R L R
L R L R R L R L R R

.. . ... .. .. .. .. .. . ... .. .. .. .. .. . ... ..

5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4

R R L R L R L
R L R L L

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

R R L R L R L
R L R L L

R R L R L R L
R L R L L

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

.. .. . ... .. ..

.. .. . R ... R L .. R L .. R L
R L R L L

Egg Beaters 3-2 Conguration (Hands Together) R R R L L R R R R R L L R R L L L R R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L L L L R R L L 5 5 5

.. .. .. . ... ..

Egg Beaters 3-2 5 5 Conguration 5 (Alternate Notation) 5 5 5 R R R 5L L R R R 5L L R R R 5L L R R R L R L R L5 L R L R R L R L R L5 L R L R R L R L R L5 L R L R R L R L R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R R L R L L L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L

5 5 5 5 5 5 Egg Beaters 2-3 Conguration .. .. 5 5 5 5 . 5 5 . 5 5 5 5 .. 5 Notation) 5 5 5 5 .. 5 5 ... (Alternate 5 . . . .. .. R L L R R R L L . R R L5 L L R R L5 L L R R L5 L L R R L5 L L R R L5 L L . 5 5 . . .. .. R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L5 L L R R L5 L L . 5 5 5 L5 R R L L L5 R R . L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R . . .. .. R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L L R R L L L R R . L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R . . . .. R L L R R R L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L R R L L L L R R L L L R R . L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R L L R R R . . .. .

R L R L L 5

R R L R L R L

Track 51

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

L R L R R 5

L L R L R L R

Together) 2-3 Conguration .. Egg .. Beaters (Hands .. .. .. .. R R L L L R R L .. .. R R L L L R R L L L R R R L L R .. .. R R L L L R R L L L R R R L L R .. .. R R L L L R R L L L R R R L L R


R L R L L R L R L L 5 L R L R R L R L R R 5 L R L R R R L R L L 5 R L R L L L R L R R 5

L L R L R L R
L R L R R

L R L R R 5

L L R L R L R

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

R L R L L

R L R L L

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

R L R L L

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

L R L R R

R L R L L

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

L R L R R

R L R L L

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

L R L R R

R L R L L

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

L R L R R

R L R L L

R L R L L

L R L R R

L R L R R

L R L R R

56

Fundamental Drumstick Control

combination strokes

(single, double, triple, and quadruple) continued

Singles, Doubles, and Triples

4 4 4 4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. L R L R L R R R . . R L R L L L R . . L R R L R R R . . L R R L L L R . .. . .L . .L . .L . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. R L L R L R R R . . R L R R L R R R . . R L L R L L L R . . R L R R L L L R . .. L R R L R L L L . . L R L L R L L L . . L R R L R R R L . . L R L L R R R L . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. R R L R L R R R . . R R L R L L L R . . R L L L R R R L . . R R R L L L R . .. . .L . L L R L R L L L . . L L R L R R R L . .
R R L R L R R R L L R L R L L L R R L R L L L R L L R L R R R L R L L L R R R L L R R R L L L R R L L R L R R R L R R L R L L L R L R R L R R R L R L L R L L L R L L R L L L R L R R L R R R L R L R R L L L R L R L L R R R L L R L R L R R R L R L R L L L R L L R R L R R R L L R R L L L R

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. R L R L R L L L . . L R L R R R L . . R L L R L L L . . R L L R R R L . .. . .R . .R . .R .
R L R L R L L L R L R L R R R L R R L L R L L L R R L L R R R L

Singles, Doubles, and Triples (Two-Bar Phrases)

4 4 4 4

.. .. .. .. L R R R L L R R L R R R L L L R . . L R L R R R L L L R R R L L L . .. . .R . .. .. .. .. R R R L R R L L R R R L R L L L . . R R L L L R R R L L L R L R R . .. . .R L L L R R R L L L R R R L R L L . .. .. .. .. L L L R L L R R L L L R L R R R . . L L R R R L L L R R R L R L R . .. . .L . .. .. .. .. L L L R R R L L L R R R L L R R . . R L R L L L R R R L L L R R R . .. . .L . .. .. .. .. L R L L R R R L L L R R R L L L . . R R R L L L R R R L L L R R L L . .. . R L R R L L L R R R L L L R R R . .
L R R L L R L R R L R L R L L R L R L R R L R L R L L R L R L R R R R L L L R R R L L L R R L L L L L R R R L L L R R R L L R R L R L R L L L R R R L L L R R R L L L R L L R R L L L R L R R R L L L R R R L L L R R R L R L R R R R L R R L L R R R L R L L L R L R L R L L R L R L R R L R L R L L L R L R R L R R R L R L L L R R R L L R R L R R R L L L R R L R L R R R L L L R R R L L L

.. .. .. .. R L L L R R L L R L L L R R R L . . R R L L L R R R L L L R L R L . .. . .R .
R L L L R R L L R L L L R R R L R R R L L L R R R L L L R L R L

72

Fundamental Drumstick Control

combinations
Track 64

(drumset applications)

Linear Drum Playing Utilizing Sticking Combinations

y . 4 . 4 ( )
R L L R L L R L L R L R L
Track 65

> y

> e y ( ) y y e ..

> > y ey y e y y y y y . .. . ( )
R L R L R L R L L R L R R R

> > y y y> y y y > ( ) .. ( ) ( ) .. y y y y y R. L L R R L L L R R L R L L 4 e ( ) e .. 4 . ( )


Track 66

> > y ey y e y y y y y . .. play quarter notes on the 2. bass drum while playing those exercises. ( ) Now . 3. Alternate the left-hand part between two drums.
Additional Drumset Practice Strategies for the Exercises at the Beginning of this Chapter to Increase Four-Way Coordination and Chops in the Feet
R L R L R L R L L R L R R R

1. Play quarter notes on the hi-hat while playing the exercises under COMBINATION STrOKEs (SINGLE, DOUBLE, TrIPLE, AND QUADrUPLE).

.. .. .. > .. .. .. .. > .. 4 4 y drum on y all the left-hand y parts y while playingythe right y y hand y on the y drum. y y y snare y 6. Play the bass . ) drum. ( ) ( . 7. Play parts while alternating part on the snare the bass drum on all the left-hand the right-hand
4. Alternate the right-hand part between two drums. 5. Play the bass drum on all the right-hand parts while playing the left hand on the snare drum. 9. Play son clave on the hi-hat while playing those exercises.

R L L R R L L L R R L R L L 8. Play quarter notes on the bass drumboth hands play the right-hand part, the left foot plays the left-hand parts.

.. y y yy ( )

.. ..

Independence and Coordination Building (Single, Double, Triple, and Quadruple with Bass Drum Patterns) Play the exercises under COMBINATION STrOKEs (SINGLE, DOUBLE, TrIPLE, AND QUADrUPLE) with the following bass drum and hi-hat patterns. For added chop benets, play the combination pages with brushes.

4 .. .. .. . . . . .. .. .. 4 y y y . . y y y . . y y y y y

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