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Gender Inequalities In Society The afflicted world in which we live is characterised by deeply unequal sharing of the burden of adversities

between women and men. Gender inequality exists in most parts of the world, from Japan to Morocco, from U be!istan to the United "tates of #merica. $owever, inequality between women and men can ta!e very many different forms. %ndeed, gender inequality is not one homogeneous phenomenon, but a collection of disparate and interlin!ed problems.&hile gender discrimination happens to both men and women in individual situations, discrimination against women is an entrenched, global pandemic. To cover few facets of gender inequality , one of the main persisent problems associated with gender inquality is the wide range of differrence in the birth ratio . This evil has heightned the disdain for female infants ' abortion, neglect, abandonment, and infanticide .The number of girls born and surviving in %ndia is significantly less compared with the number of boys, due to the disproportionate numbers of female fetuses being aborted and baby girls deliberately neglected and left to die. The normal ratio of births should be ()* girls for every +*** boys, however in some regions the number is as low as ,**.#nother feature of gender inequality which often denied to women is the access of education . %t is the single most powerful tool to lift people out of poverty. and empower them economically, politically and socially . $owever, education is not seen as a basic right for women in the deep poc!ets of rural %ndia.%t is disturbing to note that only -(.. per cent of boys and ,*.. per cent of girls in the +)/+( age group have ventured beyond middle school in rural %ndia. 0ducation should be an intrinsic part of any strategy to address the gender/based discrimination against women and girls that remains prevalent in many societies. The second class status of women is one of the ma1or root reasons for being sub1ected to violence . 2iolence against women ta!es a dismaying variety of forms, from domestic abuse and rape to child marriages and female circumcision. #ll are violations of the most fundamental human rights."exual abuse and flesh trade are gnawing evils, which threaten the existence of women as independent entities.3ue to the fight for women4s rights, increasing participation of women in the 1ob mar!et and to the right to vote, women have emerged from the strictly private sphere to which they were formerly restricted. &omen have bro!en the implicit social contract that for more than hundreds of years confined them to home, child rearing, household tas!s and fieldwor!, while men wor!ed outside the home.$owever, in the context of the developing world, lac! of education has forced many women into the ris!y 5informal5 economy as street traders, domestic servants, home wor!ers and seasonal laborers. This in turn reflects a continuing belief that there is little benefit in educating a girl when she could be wor!ing in the mar!et place or fields. The consequences of such gender discrimination in society has been far reaching. 6esults have shown the conclusion that in order to remove poverty, gender disparities need to adressed. %n recent decades, there have been large gains, in basic rights and opportunities, in life expectancy and enrolment ratios for women. 7ut despite these gains, the star! reality has not changed. There still are large gender disparities in basic human rights, resources, and economic opportunity, and in political rights/ the world

over. 8overty leads to and aggravates gender discrimination 9 it is in the poorer sections and nations that instances of gender biases and inequality are more evident. #lso while denial of basic rights be it education, employment or health care for women is detrimental , this denial, ultimately also harms the society, the nations at large too, by hampering development. The only solution to this is gender equality, which strengthens a country4s ability to grow, to reduce poverty and provide its people 9 men, women and children 9 a better life. The issue of gender equality then, needs to be at the core of development policies/ both in national and international arenas.