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# 4531

## PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA

SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

## PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

PHYSICS

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

4531
2

## PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

PHYSICS

PAPER MARKS
Paper 1 50
Paper 2 100
Paper 3 40
Total 190

## Jumlah markah diskalakan kepada 100%

PHYSICS
Paper 1

1 C 26 B
2 D 27 B
3 D 28 A
4 B 29 C
5 D 30 A
6 A 31 C
7 B 32 B
8 A 33 C
9 D 34 D
10 C 35 A
11 B 36 D
12 D 37 B
13 C 38 A
14 C 39 A
15 A 40 A
16 D 41 D
17 A 42 B
18 D 43 A
19 C 44 B
20 D 45 B
21 B 46 B
22 A 47 A
23 A 48 C
24 C 49 B
25 B 50 A
3
PHYSICS
Paper 2
SECTION A

MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
1 (a) (i) State the physical quantity correctly 1
- Voltage/potential difference

## (ii) State the error correctly 1

- Zero error//systematic error

- Y/micrometer

## (ii) State the reason correctly 1

- The scale has a smaller division 4

## 2(a) (i) State the explanation correctly 1

- energy is used to break the bonds//change the state of matter

## (ii) State the explanation correctly 1

- energy is used to increase the kinetic energy of the molecules

## (b) Correct substitution 1

- 0.2 x 3.36 x 105
Correct answer and correct unit 1
- 6.72 x 104 J

## (c) Mark on the box correctly 1

- There is no net transfer of energy between the water and the 5
surroundings

## 3(a) State the unit correctly 1

- N m—2 // kg m—1 s—2

- depth//density

## (c) (i) Correct substitution 1

- 1010 x 2.5 x 10

## Correct answer and correct unit 1

- 25250 N
(ii) Show the substitution correctly 1
- 125000 - 25250

## Correct answer and correct unit 1

- 99750 N
6
4
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
4(a) Name component T correctly 1
- Thermistor//heat sensitive resistor

## (b) Underline the words correctly

- resistance decreases 1
- IB increases 1

- 0.08 s

1
-
0.08

- 12.5 Hz

## (iii) Sketch the trace correctly 1

- Sinusoidal with four complete cycles 7

## 5(a) (i) Compare the speed of light correctly 1

- Speed of light is higher in air

## (ii) Compare the speed of light correctly 1

- Speed of light is higher in air

## (iii) State the relationship correctly 1

- If the speed of light decreases, then the light ray will bend
towards the normal

- refraction

## (b) (i) Draw the light rays correctly

- At least one light ray from point P bend away from the normal 1
after emerging into the air
- Extrapolate the ray to point Q 1

1.6
-
1.2

## Correct answer with no unit in decimal 1

- 1.33 8
5
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
6(a) State the meaning correctly 1
- Time for the activity of the radioactive substance to become half
of the original activity // Time taken for half of the mass of
(b) (i) State the half life correctly
- X : 10 minutes 1
- Y : 5 minutes 1
- X : 50 % 1
- Y : 25 % 1

## (c) State the comparison correctly 1

- The decay rates for substance X is slower//vice versa

## State the relationship correctly 1

- The shorter the half life, the higher the decay rate

## 7(a) State the energy changes correctly 1

- electrical energy to (gravitational) potential energy
(b) (i) Correct substitution 1
- 1.7 x 10

- 17 W

2 x10 x1.5
-
2 .5
- 12 W 1

12
x 100%
17
1
- 70.6 %

## Give explanation correctly 1

- less work done // less power required

## (d) Give one suggestion correctly

- lubricate the moving parts to reduce friction 1 10
6
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
8(a) (i) Name the law correctly 1
- Hooke’s Law

## (ii) Mark a cross on each line correctly 1+1

- All correct (2 marks)
- 1 or 2 correct (1 mark)

## (b) (i) State the energy correctly 1

- Elastic potential energy

## (ii) Determine the force correctly 1

- From the graph, F = 60 N

Correct substitution 1
- ½ (60)(8)// ½ (60)(0.08)

## Correct answer with correct unit 1

- 240 N cm // 2.4 J // 2.4 N m

- 80 N

- Spring P
- Spring Q

- Spring Q

## Give the explanation correctly 1

- More sensitive//smaller force constant 12
7
SECTION B

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
9(a) State the meaning correctly 1
- Product of mass and velocity / /momentum = mass x velocity 1

- Zero

## Compare the total momentum correctly 1

- Total momentum before the bullet is fired = total momentum
after the bullet is fired.

pistol correctly
- Equal

pistol correctly
- Opposite

## Name the physics principle correctly 1

- Principle of Conservation of Momentum 5

## (b) Describe the propulsion of a rocket engine correctly

- Liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen/fuel is pump into the 1
combustion chamber for combustion
- The exhaust gas is ejected out of the rocket nozzle at high speed. 1
- The ejected exhaust gas at high speed has a large momentum. 1
- According to the Principle of Conservation of Momentum, the 1 4
rocket acquires a large momentum forward

## State reason for aspect of forces and motion correctly 1

- Increase the air intake

## State reason for aspect of material of blade correctly 1

- Can withstand strong pressure/it will not break easily

## State aspect of fuel injector correctly 1

- Increase the number of fuel injectors//

## State reason for aspect of fuel injector correctly 1

- More fuel to be burnt to produce greater thrust
8
State aspect of combustion chamber correctly 1
- Increase the size of the combustion chamber

## State reason for aspect of combustion chamber correctly 1

- More space for the fuel to be burnt

## State aspect of nozzle correctly 1

- Decrease the diameter of the nozzle

## State reason for aspect of nozzle correctly 1 10

- Exhaust gas ejected at higher velocity/higher momentum

20
9

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
10(a) (i) State the meaning correctly 1
- A wave in which the vibration of particles in the medium is
parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave. 1
(ii) Explain the production of sound waves correctly
- When a tuning fork vibrates, layers of air vibrate 1
- The particles of air undergo s series of compression and 1
rarefaction 1
- Sound energy is propagated through the air in the form of
waves 1 4
(b) (i) Compare the amplitudes of the wave form correctly 1
- The amplitude in Diagram 10.2 is higher
(ii) Compare the peak values of the wave form correctly 1
- The peak value in Diagram 10.2 is higher
(iii) State the relationship between amplitude and peak value 1
correctly
- The higher the amplitude, the higher the peak value
(iv) State the relationship between the peak value and loudness 1
correctly
- The higher the peak value, the louder is the sound.
(v) State the relationship between the loudness and the amplitude 1 5
correctly
- The higher the amplitude, the louder is the sound

## (c) (i) Suggest the type of frequency correctly 1

- The boat must use high frequency sound waves
Give the reason correctly 1
- Smaller wavelength, less diffracted
Suggest the type of energy correctly 1
- High energy waves
Give the reason correctly 1
- High penetrating power 4

## (ii) Suggest the list of equipments needed for the measurement

Transmitter
Sound generator
CRO
[Any of the three above] 3

## (iii) State the method of measuring the time

- The time taken, t from the transmitter to the receiver is recorded 1
by the CRO
- The speed of the sound wave, v in water is given 1
vt
- The depth of the sea, d = 1
2
3
20
10
SECTION C

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
11(a) (i) State the explanation correctly
- Temperature of the coolant decreases 1
- Speed of the molecules decreases 1
- Distance between molecules decreases 1 3
(ii) State the explanation correctly
- When coolant changes from a liquid to a gas, latent heat is
required. 1
- Latent heat is obtained from the interior of the refrigerator. 1 2
(b) State the specific latent heat of vaporisation and reason 1+1
correctly
1 High specific latent heat of vaporization
2 Rate of heat removed is faster

## State the boiling point and reason correctly 1+1

3 Coolant with low boiling point
4 Easily can to vapour/gas

## State the specific heat capacity and reason correctly 1+1

5 Low specific heat capacity
6 Can be heat up (cool down) faster

## State the diameter and reason correctly 1+1

7 Big diameter
8 Can carry more coolant

## State most suitable choice of coolant and justification correctly 1

Q
Low specific latent heat of vaporization and low boiling point

## State most suitable pipe and justification correctly 1

Z 10
Low specific heat capacity and big diameter

## (c) (i) State the meaning correctly

The quantities of heat required to change the temperature of 1 kg 1
of water by 1 oC is 4200 J.
(ii) Correct substitution
0.5 x 4200 x 30 1

## Correct answer and correct unit

63 000 J 1
(iii) Correct substitution
0.5 x 3.34.x 105 1

## Correct answer and correct unit

1.67 x 105 J 1 5
20
11
MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
12(a) (i) State Lenz’s Law correctly 1
- The direction of the induced current is such as to oppose the
change causing it.
(ii) State the explanation correctly
- The solenoid experiences a change in the magnetic flux/magnetic 1
field (lines)
- According to Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction 1
- An e.m.f. is induced in the coil 1
- X is north pole 1
(b) State the suitable number of turns of coil in the generator and 1+1
reason correctly
- High number of turns of coil
- Larger force acting on the coil / higher electromagnetic field
strength

State the suitable strength of the magnets in the generator and 1+1
reason correctly
- High strength magnets
- Larger force acting on the coil

## State the suitable arrangement of components in the 1+1

rectification circuit
- Using 4 diodes and a capacitor
- 4 diodes to produce full-wave rectification and capacitor as a
smoother

## State the suitable capacitance of the capacitor in the 1+1

rectification circuit
- Large capacitance
- To produce a constant output voltage

## State most suitable choice of generator and justification 1

correctly
- Y and high number of turns of coil and high strength of magnets

## State most suitable choice rectification circuit and justification 1

correctly
- C, 4 diodes and a capacitor with high capacitance
(c) (i) State the type of transformer correctly 1
- Step-down transformer
(ii) Correct substitution 1
(240)(150)
12
Correct answer and no unit 1
3000
(iii) Correct substitution
24 1
 100
(0.125)(240)

## Correct answer with unit 1

80% // 0.8 5
20
12
PHYSICS
Paper 3

SECTION A

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

## 1(a) (i) State the manipulated variable correctly

Angle of incidence / i 1 1

## (ii) State the responding variable correctly

Angle of refraction / r // sin r 1 1

## (iii) State the constant variable correctly

Glass block // Semicircular glass block // Refractive index 1 1

## (b) (i) Record the readings of r correctly

Diagram 1.2 : 11o 2 2
Diagram 1.3 : 20o
Diagram 1.4 : 29o
Diagram 1.5 : 36o
Diagram 1.6 : 41o
Note : 1. All 5 values correct – 2 marks
2. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark

## (ii) State the values of sin i correctly

Diagram 1.2 : 0.2588 1 1
Diagram 1.3 : 0.5000
Diagram 1.4 : 0.7071
Diagram 1.5 : 0.8660
Diagram 1.6 : 0.9659
Note : 1. Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i)
2. All 5 values correct – 2 marks
3. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark
4. Not necessary to have consistent number of d.p.

## (iii) State the values of sin r correctly

All 5 values of sin r correct 2 2
Diagram 1.2 : 0.1908
Diagram 1.3 : 0.3420
Diagram 1.4 : 0.4848
Diagram 1.5 : 0.5878
Diagram 1.6 : 0.6561
Note : 1. Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i)
2. All 5 values correct – 2 marks
3. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark
4. Not necessary to have consistent number of d.p.
13
(c) Tabulate the results for i, sin i, r and sin r correctly

i sin i r sin r
15o 0.2588 11o 0.1908
30o 0.5000 20o 0.3420
45o 0.7071 29o 0.4848
60o 0.8660 36o 0.5878
75o 0.9659 41o 0.6561

## Table with 4 columns correctly labelled 1

sin i and sin r consistent to 2, 3 or 4 decimal places 1 2

## Give a tick () based on the following:

A  sin i at the y-axis, sin r at the x-axis 
B  Uniform scale at both axes 
C  5 points plotted correctly 
[Note : 4 points plotted correctly : ]
D  Straight line of best fit is drawn 
E  Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares 
(Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm)
(From the origin to the last point)

Marks awarded :

Number of  Marks
6 5
4–5 4
3 3
2 2
1 1 5
5
(e) State the correct relationship between sin i and sin r
sin i is directly proportional to sin r 1 1
16
14
MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

## 2(a) (i) State the correct relationship

IC increases linearly with IB // IC is directly proportional to IB 1 1

## (ii) Determine the value of IB correctly

IB = 500 μA 1
Draw the extrapolation line to the point (500, 100) or beyond 1

## Draw the lines IC = 100 mA and IB = 500 μA 1 3

(b) (i) Calculate the gradient of the graph, m, and state the value of m
- Draw a sufficiently large triangle 1
- Correct substitution (Follow candidate’s triangle) 1
- State the correct value
200 1 3

## (ii) State the correct meaning

I C 1 1
The ratio of the change in IC to the change in IB //
I B
(c) Determine the value of IE and state the correct value of IE
- Intrapolation line from IB = 350 μA to the given line and from the
given line to the IC – axis 1

## - State the correct value of IC

IC = 70 mA // 70 000 μA 1

## - State the correct value of IE

70.35 mA // 70 350 μA 1 3

## (d) State one correct precaution

- Position of the eyes such that line of sight is perpendicular to the
scale of the meter to avoid parallax error 1

## - Current is switched off after readings are taken 1 1

Max
1
12
15
SECTION B

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

## 3 (a) State a suitable inference

The mass // volume affects the rise in temperature // temperature 1 1
(b) State a relevant hypothesis
The greater the mass // volume, the smaller the rise in temperature
// temperature 1 1
(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework
(i) State the aim of experiment
To investigate the relationship between the mass and rise in
temperature (of water) 1
(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable
Manipulated variable : Mass
Responding variable : Increase in temperature 1

## State the constant variable

Constant variable : Heat supplied // Time of heating // 1
Power of the heater //

## (iii) List out the important apparatus and materials

Beaker, water, thermometer, immersion heater, stopwatch, balance 1
for measuring mass
(iv) Draw or describe a functionable arrangement of the apparatus
1
(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable
Put a mass of 100 g of water in a beaker 1

## (vi) State the method of measuring the responding variable

Switch on the heater for 5 minutes and record the temperature rise. 1

## (vii) State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of

results
Repeat the experiment with 150 g, 200 g, 250 g, 300 g and 350 g 1
of water.
(viii) Tabulate the data

100
150
200
250
300
350 1

## (ix) State how data will be analysed

The graph of temperature rise against mass is drawn 1 10

## Note : Mark accordingly if the manipulated variable is volume

. 12
16
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
4 (a) State a suitable inference
The distance / separation between the arms affect the distance /
separation between the loud sounds 1 1
(b) State a relevant hypothesis
The smaller the distance / separation between the arms, the greater
is the distance / separation between the loud sounds 1 1
(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework

## (i) State the aim of experiment

To investigate the relationship between the separation between
two loudspeakers and the distance between the position of the
loud sounds 1

## (ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable

Manipulated variable : separation between loudspeakers
Responding variable : distance between position of loud sounds 1

## State the constant variable

Constant variable : Frequency of the sound // wavelength of 1
the sound // Distance of the line of
observation to the loudspeakers

## (iii) List out the important apparatus and materials

Two loudspeakers, signal generator, metre rule / measuring tape,
(microphone, cathode ray oscilloscope) 1

## (v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable

The two loudspeakers are placed at a distance, a = 0.4 m apart. 1

## (vi) State the method of measuring the responding variable

The positions of two successive loud sounds is determined and the
distance, x, between them is measured with a metre rule 1

## (vii) State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of

results
The procedure is repeated for the values of a = 0.8 m, 1.2 m, 1.6
m, 2.0 m and 2.4 m 1

## (viii) Tabulate the data

a/m x/m
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4 1
(ix) State how data will be analyzed
A graph of x against a is drawn 1 10
12