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4531

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA


SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

PHYSICS

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 16 halaman bercetak

4531
2

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009


KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

PHYSICS

PAPER MARKS
Paper 1 50
Paper 2 100
Paper 3 40
Total 190

Jumlah markah diskalakan kepada 100%

PHYSICS
Paper 1

1 C 26 B
2 D 27 B
3 D 28 A
4 B 29 C
5 D 30 A
6 A 31 C
7 B 32 B
8 A 33 C
9 D 34 D
10 C 35 A
11 B 36 D
12 D 37 B
13 C 38 A
14 C 39 A
15 A 40 A
16 D 41 D
17 A 42 B
18 D 43 A
19 C 44 B
20 D 45 B
21 B 46 B
22 A 47 A
23 A 48 C
24 C 49 B
25 B 50 A
3
PHYSICS
Paper 2
SECTION A

MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
1 (a) (i) State the physical quantity correctly 1
- Voltage/potential difference

(ii) State the error correctly 1


- Zero error//systematic error

(b) (i) State the instrument correctly 1


- Y/micrometer

(ii) State the reason correctly 1


- The scale has a smaller division 4

2(a) (i) State the explanation correctly 1


- energy is used to break the bonds//change the state of matter

(ii) State the explanation correctly 1


- energy is used to increase the kinetic energy of the molecules

(b) Correct substitution 1


- 0.2 x 3.36 x 105
Correct answer and correct unit 1
- 6.72 x 104 J

(c) Mark on the box correctly 1


- There is no net transfer of energy between the water and the 5
surroundings

3(a) State the unit correctly 1


- N m—2 // kg m—1 s—2

(b) State one factor correctly 1


- depth//density

(c) (i) Correct substitution 1


- 1010 x 2.5 x 10

Correct answer and correct unit 1


- 25250 N
(ii) Show the substitution correctly 1
- 125000 - 25250

Correct answer and correct unit 1


- 99750 N
6
4
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
4(a) Name component T correctly 1
- Thermistor//heat sensitive resistor

(b) Underline the words correctly


- resistance decreases 1
- IB increases 1

(c) (i) Correct answer and correct unit 1


- 0.08 s

(ii) Correct substitution 1


1
-
0.08

Correct answer and correct unit 1


- 12.5 Hz

(iii) Sketch the trace correctly 1


- Sinusoidal with four complete cycles 7

5(a) (i) Compare the speed of light correctly 1


- Speed of light is higher in air

(ii) Compare the speed of light correctly 1


- Speed of light is higher in air

(iii) State the relationship correctly 1


- If the speed of light decreases, then the light ray will bend
towards the normal

(iv) State the phenomenon correctly 1


- refraction

(b) (i) Draw the light rays correctly


- At least one light ray from point P bend away from the normal 1
after emerging into the air
- Extrapolate the ray to point Q 1

(ii) Correct substitution 1


1.6
-
1.2

Correct answer with no unit in decimal 1


- 1.33 8
5
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
6(a) State the meaning correctly 1
- Time for the activity of the radioactive substance to become half
of the original activity // Time taken for half of the mass of
radioactive substance to decay
(b) (i) State the half life correctly
- X : 10 minutes 1
- Y : 5 minutes 1
(ii) State the answer correctly
- X : 50 % 1
- Y : 25 % 1

(c) State the comparison correctly 1


- The decay rates for substance X is slower//vice versa

State the relationship correctly 1


- The shorter the half life, the higher the decay rate

(d) Give the reason correctly 1


- Background radiation 8

7(a) State the energy changes correctly 1


- electrical energy to (gravitational) potential energy
(b) (i) Correct substitution 1
- 1.7 x 10

Correct answer and correct unit 1


- 17 W

(ii) Correct substitution 1


2 x10 x1.5
-
2 .5
Correct answer with correct unit
- 12 W 1

(iii) Correct substitution 1


12
x 100%
17
Correct answer with correct unit
1
- 70.6 %

(c) State the change on the ammeter correctly 1


- ammeter reading decreases

Give explanation correctly 1


- less work done // less power required

(d) Give one suggestion correctly


- lubricate the moving parts to reduce friction 1 10
6
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
8(a) (i) Name the law correctly 1
- Hooke’s Law

(ii) Mark a cross on each line correctly 1+1


- All correct (2 marks)
- 1 or 2 correct (1 mark)

(b) (i) State the energy correctly 1


- Elastic potential energy

(ii) Determine the force correctly 1


- From the graph, F = 60 N

Correct substitution 1
- ½ (60)(8)// ½ (60)(0.08)

Correct answer with correct unit 1


- 240 N cm // 2.4 J // 2.4 N m

(c) (i) State the maximum weight correctly 1


- 80 N

(ii) Name the two springs correctly 1+1


- Spring P
- Spring Q

(iii) Give the choice correctly 1


- Spring Q

Give the explanation correctly 1


- More sensitive//smaller force constant 12
7
SECTION B

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
9(a) State the meaning correctly 1
- Product of mass and velocity / /momentum = mass x velocity 1

(ii) State the total momentum in Diagram 9.1 correctly 1


- Zero

Compare the total momentum correctly 1


- Total momentum before the bullet is fired = total momentum
after the bullet is fired.

Compare the magnitude of the momentum of the bullet and 1


pistol correctly
- Equal

Compare the direction of the momentum of the bullet and 1


pistol correctly
- Opposite

Name the physics principle correctly 1


- Principle of Conservation of Momentum 5

(b) Describe the propulsion of a rocket engine correctly


- Liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen/fuel is pump into the 1
combustion chamber for combustion
- The exhaust gas is ejected out of the rocket nozzle at high speed. 1
- The ejected exhaust gas at high speed has a large momentum. 1
- According to the Principle of Conservation of Momentum, the 1 4
rocket acquires a large momentum forward

(c) State aspect of blade correctly 1


- Using bigger blades/increase the number of blades/increase the
speed of blade

State reason for aspect of forces and motion correctly 1


- Increase the air intake

State aspect of material of blade correctly 1


- Blade made of strong material

State reason for aspect of material of blade correctly 1


- Can withstand strong pressure/it will not break easily

State aspect of fuel injector correctly 1


- Increase the number of fuel injectors//
add more fuel injectors

State reason for aspect of fuel injector correctly 1


- More fuel to be burnt to produce greater thrust
8
State aspect of combustion chamber correctly 1
- Increase the size of the combustion chamber

State reason for aspect of combustion chamber correctly 1


- More space for the fuel to be burnt

State aspect of nozzle correctly 1


- Decrease the diameter of the nozzle

State reason for aspect of nozzle correctly 1 10


- Exhaust gas ejected at higher velocity/higher momentum

20
9

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
10(a) (i) State the meaning correctly 1
- A wave in which the vibration of particles in the medium is
parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave. 1
(ii) Explain the production of sound waves correctly
- When a tuning fork vibrates, layers of air vibrate 1
- The particles of air undergo s series of compression and 1
rarefaction 1
- Sound energy is propagated through the air in the form of
waves 1 4
(b) (i) Compare the amplitudes of the wave form correctly 1
- The amplitude in Diagram 10.2 is higher
(ii) Compare the peak values of the wave form correctly 1
- The peak value in Diagram 10.2 is higher
(iii) State the relationship between amplitude and peak value 1
correctly
- The higher the amplitude, the higher the peak value
(iv) State the relationship between the peak value and loudness 1
correctly
- The higher the peak value, the louder is the sound.
(v) State the relationship between the loudness and the amplitude 1 5
correctly
- The higher the amplitude, the louder is the sound

(c) (i) Suggest the type of frequency correctly 1


- The boat must use high frequency sound waves
Give the reason correctly 1
- Smaller wavelength, less diffracted
Suggest the type of energy correctly 1
- High energy waves
Give the reason correctly 1
- High penetrating power 4

(ii) Suggest the list of equipments needed for the measurement


Transmitter
Receiver
Sound generator
CRO
[Any of the three above] 3

(iii) State the method of measuring the time


- The time taken, t from the transmitter to the receiver is recorded 1
by the CRO
- The speed of the sound wave, v in water is given 1
vt
- The depth of the sea, d = 1
2
3
20
10
SECTION C

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
11(a) (i) State the explanation correctly
- Temperature of the coolant decreases 1
- Speed of the molecules decreases 1
- Distance between molecules decreases 1 3
(ii) State the explanation correctly
- When coolant changes from a liquid to a gas, latent heat is
required. 1
- Latent heat is obtained from the interior of the refrigerator. 1 2
(b) State the specific latent heat of vaporisation and reason 1+1
correctly
1 High specific latent heat of vaporization
2 Rate of heat removed is faster

State the boiling point and reason correctly 1+1


3 Coolant with low boiling point
4 Easily can to vapour/gas

State the specific heat capacity and reason correctly 1+1


5 Low specific heat capacity
6 Can be heat up (cool down) faster

State the diameter and reason correctly 1+1


7 Big diameter
8 Can carry more coolant

State most suitable choice of coolant and justification correctly 1


Q
Low specific latent heat of vaporization and low boiling point

State most suitable pipe and justification correctly 1


Z 10
Low specific heat capacity and big diameter

(c) (i) State the meaning correctly


The quantities of heat required to change the temperature of 1 kg 1
of water by 1 oC is 4200 J.
(ii) Correct substitution
0.5 x 4200 x 30 1

Correct answer and correct unit


63 000 J 1
(iii) Correct substitution
0.5 x 3.34.x 105 1

Correct answer and correct unit


1.67 x 105 J 1 5
20
11
MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
12(a) (i) State Lenz’s Law correctly 1
- The direction of the induced current is such as to oppose the
change causing it.
(ii) State the explanation correctly
- The solenoid experiences a change in the magnetic flux/magnetic 1
field (lines)
- According to Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction 1
- An e.m.f. is induced in the coil 1
- X is north pole 1
(b) State the suitable number of turns of coil in the generator and 1+1
reason correctly
- High number of turns of coil
- Larger force acting on the coil / higher electromagnetic field
strength

State the suitable strength of the magnets in the generator and 1+1
reason correctly
- High strength magnets
- Larger force acting on the coil

State the suitable arrangement of components in the 1+1


rectification circuit
- Using 4 diodes and a capacitor
- 4 diodes to produce full-wave rectification and capacitor as a
smoother

State the suitable capacitance of the capacitor in the 1+1


rectification circuit
- Large capacitance
- To produce a constant output voltage

State most suitable choice of generator and justification 1


correctly
- Y and high number of turns of coil and high strength of magnets

State most suitable choice rectification circuit and justification 1


correctly
- C, 4 diodes and a capacitor with high capacitance
(c) (i) State the type of transformer correctly 1
- Step-down transformer
(ii) Correct substitution 1
(240)(150)
12
Correct answer and no unit 1
3000
(iii) Correct substitution
24 1
 100
(0.125)(240)

Correct answer with unit 1


80% // 0.8 5
20
12
PHYSICS
Paper 3

SECTION A

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

1(a) (i) State the manipulated variable correctly


Angle of incidence / i 1 1

(ii) State the responding variable correctly


Angle of refraction / r // sin r 1 1

(iii) State the constant variable correctly


Glass block // Semicircular glass block // Refractive index 1 1

(b) (i) Record the readings of r correctly


Diagram 1.2 : 11o 2 2
Diagram 1.3 : 20o
Diagram 1.4 : 29o
Diagram 1.5 : 36o
Diagram 1.6 : 41o
Note : 1. All 5 values correct – 2 marks
2. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark

(ii) State the values of sin i correctly


Diagram 1.2 : 0.2588 1 1
Diagram 1.3 : 0.5000
Diagram 1.4 : 0.7071
Diagram 1.5 : 0.8660
Diagram 1.6 : 0.9659
Note : 1. Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i)
2. All 5 values correct – 2 marks
3. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark
4. Not necessary to have consistent number of d.p.

(iii) State the values of sin r correctly


All 5 values of sin r correct 2 2
Diagram 1.2 : 0.1908
Diagram 1.3 : 0.3420
Diagram 1.4 : 0.4848
Diagram 1.5 : 0.5878
Diagram 1.6 : 0.6561
Note : 1. Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i)
2. All 5 values correct – 2 marks
3. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark
4. Not necessary to have consistent number of d.p.
13
(c) Tabulate the results for i, sin i, r and sin r correctly

i sin i r sin r
15o 0.2588 11o 0.1908
30o 0.5000 20o 0.3420
45o 0.7071 29o 0.4848
60o 0.8660 36o 0.5878
75o 0.9659 41o 0.6561

Table with 4 columns correctly labelled 1


sin i and sin r consistent to 2, 3 or 4 decimal places 1 2

(d) Draw a complete graph of sin i against sin r

Give a tick () based on the following:


A  sin i at the y-axis, sin r at the x-axis 
B  Uniform scale at both axes 
C  5 points plotted correctly 
[Note : 4 points plotted correctly : ]
D  Straight line of best fit is drawn 
E  Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares 
(Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm)
(From the origin to the last point)

Marks awarded :

Number of  Marks
6 5
4–5 4
3 3
2 2
1 1 5
5
(e) State the correct relationship between sin i and sin r
sin i is directly proportional to sin r 1 1
16
14
MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

2(a) (i) State the correct relationship


IC increases linearly with IB // IC is directly proportional to IB 1 1

(ii) Determine the value of IB correctly


IB = 500 μA 1
Draw the extrapolation line to the point (500, 100) or beyond 1

Draw the lines IC = 100 mA and IB = 500 μA 1 3

(b) (i) Calculate the gradient of the graph, m, and state the value of m
- Draw a sufficiently large triangle 1
- Correct substitution (Follow candidate’s triangle) 1
- State the correct value
200 1 3

(ii) State the correct meaning


I C 1 1
The ratio of the change in IC to the change in IB //
I B
(c) Determine the value of IE and state the correct value of IE
- Intrapolation line from IB = 350 μA to the given line and from the
given line to the IC – axis 1

- State the correct value of IC


IC = 70 mA // 70 000 μA 1

- State the correct value of IE


70.35 mA // 70 350 μA 1 3

(d) State one correct precaution


- Position of the eyes such that line of sight is perpendicular to the
scale of the meter to avoid parallax error 1

- Current is switched off after readings are taken 1 1

Max
1
12
15
SECTION B

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

3 (a) State a suitable inference


The mass // volume affects the rise in temperature // temperature 1 1
(b) State a relevant hypothesis
The greater the mass // volume, the smaller the rise in temperature
// temperature 1 1
(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework
(i) State the aim of experiment
To investigate the relationship between the mass and rise in
temperature (of water) 1
(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable
Manipulated variable : Mass
Responding variable : Increase in temperature 1

State the constant variable


Constant variable : Heat supplied // Time of heating // 1
Power of the heater //

(iii) List out the important apparatus and materials


Beaker, water, thermometer, immersion heater, stopwatch, balance 1
for measuring mass
(iv) Draw or describe a functionable arrangement of the apparatus
1
(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable
Put a mass of 100 g of water in a beaker 1

(vi) State the method of measuring the responding variable


Switch on the heater for 5 minutes and record the temperature rise. 1

(vii) State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of


results
Repeat the experiment with 150 g, 200 g, 250 g, 300 g and 350 g 1
of water.
(viii) Tabulate the data

Mass of water / g Temperature rise / oC


100
150
200
250
300
350 1

(ix) State how data will be analysed


The graph of temperature rise against mass is drawn 1 10

Note : Mark accordingly if the manipulated variable is volume

. 12
16
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
4 (a) State a suitable inference
The distance / separation between the arms affect the distance /
separation between the loud sounds 1 1
(b) State a relevant hypothesis
The smaller the distance / separation between the arms, the greater
is the distance / separation between the loud sounds 1 1
(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework

(i) State the aim of experiment


To investigate the relationship between the separation between
two loudspeakers and the distance between the position of the
loud sounds 1

(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable


Manipulated variable : separation between loudspeakers
Responding variable : distance between position of loud sounds 1

State the constant variable


Constant variable : Frequency of the sound // wavelength of 1
the sound // Distance of the line of
observation to the loudspeakers

(iii) List out the important apparatus and materials


Two loudspeakers, signal generator, metre rule / measuring tape,
(microphone, cathode ray oscilloscope) 1

(iv) Draw or describe a functionable arrangement of the apparatus 1

(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable


The two loudspeakers are placed at a distance, a = 0.4 m apart. 1

(vi) State the method of measuring the responding variable


The positions of two successive loud sounds is determined and the
distance, x, between them is measured with a metre rule 1

(vii) State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of


results
The procedure is repeated for the values of a = 0.8 m, 1.2 m, 1.6
m, 2.0 m and 2.4 m 1

(viii) Tabulate the data

a/m x/m
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4 1
(ix) State how data will be analyzed
A graph of x against a is drawn 1 10
12