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Shanice Brice ENG 1102 Assignment Two- Annotated Bibliography

Erre, Francine. "The Proverbs 31 Woman." Mutuality 15.1 (2008): 23-25. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. Francine Erre begins her article by stating that she believes women are more complex than most interpretations of the Proverbs 31 Woman. Although an argument is present, she states that she believes the Proverbs 31 woman has been misinterpreted and made into someone who is only a good wife, house cleaner, and mother. Erre quickly begins to back up her argument by breaking down verse 31 from Proverbs, Honor her for all that her hands have done, and let her works bring her praise at the city gate. As I began to investigate deeper into the following verses after verse 31, I noticed that not only did her husband and children praise her; her town leaders did as well. Relating back to Francines article she states that if one was to be praised it would surely be for more than just mothering, cooking and cleaning, which again proves that this woman was more than just the view that her opposition placed on her. Adding onto her article, Francine introduced two terms that my audience may not be familiar with, which are; Proverbs and Verse. Proverbs is a certain book in the bible contains a lot of different wisdom quotes and advice to live by. Verse is a certain line or sentence within a book or chapter of the bible that is often quoted at once. This source adds to my conversation by adding on to the argument of whether Proverbs 31is sexist or is it just misinterpreted.

Laura Leonard. "A Proverbs 31 Woman." Christianity Today 54.2 (2010): 96. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. Laura Leonard article is on a woman who lives and abides by the idea of being a Proverbs 31 Woman. Ms. Eve Nunez has used her stand on governmental issues towards her love for children. As the vice president of the National Hispanic Christian Leadership Conference in Phoenix, Arizona, she educates constituents to Not only speak about making change but about being the change. Also, Eve works with Help4Kidz which ministers to Hispanic students by providing food, clothing, and the Word of God. Leonard states that all of Eve Nunezs work centers on Proverbs 31:8-9 which states speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves. This source adds to my conversation by showing that being a Proverbs 31 woman is more than cleaning a house or cooking a meal. Being a Proverbs 31 woman is about helping those who cannot help themselves.

Hornok, Marcia. "THE PROVERBS 31 WIFE: What Determines Virtue?." Journal Of Dispensational Theology 17.51 (2013): 143-158. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. This article begins by stating that the evangelical feminist may have the perspective that this wife and woman is a successful career woman; however, the opposing side views her as a stay-athome mom making things and taking care of her family. Marcia Hornok states that although the two sides differ from each other in outstanding ways, that both the feminist and complementarian both believes that her success resides in fearing God, that is, keeping Him as the focus of everything. Critically examining both sides of the debate, the author concludes with the decision that the Proverbs 31 woman is both a homebody and a career woman, but at very different stages of her life. Before breaking down each side of the argument with relation to the Bible, Marcia gives an overview of Proverbs 31. Later, she states her conclusion on the argument by breaking it down into three consecutive parts; the early years, the middle years, and the later years. There are a massive amount of words in this article that not all of my readers will be able to understand if they are not familiar with the Bible; however, these words will be translated anytime that I use them throughout my paper. This source helps enhance my argument by providing a scholarly opinion to help me advance my opinion in the paper.

Leithart, Peter J. "The Warrior Wife." Touchstone: A Journal Of Mere Christianity 24.5 (2011): 9-10. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. This article includes conversation on a variety of topics throughout the history of Christianity. I decided to use the section titled, The Warrior Wife. This section comes from author Peter J. Leithart, whom is a male. His short section in this article states the relation of a warrior to a wife. He compares a wife who is strong (v.17), and she girds herself for her like a warrior going into battle (v. 17) to the Lord battling Pharaoh. Peter believes that the author of Proverbs 31 devotes heroic clichs to a woman who completes daily domestic tasks. He does not think poorly of this woman; however, he sees her place in the household. He states that Proverbs 31 implies that household economy is one of the main fronts of that war, a field for the display of feminine prowess. This section of the article will enhance my conversation by providing the males take on the topic. Also, it provides me with a source to use that it is the opposite of my view.

DeFranza, Megan K. "The Proverbs 31 "Woman Of Strength": An Argument For A PrimarySense Translation." Priscilla Papers 25.1 (2011): 21-25. Academic Search Complete.

Web. 18 Feb. 2014. Similar to another article I plan on using, Megan DeFranza begins her article by stating that Proverbs 31 translations has hindered the true meaning of a Proverbs 31 woman. In the Old Testament, the word khayil is used more than 240 times. DeFranza discusses the different translations for the word throughout all versions of the bible and notes that although the word is used in the sense of army, its meaning in terms of the poem is strength or power. Throughout the remainder of the text Megan explains why it is important that translators keep the meaning woman of strength when referring to khayil to overcome the divergent views of men and women in the Hebrew Bible. This text will help further my conversation by providing meaning to the words that are often deleted from the Bible or translated into other words that show that women are truly strong and more than just house cleaners and cooks.

Burn, Shawn Meghan, and Julia Busso. "Ambivalent sexism, scriptural literalism, and religiosity." Psychology of Women Quarterly 29.4 (2005): 412-418. In this article, the two authors began by stating that perhaps religious texts hand off traditional gender-role divisions and have multiple passages that suggest complementary gender differentiation. But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God (Corinthians 11:3), this verse from the King James Version of the bible is said by the two authors to bring the suggestion of protective paternalism. Because the Bible is read by many, it has a wide chance of influencing and being translated into what others may believe it means. In some ways, the authors agree that by taking a literal approach to the scriptures cause for men to protect and provide for women. This summary is concluding by stating that womens resistance to gender roles has been pacified by masking gender inequality with chivalry. Since this article does contain a research section, there are words and charts that the reader may be unfamiliar with; however, throughout my conversation, I will not be using this section of the article. I decided to use this source to help further my conversation because I believe it will help my argument to include evidence of gender inequality directly from the Bible. The thoughts that the two authors note in their article also challenges me with the opposing argument.