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END OF SEMESTER EXAMINATION

Faculty of Engineering


COURSE CODE : CHEM4012
LEVEL / SEMESTER : 4/2
COURSE TITLE : Industrial Wastewater & Solid Waste
Management
ACADEMIC YEAR : 2009-2010
DATE : Sunday 6
th
June 2010
TIME : 09:00
DURATION : 3 Hours
MAXIMUM MARK : 100
COURSE COORDINATOR : Ahmed J. Ali Al-Dallal


STUDENT NAME

STUDENT ID


GROUP NO



INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

- This question paper consists of 6 pages only.
- Answer ALL questions.
- Write your ID, NAME and GROUP NUMBER clearly on all
of your answer books.
- Follow all examination rules.
- Do not bring books or other related materials into the
examination room.



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Question 1: [20 marks]
A two-stage trickling filter is used in series to treat wastewater. Both filters have the same efficiency of
BOD
5
removal and the same recirculation ratio. Other conditions are as follows:
Initial substrate concentration (S
0
)= 200 mg/L
Discharge substrate concentration (S) = 25 mg/L
Depth of filter = 1.83 m
Recirculation ratio = 2
Flow (Q) = 7570 m
3
/d
Determine:
i) Overall efficiency.
ii) Efficiency of each filter.
iii) BOD loading for 1
st
and 2
nd
filter.
iv) Volume and area of 1
st
filter.
v) Volume and area of 2
nd
filter.


Question 2: [15 marks]
A grit chamber is used to remove the grit without removing organic material. Assume that grit particles
have a diameter of 0.2 mm and a specific gravity of 2.65 (sand, silt and clay); and organic material has
the same diameter and a specific gravity of 1.15. Assume drag coefficient (C
D
) of 10, dimensionless
constant related to particle characteristics (k) of 0.06 and Darcy-Weisbach friction factor (f ) of 0.03.
i) Determine the surface overflow rate.
ii) Determine the horizontal velocity of a grit chamber.
iii) Check for organic removal.


Question 3: [20 marks]
The activated sludge bioreactor facility of a certain plant is to be expanded. The results of a settling
cylinder test of the existing bioreactor suspension are shown in Table Q3.

Table Q3: Batch Settling data

MLSS (X
c
) in mg/L 1410 2210 3000 3500 4500 5210 6510 8210
Initial Settling Velocity
(V
S
) in m/h
2.93 1.81 1.2 0.79 0.46 0.26 0.12 0.084


If the sum of input flow (Q) and recycle flow (Q
r
) is 10,000 m
3
/d and the influent MLSS is
3,500 mg/L.
i) Determine the size of the clarifier that will thicken the sludge to 10,000 mg/L of underflow
concentration.
ii) Determine the values for the batch settling and underflow pumping components of the
limiting solids flux (SF
u
and SF
g
) related to part (i).








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Question 4: [20 marks]
It is desired to thicken an activated sludge liquor from 3,000 mg/L to 40,000 mg/L using a flotation
thickener. A laboratory study indicated an air solid ratio (A/S) of 0.010 mL/mg is optimal for this
design. The subnatant loading rate (based on underflow rate) was determined to be 8 L/m
2
.min. The
design temperature is to be 20°C. Assume fraction of air saturation = 0.5. The sludge input flow rate(Q)
is 400 m
3
/d. Air solubility = 18.7 ml/L. Use the same operating pressure as the recycle pressure.
a) For normal operation (without recycle), determine :
i) The required gauge pressure in kPa.
ii) The required surface area.
iii) The solid loading rate and check (Acceptable rate = 25-75 kg/m
2
.d).
b) For operation with recycle, determine:
i) The required recycle rate.
ii) The required surface area.


Question 5: [25 marks]
A water reclamation plant treats 3.8 million gal/day of municipal wastewater in a completely mixed
activated-sludge process. The plant manager desires to maintain a dissolved oxygen concentration of at
least 2.5 mg/liter in the mixed liquor. Assume that the following conditions apply:
- Average wastewater temperature: 15°C.
- Biochemical oxygen demand (influent): 323.5 mg/liter BOD
5

- Biochemical oxygen demand (effluent): 22.05 mg/liter BOD
5

- Volume of aeration basin: 2 x 10
6
gal
- Mean cell residence time: 12 days
- Mixed liquor volatile suspended solids concentration (aeration basin, X):
3000 mg/liter
- Volatile suspended solids concentration (sludge recycle, X
r
): 13000 mg/liter
- Altitude of treatment plant above sea level: 4000 ft
- Theoretical oxygen transfer rate of surface aerator (N
o
): 1.7 lb O
2
/hp.h
- Oxygen transfer coefficient for waste (o) : 0.86
- Salinity surface tension factor (|) : 1.0

Determine:
i) The daily waste activated-sludge production rate, Q
w
(in gal/d).
ii) The mass of waste activated-sludge generated daily , P
x
(in lb VSS/d).
iii) The minimum pounds of oxygen needed to treat the organic loading,(in lb O
2
/d).
iv) The aerator oxygen transfer rate N at field conditions (in lb O
2
/(hp.h)).
v) The overall power requirement to meet the oxygen demand (in hp).
vi) The number of 50-hp surface aerators that must be installed in the aeration tank.












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USEFUL INFORMATION
1 m =3.28 ft, 1 kg =2.2046 lb, 1 gal =3.786 liter


Q
R
/A = SF
L
/X
R
or Q
u
/A = SF
L
/X
u







Specific gravity =
µ
p/
µ
f
v
scour



Where w
1
&

w
2
are in kg BOD
5
/d, and V in m
3







VF
w
E
1
1
532 . 0 1
100
+
=
VF
w
E
E
f
2
1
2
1
532 . 0
1
100
÷
+
=
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Graph Paper for Q3
STUDENT NAME

STUDENT ID


GROUP NO