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CHEMISTRY 457/557

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I

WINTER 2012

INSTRUCTOR: David A Grossie, 202D Oelman, 775-2210, david.grossie@wright.edu OFFICE HOURS: I will be in the P-Chem laboratory (074 BL) during most of the lab section meeting times or next door in 072 BL. In addition to these hours, I also will be available during posted office hours. I encourage you to use these times, but I will meet with students at other times by appointment. TEXT: "Experiments in Physical Chemistry" by Shoemaker, Garland, & Nibler (McGraw-Hill). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this course is to provide students opportunities to observe, in practice, some of the principles treated in the physical chemistry lecture course. Students will gain "hands on" experience with experimental equipment and learn methods of data analysis and reporting. They will be expected to learn to use the software available in the P-Chem computer lab for data analysis and presentation. Recitations are scheduled to provide regular opportunities for RECITATIONS: quizzes and for discussion of specific experiments or other general topics of experimental physical chemistry. EXPERIMENTS: Each student must complete four of the experiments that are set up in the laboratory and a series of five computer-based exercises. Successful completion of this course requires the preparation, performance, and reporting of all five of these experiments. The scheduled list of experiments will be provided as a separate handout. In order to use the four-hour laboratory periods efficiently you should visit the laboratory before your scheduled meeting to acquaint yourself with the apparatus. Students may be requested by the instructor to demonstrate sufficient preparation for and knowledge of the intended experiment before being allowed to work in the lab. Consequently, it is the student's responsibility to prepare adequately before the lab meeting and to ask questions when necessary. Lost time in the lab and poor data because of insufficient preparation will be reflected in the course grade. Be advised that for some experiments it may be helpful to make up solutions in advance; however, you must obtain permission to work outside of scheduled meeting times. The laboratory experiments will be carried out in 074 BL as scheduled. Students may not do experimental work in the laboratory without the supervision of the course instructor or a teaching assistant. We have only limited apparatus for each experiment, requiring students will work in groups of two to perform the experiments. Data analysis and the writing the laboratory reports are to be individual efforts by each student. Expect to spend the full four hours in the lab collecting data and doing a sufficient amount of analysis, before leaving the lab, to be sure that your results are meaningful. Many students who try to breeze through in order to leave lab early do so with worthless data. Students are required to present preliminary data analysis to the teaching assistant and to obtain his or her initials or stamp on the lab notebook pages.

THEY ARE DUE TWO WEEKS AFTER THE DATE OF THE EXPERIMENT. It is wise to begin your writing early and to be critical and objective in editing your own report. Whether in graduate school or in the "real" world of industrial research and testing. The computers are on the campus network. and it is unlikely that most students have been required to write such a report in undergraduate labs up to this point. Introduction 4. Title Page and Abstract 3. When in doubt. You will be judged by your colleagues and/or supervisors by your ability to communicate orally and through written reports. and some mistakes may have been made in this process. Grades for late reports will be discounted by 10% per day (not including weekends). These help to emphasize particular points and to modify the experimental description in the text for our operation at WSU. It is a real challenge to be complete and yet concise as one writes a report. . the results. They also may be used to prepare laboratory reports via word processing software. except during other sections of this course. the written report often is your only tool to explain your experimental method. March 13. Sample Calculations 2. All students must login to the campus network using their Novell username and password. Lab reports will be submitted electronically as described on the last page of the syllabus. ASK! COMPUTERS: Personal computers will be used in the physical chemistry laboratory to acquire and analyze data in one or more experiments. from the date due Reports not submitted by the beginning of the laboratory period two weeks after the experiment report due date will be assigned a grade of zero. If you discover some probable mistakes as you prepare for a laboratory experiment. and the data analysis. Experimental Method 5. BY THE END OF THE LABORATORY PERIOD. All reports should contain the following sections: 1. data analysis and reports are to be the work of the individual student. but do not include raw data. Additional personal computers will be available in the computer room adjacent to the laboratory for data analysis. References There may be rare occasions when an appendix is helpful. and no reports will be accepted after 5 pm Tuesday. Watch for such announcements on the doors of and bulletin boards near 074 BL. LABORATORY REPORTS: The preparation of a laboratory report is as important as performing the experiment itself. The computers in 072 BL are available to CHM 457 students at any time. please notify the instructor or your graduate teaching assistant so that the mistake can be verified and the class be made aware of any corrections. and on the local computer using “Chemistry” as the username (leaving the password blank) in order to use these computers. Results & Discussion 6. The laboratory notes are frequently updated. ALL LABORATORY REPORTS ARE TO BE WORD PROCESSED.LABORATORY NOTES: Laboratory notes have been prepared for each experiment. Remember that although the experiments may be performed as a team.

and Nibler-pages 6. These rules are to be followed during your enrollment in CHM 457/557. Safety glasses are required for this course. Record all your data and observations directly in your notebook. and the notebooks may be required at any time for grading. paper towels. Follow the procedures outlined in the text for using the notebooks. Students who may be pregnant should obtain permission from their physician to enroll in this course. Extreme cases may result in removal of the student from the course. Resist the temptation to write down data on the backs of envelopes. etc. >90% = A 80-89% = B 70-79% = C 60-69% = D <60% = F READ the safety notes of the experimental physical chemistry textbook by SAFETY: Shoemaker. Safety is everyone's concern! Potential hazards should be reported to the instructor immediately for evaluation.LABORATORY NOTEBOOK: A laboratory notebook must be used for recording allimportant information in the laboratory. Students are expected to conduct experiments with consideration of all safety precautions for themselves and for their colleagues. Data should be recorded in ink. You must request the TA's acknowledgment of your notebook at the end of each laboratory period as indicated above. Garland." It is expected that grades will be assigned according to the following performance levels. 739-745. based upon a possible total of 500 points is to be calculated as follows: Quizzes Performance evaluation Other assignments Four laboratory reports (50 pts each) Final exam 75 points 25 points 100 points 200 points 100 points The final exam will be given per the schedule of classes at the time provided for "common chemistry lab final. GRADING: The course grade. Consider possible safety hazards and read the "Safety Considerations" section in your text as you prepare for each laboratory experiment. . Unsafe actions may result in the removal of a student from the laboratory with a grade of zero assigned for that experiment. Let's all get through the quarter safely.

a molecular drawing program. with modifications) Solution Calorimetry (Reference: Shoemaker. Laboratory Experiments pKa of a Weak Acid (handout) Inversion of Sucrose (Shoemaker. A tutorial is available and recommended. Origin Assignment This exercise is intended to familiarize the student with the use of Origin for the analysis of chemical data. A tutorial is available and recommended. page 264. page 480. page 145) Vapor Pressure of a Pure Liquid (Shoemaker. ChemDraw allows one to draw molecules of any size for inclusion into a Word document or Excel spreadsheet. page 97) X-ray Diffraction (Shoemaker. with modifications) . SigmaPlot Assignment This exercise is intended to familiarize the student with the use of SigmaPlot for the analysis of chemical data.Physical Chemistry Laboratory Computer-based Exercises Word Assignment This exercise is intended to familiarize the student with the use of Microsoft Word in the writing and formatting of reports in Chemistry Excel Assignment This exercise is intended to familiarize the student with the use of Microsoft Excel for the analysis of chemical data. page 199. with modifications) Joule-Thompson Effect (Shoemaker. A tutorial is available and recommended. ChemDraw Assignment This exercise is intended to familiarize the student with the use of ChemDraw.

pdf “Experiment” in the file name is specific to the experiment you are reporting.edu/grossie/chm457 3. Enter pchem as the username. 4. 6. 7. 5.Turning in lab reports 1 Convert the document to the Acrobat Reader (pdf) format.wright. naming the file as follows: experiment-LastFirst. . http://www. Upload Lab Report. Click on upload. Click on the browse button and select the location of your lab report.chm. pKa of a weak acid Solution Calorimetry Vapor Pressure of a Pure Liquid Joule-Thomson Effect Inversion of Sucrose X-ray Diffraction PKA SC VP JT IS XRD 2. Enter pchem as the password. Click on the link. Browse to the class web page.