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April 2013

Immigration Directorate Instructions

Section Contents Chapter 8 – Family Members Section 9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships

This guidance applies to: - Applications made before 9 July 2012 which were not decided before that date - Applications made by persons who were granted entry clearance or limited leave to remain under Part 8 of the Rules before 9 July 2012 and that leave is still extant where this is a requirement of Part 8 - Applications made by partners of full-time members of HM forces - Applications made on or after 9 July 2012 by a partner who was given leave to enter for a period of up to 27 months because he or she did not meet the Knowledge of Life requirement and had not applied for ILR before that date. Any other applications made after 9 July 2012 should be considered under the partner guidance: Appendix FM (family members) - Partners

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Introduction 1.1 children Application of this instruction in respect of children and those with

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Leave to enter as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4 2.5. 2.6. Interpretation of "present and settled" Interpretation of "intention to live permanently with the other" English language requirement Key Points Further guidance Granting leave to enter

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April 2013

Contents - Ch8 Sect 9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships

2.7. 2.8. 2.9 2.10

Granting indefinite leave to enter Knowledge of Life Criminality Statistical Codes

2.11. Refusal of leave to enter 2.12. On entry refusal codes 2.13. Right of appeal and corresponding refusal form

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Leave to remain as an unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom 3.1. 3.2. 3.3 3.4. 3.5. 3.6. 3.7. 3.8. Key points English Language Requirement Making further enquiries Maintenance and accommodation Granting leave to remain Statistical Codes Refusal of leave to remain Statistical Codes

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Leave to enter or remain as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person with limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom under HC 395 paragraphs 128-193; 200-239; OR 263-270 4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 4.6. Key points - leave to enter Key points - further leave to remain Further guidance and making further enquiries Granting leave to enter Granting further leave to remain Statistical Codes

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Granting leave to enter and settlement Further guidance 3 .1.7.2.10.Ch8 Sect 9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 4. Bereaved unmarried and same sex partners 6. Statistical Codes 6. Settlement 5.4 5. or staff members of the Department For International Development who are British citizens or UK settled 7. permanent members of HM Diplomatic Service. Key points Absences from UK during probationary period Knowledge of Life (KOL) Criminality Maintenance and accommodation Granting settlement Unmarried or same sex partners who have since married or formed a civil partnership 5. comparable UK based staff members of the British Council on a tour of duty overseas.1. 5.April 2013 Contents .5 5. 7. 5. 5.9.2.8.6.1 Criminality 7. Unmarried or same sex partners of members of HM Forces.7. Refusal of leave to enter or remain 5. 5.3. 5. Statistical Codes Refusal of settlement 5.

1 Application of this instruction in respect of children and those with children Section 55 of the Borders. 1. Caseworkers should refer to the European Casework Instructions for guidance on such cases Details regarding unmarried or same-sex partners of diplomats can be found in IDI Ch 14 Section 1. Unmarried or same sex partners of European Economic Area (EEA) nationals who are exercising or coming to the United Kingdom to exercise a Treaty right may make an application under the Immigration (EEA) Regulations 2006. leave to remain or variation of leave as an unmarried or same sex partner if the applicant or the sponsor will be aged under 18 on the date of arrival in the United Kingdom or (as the case may be) on the date on which the leave to remain or variation of leave would be granted. reference should also be made to the IDI relating to the partner's category. When considering applications from partners of persons in a category leading to settlement. but may not be a consanguineous relationship. leave to enter. Paragraph 295AA of HC395 provides that nothing in the Rules shall be construed as permitting a person to be granted entry clearance. When considering applications from partners of persons granted asylum reference should also be made to Asylum Casework Directorate (ACD) instructions. The relationship may be same-sex or opposite sex. Paragraphs 295A -295G of HC 395 as amended by HC 538 and HC 582 set out the provisions for leave to enter or remain for persons in this category. Introduction Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships Under the Immigration Rules overseas nationals may seek leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom with a view to settlement as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled here or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement.April 2013 Immigration Directorate Instructions Chapter 8 Section 9 1. Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 requires the UK Border Agency to carry out its existing functions in a way that takes into 4 .

From 9 July 2012. or staff members of the Department for International Development who are British citizens or UK settled. is physically present here or is coming here with or to join the applicant and intends to make the United Kingdom their home with the applicant if the application is successful. In addition.1.2. 2. Interpretation of "intention to live permanently with the other" "Intention to live permanently with the other" means an intention to live together. 2. evidenced by a clear commitment from both parties that they will live together permanently in the United Kingdom immediately following the outcome of the application in question or as soon as circumstances permit thereafter. Appendix FM Annex FM1. Officers must not apply the actions set out in this instruction either to children or to those with children without having due regard to section 55. It does not impose any new functions. Interpretation of "present and settled" "Present and settled" means that the person concerned is settled in the United Kingdom and. The UK Border Agency instruction „Arrangements to Safeguard and Promote Children‟s Welfare in the United Kingdom Border Agency‟ sets out the key principles to take into account in all Agency activities. both the applicant and sponsor must be aged 18 or over on the date of the applicant‟s arrival in the UK (paragraph 295AA HC 395). at the time that an application under these Rules is made. 2. Paragraph 7 below sets out the special provisions for members of HM Forces. comparable UK based staff members of the British Council on a tour of duty overseas. or override existing functions. Leave to enter as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement The requirements to be met by a person seeking leave to enter as an unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement are set out in paragraph 295A of HC 395 as amended and must be referred to when reading the following advice.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships account the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children in the UK. permanent members of HM Diplomatic Service. Please refer to Chapter 8.3. English language requirement 5 . and "intends to live permanently with the other" shall be construed accordingly. 2. applicants joining this route must meet the new family rules in Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules.0 for further guidance.

by being a national of a majority English speaking country. and there is no reason to believe that false representations were made in order to obtain the entry clearance or that circumstances have changed since its issue.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships With effect from 29 November 2010. civil partner. 6 . where a passenger does arrive without a valid entry clearance for this purpose it will be necessary to establish whether there are any compelling and compassionate circumstances. or . Please see Annex 1. or . or . fiancé(e). the Immigration Rules were amended to bring in an English language requirement for those people applying for entry clearance. which would prevent refusal and removal.by passing an acceptable test at a minimum level A1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) with an approved provider. If the applicant does not meet the requirement in one of the ways listed above. proposed civil partner.21 (A3 in UKBA website version) “English Language Requirement” for further guidance. or .  2. Further guidance Most passengers seeking entry in this category will be in possession of an entry clearance on arrival and detailed examination is unlikely to be necessary before leave to enter is granted.5. they may qualify for an exemption from the requirement to provide a test certificate if: . 2.4 Key Points The Immigration Officer needs to be satisfied that:  the passenger holds a valid entry clearance endorsed "ACCOMPANYING/TO JOIN PARTNER".by having an academic qualification equivalent to a Bachelor‟s or Master‟s degree or PhD in the UK. leave to enter or leave to remain in the UK as spouse. which was taught in English.they are aged 65 or over. An applicant can meet the requirement in one of the following ways: . However. or "SETTLEMENT/TO JOIN [partners surname and first initial].there are exceptional compassionate circumstances which prevent them from meeting the requirement.they have a disability (physical or mental condition) which prevents them from meeting the requirement. unmarried partner or same-sex partner of a British citizen or a person settled in the UK.

These applicants should be issued with an entry clearance endorsed "Settlement to join/acc partner (KOL REQ)”. although those who were granted limited leave as above can make further applications for leave under Part 8 of the Rules. and arrives in possession of an entry clearance endorsed "SETTLEMENT/TO JOIN PARTNER [partner’s surname and first initial] should be granted indefinite leave to enter. and having lived together outside the United Kingdom during that period. They will not need to complete two years probationary leave in this category in the UK before applying for indefinite leave. If a person meets the requirement in paragraph 295A(i)(b)(i) in having completed a period of 4 years as the unmarried or same-sex partner of the sponsor. having lived together abroad with that person throughout that 4 year period.6. Paragraph 295A(i)(b) and 295B(b) of HC395 refers. Granting indefinite leave to enter An unmarried or same sex partner who has completed a period of 4 years as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person who has (at the time of decision on the entry clearance application) a right of abode in the UK or indefinite leave to enter/ remain in the UK. and who have evidence that the partner is settled in the United Kingdom or being admitted on the same occasion for settlement should be granted leave to enter for 27 months on code 1 and advised to apply to the UK Border Agency for indefinite leave to remain (on the basis of the still subsisting relationship) not earlier than 28 days before their leave is due to expire. Further guidance on KOL is to be found in Modernised Guidance at http://www. 2. This route ceased to exist on 9 July 2012.pdf?view=Binary .uk/sitecontent/documents/policyandlaw/modernis ed/cross-cut/knowledge-of-life/kol. Granting leave to enter Unmarried or same sex partners in possession of an entry clearance endorsed "ACCOMPANYING/TO JOIN PARTNER [partner's surname and first initial]”. They will be able to apply for indefinite leave as soon as they meet the knowledge of life requirement. 7 .7.gov.homeoffice.8.ind. will (unless aged under 18 or aged 65 or over) need to fulfil the knowledge of life and language in the UK requirement in order to satisfy paragraph 295A(i)(b)(ii).April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 2. 2. Knowledge of Life (KOL) Unmarried or same-sex partners applying for indefinite leave to enter who have completed 4 years as the partner of a person who is present and settled in the United Kingdom. or who is on the same occasion being admitted for settlement. but does not meet the knowledge of life requirement. they will be admitted for an initial period not exceeding 27 months.

he should be refused under paragraph 295C of HC 395. See Chapter 9 to these instructions. Section 9. within a period for which he was previously given leave. reference must be made.  A visa national seeking entry without a valid United Kingdom entry clearance falls to be refused under Paragraph 320(5) of HC 395. For applications made before 13 December 2012 there was a requirement for those applying for indefinite leave to enter or remain to not have an unspent conviction under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act.probationary period Same sex partner . In the case of a person returning to the United Kingdom from a temporary absence abroad. refusal may only be considered under paragraph 321 (See Chapter 9 to these instructions). Immigration Officers should verbally advise the applicant that their application has been considered under the unmarried and same sex partners' requirements but they hold no entry clearance for entry in this capacity. The only exemption will be those who are seeking settlement via the „protection route‟. On entry refusal codes 8 . Please refer to the full criminality guidance for more information: General Grounds for Refusal guidance 2. Where a passenger seeking entry in this capacity holds an entry clearance for this purpose. before refusal to Chapter 1.probationary period 2.9 Criminality From 6th April 2011 all applications for settlement will be subject to a change to the criminality requirement.   Annex AA provides examples of refusal formulae 2. Refusal of leave to enter  Where a non-visa national seeks entry in this capacity without a valid United Kingdom entry clearance issued for this purpose and no compassionate circumstances exist.11.12.10 Statistical Codes CL SSP Unmarried (opposite sex) partner . "Continuing leave". For applications made on or after 13 December 2012 the applicant should not fall for refusal under the general grounds for refusal.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 2.

recommend him for deportation.13. and the parties relationship pre-dates any decision to deport the applicant. forgery. 3. other than where as a result of that leave he would not have been in the United Kingdom beyond 6 months from the date on which he was admitted to the United Kingdom on this occasion in accordance with the Rules. forgery. failure to disclose material facts or where a change of circumstances has removed the basis of claim to admission F1 2. and the parties have been living together in a relationship akin to marriage or civil partnership which has subsisted for two years or more.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships E4 Lack of required non-settlement entry clearance. and the parties are not involved in a consanguineous relationship with one another. and the applicant is the unmarried or same sex partner of a person who is present and settled in the United Kingdom. give him notice under Section 6(2) of the Immigration Act 1971. and any previous marriage or civil partnership by either partner has permanently broken down. and the applicant has not remained in breach of the immigration laws. and there will be adequate accommodation for the parties and any (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) 9 . or give directions for his removal under section 10 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999. including those set aside on the grounds of misrepresentation. Right of appeal and corresponding refusal form See IDI chapter 12 for details on appeal rights. failure to disclose material facts or where a change of circumstances has removed the basis of claim to admission For settlement without required entry clearance. including those set aside on the grounds of misrepresentation. Leave to remain as an unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom The requirements to be met by a person seeking to remain in the United Kingdom as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled here are: (i) the applicant has limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom which was given in accordance with any of the provisions of the Immigration Rules.

The 28 day period of overstaying is calculated from the latest of:   the end of the last period of leave to enter or remain granted. the applicant has met the English language requirement. 3. From 29 November 2010. with a person who is present and settled here. the end of any extension of leave under sections 3C or 3D of the Immigration Act 1971. Key points As stated above all of the relevant provisions must be referred to when considering applications for leave to remain in this category. which has subsisted for 2 years or more. or 10 .  any previous marriage or civil partnership by either partner has permanently broken down. and (ix) the parties will be able to maintain themselves and any dependants adequately without recourse to public funds. (x) (xi) In addition.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships dependants without recourse to public funds in accommodation which they own or occupy exclusively.1. Annex Z provides further guidance to staff on these key points. but in general caseworkers need to be satisfied that:  the applicant is here lawfully and has a relationship akin to marriage or civil partnership.  the applicant‟s leave was granted within the Immigration Rules.  the relationship is subsisting and that the couple intend living together permanently. and the parties intend to live together permanently. Please refer to Chapter 8 Section 1 Annex A3 of the Immigration Directorate Instructions for further guidance. both applicant and sponsor must be aged 18 or over on the date on which leave would be granted (paragraph 295AA HC 395). applicants in this category have to meet the new English language requirement for partners. and the type of documentary evidence required Overstayers On 6 April 2013 paragraph 295D of the Immigration Rules was amended to allow those who are overstayers in the UK by up to 28 days to meet the immigration status requirement of this route.

Tier 5 (Temporary Worker) migrants who were granted leave as a private servant in a diplomatic household following an application to enter or remain in the UK submitted before 6 April 2012 were on a route to settlement. travel or postal delays which meant that the migrant or their representative was unable to submit the application in time. fire or flood (where supported by evidence of the date of loss and the date replacement documents were sought).April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships  the point that a migrant is deemed to have received a written notice of invalidity/rejection. or delay in returning travel documents. 11 . in relation to an in-time application for leave to remain. referral should be made to separate instructions issued by the Enforcement Policy Unit. Therefore. When granting leave in these circumstances the migrant may be granted leave under the rules. The threshold here for what constitutes „exceptional circumstances‟ is high. but could include delays resulting from unexpected or unforeseeable circumstances such as the following:    serious illness which meant that the migrant or their representative was unable to submit the application in time (where supported by appropriate medical documentation). in accordance with paragraph 34C or 34CA of the Immigration Rules. The decision letter will need to make clear that leave is being granted because the Agency has accepted that there were exceptional circumstances which prevented them from applying within the 28 day period. Where an application made out of time has passed the 28-day period. When considering refusing an application on the grounds that it was made by an applicant who has overstayed by more than 28 days the caseworker must consider any evidence of exceptional circumstances which prevented the applicant from applying within the first 28 days of overstaying. Any decision to exercise discretion and not refuse the application on these grounds must be authorised by a senior caseworker (at SEO grade or above). This would only apply to exceptional or unavoidable circumstances beyond the applicant‟s control. with effect to applications made on or after 6 April 2013. Dependants of PBS Tier 4 and Tier 5 migrants The partner of a points based system migrant not on a route to settlement cannot. or inability to provide necessary documents. or delay in the migrant being unable to replace documents following loss as a result of theft. any dependants are eligible to meet the immigration status requirement at paragraph 295D(i). or the applicant appears to be an illegal entrant. switch into the partner route under paragraph 295 and amalgamate their leave as a partner under both routes towards the qualifying period for settlement. such as UKBA being at fault in the loss of.

3. proposed civil partner. or . 3. For more information see: 12 . it is not envisaged that further enquiries will normally be necessary. they may qualify for an exemption from the requirement to provide a test certificate if: . Staff must consult guidance on maintenance when assessing an application.by passing an acceptable test at a minimum level A1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) with an approved provider. the Immigration Rules were amended to bring in an English language requirement for those people applying for entry clearance.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 3.4. or . Making further enquiries As applicants will be expected to supply documentary evidence that their relationship with their unmarried or same sex partner has subsisted for 2 years or more (see Annex Z to this Section).2 English language requirement With effect from 29 November 2010. unmarried partner or same-sex partner of a British citizen or a person settled in the UK. Please see Annex 1.they are aged 65 or over.they have a disability (physical or mental condition) which prevents them from meeting the requirement. This directs staff how to assess and evidence their consideration of whether or not an applicant has provided evidence of „adequate‟ maintenance. Section 1&2 (Spouses & Civil Partners) will provide guidance. or .21 (A3 in UKBA website version) “English Language Requirement” for further guidance. Maintenance and accommodation Applicants will provide information on these requirements when completing the application form. civil partner. However.by having an academic qualification equivalent to a Bachelor‟s or Master‟s degree or PhD in the UK. fiancé(e). An applicant can meet the requirement in one of the following ways: . leave to enter or leave to remain in the UK as spouse. 3.by being a national of a majority English speaking country. should the caseworker consider that further enquiries are necessary. which was taught in English.there are exceptional compassionate circumstances which prevent them from meeting the requirement. Annex A to Chapter 8. or . The whole application should be assessed according to the Rules. If the applicant does not meet the requirement in one of the ways listed above.

The applicant should be advised that s/he may apply. Annex AA provides examples of refusal formulae 13 . for indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom on the basis of the still subsisting relationship. are met.Same sex partner is a British citizen or holds settled status D1 3.gov. Section 1 provides important advice about the decision making process and should be consulted whenever an application falls to be refused.ukba. Granting leave to remain Provided the requirements set out in paragraph 3.5.pdf?view=Binary To ensure a consistent approach across UK Border Agency. Leave to remain as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom is to be refused if each of the requirements set out in paragraph 3 is not met. An accompanying letter should be sent to the applicant explaining that the application has been considered under the unmarried or same sex partners' requirements but they do not qualify for leave to remain under this Rule. leave to remain should be granted for 2 years on code 1. Refusal of leave to remain The general guidance on adverse decisions at Chapter 9. maintenance and accommodation should be included in the grounds for refusal only if this has been approved at Senior Caseworker level or above.7. 3.uk/sitecontent/documents/policyandlaw/IDIs/idi schapter8/section1/annexf. Refusal of leave to remain as an unmarried or same sex partner of a person settled in the United Kingdom is under HC 395 paragraph 295F as amended.homeoffice. Note: Copies of all documentary evidence submitted should be retained on file in chronological order 3.6. The reasons why they do not meet the terms of the Rule should be explained. Statistical Codes K1 Extension – Unmarried (opposite sex) partner is a British citizen or holds settled status Extension .April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships http://www. not earlier than 28 days before the end of the initial 2 year period.

including partner is not in an appropriate category or other combinations of the above (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) Refusal . or 263-270. K3 D5 K6 Refusal . Statistical codes These will all be refusals for purposes covered by the Rules and the following statistical codes relate to the reasons why the Rules cannot be applied.Other reasons.No intention to live together (same sex partner) Refusal . and the parties are not involved in a consanguineous relationship with one 14 (ii) (iii) .April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 3.Other reasons.Couple have not lived together for 2 years in a relationship akin to marriage (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) Refusal . Leave to enter or remain as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person with limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom under HC 395 paragraphs 128-193. and any previous marriage or civil partnership by either partner has permanently broken down.Couple have not lived together for 2 years in a relationship akin to a civil partnership Refusal . 200-239. 200-239.8. including partner is not in an appropriate category or other combinations of the above (same sex partner) K8 Refusal – Of further extension: relationship has ended (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) D8 Refusal – Of further extension: relationship has ended (same sex partner) Refusal – Of further extension: English language requirement not met (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) D6 K7 D7 KB DY Refusal – Of further extension : English language requirement not met (same sex partner) 4. Annex AA provides further guidance. OR 263-270 The requirements for leave to enter or remain in this category are: (i) the applicant is the unmarried or same sex partner of a person who has limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom under paragraphs 128-193.No intention to live together (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) Refusal .

and each of the parties intends to live with the other as his partner during the applicant's stay.leave to enter The main points on which the Immigration Officer needs to be satisfied are that:  the passenger holds a valid entry clearance endorsed "ACCOMPANYING/TO JOIN PARTNER [partner's surname and first initial].1. and there will be adequate accommodation for the parties and any dependants without recourse to public funds in accommodation which they own or occupy exclusively. 4. the relationship is subsisting and the couple intend living together permanently. and (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (x) if seeking leave to enter. but in general caseworkers need to be satisfied that: the applicant entered with a valid entry clearance for entry in this capacity Note: please see relevant IDI relating to the sponsor's category regarding the ability to switch.further leave to remain All of the relevant provisions must be referred to when considering applications for leave to remain in this category. if seeking leave to remain.2. - 15 . and the parties will be able to maintain themselves and any dependants adequately without recourse to public funds. the applicant holds a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity or.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships another. Key points . and (iv) the parties have been living together in a relationship akin to marriage or civil partnership which has subsisted for 2 years or more. and there is no reason to believe that false representations were made in order to obtain the entry clearance or that circumstances have changed since its issue. and the applicant does not intend to stay in the United Kingdom beyond any period of leave granted to his partner.  4. was admitted with a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity. Key points .

7. and who have evidence of their partner's status in the United Kingdom should be granted leave to enter for 27 months on code 1. but the partner has since been granted an extension. They should be advised to apply for further leave to remain in line with their partner's stay (or to make up the probationary period) on the basis of the still subsisting relationship not earlier than one month before their leave is due to expire. 4. being granted to the person with limited leave to enter or remain under HC 395 paragraphs 128-193. An application for indefinite leave to remain in this category may be granted under the requirements of the Immigration Rules for unmarried and same sex partners provided the applicant was admitted with a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity and is able to satisfy the Secretary of State that each of the requirements set out above in 4 (i)-(viii) is met and provided indefinite leave to remain is. at the same time.2 and 3.5.3. or 263-270. Statistical codes K2 Unmarried (opposite sex) partner . further leave may be granted to take them up to 2 years in total. Granting further leave to remain An application for further leave to remain in this capacity may be granted under the requirements of the Immigration Rules for unmarried or same sex partners for a period of leave not in excess of that granted to the person with limited leave to remain under HC 395 paragraphs 128-193.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 4.2 above 4. further leave to remain may be granted in line with their partner.6. 200-239 or 263-270.completion of probationary period or in line with partner D2 4.4. 200-239.completion of probationary period or in line with partner Same sex partner . Refusal of leave to enter or remain 16 . or for a period of leave not in excess of their partner's leave (whichever is less). 4. Where leave for less than 2 years was granted on entry. Further guidance and making further enquiries See paragraphs 2. Where the applicant has completed a 2 year period granted on this basis. Granting leave to enter Unmarried or same sex partners in possession of an entry clearance endorsed "ACCOMPANYING/TO JOIN PARTNER [partner's surname and first initial]”.

2. An application for indefinite leave to remain in this category is to be refused if the applicant was not admitted with a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity or is unable to satisfy the Secretary of State that each of the requirements set out above in 4 (i)-(viii) is met or if indefinite leave to remain is not. being granted to the person with limited leave to enter or remain under HC 395 paragraphs 128-193.7 above for refusal codes.6 -3. 200-239 or 263-270 is to be refused if. in the case of an application for limited leave to remain. at the same time. and then obtained an extension of stay under paragraphs 295AA to 295F of the Rules and has completed a period of 2 years as the unmarried or same-sex partners of the person who is now present and settled here. if the applicant was not admitted with a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity or is unable to satisfy the Secretary of State that each of the requirements set out above in 4 (i)-(viii) is met. a valid United Kingdom entry clearance for entry in this capacity is not produced to the Immigration Officer on arrival or. in relation to an application for leave to enter. or (b) the applicant was admitted to the UK or given an extension of stay as the unmarried or same-sex partner of a Relevant Points Based System Migrant. Annex AA provides examples of refusal formulae 5. Applications for leave to enter: Visa nationals should be refused under HC 395 paragraph 320(5) Non visa nationals should be refused under HC 395 paragraph 295L Applications for leave to remain: Refusal will be under HC 395 paragraph 295L See paragraphs 2.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships Leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person with limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom under HC 395 paragraphs 128-193. Settlement The requirements to be met by a person seeking indefinite leave to remain as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person settled in the United Kingdom are (i) (a) the applicant was admitted to the United Kingdom for a period not exceeding 27 months or given an extension of stay for a period of 2 years in accordance with paragraphs 295AA to 295F HC 395 and has completed a period of 2 years as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled here. 200-239 or 263-270.7.9 and 3. or 17 .

Key points Caseworkers must satisfy themselves that:  the relationship is subsisting and that each of the parties has the intention to live together permanently with the other as his or her unmarried or same sex partner in a relationship akin to marriage or a civil partnership.2.3 Knowledge of Life (KOL) Unmarried or same-sex partners applying for indefinite leave to remain after 18 .April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships (c) the applicant was admitted to the United Kingdom in accordance with leave granted under paragraph 295B(c) of the Rules. taking into account reasons for travel. where an applicant has spent a limited period outside the United Kingdom in connection with his employment. length of absences and whether the applicant and sponsor travelled and lived together during the time spent outside the United Kingdom. and (iii) each of the parties intends to live permanently with the other as his partner. However. Each case must be judged on its merits.1.) the applicant does not fall for refusal under the general grounds for refusal. this should not count against him. and (iv) there will be adequate accommodation for the parties and any dependants without recourse to public funds in accommodation which they own or occupy exclusively. 5. and (ii) the applicant is still the unmarried or same sex partner of the person he was admitted or granted an extension of stay to join and the relationship is still subsisting. 5. unless he is under the age of 18 or aged 65 or over at the time he makes his application. (vii. there may be reason to doubt that all the requirements of the Rules have been met. and (v) the parties will be able to maintain themselves and any dependants adequately without recourse to public funds. Absences from UK during probationary period There is no specific requirement in the Immigration Rules that the entire probationary period must be spent in the United Kingdom. if he has spent the majority of the period overseas. 5. and (vi) the applicant has sufficient knowledge of the English language and sufficient knowledge about life on the United Kingdom. These factors will need to be considered against the requirements of the Rules. For example.

For applications made after that date under Part 8 you must still check that the application does not fail under the general grounds for refusal. 5. civil Unmarried or same sex partners who have since married or formed a partnership Unmarried or same sex partners who have married or formed a civil partnership during the probationary period can apply for settlement as the spouse or civil partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom.4 Criminality From 6th April 2011. including applications for indefinite leave as a partner. 5.6. 5. Changes to the immigration rules on 13 December 2012 removed the unspent conviction requirement. could not have an unspent conviction under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.ind.uk/sitecontent/ documents/ policyandlaw/modernised/cross-cut/knowledge-of-life/kol.gov. Maintenance and accommodation Given the need to ensure a consistent approach across UK Border Agency. NOTE: Copies of all documentary evidence submitted should be retained on file. in chronological order.5. Further guidance on KOL is to be found in Modernised Guidance at http://www. maintenance and accommodation should only be the sole grounds for refusal with the agreement of a Senior Caseworker or above. Granting settlement Indefinite leave to remain as the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom may be granted under paragraph 295G of the Immigration Rules for unmarried or same sex partners provided the Secretary of State is satisfied that each of the requirements is met.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships completing the probationary period will need to fulfil the knowledge of life and language in the United Kingdom requirements.7. all applications for settlement.pdf?view=Binary . 19 . Note: From October 2013 all applicants for settlement or citizenship will be required to present a speaking and listening qualification at CEFR level B1 or above and pass the Life in the UK test. See: General Grounds for Refusal guidance 5. For applications made under paragraphs 295G-295I of the Rules before 13 December 2012 this requirement will continue to apply.homeoffice.

5. 20 . The general guidance on adverse decisions at Chapter 9. Sections 1.8. he or she must have married or formed a civil partnership with the person who they were admitted or given an extension of stay to join. and the applicant must have completed a total of 2 years as either the unmarried partner and spouse or same sex partner or civil partner of that person.9. are that:  the applicant must have been admitted to the United Kingdom for a period not exceeding 27 months or given an extension of stay for a period of 2 years in accordance with paragraphs 295AA to 295F of the Immigration Rules. Refusal of indefinite leave to remain as an unmarried or same sex partner of a British citizen or person settled here is under HC 395 paragraph 295I. Annex AA provides examples of refusal formulae. The reasons why they do not meet the requirements of the Rules should be explained. 2 and 4.   5. An accompanying letter should be sent to the applicant explaining that the application has been considered under the unmarried or same sex partners' requirements but they do not qualify for leave to remain under the Immigration Rules. Refusal of settlement Indefinite leave to remain for the unmarried or same sex partner of a person present and settled in the United Kingdom is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the above requirements is met. Section 1 provides important advice about the decision making process and should be consulted whenever an application falls to be refused.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships The requirements. as set out in paragraph 287 of the Immigration Rules. Statistical Codes 5V Completed probationary period as an unmarried (opposite sex) partner of a British citizen or a person settled here Completed probationary period as a same sex partner of a British citizen or person settled here 5W Note: Statistical codes relating to granting settlement to an unmarried or same sex partner under the domestic violence provision and the requirements of the Immigration Rules for bereaved spouses / civil partners are contained in Chapter 8. and during that period.

April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships 5. or who is a European Economic Area national 21 .10. Statistical codes JPARSLA01 Refusal – Premature application (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA01 Refusal – Premature application (same sex partner) JPARSLA02 Refusal – Partnership not subsisting (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA02 Refusal – Partnership not subsisting (same sex partner) JPARSLA03 Refusal – Recourse to public funds (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA03 Refusal – Recourse to public funds (same sex partner) JPARSLA04 Refusal – Accommodation (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA04 Refusal – Accommodation (same sex partner) JPARSLA05 Refusal – KOL/ ESOL (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA05 Refusal – KOL/ ESOL (same sex partner) JPARSLA06 Refusal – Despite death of partner (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA06 Refusal – Despite death of partner (same sex partner) JPARSLA07 Refusal – Entry clearance/ probationary period (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA07 Refusal – Entry clearance/ probationary period (same sex partner) JPARSLA08 Refusal – Partner is not British citizen/ settled person (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA08 Refusal – Partner is not British citizen/ settled person (same sex partner) Refusal settlement – Unspent conviction (unmarried (opposite sex) partner) JPARSSA11 Refusal settlement – Unspent conviction (same-sex partner) JPARSLA11 6. Bereaved unmarried & same sex partners Paragraphs 287(b) and 295M-2950 of HC 395 (as amended by HC 582) make provision for unmarried and same sex partners who are bereaved during the probationary period to be granted indefinite leave to remain in the UK. provided that the relationship was subsisting at the time of the sponsor's death. These Rules do not apply to persons admitted to the UK as the unmarried or same sex partner of a sponsor who has only limited leave to enter or remain in the UK.

comparable UK based staff members of the British Council on a tour of duty overseas-or staff members of the Department for International Development who are British citizens or UK settled who would otherwise find it difficult to obtain settlement. Further guidance on dealing with applications from bereaved civil partners can be found in Chapter 8. enters into an unmarried or same sex relationship with an overseas national whilst on a tour of duty abroad. 22 . permanent members of the Diplomatic Service. See: Changes to the immigration rules on 13 December 2012 removed the unspent conviction requirement. 6. Such persons have not been admitted to the UK for the purpose of settlement. UK based staff member of the British Council on a tour of duty overseas.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships exercising treaty rights here. Paragraph 295A of HC395 (as amended by Cm 4851 and Cm 5597) extends this provision to those who qualify under the requirements of the Immigration Rules for unmarried or same sex partners. 7. paragraph 6. For applications made after that date under Part 8 you must still check that the applicant does not fail under the general grounds for refusal. Cm 5597 and HC 582) makes provision for overseas nationals who marry or enter into civil partnerships with members of HM Forces. or staff members of the Department For International Development who are British citizens or UK settled This Should Be Read In Connection With Chapter 8 Section 1 Paragraph 281 of HC 395 (as amended by Cm 4851. the unmarried or same sex partner may obtain an entry clearance on this basis provided all the requirements of the Immigration Rules for unmarried or same sex partners are met. permanent members of HM Diplomatic Service. comparable UK based staff members of the British Council on a tour of duty overseas.1. Section 1. all applications for settlement. could not have an unspent conviction under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974. or a staff member of the Department for International Development who is a British citizen or UK settled. including applications for indefinite leave as a bereaved partner.1 Criminality From 6th April 2011. See: General Grounds for Refusal guidance 7. Unmarried or same sex partners of members of HM Forces. permanent diplomat. Granting leave to enter and settlement Where a HM Forces member. For applications made under paragraphs 295M -295O of the Rules before 13 December 2012 this requirement will continue to apply.

where an unmarried or same sex partner who has been granted leave to enter or remain on the basis of a relationship accompanies a sponsor posted overseas in one of the above categories during the probationary period. 23 . the unmarried or same sex partner may return to the UK during the currency of their leave in order to apply for settlement.April 2013 Ch8 Sect9 – Unmarried & Same Sex Relationships Similarly.