You are on page 1of 23

www.pcil.

cl

The environment and mission of Centro Innovación del Litio (Chile)

Ion Lithium Batteries : A Holistic Vision on the best way to handle the serious underground Energy Crisis (caused by the end of oil in the upcoming years )
July 9 th 2012
Jaime Alée G. jalee@pcil.cl

Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile

A holistic, contexualized vision of the current environment of energy
A. Energy efficiency (optimal use of Energy) B. Oil dependence C. Global warming and the environment

Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile

de Chile .current energy balance PRIMARY ENERGY(SOURCES) COAL OIL GAS NUCLEAR NCRE 11% 12% 24% 6% 47% Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U.

de Chile .current energy balance FINAL ENERGY BY SOURCE COAL OIL DERIVATES 6% GAS 2% ELECTRICITY NCRE 23% 52% 17% Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U.

current energy balance FINAL ENERGY INDUSTRY TRANSPORTATION HOMES 31% 30% 39% Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

de Chile .CHILEAN ENERGY MAP ¡¡ FOLLOW THE BLACK LINE !! SOURCES FINAL USE Centro de Innovación del Litio –Centro de Energía U.

000.000.000 Barrels World consumption 100.000 Barrels/day 36.000 Barrels/year 38.400.ENVIRONMENT: The truth about the oil treath Current reserves 1.500.000. de Chile .000.5 years dead line Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U.

ENVIRONMENT: The truth about the oil treath PRICES ARE RISING … Oil Price U$/bbl 100 20 53 200 ? 180 ? 160 ? 1990 2000 2010 2020 Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

In addition CO2 emission ……… Energy Efficiency One Diesel Bus Energy/day = 120 houses as electric one day demand Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

de Chile .EVOLUCIÓN IDEAL ENERGÉTICA HUMANIDAD ENERGY IDEAL EVOLUTION DE TO LA HUMANITY 100 80 60 40 20 ¿? 2000 ERNC Nuclear 2010 Carbon 2020 Gas 2030 Petroleo T 2040 Petroleo I otras 2050 0 1990 Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U.

and inefficient … and upcoming extinction ¡¡¡WE HAVE A SURVIVAL PROBLEM !!! Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. lean. de Chile .The dire issue: we depend on a polluting product.

de Chile .THE ONLY RADICAL SOLUTION ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION • No pollution • 1/5 operational cost • Oil independence • 4-6 times Energy efficience Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U.

EVOLUCIÓN IDEAL ENERGÉTICA HUMANIDAD ENERGY IDEAL EVOLUTION DE TO LA HUMANITY 100 80 60 40 20 ¿? 2000 ERNC Nuclear 2010 Carbon 2020 Gas 2030 Petroleo T 2040 Petroleo I otras 2050 0 1990 Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

basically because of battery prices Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .THE MAIN OBSTACLE LI-ION BATTERY AQUILES HEEL OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES ¡¡ PRICES AND ENERGY DENSITY !! … today. the price of EV is double that of a similar gasoline car.

tiff to mp3.jpeg.2 times DOMAIN: Technology. standards (1) Also knowed as the global iniciative 200/200 for cost reduction in LI-B . nanotechnology. Electronics. Manufacture automation. what happened with similar challenges? Target for next 8 years (1) Cells Energy Density (Wh/kg) From 120 to 200 (Pack density) BROADBAND From 0.avi.mpeg. 10 times Pack Price (US$/KWh) From 900 to 200 3.0288 Mbps to 15 Mbps 520 times 1.5 times DOMAIN: Chemical. materials Data Compression From wav.CHALLENGES IN LITHIUM BATTERIES The Internet within 15 years. mass production.

BATTERY PACK COMPLEXITY Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

COST BREACKDOWN BATTERY PACK 14% 42% 62% 32% 100% Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

ENERGY DENSITY PROJECTION ROAD MAP CHEMICAL DOMAIN PROJECTION Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile 5 .

LONG TERM PROJECTIONS Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile 1 .

Grove Windows Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

Why CHILE: Chile is currently the world biggest Lithium provider Why not? 99.5% of value is on the right side of chain Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .

de Chile .Nov 2010: Fundation of CIL Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U.

R&D LIB global reduction prices inniciative Networking Academics-Companies (Avatar Method) High impact R&D projects NOV 2010-JUL 2012 GDVE: Electric Vehicles development Group Applied technology EV´s tech promotion Centro de Innovación del Litio (CIL) –Centro de Energía U. de Chile .