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Universidad de Chile

Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL)
jalee@eskorpion.com

Lithium Innovation Center Project

CIL

a multidiciplinary collaboration project formed to realize the new Energy era.

Universidad de Chile
Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL)
jalee@eskorpion.com

Oil prices and the decline of reserves to pose a tremendous threat in next 40 years 3. Global economic growth and stability is directly associated with the transport industry 5. High dependence on oil supply for transportation (over 70% of oil is consumed by transport) 4.com Current status of Energy challenges from a global point of view 1.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion. Carbon footprint regulations will impact the new green economy 2. Fukushima nuclear crisis has been a catalyst for new discussions related to the energy mix and electric grid 6. Decoupling of the electric grid from the oil supply network (transport represent a 25% of energy comsumption in OECD countries) And there are near term problems which must be resolved within the next 10 years .

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The oil problem and associated threat-1 Prices remain above worst projections made by the EIA Inflection point between oil reserves and demand Oil reserves and oil demand is pushing a prices above the worst scenario projections .

5 years dead line Oil reserves and oil demand is pushing a overprices in the line of worst scenary projections .000.400.000.000 Barrels/day 53 2000 2010 2020 36.000.000.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The oil problem and associated treath-2 Oil Price U$/bbl 160 100 20 1990 Current reserves 1.500.000 Barrels/year 38.000 Barrels World consumption 100.

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The oil problem and associated treath-3 ENERGY HUMAN CONSUMPTION Depending 100% of Oil sources TRANSPORT OTHER Transport consume 25% of total Energy demand . How we replace that energy in future? .

PHEV) is the only rapid way to Plan B in the face of the impending oil crisis .com The urgent need for the electrification of transport (green economy and peak oil) Grid enabled electric vehicles (GEV) (BEV.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.

1 MARCH 30.GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY "Estados Unidos no puede permitirse apostar su prosperidad y seguridad a largo plazo en una fuente que acabará por acabarse.com The USA plan. 2011 . advirtió y agregó mirando a los estudiantes: "No cuando vuestra generación necesita que nosotros arreglemos esto". Ya no.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion. "Seguiremos siendo víctimas de los cambios en el mercado de petróleo hasta que vayamos en serio con las políticas de largo plazo para lograr una energía segura y asequible". nuestro país y nuestro planeta es tan alto". Dramatic changes in the oil market are requiring new energy policy to be implemented today . no cuando el costo para nuestra economía. subrayó.

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The USA plan-2 Grid enabled electric vehicles (GEV) (BEV. PHEV) is the only rapid way to Plan B in the face of the impending oil crisis .

com The USA plan-3 Very aggressive plan target to transform 50% of transport in the next 15 years .Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The METI Japanese plan-1 Reduce oil dependence by 20% in next 18 years. an agressive national target .

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The METI Japanese plan-2 Litihium Ion Batteries is recognized as a key component to enable mass EV adoption .

com The METI Japanese plan-3 Ambitious LI-Ion Batteries R&D Plan of Japan (if succesful ) could mean a explosion of demand EV .Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.

000 78.000 44.000.000 16.CE calculation 14.000 76.000.000 84.000 70.000 4.000 48.000 36.000 18.000 42.000/KWh US$ 600/KWh US$ 350/KWh .000 30.000 58.000 46.000 $80/barril petroleo $100/barril petroleo $150/barril petroleo $200/barril petroleo US$ 1.000 28.000 60.000.000 32.000 56.000 $ 2.000.000 12.000 96.000 $ 6.000 90.000 88.000 34.000 $ 8.000 20.000 92.000 94.000 $ Potencial area 2014-2016 Today 12.000.000 6.000 72.000 74.000 68.000 2.000 38.000 24.000 8.000 54.000 26.000 $ Around 2-3 years citycar and 1-2 years fleet vehicle 0$ 98.000 $ Batteries reduction prices Oil pushing up prices 4.000 10.000 52.000 50.000 14.000 66.000 82.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.000 64.000.000 62.000 40.000 22.com BREAK-EVEN SCENARIES OF EV v/s ICE transportation.000 86.000 80.000 $ 10.000.

000 cycles.  Cycle Life (80% DOD) should be over 1.  Storage capacity should reach 40kWh (double the current capacity) to expand the vehicle range from 160 kms to 350 kms. batteries should be designed to support over 400 amperes during the charging process.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.  Energy Density (Wh/kg) and Energy Volume (Wh/l) should be doubled in order to increase the total capacity for EVs.  Recharge times at fast charging stations should take less than 15 minutes considering the new capacity requirements. Respectively.000/kWh to less than US$300/kWh. .com Main commercial challenges to be resolved in LithiumBatteries for electric vehicles in the next 5 years  Battery cost should be reduced from US$1.

com Market Drivers KEY DRIVER Electric Vehicle Industry $US 200 billion / year in 2015 Strong industry interdependence Li-Ion Battery Industry $US 25 billion / year in 2015 Lithium Industry $US 1 billion / year in 2015 SUPPLIERS .Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.

these estimates will be continuously updated. and different organizations have very different estimates.go. Additionally. As previously discussed. lithium resources that can be acquired efficiently and profitably are concentrated in some continental regions. lithium is not a rare element. and the quality has been investigated. it is apparent that lithium resources will be more concentrated in South America. these three countries are considered to have about 80% of the world’s reserves. There are claims that this lake. Figure 3 illustrates the world’s reserves of metallic lithium raw materials based on the Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) issued in January 2010 Bolivia (which is next to Chile) and it likely has one of the world’s largest reserves. Uyuni salt lake. However. The amount of Bolivia’s reserves is not clear at this point and is not calculated into the world’s reserves. has 50% of the world’s lithium reserves. Chile has the world’s largest reserves of brinesource lithium.jp Regions and State of Production on the Resources Lithium resources are roughly divided into two categories: lithium resources from salt lakes (and other brine waters) and mines. However. followed by Bolivia and Argentina.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.[7] However. Japan has a strong interest in strategic resources for the coming non-fossil Economy . Apr 2011 National Institute of Science and Technology Policy http://www.nistep. The United States has the largest reserves of mine-source lithium. these are estimated reserves.com The METI Japanese plan-4 Trends in Supply of Lithium Resources and Demand of the Resources for Automobiles. followed by Congo and Russia. about 50% of the world’s reserves.

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com The transport electrification ecosystem and the “future oil” Lithium (heart) . LIbattery (brain) and Grid enabled Electric Vehicles : GEV (legs) are a Ecosystem of new Transport Paradigm GEV transport paradigm depends on Lithium as the heart of the ecosystem .

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) •Solar-Wind energy complement •New accumulator apps (home . LI-battery (brain) and GEV (legs) Is an Ecosystem for a new transport paradigm Each component can not be isolated from each other When we talk about each component. it is a connected system . small companies) • New extended life wireless appliances • Smart Grid Driver Atacama solar potential Spin-off map Mining potential in same geo.position • New uses of cheap LI Battery • New mining cluster • New technology for production THE IDEAL PLACE IN THE WORLD TO COMBINE EXCEPTIONAL CONDITIONS FOR BOTH R&D AND COMMERCIALIZATION Lithium Reserves WHY CHILE? System Control Innovation Net Importer of Fossil Fuels • Huge expansion of charge to grid • Charging networks industry • New paradigm of transport use • New factory paradigm (open source?) Lithium (heart) .

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion. academics and entrepeneurs related with the Lithium value chain .com Lithium Innovation Center Project-1 LITHIUM INNOVATION CENTER PROJECT CIL Creating Value in Lithium battery Applications A common window of R&D .

The University of Chile is a leading university in Chile with excellent academic resources and labs for conducting research & development. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. is the leading Lithium producer in the Chilean companies Soquimich (SQM) and Chemetall (SCL) account for 53% of worldwide Lithium supply and more than 75% of Lithium used in Li-ion battery applications.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion. Marubeni is a leading world-class trading company that invests globally in new innovations for the electric car industry. CORFO. ARMY Lithium Innovation Center is designed to be a catalyst for cooperation and innovation . COCHILCO.com Lithium Innovation Center Project-2 Chile world. * Initial academic team participating of Universidad de Chile. Universidad de Santiago and Universidad de Antofagasta * CURRENTLY WE ARE WORKING IN PROYECTS WITH GOVERMENT. CONICYT. CECHEN. The university’s Energy Center with its strong local and global network* provides the necessary infrastructure and leadership to support the development of the Li-ion industry in Chile.

Goverment and Individual support CIL Technical Development International Partnerships & Joint Ventures Output New Ventures Commercial Applications A collaboration space between all actors forming the ecosystem of the Lithium value chain .com Lithium Innovation Center Project-3 Resources R&D Labs Local Development Centers Strategy R&D Labs University Departments Private Business.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.

BATTERIES. CHARGING SYSTEMS. SMARTGRID) Stakeholders A SYNERGYSTIC ECOSYSTEM THAT CONSOLIDATES THE MAIN INTERESTS FOR ITS STAKEHOLDERS .Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.com Lithium Innovation Center Project-3 Universidad de Chile Engineering Faculty Energy Center CIL ELECTROMOBILITY (EV.

Tener un financiamiento apoyado por el estado que nos permita desarrollar y dirigir nuestros propios proyectos en una posición más ejecutiva que catalizadora...Hemos incorporado a nuestro proyecto al gobierno....Ya tenemos casi 70 personas participando de una u otra forma en el centro.Tenemos financiamiento basal hasta el 2013 asegurado desde la fuente empresarial y universidad 6.Chile el primer país emergente participando en el nuevo ecosistema energético del mundo .Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion.Tenemos varios centros de USA.Tener al menos dos proyectos de emprendimiento o de I&D de clase mundial 2.Tenemos ya 13 proyectos de I&D aplicada y de emprendimiento en incubación 3.Estamos incorporando nuevos socios empresariales a la brevedad 4. a las Universidades y a la empresa privada 2.Empresas nacionales o extranjeras invirtiendo en proyectos de valor agregado nacientes del CIL 4.. a las FFAA. 5.. desde científicos hasta empresarios...Tener incorporado al Centro al menos dos actores globales adicionales del ecosistema 3.com Que hemos logrado en estos 9 meses 1.. Que queremos lograr en los próximos 9 meses 1. 5.. ASIA y EUROPA en nuestra red de colaboración.

com TIPS 1. DISCIPLINA Y FRECUENCIA. ELLO INCLUYE FERIAS DE WORKSHOP. CASI EL 50% DEL PRESUPUESTO SE HA INVERTIDO EN MOTIVAR EL EMPRENDIMIENTO DE LOS CIENTÍFICOS Y EMPRENDENDORES ASOCIADOS. ORIENTADO AL EMPRENDIMIENTO. LOS FONDOS SON RENDIDOS AL DIRECTORIO Y SE APRUEBAN LAS POLITICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS A SEGUIR 5. 3. EL CIL TIENE UNA GOBERNABILIDAD HORIZONTAL EMPRESA-UNIVERSIDAD BASADO EN UN DIRECTORIO CON MÁXIMA REPRESENTACIÓN. EVITAMOS EL CLASICO CONCEPTO DE EMPRESA BENEFACTORA 2. COMO AHORA. LAS EMPRESAS PARTICIPAN EN TODAS LAS ACTIVIDADES AL MAS ALTO NIVEL.Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion. 4. DE NEGOCIOS Y DE BRAINSTORMING EN UN ESTILO MUY AGRESIVO. SENTIDO DE URGENCIA Y SENTIDO DE OPORTUNIDAD PAIS . NO A LA CIENCIA PURA 6.

Universidad de Chile Lithium Innovation Center Project (CIL) jalee@eskorpion. Thank you! .com Lithium Innovation Center Project CIL a multidiciplinary collaboration project formed to realize the new Energy era.