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Project Part of structure Drawing ref.

Calc by Date Apr-14 Ref Calculations

Job ref Calc sheet no Check by rev

/ 0 Date Nov-09

Output

Design of pile cap - PC4 Line of critical shear Dia. Of pile Offest from pile Column width Pile spacing (2L) Depth of pile cap Width of pile cap (B) Bottom cover Side cover Ultimate axial load (N) = = = = = = = = = 450 150 600 1350 750 750 75 50 1800 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm kN B

/5 2L

Materials fcu = 35 N/mm2 fy = 500 N/mm2 Gm = 1.25 (partial saftey factor for concrete - shear) Gm = 1.15 (partial saftey factor for steel) Design for main reinforcement: Effective depth of pile cap (d) According to Truss theory: Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, T

653 mm

= (N x L) / (2 x d) = 1800 x 675 / (2 x 653) = 930.3 kN

According to Flexural theory: Moment parallel to X axis K = M / fcu b d2 Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9)) Therefore Tx

= =

= 0.054 611.14 mm =

608 kNm

994.0 kN

Area of steel required

BS 8110 Table 3.25

Dia. Of bars using for main reinforcement No. of bars required Provide No. of bars Area of steel provided Spacing of main bars Percentage of steel

= T / (0.87 x fy) = 994040 / (0.87 x 500) 2 = 2286 mm = 20 mm = 7.28 = 9 Nos 2 = 2827 mm OK = 78.3 mm = 0.5 % > 0.13 % OK

Project Newport Station Regeneration Part of structure Car Park - Design of Pile Caps for Columns Drawing ref. Calc by SJ Ref Calculations Date Jun 08

Job ref 5074908 Calc sheet no 9 / 9 Check by CMN rev / 0 Date Jun-08 Output

Check for shear: Shear stress along critical section (v) 3.4.5.2 BS 8110 Table 3.8

= (N / 2) / (B x d) = (1800 / 2) / (750 x 653) = 1.84 N/mm2 < = = = = 0.58 % 35 N/mm2 0.88 0.52 N/mm2 = (675 - 300 - 0.3 x 450) = 240 mm = 2.83 N/mm2 >

5 N/mm2

OK

100 As / bv d Design strength of concrete for shear resistance (400 / d) (1/4) Design shear resistance ( v c) Critical section from face of the column (av)

3.4.5.8

Enhanced shear stress

1.838

OK

Hence, shear links are not required. However provide nominal T12 links @ 200 c/c. Side face reinforcement: Dia. Of bar used for side face reinforcement Spacing of bar

3.12.5.4

= 16 mm = ( 2 x fy ) / b = 256 mm Hence, provide side face reinforcement - 2 nos. T16 bars

Project Part of structure Drawing ref. Calc by BVR Ref Calculations Design of pile cap - PC2 (For 750x300 column) Dia. Of pile ( ) Offest from pile Column width in X-direction Column width in Y-direction Effective length of pile cap (2 Lx) Effective length of pile cap (2 Ly) Depth of pile cap Bottom cover Side cover Ultimate axial load (N) Reaction of each pile (N/3) Materials fcu = fy = = = = = = = = = = = = 450 mm 150 600 600 1350 1350 750 75 50 3500 1167 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm kN kN Y /5 av av Date Apr-14

Job ref Calc sheet no Check by rev

/ 0 Date Nov-09

Output

2100

2Ly

750

2Lx 2100

35 N/mm2 500 N/mm2

Gm Gm

= =

1.25 (partial saftey factor for concrete - shear) 1.15 (partial saftey factor for steel)

Design for main reinforcement: Effective depth of pile cap (d) According to Truss theory: Effective length of pile cap (2 Lxy) Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Txy

637.5 mm

Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Ty

Net tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Tx

Net tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Ty According to Flexural theory: Moment parallel to X axis K = M / fcu b d2 Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9)) Moment parallel to Y axis K = M / fcu b d2 Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9))

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

1509 mm (2N x Lxy) / (9 x d) 2 x 3500 x 754.675 / (9 x 637.5) 920.7 kN (2N x Ly) / (9 x d) 2 x 3500 x 675 / (9 x 637.5) 823.5 kN 2 x Txy cos 26.57 2 x 920.74 x cos 26.57 1647 kN 2 x Txy sin 26.57 + 823.53 1647.1 kN 700 kNm

= =

0.023 605.63 mm = 0.015 605.63 mm Therefore Tx = Therefore Ty = 437.5 kNm

= =

1155.8 kN 722.39 kN

In X-direction Area of steel required in X-direction

BS 8110-1 Table 3.25

Dia. Of bars using for main reinforcement No. of bars required Provide No. of bars Area of steel provided Spacing of main bars Percentage of steel

= Tx / (0.87 x fy) = 1647100 / (0.87 x 500) 2 = 3786 mm = 25 mm = 7.714 = 14 Nos 2 = 6872 mm OK = 153.8 mm = 0.44 % > 0.13 % OK

Provide 14 Nos. T25 bars

Project Newport Station Regeneration Part of structure Car Park - Design of Pile Caps for Columns Drawing ref. Calc by SJ Ref Calculations Date Jun 08

Job ref 5074908 Calc sheet no 5 / 9 Check by CMN rev / 0 Date Jun-08 Output

In Y-direction Area of steel required in Y-direction

Dia. Of bars using for main reinforcement No. of bars required Provide No. of bars Area of steel provided Spacing of main bars Percentage of steel Check for shear: Shear stress along critical section (v) 3.4.5.2 BS 8110 Table 3.8

= Ty / (0.87 x fy) = 1647100 / (0.87 x 500) 2 = 3786 mm = 25 mm = 7.714 = 14 Nos 2 = 6872 mm OK = 150 mm = 0.44 % > 0.13 % OK

Provide 14 Nos. T25 bars

= (2 N/3) / (B x d) = 2 (3500000 / 3) / (2100 x 637.5) = 1.74 N/mm2 < 5 N/mm2 = 0.52 % = 35 N/mm2 = 0.89 = 0.51 N/mm2 = (2/3)x1350 - 600/2 - 0.3x450 = = 465 mm 1.4 N/mm2 < 1.74

OK

100 As / bv d Design strength of concrete for shear resistance (400 / d) (1/4) Design shear resistance ( v c) Critical section from face of the column (a v) Enhanced shear stress Hence, shear links are required Check for punching shear: At column face: Punching stress Perimeter of column (u) Punching stress At /5 from pile face: Punching stress Critical perimeter (u) Punching stress Enhanced shear stress Hence, shear links are required

3.4.5.8

FALSE

= N / (u d) = 2400 mm = 2.29 N/mm2

<

5 N/mm2

OK

= N / (u d) = 3559 mm = 1.54 N/mm2 = 1.39 N/mm2

FALSE

3.12.5.4

Side face reinforcement: Dia. Of bar used for side face reinforcement Spacing of bar

= 16 mm = ( 2 x fy ) / b = 256 mm

Hence, provide side face reinforcement - 2 nos. T16 bars

Project Part of structure Drawing ref. Calc by Date Apr-14 Ref Calculations

Job ref Calc sheet no Check by rev

/ 0 Date Nov-09

Output

Design of pile cap - PC1 Dia. Of pile ( ) Offest from pile Column width in X-direction Column width in Y-direction Pile spacing in X-direction (2 Lx) Pile spacing in Y-direction (2 Ly) Depth of pile cap Bottom cover Side cover Ultimate axial load (N) K' = = = = = = = = = = = 450 mm 150 mm 600 mm 600 1350 1350 750 75 50 4300 0.156 mm mm mm mm mm mm kN 2100

av2

av1 2Ly

2Lx 2100

Materials fcu = 32 N/mm2 fy = 500 N/mm2 Gm = 1.25 (partial saftey factor for concrete - shear) Gm = 1.15 (partial saftey factor for steel) Design for main reinforcement: Effective depth of pile cap (d) According to Truss theory: Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Ty

662.5 mm

Reynolds Hand book

Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Tx

= (2 N Ly)/(4 d) = 2 x 4300 x 675 / (4 x 662.5) = 2190.6 kN = (2 N Lx)/(4 d) = 2 x 4300 x 675 / (4 x 637.5) = 2276.5 kN

According to Flexural theory: Moment parallel to Y axis K = M / fcu b d2 Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9)) Moment parallel to X axis K = M / fcu b d2 Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9)) Therefore Ty Therefore Tx

= = = 0.027 629.375 mm = = = 0.03 605.625 mm = =

806.25 kNm

806.25 kNm

1281 kN 1331.3 kN

In Y-direction Area of steel required in Y-direction

BS 8110-1 Table 3.25

Dia. of bars for main reinforcement No. of bars required Provide No. of bars Area of steel provided Spacing of main bars Percentage of steel

= Ty / (0.87 x fy) = 2190570 / (0.87 x 500) 2 = 5035.8 mm = 25 mm = 10.259 = 12 Nos 2 = 5890.5 mm OK = 181.82 mm = 0.37 % > 0.13 % OK

Provide 12 Nos. T25 bars

Project Newport Station Regeneration Part of structure Car Park - Design of Pile Caps for Columns Drawing ref. Calc by SJ Ref Calculations Date Jun 08

Job ref 5074908 Calc sheet no 3 / 9 Check by CMN rev / 0 Date Jun-08 Output

In X-direction Area of steel required in X-direction

BS 8110-1 Table 3.25

Dia. of bars for main reinforcement No. of bars required Provide No. of bars Area of steel provided Spacing of main bars Percentage of steel Check for shear in Y-direction: Shear stress along critical section (v)

= Tx / (0.87 x fy) = 2276470 / (0.87 x 500) 2 = 5233.3 mm = 25 mm = 10.661 = 14 Nos 2 = 6872.2 mm OK = 150.00 mm = 0.44 % > 0.13 % OK

Provide 14 Nos. T25 bars

= (N / 2) / (Bx x d) = (4300000 / 2) / (2100 x 662.5) = 1.55 N/mm2 < 5 N/mm2 = 0.42 % = 32 N/mm2 = 0.88 = 0.45 N/mm2 = 1350/2 - 600/2 - 0.3*450 = = 240 mm 2.5 N/mm2 > 1.55

OK

Table 3.8

100 As / bv d Design strength of concrete for shear resistance (400 / d) (1/4) Design shear resistance ( vc) Critical section from face of the column (av) Enhanced shear stress = 2 d vc / av Hence, shear links are not required. Check for shear in X-direction: Shear stress along critical section (v)

3.11.4.4.a

OK

3.4.5.2 BS 8110 Table 3.8

= (N / 2) / (By x d) = (4300000 / 2) / (2100 x 637.5) = 1.61 N/mm2 < 5 N/mm2 = 0.52 % = 32 N/mm2 = 1 = 0.55 N/mm2 = 1350/2 - 600/2 - 0.3*450 = = 240 mm 2.93 N/mm2 > 1.61

OK

3.11.4.4.a 3.4.5.8

100 As / bv d Design strength of concrete for shear resistance (400 / d) (1/4) Design shear resistance ( vc) Critical section from face of the column (av) Enhanced shear stress = 2 d vc / av Hence, shear links are not required. Check for punching shear: At column face: Punching stress Perimeter of column (u) Punching stress

OK

= N / (u d) = 2400 mm = 2.76 N/mm2

<

5 N/mm2

OK

3.12.5.4

Side face reinforcement: Dia. Of bar used for side face reinforcement Spacing of bar

= 16 mm = ( 2 x fy ) / 500 = 256 mm

Hence, provide side face reinforcement - 2 nos. T16 bars