KUWAIT OIL COMPANY (K.S.C.

)

STANDARDS PUBLICATION

STANDARD 381I03 GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR AIR CONDITIONING INSTALLATIONS

I

STANDARDS DIVISION

I

KUWAIT OIL COMPANY (K.S.C.)

STANDARD 381I03 GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR AIR CONDITIONING INSTALLATIONS

JUNE 1981

STANDARD AND INSPECTION DEPARTMENT, AHMADI

GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR AIR CONDITIONING INSTALLATIONS CONTENTS FOREWORD

SCOPE COMPANY POLICY TERMINOLOGY RESPONSIBILITY OF CONTRACTOR SYSTEMS DESIGN CRITERIA SYSTEMS OF MEASUREMENT ORDER OF PRECEDENCE ENGINEERING OF SYSTEMS 8.1 General 8.2 Codes and Standards 8.3 Quality Assurance (QA) 8.4 Safety 8.5 Materials 8.6 Calculations 8.7 Noise Levels 8.8 Workmanship 8.9 Ease o f Maintenance 8.10 Fire Resistance 8.1 1 Machine Guards 8.12 Welding and Brazing 8.13 Inspection and Testing Before Delivery and On - Site RANGE OF SYSTEMS STANDBY CAPACITY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS 11.1 Chilled Water Refrigeration Units 11.2 Direct Expansion Refrigeration Units 11.3 Compressors 11.4 Liquid Receivers

4 13. General Heat Gain and Thermal Loadings New Buildings built under 'Turnkey' Contracts Existing Buildings and Building under Construction 15.4 Reliability Trials 15.2 Instrumentation ELECTRICAL 13. TESTS ON COMPLETION 15. . CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION 12. 14.4 Electric Motors 13.2 14.5 Test Records and Certification DOCUMENTATION 16.1 14.3 Commissioning Tests 15.2 Pressure and Leaktightness Tests 15.3 Phase Sequence 13.1 General 15.1 General 13.1 Controls 12.3 14.Cooler/Evaporator Condenser Air Handling Units Expansion and Make-up Tanks Cooling Towers Pumps Heating Plant for Water Systems Piping and Fittings Ducting Air Terminal Equipment Thermal Insulation Painting and Identification 12.5 Requirements for Switch Boards CIVIL 14.2 Electrical Supply 13.

"B" "C" - .2 Spares Holdings 17. Packing and Marking "A" - Quality Control System ASME Section Vlll . MAINTENANCE TOOLS AND SPARES 17.Heating Boilers Codes and Standards Abbreviation and Addresses of Publishing Organisations.17.1 Maintenance Tools and Test Gear 17.Division 1 Pressure Vessels Quality Control System ASME Section IV .3 Protection.

Improving or extending the heat transfer data specific to Kuwait conditions and forms of construction used. RASHID G. rather than by a contractor or vendor. Standards & Inspection Dept. 'may'.-. Note that discretionary or advisory requirements may be qualified by the Company in an accompanying technical specification relating to a particular installation. In particular. . technical justification can be made. 4. This specification has been written to satisfy Items 1 and 2. Establishing more reasonable limits for the climatic conditionsto be satisfied. 'should'. . 'shall' and 'shall normally'. Throughout this document.* . Specifying higher standards for both design and quality of supplied plant. the words 'will'. 3. Item 3 is considered to be the responsibility of others.'Should' is used where a provision is advisory only. it is desired that operational power losses should be minimal and plant correctly sized and rated for the required duty. have specific meanings as follows: 'Will' is normally used in connection with an action by the Company. These objectives will be attained by: 1.FOREWORD The Company intends that the air conditioning system operating in both existing and new buildings shall be designed to be both reliable and economic in operation. 'Shall' is used where a provision is mandatory.S. 2. 'Shall Normally' is used where an element of choice will be permitted providing that an acceptable. . 'May' is used where a provision is completely discretionary. ANYS E . Reducing the impressed heat load by improving the insulation standards of the containment structures. Objective 4 will be achieved by means of the Civil Engineering Specifications issued by Engineering Group to cover specific installations..

) (b) . supply. SCOPE This specification has been prepared to offer general guidance on Company policy and requirements to be taken into account in the design. The equipment supplied and installed will become the property of the Company once the contractual requirements have been met and the plant has been fovmaliy handed over. The equipment shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with sound engineering principles and must provide a high level of reliability. unless the text indicates otherwise.S. (a) "Company" means the Kuwait Oil Company (K.C. have the following meanings. (As used in this Specification the word "Superintendent" is to be read as synonymous with Superintendent's Representative. COMPANY POLICY It is Company policy to minimise unnecessary losses of energy in air conditioning units or systems. 2. It is intended to be complementary to the Particular Technical Specification prepared t o cover a specific installation and should be read in conjunction with that document together with the General Conditions of Contract for Engineering. Air conditioning equipment offered to the Company shall be correctly matched to the anticipated cooling loads and provide efficient and economical operation. 3. Plant offered shall be adequately proven for operation within the climatic conditions of Kuwait and evidence to this effect shall be provided. installation and testing of air conditioning systems for Company installations. (See Quality Assurance Section 8.3. Superintendent means the person appointed by the Company with the overall responsibility for ensuring that the works or services required are correctly completed.) Permitted abbreviation KOC.) The system must be rated for the prevailing climatic conditions in Kuwait and certified to this effect. TERMINOLOGY In this standard the following expressions shall.GENERAL SPECIFICATION AIR CONDITIONING INSTALLATIONS 1. Construction and Maintenance Contracts and such other contractual data that may be specifically issued.

(c)

"Superintendent's Representative" means the person appointed by the Company of Superintendent to supervise the works required by the Contract, yet the materials involved and assess the adequacy of the standard of workmanship. "Contractor" means the firm or company responsible for the completion of all aspects of the works to be performed in accordance with the contract. The Contractor is normally accountable for any specific design work required and for the correct specification of equipment, materials, services, etc., to be provided by Vendors or other subcontractors. "Vendor" means the firm or agent that provides standard or proprietary items of plant or equipment, materials and fittings that are not individually designed for any particular application, but form part of a standardised range. "Particular Technical Specification" means the document prepared by Company Engineers which describes the detailed requirements for a specific air conditioning installation and defines the scope of the works to be carried out.

(d)

(e)

(f)

4.

RESPONSIBILITY OF CONTRACTOR 4.1

The Contractor and/or Vendor shall be totally responsible for the operational effectiveness of the installation(s) and/or equipment(s) provided. Regardless of the inspection and quality control activities of the Company, the responsibility for the overall control of quality rest with the Contractor and/or Vendor.
It is required that the Contractor shall critically examine the design and rating data included in the Particular Technical Specification. The Company will consider any suggestions submitted by the Contractor for alternatives or modifications that may improve the design or bring reductions in the cost of procurement or operation.

4.2

4.3

4.4

The Contractor shall become sufficiently conversant with the structural design and layout of existing or new buildings to enable the specification for the complete installation to be optimised and the heat gains or losses accurately assessed.

5.

SYSTEMS DESIGN CRITERIA

5.1

Basis of Thermal Ratinq Unless agreed otherwise, system capacities shall be calculated in accordance with the ASHRAE handbooks, as amended by this specification.

5.2

Design Conditions The peak system capacity shall be based on the following conditions. Outside Tem~erature SUMMER: 115°F (max) 82°F WINTER: 45°F (min)

D.B.) W.B.)

Summer (Daily Range 25°F)

D.B.)

- Winter (R.H.

50%).

Inside Temperatures Administrative Office Lecture Theatres Hospital Wards Laboratories Residential

1 1 1 1

76°F 70°F

+ 2°F Summer
k

2°F Winter

When controlled, the Relative Humidity should approximate t o 50% Corridors and Toilets

80°F D.B 7 0 ' ~D.B.

- Summer) ) Winter )

Nominal levels based on return air temperature.

Workshops 1 General 1 Store

Ventilated only upto Summer 4 air changes per hour Unheated Winter

-

5.3

Ventilation Rates Rates to be generally between 6 and 15 air changes per hour, dependant on air conditioning load, with a fresh air allowance of from 15 to 20 C.F.M. per person. Toilet extract systems shall be designed to provide 10 to 1 2 air changes per hour of extract ventilation. An estimate shall be made of the air infiltration rate into the air conditioned areas or buildings. In situations in which the data for this estimate are not readily available a figure of one half an air change per hour may be assumed for tender submissions.

5.4

Air Conditioned Bundinas
It is appreciated that the static pressure within air conditioned buildings will vary from area in relation to the location and/or use of any particular room or zone.

However, unless required otherwise by the Particular Technical Specification, air conditioned buildings shall normally be designed to operate at a nominal, positive pressure of 0.2 in W.G.
6.

SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT The Imperial System is preferred for all calculations carried out in accordance with the ASHRAE design procedures. The S.I. or Metric Systems may be used, if desired, but in this case, the Imperial equivalents of key design data must be given in parenthesis.

7.

ORDER OF PRECEDENCE In the event of any variance or disagreement between the various documents issued or referred to in relation to any particular contract, the Order of Precedence will be as follows: First Second Third Fourth

-

-

The Particular Technical Specification. This Standard Specification. KOC General Specifications. National or other standards or codes.

Air Handling Units. air distribution systems: and environmental control units. Heat Exchanger. TEMA . - Section Vlll - Pressure ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IV Heating Boilers.Standards of Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association. Building and Electrical Works.2 Codes and Standards The plant supplied shall be designed.Division 1. KOC General Specification for Civil Engineering.1 General This specification has been prepared to cover Air Conditioning units ranging upto several hundred tons capacity. Etc. heat interchangers of various types. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Vessels . Ducting. The following codes are relevant to certain equipments and shall be applied whenever appropriate. associated Pipeworks. The edition current at the time of tendering shall be used. ENGINEERING OF SYSTEMS 8. Primary equipment is common to all systems and includes pressurised piping vessels and components. manufactured and installed in accordance with sound and proven engineering practices appropriate to the class of the equipment involved. 8. Pressurised Vessels. ANSl B31-1 Refrigeration Piping. -- KOC General Specification for Electrical Engineering in Industrial Plants. - - . common to all installations.8. Heating Boilers. It specifies the basic engineering requirements of both direct expansion and chilled water systems. Accordingly this specification consists of a general section. together with specific sections covering Refrigeration Units. ANSl B31-1 Power Piping.

) Part 2 of this standard "Specification for Manufacture and Installation" shall apply to the supply of standardised components of defined form and duty (e. Quality Systems.RP 500A Recommended Practice for Classifications of Areas for Electrical Installations in Petroleum Refineries. In general the Company is prepared to accept American or British Standards. manufactured. They may be used as a model for the QA requirements relating to all pressurised plant covered by the ASME - - - .g pipe fittings.P. alternatives would be accepted provided it could be demonstrated that equivalent quality standards would be realised. etc.g ASME Section VIII. pumps. API .. installed and tested in accordance with a planned and coherent quality programme.Electrical.) Attention is drawn to the mandatory appendices in the ASME Pressure Vessel Code Section Vlll Division 1 and Section IV on Quality Control Systems which are reproduced as Appendices A and B to this Specification. Code of Safe Practice Part 1 . It is of paramount importance that pressurised systems (including vessels and heating boilers). compressors circulating fans and control units are adequately covered. etc. However. etc.) or equipment based on a design code that is nonspecific on detail (e. Qualitv Assurance (OA) Equipment supplied is required to posses a high level of reliability and hence must be known good quality. Manufacture and Installation" shall apply t o the supply of the system overall and to any specific items or sub-assemblies of proprietary design (e. In preparing submissions clarifying or defining quality policy due regard shall be given to the provisions and requirements of BS5750. Part 1 of this standard "Specification for Design. The Company will require assurance that the system overall and the individual components and sub-assemblies are designed. Should alternative standards be used. I.g pumps. TEMA. flanges. compressors. then these should be identified in the tender return.ASHRAE Standards and Associated Codes (As listed in ASHRAE Handbooks).

using Group 2 refrigerants. due regard should be given to relevant engineering standards set in the Institution of Refrigeration Code of Practice-Design and Construction of Systems using Ammonia as the Refrigerant.Guide to the Operation and Evaluation of Quality Assurance Systems. must be installed in hazardous areas. all refrigerants used in direct cooling. non-toxic and non-irritating. air conditioning systems shall conform to BS 4434 Group 1 and shall be non-explosive. Useful reference may also be made to the following standards: BS 4891 . BS 5179 . Every effort should be made to locate air conditioning plant in safe areas. Plant that. UL 900 UL 507 UL 555 UL 499 Safety Safety Safety Safety for Air Filter Units Standards for Electric Fans Standards for Fire Dampers Standards for Electrical Heating Appliances.Codes and also for key.- . Concentrations arising from system leakage under fault conditions shall not exceed the margins of safety set out in Table 6 of BS 4434 unless authorised otherwise by the Superintendent.A Guide to Quality Assurance. In the case of secondary systems. shall meet established. Consideration should also be given to the requirements and recommendations of the following standards. In particular the provisions and recommendations of BS 4434 Requirements for Refrigeration Safety and ANSIIASHRAE 15 Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration shall be followed unless at variance with the stipulations of particular Company specifications. . non-combustible. safety requirements and be certified to this effect. uncoded items. . Attention is particularly drawn to the sections in BS 4434 covering Working and Test Pressures. flameproof. Pressure Vessels and Refrigerant Piping and Fittings. Established safe practices shall be applied or incorporated in both the design and operation systems. or necessity. - - Unless specified otherwise.

Part 1. Certified flameproof for Division 1 Class 1 locations and group C and D Gases. . enclosures to BS 4683. as per American Petroleum lnstitute Recommended Practice APlRP 600 A. i Certified flameproof for Zone 1 hazardous areas and Group IIA and llB Gases. White body 145°F Black body 179°F. Mill test certificates shall be obtained for materials used for the construction of pressurised equipment designed to ASME or ANSI pressure vessel or piping codes.5 Materials Materials used in the construction of the plant shall be procured and manufactured to recognifed standards. Great Britain. Detailed material lists shall be included in the operational manuals to be supplied. 8. All equipment for outdoor operation shall be suitable for the following conditions: Maximum summer temperature 122°F Relative Humidity 100% Minimum winter temperature 27°F Relative Humidity 100% ii) The following bare metal surface temperatures may be reached due to direct sunlight (Sun Temperature 185°F max. Part 2 or. Any materials which are considered to be of interior quality or which are not installed in accordance with the specification may be rejected by the Superintendent.Accordingly. certified flameproof for Division 1 hazardous areas as per Institute of Petroleum. Electrical Model Code of Safe Practice.). plant stipulated as "Flameproof" shall comply with either one of the following specifications. Specific material requirements for particular equipment or plant are specified in the relevant sections.

The calculations must be annotated as checked and approved at the appropriate levels.8. the following levels shall be achieved: Sound Criteria Eauivalent dBA Level Area Conference & Lecture Halls. Cooling system capacity shall be based on ASHRAE data as amended or extended by the information contained in this specification. etc. The application of design methods other than those described in the ASHRAE Handbook shall be justified.6 Calculations The Contractor shall submit three sets of design calculations for review by Company engineers. executive offices. the Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that the component parts of the installation operate at the correct noise level consistent with the use of the building or project. pump and fan ratings. All moving components and associated equipment shall be selected and installed to function quietly without resonance. corridors.7 Noise Levels The system(s) shall be designed to minimise the amount of noise that is transmitted to or generated in occupied. Workshop Stores NC 35 40 NC 40 45 . heat exchanger performance. apartment flats. 8. General Offices. distribution pressure drops. Design levels for indoor noise shall be set generally in accordance with the tabulated data included in the Sound and Vibration Control section of the Systems Volume of the ASHRAE Handbook. Industrial Kitchens. In particular. Comprehensive calculations are required and shall cover coolinglheating load estimates. Hospital Wards detached private homes. air conditioned areas. Except where definite noise levels are specified. No discernible noise or vibration shall be transmitted from any part of the installation to the building structure.

heat exchange batteries. l o w level drain plugs andlor cocks in all vessels. The Contractor shall also submit t o the Superintendent for his approval full details of the methods he intends t o use t o ensure silent running and freedom from vibration.Sound level monitored by an approved sound level meter positioned three feet distant from the air supply and exhaust grills/louvres shall not exceed the stated dBA figures. custom and local practice is followed in the employment of the appropriate grades of operatives. The Contractor shall be responsible throughout the contract for ensuring that the trade. This clause shall also cover the installation of equipment t o give ease of subsequent removal of electric motors. The Contractor shall ensure that all craftsmen used are competent and qualified in their trade. and only welders with the necessary site experience and welding test certificates are t o be employed. plant or pipework containing fluids or gases.12) Ease of Maintenance The Contractor shall at all time give proper consideration t o the future maintenance of the plant and shall include for such component parts as are provided by the manufacturer of equipment and plant for this purpose. (See also Section 8. The final decision on the achievement of the proper degree of silence and of the elimination of vibration in the completed installation shall rest with the Superintendent. easy access t o oiling and greasing points. or other equipment. in his opinion. Fire Resistance All materials used in connection with or as part of the installation shall not be capable of spontaneous combustion. nor shall they suppo:~ combustion. thermostats. is not properly erected or installed by reason of poor workmanship. hut should be self-extinguishing. Such parts shall be made good t o the best accepted standards. and of any other item t o which it may be reasonably anticipated that maintenance would apply. The Superintendent shall have full powers t o reject any part of the installation which. . Particular attention is drawn t o the Welding details. Under this clause the Contractor shall include for suck items as cleaning and access ports on pressure vessels and heat exchanger. entirely at the Contractor's expense.

In the design of purpose made guards. fans and other machines shall be properly protected by manufacturer's standard or purpose made machine guards.8. or equivalents acceptable to the Superintendent of lnspection & Corrosion Division. skilled and qualified craftsmen for welding and brazing operations. due regard shall be given to the provisions of B.13 lns~ection and Testina before Delivenr and On Site a) The Contractor shall be responsible for all inspection and testing required by law. the contractual documents. d) - - 8. b) - C) Fabrication standards shall meet the minimum levels set by the appropriate ASME or ANSI Code for all items of manufacture that fall within the scope of these codes. Welding and brazing procedures and welders or operatives shall be qualified in accordance with the ASME Pressure Vessel Code Section IX Welding Qualifications or to such other standards that may be acceptable to the Superintendent of lnspection and Corrosion Division.1 2 Weldina and Brazing a) The Contractor shall use only competent.Steels to BS5135 Metal-arc welding of Carbon and Carbon Manganese Steels. pumps. All machine guards shall be manufactured from solid sheet metal or wire mesh or steel frame. In a like manner.S. The welding of structural steelwork shall be carried out generally in accordance with AWS Code D l .1 1 Machine Guards Every rotating. I Structural Welding Code . appropriate codes and sound engineering practices of all equipment spare parts and materials prior to delivery for incorporating in the air conditioning system(s). - - 8. reciprocating or moving part of compressors. the Contractor shall be responsible for all the inspection and testing necessarily carried out on-site during and on completion of construction. all galvanised after manufacture and shall be so designed with hinges and/or removal sections to allow for maintenance and all necessary tachometer readings. 5304 Code of Practice for Safeguarding of Machinery. The work shall be adequately supervised at all stages. - b) .

the Company is prepared to consider the use of alternatives providing that a sound economic and/or practical case can be made. or witness the testing of any equipment. central. Refrigerant 500 and Ammonia. Whilst preference should be given t o the use of this range of refrigerants. air-cooled or water-cooled with open compressors having maximum capacities of some 75 tons (ref). to inspect or cause the inspection of. Currently KOC systems utilise Refrigerant 11. Factory-assembledPackage Units for capacities upto some 100 tons (ref). central units. RANGE OF SYSTEMS It is Company policy to rationalize the range and diversity of air conditioning plant. normally air-cooled. Package Units. ii) 9.C) The Company shall have the right at all times.1 Chlled Water Refriqeration Units These units may be further classified into two categories: i Large. Current requirements are satisfied by the use of systems that fall into either of the following two main classifications. Refrigerant 22. Refrigerant 12. d) 9. 9. site-assembled units or modules upto and exceeding 500 tons (ref) capacity. in co-ordination with the Contractor. shall not be construed as acceptance of any part of the work nor as relieving the Contractor of the responsibility for any part of the work complying with the requirements of the relevant specification(s) and being from defects and capable of performing their respective functions. with semi-hermetic compressors having capacities of some 25 tons (ref).2 Direct Ex~ansion Refri~eration Units These units may be classified into three categories: i Large. Inspection or witnessing by the Company or failure to inspect and witness. parts or materials prior to delivery or any part of the works during site construction and installation. ii) .

iii) Small Package Units. the basis for the stand-by assessment shall be one major failure in any one air conditioning system i. Note (1)Ton refrigeration A rate of heat extraction of 12000 BTU (8200kcal) per hour. 9. compressor drive and control unit. For large units. air-cooled with hermetic compressors with capacities upto some 10 tons (ref). EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS 11. 60 to 70% of the full rated capacity shall be available at all times. shipped in sections for field erection. Any buildings or ventilated areas requiring a 100% stand-by capacity will be identified in the Particular Technically Specification. The air-conditioned spaces may be cooled by piping chilled water to fanlcoil heat exchanger situated within those spaces and/or by ducted. serving individual dwelling houses. IChilled Water Refriaeration Units These systems use water as a secondary refrigerant.e. Unless agreed otherwise. . The basic components include a compressor. stand-by capacity will not normally be required. in the case of larger systems. 1 unit lost of 2 or 1 unit lost of 3. - 10. 11.3 Alternative Svstems The Company is prepared to consider the supply of systems outside the general categories listed above providing that a good engineering and/or economic case can be made for their application in any particular circumstance. condenser. A means of heating would normally be provided to cover winter operation. cool air delivered from a central air handling unit to which the chilled water is supplied or combination of both. liquid cooler (evaporator). For small units (10 tons (ref)). STANDBY CAPACITY Consideration shall be given to the degree of stand-by capacity that may be reasonably and economically provided. serving office accommodation. The units may be factory assembled and wired or. laboratories. etc.

In the direct system.11. The basic components are similar to those of the Chilled Water unit except that a dry expansion cooler replaces the liquid cooler and secondary heat exchanger equipment is rarely involved. . cooling is normally performed directly by the primary refrigerant. cooling usually takes place within an Air Handling plant situated away from the condensing unit hence these systems employ field-fabricated and installed refrigerant piping.2 Direct Ex~ansion Refriaeration Units In these systems. although secondary refrigerants may be utilized. if required.

as most appropriate t o the service requirements and efficiency required. and for the larger units open reciprocating. Variations from these general classifications shall be declared and justified. Details should advisedly be submitted of any long duration or type tests that may have been carried out on a particular compressor model or series. semi-hermetics on plant with capacities upto some 25 tons.- s The form and results of these tests shall be reported. 11.The similarity of the basic system components permits their common treatment in the sections that follow. trouble free operation. BS 3 122 - . turbine or screw compressors shall be selected.1 General Contemporary good practice shall be followed. Hermetic units shall be used in plant with capacities upto 10 tons. centrifugal. Desinn The compressor design shall accord with proven good practice and the material build be appropriate for the prescribed operating conditions and refrigerant.3. Rating and Testing of Refrigeration Compressors. Where significant differences are t o be found these are stated. Compressor ratings shall be such as will ensure long. The compressor(s) shall be tested and rated in accordance with the current edition of either of the following standards: ASHRAE 2 3 - Methods of Testing for Rating Positive Displacement Refrigerant Compressors. Due regard shall be given to the relevance of the following publications: .

The p a n e b ) shall contain all the necessary controls for efficient and safe operation of the compressor unit(s). Sealed (Hermetic Type) MotorCompressors for Refrigeration Service.--- - In the case of larger systems in which it is practicable t o employ a number of individually driven compressor units. . the preferred method of capacity control is by selective unit switching.. For multi-cylinder. initiate a compressor trip. ANSI B 143. Control and Safety Factory built. reciprocating compressors the preferred method of capacity control is by the use of solenoid suction valve lifters operating under thermostatic control. Reciprocating compressors shall be fitted with an electrical resistance. . . crankcase heater of sufficient capacity t o keep the crankcase oil free from contamination by liquid refrigerant during periods when the compressors are non-operational. The Control modes and safety instrumentation shall be fully detailed in the tender submission. wired and tested controls panels are preferred and shall be supplied whenever technically possible. The heater shall be controlled automatically t o follow the compressor loading cycle. any significant departure from the normal range of operating conditions should actuate a warning or i f necessary for safety reasons.1 The Codes and/or Standards applicable t o any particular design of compressor shall be stated. In principle. and API 520 Positive Displacement Refrigeration Compressors and Condensing Units.ARI 510 - Ammonia Compressors Compressor Units.

- The rating thus obtained shall be stated.g. In the case of flooded systems.5. Receivers shall have sufficient capacity for holding the system's full charge of liquid refrigerant.11. Due regard shall be given to the following publications: ARI 495 UL 207 - Refrigerant Liquid Receivers Refrigerant Containing Components and Accessories. Non-electrical. the refrigerant flows through the tubes and the liquid to be cooled through the shell. They must be suitable for operation at the specified working pressure and must have satisfactorily passed an hydro-static pressure test at not less than 1% times the design pressure. In the dry expansion chiller. . the shell may also act as liquid receiver. Lloyds). All receivers shall be ASME Code Stamped or approved by a reputable Inspection Authority (e. 11. the refrigerant is contained in the shell and the fluid to be cooled in the tubes.4 Liauid Receivers Packaged chillers of the Direct Expansion type shall be supplied with a Liquid Receiver complete with all accessories. For smaller plants.2 Rating The cooler rating shall be ascertained in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 24 Methods of Testing for Rating Liquid Coolers. This section is limited to the consideration of the shell and tube class of cooler such as would be used in a dry expansion system or to the evaporative type of chiller as employed in flooded systems.

The class of exchanger offered shall be stated.Desian The mechanical design of the cooler shall be based on the standards published by the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA). Liquid refrigerant lines shall be provided with a drier-strainer unit. Consideration shall be given for their need in dry expansion systems to protect the compressor from liquid carry over under fault conditions. Flooded chillers shall be fitted with a suitable demister to prevent carry over of liquid refrigerant. Provision for pressure relief shall be made in accordance with the relevant code. A liquid suction heat exchanger shall normally be included in the circuit. Pressure drops across the unit (including water boxes) shall not normally exceed 10 lbflin2. Reference shall also be made to ARI 480Refrigerant-Cooled Liquid Coolers. Both shell and tubes circuits of the cooler I evaporator shall be tested hydrostatically to a pressure of not less than 15 times the design pressure. remote Type. . Temperature and pressure monitoring points shall be provided on the entry and exit lines for the fluid to be cooled. complete with isolating valves and by-pass. as appropriate. together with a sight glass and moisture indicator. Any deviations from these standards shall be declared and justified. Isolating valves shall be provided on all lines. Refrigerant flow rates shall be suitably metered and temperature (s) monitored.

package units providing that adequate arrangements may be made for the removal of any fouling from the heat transfer surfaces. Particular care is required in the selection of materials for brine chillers. 11.060 in shall be provided.6. ii) Ratinq The rating of the condenser shall be specified and the basis for such rating declared. The need for cathodic protection of the water boxes shall be examined. Preference shall be given to the use of cupro-nickel grades for tubes. Under no circumstances shall copper. The guidance given in the ASHRAE Handbooks shall receive consideration. copper alloys and brass be utilised in ammonia systems. Double-Tubeand Shell and Coil condensers are acceptable for the smaller.1 Water Cooled Shell and Tube condensers are preferred. . tube plates and division plates.6 Condensers 11.Materials of construction shall be selected to give a long service life and must be compatible with primary and secondary refrigerants. Any corrosion allowances allocated shall be listed. Full details of the material build to be supplied shall be provided. - Ferrous tubes are not acceptable in other than ammonialwater systems where a corrosion allowance of not less than 0.

The following standard is also cited and should be followed where relevant: P - - ARI 450 Water-cooled Condensers. . Remote Type. Any deviations from the above standards shall be declared and justified. The use of ferrous tubing in sea water or brackish water cooled units is not acceptable (other than in ammonia systems). the class of exchanger offered shall be stated. Double-Tube units shall be designed in accordance with the ASME Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII. iv) Materials - Refrigerant The material requirements shall be as specified in sub-section 11. Division 1 or t o ANSI B31-3-Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. iii) Desian The mechanical design of tube and shell condenser units shall be based on the standards published by the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA). Both shell and tube circuits shall be hydraulically tested to a pressure of not less than 1% times the design pressure.Due regard shall be given to the provisions of the following standard. In the case of TEMA designs. ASHRAE 22 - Method of Testing for Rating Water Cooled Refrigerant Condensers.5.4.

Draft Air Cooled Refrigerant Compressors. whichever is most appropriate t o the installation. and driven by resiliently mounted. capable of meeting the maximum load when the ambient temperature is not less than 115°F and having a gross heat rejection not less than the evaporator capacity plus the heat added to the refrigerant by the compressor(s). They shall be statically and dynamically balanced for quiet operation. as appropriate: ASHRAE 20 - Method of Testing for Rating Remote Mechanical . Fans may be of the axial flow or centrifugal type. The rating of the condenser shall be specified and the basis for such rating declared. . sealed lifelubricated ball bearings. In multi-fan units the preferred method of heat rejection control shall be by sequential cycling of the fads) delivering to cooler sub-sections. Direct drive or belt units are equally acceptable. weather-proofed motors with built-in thermal overload protection. Unless otherwise specified. they shall be provided with solid steel shafts. Due regard shall be given to the following standard.Air Cooled i) General Air-cooled condensers shall be of the forced air draft type.

AirCooled Refrigerant Condensers.. The coils shall be of seamless copper tubing unless other considerations over-ride.7 Air Handlina Units General . 11.-- Chilled water and most direct expansion systems require Air Handling Units t o be positioned within the building to be air conditioned. The use of enhanced surface heat transfer tubing of a proven design is acceptable to the Company. - . but aluminium fins are acceptable. where appropriate.. They shall incorporate removable panels to provide access for inspection and repair. this equipment shall be fabricated as a self-contained package unit. The Condensers shall be fully weather-proofed throughout and shall require no additional protection from adverse weather conditions. Whenever practicable. Due regard shall be given to any relevant provisions contained in ARI 430 Central Station Air Handling Units. Cabinets shall be fabricated from heavygauge sheet steel treated to resist corrosion in a manner approved by the Company. The Air Handling Units shall be complete with all accessories and have the capacities and ratings required by the Particular Technical Specification. ' -*- . - The condenser design shall be such as will minimise the system refrigerant charge volume.iii) Desiqn Due regard shall be given to the provisions of ARI 460 Remote Mechanical Draft. Preference will be given to copper finned tubes.

( * Those other than room fanlcoil units. Unless specified otherwise. shall be fitted.ls (1. Coil water velocities shall be such as will ensure quiet operation.Forced Circulation Air-Cooling and AirHeating Coils. Belt guards or coupling guard. it direct drive is used. Unless agreed otherwise. . motorized valve actuated by a thermostatic controller situated in the return air chamber. The fan and drive unit shall be so rated as t o provide the specified flowrates when the pressure drop across any filters in the system has reached the design maximum.25mls) shall be declared and justified.5mls). control shall normally be via a three-way. they shall be designed for a minimum working pressure of 200 lbflin2. Coil air face velocities shall not exceed 5OOftlmin. Coil ratings shall be determined in accordance with ASHRAE 33-Methods of Testing for Rating Forced Circulation. Design utilising velocities greater than 4ft. (2. Air-Cooling and AirHeating Coils.) Due regard shall be given t o the provisions of ARI 410 . be supplied complete with Principal -W'k* pressure gauges and thermometers at inlets and outlets.Circulatinq Fan The circulating fan shall be designed t o achieve a high operational efficiency utilising flow velocities that will ensure quiet running without resonance. Vee belt drives shall be applied in matched sets and used in balanced sheaves t o minimize vibration and ensure a long service life. Chilled and Hot Water Coils The coils shall utilise seamless copper tubing fitted with copper or aluminium fins of proven design.

5 Air Filtration i1 General The dusty climate of Kuwait imposes severe conditions on tire design and operation of air filtration systems. . - 11.7. They shall be either of the dry or flooded type as required by the Particular Technical Specification . drain pans with drain connections on both sides and shall be of such dimensions that the face velocity does not exceed 500ftlmin (2. All systems shall be designed to contend with dust storm conditions without significant "choking". Coil ratings shall be determined in accordance with ASHRAE 33-Methods of Testing for Rating Forced Circulation.Direct Ex~ansion Coolina Coils Air cooling coils of the direct expansion type shall be made of seamless copper with copper or aluminium fins of proven design mechanically bonded to the tubes. Coils shall be supplied complete with isolating valves. Air-Cooling and AirHeating Coils. Due regard shall be given t o the provisions of ARI 410 Forced Circulation Air-Cooling and AirHeating Coils.5mls). Drain pans shall be insulated against external condensation. expansion or float valves (depending on the evaporator type). Casings of the coils shall be of galvanised steel construction of adequate strength. The Company is prepared to accept any proven filtration system providing that it can achieve the prescribed efficiency level and is economical and reliable in operation.

W. - ii) Svstem Efficiencies The efficiency of the filtration units may be ascertained in accordance with either of the following standards.The dust holding capacity of the system(~) shall be such as will ensure an adequate period of operation under normal atmospheric conditions. when loaded t o its maximum recommended dust capacity. - ---.-- BS 2831 Methods of Test for Air Filters used in Air Conditioning and General Ventilation. The pressure drop across the filter shall be appropriate to the class of filter unit employed and shall not exceed 2 in. The method used shall be declared. - . Due regard shall be given in the design of the system to the provisions and recommendations of ANSIIUL 900 Safety Standard for Air Filter Units. All major systems shall incorporate means for the local indication of the pressure drop across the filter bank(s1. ASHRAE Standard 52 Methods of Testing Air Cleaning Devices Used in General Ventilation for Removing Particulate Matter.G. The Contractor is required t o state the anticipated maintenance periods for all elements within the system(s) offered in relation t o an identified test dust. The following minimum standards shall be achieved unless required otherwise by the Particular Technical Specification.

control rooms. workshops and domestic dwellings shall be: a) Not less than 80% as measured by the ASHRAE Weight Arrestance Test (or equivalent) Not less than 80% as measured by the ASHRAE Dust Spot Test (or equivalent) Whichever test is most appropriate t o the filter system under consideration. Such systems. etc.. when required.- -iii) Not less than 60% as measured by the .*.. and The specification of ultra high efficiency systems (such as required for hospital surgeries. stores. instrument laboratories. hospital wards or to provide pre-filtration for ultra high efficiency systems shall be:- 4 .ASHRAE Dust Spot Test (or equivalent) Ultra Hiah Efficiencv Svstems Chemical Absor~tion Units. . Hiah Level The high level efficiency required for computer buildings.) and chemical absorption units necessary to protect sensitive equipment from gaseous contaminants are considered outside the scope of this general specification.Normal Level The normal level of efficiency required for off ice accommodation training centres. will be specified in the Particular Technical Specification .

7. having intakes of 2000 CFM (3400m3/hr) or greater. orientation and air velocities at entry points. Due attention shall be given therefore to the position. The air flow in "laminarn designs shall not exceed Gftlsec in the fall-out zone and the flow passage shall be smooth and unbroken in order to minimise local turbulence.iv) Prefiltration of Fresh Air Intake The intake system layout shall be such as will minimise the quantity of sand drawn in under dust storm conditions. cyclonic prefilters are an acceptable alternative to sand-traps providing that the induced air velocities are not such as will increase significantly the quantity of "fines" supplied to the main filter systemb). height.6 Electric Duct Heaters -C-- i - Y The Air Handling Unit's shall be provided with electrical heaters when called for in the Particular Technical Specification. The heaters shall normally be arranged to provide step control via a multi-stage thermostatic system in such a manner as will maintain balanced loads across the phases. 11. . sand traps of the "laminar" flow or labyrinth type shall be designed into the intake system. Compact. Any heater so specified shall be designed to operate from a single or three phase supply whichever is most appropriate. In major installations. Traps shall be provided with suitably sealed access hatches to facilitate clean-out.

The finning shall be tinned copper or stainless steel section bonded to the sheath. The heat flux (continuous rating) shall ( 1 . 2 ~~ 1 ~ w l m ~ ) not exceed 4800 (BTuI~~~) Operation at levels above those specified shall be declared and justified. All connections to the ends of the elements shall be screw terminal type and the inter-connecting wiring between the element shall be in heat resistant material.1 in H O . Each heater or heater section shall be protected with a thermal cutout switch set twhit-thesurface temperature of the elements to 212" O F (1 00°C). Under normal circumstances the velocity of airflow through the electric heater batteries shall not exceed 1200 ftlmin.The heater elements shall be of the finned sheathed mineral insulated type. (6 MIS) nor the pressure drop exceed 0. . ( 2 5 ~ 1 m ~ ) Considerably . The Company however is prepared to consider alternative designs of heater providing that they are of proven serviceability and offer equivalent safety standards. The heaters shall be conservatively rated t o give a long trouble free service life. lower velocity limits may be necessary however in certain zones to ensure that noise level restrictions are not exceeded. Preference should be given t o the use of 80120 Nickel Chromium resistance wire centered in a copper tube by means of compressed magnesium oxide.

Control and Safety A manually operated summerlwinter changeover switch shall be provided for each self-contained unit. However. 11.8 Ex~ansion and make-UQTanks Expansion and Make-up Tanks shall be of adequate capacity and correctly located. preferably of the "paddle" type. air-flow switch. unless technical considerations dictate otherwise. Suitable provision shall be made for the ready inspection of the interior. It is required. Tanks and Cylinders. shall be installed to cut off the power supply in the case of air flow failure. . Construction shall be generally in accordance with BS 417 Galvanised Mild Steel Cisterns and Covers. however. preference should be given to the induced-draught type.A suitable. Fibreglass tanks are equally acceptable providing that the design offered meets the approval of the Superintendent. that the design offered shall operate economically and the material build be such as to permit long and trouble free service. Provision shall be made for the unit to be shutdown in case of fire via a smoke detector located in the return airduct. 1ti9 C o o i a Towers General No restrictions are placed on the cooling tower designs that the Company is prepared to consider. An automatic cut-out shall also be provided to trip the heater supply in the event of power failure to the air handling unit motorb).

. The towers shall be tested and performance evaluated in accordance with either of the following codes: ASME PTC 23 - Atmospheric Water Cooling Equipment Test Code.Design shall be based on a Wet Bulb temperature of 80°F (summer conditions).-----. The material build for the towers shall be such as will provide at least ten years service before major structural maintenance andlor total replacement of the internals become necessary. Drift eliminators shall be provided such that drift loss shall not exceed 0. in so far as they are appropriate. Calculations and performance curves shall be submitted. - Cooling towers shall be designed to withstand the wind pressures tabulated below over their full projected area and on supported equipment.. . Due regard shall be given to the recommendations of NFPA Standard 214 Water Cooling Towers. Natural Draft Fan Assisted Types and Evaluation of Results. Acceptance Test Code for Water Cooling Towers: Mechanical Draft.r C I The code selected for application shall be stated. CTI-ATC-105 .002 of the total water circulation rate. Tower Heiqht (Ft) Desian Wind Pressure (lbs1ft21 Less than 30 30 to 49 50 to 99 The design overall should seek to minimise blowdown to acceptable levels (preferably below 2 galslhourlton of the circulation rate).

may be installed in the delivery line.0 ppm are used.5 ppm.Preference shall be given to the use of proven materials and finishes. alternatively. a non-choking filtration device. Growth rates are reduced if sumps and catchment areas are protected from direct sunlight. Consideration should be given to providing an adequate settling zone upstream of the pump sump. The responsibilities for the provision of water treatment systems will be defined in the Particular Technical Specification. Provision for the injection of suitable additives is necessary.p u m p . Water Treatment Treated water may be supplied from an existing Company source. such as a centrifuge. The chlorine level in water delivered to cooling towers of wooden construction should not exceed 0. The coolant will be either sea-water containing upto 44. Attention should be given to the need to minimise the adverse effects on .w a r and heat transfer flux resulting from the ingress of unacceptable levels of particulate matter into pumped circuits under dust storm conditions. .5 to 1. The following notes are provided for guidance. alternatively. Continuous chlorine injection is required to control bacteria and algae levels and concentrations of from 0. Provision is also necessary for the periodic injection of selected bactericides in the form of "shock" treatments. Evidence of their suitability shall be provided. the supply may be made the responsibility of the Contractor. The water pH and TDS levels must be controlled to minimise corrosion and scaling.000 ppm of total dissolved solids (TDS) or brackish water containing upto 5000 ppm (TDS) .

Particular attention must be paid to the scaling characteristics of the system.-tested in accordance with the Standards of the Hydraulic Institute. When pumps are insulated. Fouling factors of not less than 0. centrifugal pumps shall be used.10. whichever procedure is shown to be most economic in any particular application. Tube water velocities should not be less than 3 fps if fouling is to be minimised. brine. rated. Provision for the removal of any scale shall be made by acid dosing treatments to be carried out with the unit "on-line" or shut-down. if desired. brackish and sea water systems. 11. The pumps shall be designed.1 General Split casing. for chilled and hot water. installed an&--. whenever practicable.002 should be used in design for both copper alloys and austenitic stainless steel tubed condensers. Adequate corrosion allowances shall be allocated to cover descaling operations. vent cocks shall be positioned outside the insulation. . The application of alternative standards shall be declared. be assessed in accordance with BS 599 Methods of Testing Pumps. -- - All pumps shall be continuously rated and suitable for parallel operation. The Contractor shall submit a detailed specification of his proposals for a suitable water treatment system for the consideration of Company Engineers. The maximum permissible velocity is set by the class of material used. All materials shall be identified and corrosion allowances defined. Pump speeds shall not exceed 1500 rpm. The performance and efficiency of the pump may.

Aerated Brackish and Sea Water: and Brine 8181Mo) (Such Stainless Steel (1 as ASTM A351-CF-8M. 11. - - - Impeller Leaded Gunmetal (Such as ASTM B145 Alloy 4A. BS 3100 Type 316 C16).Test certificates and performance curves shall be submitted. BS 3100 Type 316 C16). I 0. or better. . The following preferred pump builds. BS 970 Grade 316 S16). BronzeIBrass _. relevant information on their quality policies and procedures. shall be used for Company installations: Treated Mains Water Casing Austenitic Cast Iron (such as ASTM A436Type 2.) The Company will consider the use of equivalent or alternative materials providing than an acceptable justification for the change is made. therefore. BS 3468 Grades L or S NiCr 202). ASTM A439Tupe D-2. BS 970 Grade S16). Manufacturers shall submit. BS 1400 Grades LG 2 or 4) Stainless Steel (18181Mo) (Such as ASTM A276 Type 3 16. trouble-free service.3 Qualitv Assurance (QAL The pumps shall be designed and manufactured under Quality Assurance arrangements approved by the Company.10. Shaft Sleeves Stainless Steel (1 8181Mo) (As above. - Shaft Stainless Steel (18181Mo) (Such as ASTM A276 Type 316. Treated. 11.2 Materials The material build of the pump shall be such as will ensure long. --r*- 8181Mo) (Such Stainless Steel (1 as ASTM A351-CF-8M.

Class II and Class Ill Welded Construction Irrespective of the Code applied. Whichever heat source is used.11. cables. . Section IV Heating Br~ile~s.Shell Boilers of Welded Construction Part 1 . each boiler shall be inspected by an Authorized Inspector or Inspection Authority. Such standards that are applied shall be reported.Class I Welded Construction Part 2 . constructed and tested in accordance with internationally recognized codes and standards. whichever source is most appropriate and economic for the application under consideration. .Heatinq Plant for Water Svstems 11. control panel. etc. and certified to this effect. switchgear. - BS 855 . associated with the heating system. wiring.Welded Steel Boilers for Central Heating and Indirect Hot Water Supply.. I 1.2 Water Boiler The pressurised shell shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with the appropriate section of the following national codes: ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. 11.. the installation shall be designed.I General Unless required otherwise in the Particular Technical Specification. the Contractor may supply water heating systems operated on fuel gas. BS 2790 . acceptable to the Company. The Contractor shall supply and install all necessary and required electrical equipment. complete with all other standard accessories and controls as required for proper functioning of the plant. oil steam or electricity.

1 1 .I 1 . 3

Ancilliarv Fittinqs Each boiler shall be complete with all ancilliary equipment necessary for its safe and economic operation. Each unit shall be provided with flanged inlet and outlet water connections and shall include suitable provision for drainage. The provision of safety valves, valves, gauges and fittings shall be generally in accordance with BS-759-Valves, Gauges and other Safety Fittings for application to Boilers and to Piping Installations for and in connection with Boilers.

1 1.1 1 . 4

Control and Control Panel The preferred Boiler Control Panel is the floor mounted, cubicle type, totally enclosed and dustproof. Each Control Panel shall contain the mains isolator, interlocked with the door. The units shall be factory wired with PVC cables. The Water Heater shall be interlocked with the hot water circulating pumps so that the heater remains inoperative unless the pumps are working. In addition the Chiller and Boiler shall be interlocked so that they cannot be operated together. The automatic control system shall meet or exceed the minimum recommendations given in Sections Five and Seven of BS855 and Section Five of BS759, whichever is most .-* -- -appropriate.

-

Pi~inta and Fiintas

11.12.1

General The Company is, in general, prepared t o accept piping systems designed, fabricated and installed in accordance with the following codes:

ANSI B31-1

-

Power Piping

Field of Ae~lication All circuits other than Refrigerants Fuel Gas Systems

ANSI B31-2

Fuel Gas Piping

ANSI B31-3

-

Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping Refrigeration Piping

All circuits

ANSl B31-5

-

Refrigerant and brine circuits

BSICP 3009 - Thermally Insulated Underground Piping Systems. Such exceptions as are required are defined in the Particular Technical Specification or this specification.

11. I 2.2

S~ecific Desian and Test Reauirements for Pipinq Svstems Other than Refriaerant Svstems
i1

Unions and Flanaes Unions or flanges shall be fitted on both sides of each process unit and main circuit valves. Flanges shall be used on all lines 3 inches and greater in diameter. The number of unions or flanges used in any particular run shall be minimised.

ii)

Valves The valve build and design shall be proven for its given service and evidence to this effect provided, if requested Valves of 2% inch bore and over shall be flanged. Preference shall be given to valves with bolted body to bonnet connections incorporating where appropriate rising stems. All valves supplied shall be tested to the standards required in either of the following specifications and certified to this effect. API-STD 598 Valve lnspection and Test. BS5146 lnspection and Test of Steel Valves for the Petroleum. Petrochemical and Allied Industries.

m

,-..

I
I

~

-

The Company is prepared to consider the use of test specifications other than the above provided that their application will result in equivalent or better quality standards being achieved. Valves shall be procured at all times from manufacturers applying viable quality assurance programmes.

iii)

Pi~inq Piping systems shall be designed on the basis of a minimum design life of 20 years. Materials of adequate strength, suitable for the particular corrosion environment shall be used. The anticipated corrosion rate in all primary circuits shall be stated. The actual materials of construction shall be precisely defined. Water velocities in flow lines shall not exceed Gftls (1.8mls), unless specifically agreed. Straight hot water runs greater than 32 feet (10m) in length shall have provision for expansion. The Company is prepared to accept the minimum pressure test requirements of the ANSl Piping codes with the exception of ANSl B31-5-Refrigeration Piping (See following section). All circuits shall be submitted to a pneumatic leaktightness test at 1.Itimes the maximum operating pressure. The pressure shall be held for not less than 30 minutes. A "bubble" test of all joints, welds, etc., shall be reveal no observable leakage from the system.

etc. black steel or soft copper as required by the Particular Technical Specification. black steel to ASTM schedule 40. hot water piping and chilled water piping shall be seamless. screwed. Galvanized piping shall not be used for fuel services. piping to ASTM schedule 40 or BS 1387 Medium Class. or BS 1387 Medium Class screwed or welded as required. Materials other than those specified above may be accepted by the Company providing that it can be shown that the alternative(s) offered will give equivalent or superior service. standard weight. Condenser water piping used with fresh water shall be seamless. seamless. The sleeve shall be sized to allow free movement of the pipe. pipe sleeves shall be provided. or BS 1387 Medium Class. standard weight.. Drain piping and city water piping inside buildings shall be galvanized standard weight. V) Pi~e Sleeves Where pipes pass through walls floors. plus insulation. .iv) Materials Unless otherwise specified. Sleeves shall protrude not less than 1116 inch nor more than 118 inch. galvanized steel to ASTM schedule 40. where fitted. The nominal radial clearance provided shall be not less than 5116 inch. Fuel oil piping shall be screwed.

ANSl B2-I-Pipe threads BS 21 . half sleeves to prevent local depression of the covering.vi) Pioe Suooorts and Hanaers All piping shall be adequately supported the supports or hangers being sized to carry the weight of the pipe including contents and where required.3-1976-Division 3 14 and specifically Sub-Division 314. . SPAN NOMINAL BORE BETWEEN SUPPORTS ins mm ft m - vii) Load Soreaders Point supported. . insulation. In any event the span shall not exceed the figures tabulated below.1 Screwed joints in which both of the mating components have tapered pipe threads shall conform to either of the following standards.Pipe Threads for tubes and fittings where Pressure-tight Joints are made on the Threads.2. The distance between supports depends on the size and service weight of the pipeline. PIPE SIZE MAX. insulated runs shall be provided with load spreading. viii) Screwed Joints Screwed joints shall comply with ANSl B31.

shall be protected by suitable strainers. The basket shall be readily removable from the body for cleaning.e. Where differences in permitted stress level occur between these standards the most conservative figure shall be used. S~ecific Desian and Test Reauirements for Refriaeration P i ~ i n a Svstems Piping systems shall be designed on the basis of a minimum design life of 20 years.ix) Strainers All primary circulating pumps operating in closed systems. Materials of adequate strength proven for the particular corrosion environment(s) to be encountered shall be used. The anticipated corrosion rate(s) in all circuits shall be stated and the actual materials of construction precisely defined. those not-subject to entry by airborne sand. Design stresses shall not exceed the levels specified in ANSI B31-3 OR B31-5. i. - The need for the fitment of strainers in "open" circuits as a back-up to sludge traps or centrifuges shall receive consideration. . Duplex type strainers shall normally be installed in chilled water or brine circuits and condenser water systems. A by-pass shall be fitted together with the necessary isolating valves. A blow-off point for sediment removal shall be provided. Strainer basket screens shall be correctly sized for the service conditions.

12. The requirements included under 11.2 shall be followed in so far as they are appropriate t o refrigerant systems. liquid line solenoid valves pressure regulators and high-low pressure controls. For Group I refrigerant circuits. Oil traps shall be provided where necessary in vertical lines. Piping systems shall be installed t o ensure proper liquid feed t o the evaporators and continuous automatic return of oil t o the compressors. the minimum test pressure shall be 1 2 5 x design pressure or relief valve setting whichever is greater. The Company is not prepared t o accept the minimum pressure test requirements as specified in ANSI B31-5-Refrigerant Piping. . The leaktightness test specified in the last paragraph of I I 12.5.Good and proven engineering practices shall be followed. Refrigerant circuits shall be supplied with all necessary fittings. including thermal expansiori valves or float valves (depending on the evaporator type): Liquid sight glasses moisture indicators. i f a gaseous medium is used. In the event that hydraulic tests are permissible this ratio shall be increased to 1. (preferably combined with sight-glass): filter driers. In particular sub-sections (v) Pipe Sleeves. (iv) Pipe Supports (vii) Load Spreaders and (ix) Strainers shall apply.2 (iii) shall apply t o Group I refrigerant circuits.

. For guidance on joint designs suitable for ammonia systems (Group 2) See Institute of Refrigerant Code of Practice Design and Construction of Systems using Ammonia as the Refrigerant.l of ANSl B31. Any or all of the following joints may be incorporated: a) b) C) d) e) f) Welded Brazed Soldered (Preferenceshould be given to the use of recessed solder joint fittings) Flare type Ferrule Bite type *' only permitted with heavy wall tubing' Compression type * Acceptable on Group 1 circuits only unless authorised otherwise by the Superintendent. Materials other than those listed may be offered providing acceptable evidence is available of their serviceability under the given conditions.5. * - iii) Materials Unless specified otherwise in the Particular Technical Specification the Company is prepared to accept the use of materials listed on Table 502 B.ii) Pi~ework Joints Unless specified otherwise in the Particular Technical Specification. the Company is prepared to accept the use of the jointing methods permitted in Chapter V of ANSl B31-5.

. Copper tubing supplied shall comply with. or be effectively equivalent to the following specifications: ASTM B88 - Seamless Copper Water Tube Seamless Copper Tube For Air Conditioning and RefrigerationFieldService Copper and Copper Alloy Tubes ASTM B280 BS 2871 The materials shall be used with due regard to the minimum requirements set out in ANSIIASHRAE 15 . Drawn temper tubing may be used with solder-type fittings and is required for certain types of compression fittings or mechanical joints. In exposed locations hard temper copper generally should be used. Type I tube may be used for general plumbing for normal service where only mildly corrosive conditions are encountered. Annealed tube may be used with soldertype and flared fittings. Compression fitting may be used on annealed tubing upto a limiting nominal size of W inch.Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration. In general.Preference shall be given to the use of copper or copper alloy tubing in those systems in which these materials are compatible both with the refrigerant and working environment. Type K tube should be used for underground services and for general plumbing in systems liable to significant corrosion.

The Contractor shall ensure that all buried services passing under roads pathways. Secondary road or principal pathway in residential or or industrial areas. etc.. unless authorized o t h e r w i s e b y t h e Superintendent. sleeving or culverting. special provision (e. Metallic To be not greater than 60% of minimum yield stress. Non-Metals To be 40% or less of Composites permissible continuous stress.. Buried Services All water mains and service pipes buried in the ground shall have a minimum of 5 feet cover. are adequately safeguarded from failures occasioned by additional stresses arising from both static and dynamic vehicular loadings. are unnecessary if the following conditions are satisfied: Crossing Environment Principal road in township. residential area or industrial estate. Non-Metals To be not greater than Composites 60% of permissible stress.iv) Circuit Dehydration The refrigerant system shall be dehydrated to a moisture content level t o be declared and justified by the Contractor. Details of the proposed method(s) for drying both pre-assembled units and site installed pigework shall be submitted t o the Superintendent for formal approval. Unless advised t o the contrary in the Particular Technical Specification. Pipe Material Desiqn Stress Metallic * To be 40% or less of minimum yield stress.g. .

12.1 Desian The air ductwork system shall be designed in accordance with ASHRAE Handbook rules whilst fabrication and construction details shall be generally in accordance with the recommendations contained in any of the following codes: SMACNA SMACNA SMACNA Low Velocity Duct Construction Standards High Pressure Duct Construction Standards Fibrous Glass Duct Construction Standards .13.* Calculated in accordance with the relevant ANSI Code. together with changes of direction. The mains themselves shall be marked at intervals where there would otherwise be doubt as to their positions. culverting or bridging. If the above conditions are not met then consideration shall be given to the need for additional protection. In assessing the need for sleeving. Precast concrete posts shall be the standard form of marker with an indicator plate affixed bearing black figures on a white background. Ducting 11. 11.5 Markers for Under~round Services Any buried services shall be marked so that they may be located in the future. - i Such protection when provided shall be to the entire satisfaction of the Superintendent. Alternative designs of marker may be used providing that the approval of the Superintendent is obtained. All valves shall be marked. due regard should be given to the provisions of API RP 1102 Recommended Practice for Liquid Petroleum Pipelines Crossing Railroads and Highways.

a series of 1 inch diameter holes shall be provided fitted with airtight rubber grommets and suitable for the insertion of a pilot tube. V) Jointing 7 -- # All ductwork joints shall be made sensibly airtight by the application of a plastic sealant or established duct sealing tape. The spacing pitch across the width of the duct shall be not greater than 6 inches. iv) Duct Sumorts .Conditioned Air All supports for ducts carrying conditioned air shall be isolated from the duct by an insulator in order to prevent condensation occurring at the support. Samples of the materials proposed for use shall be submitted to the Superintendent for approval prior t o the commencement of installation. Hinged doors shall be installed preferably fitted with cap lock fasteners or similar. iii) Velocitv Monitorv Points Adjacent to fans and at strategic points throughout the ducting system.i) Galvanized Ducting Sections of ducting to which fittings have been welded must be galvanized after all welding and fabrication has been executed. . ii) Access Hatches Access hatches or cleaning doors complete with sealing rings shall be located at any point where entry is required for maintenance and/or cleaning.

vii) Flexible Connections Flexible connections fabricated from heavy duty plastic.- -- -r- ii) Hiah VelocitvlHiah Pressure Ductwork Systems designed for mean air velocities within the range 3 2 ( ) to 128 fps and pressures within the range ( ) to 10 inches W. + + . Shutter type fire dampers shall have a spring closing mechanism whether installed horizontally or vertically.13. neoprene. fire separating walls and at any additional locations that may be specified in the Particular Specification. flame-retardant non-toxic and acceptable to the Fire Authority shall be installed between fans and other items of equipments necessarily mounted on vibration isolators. i . Access panels nominally 1 8 inches square whenever practicable shall be installed on one side of the damper for servicing fusible links. a qualitative assessment of the leaktightness will be carried out and the leaktightness of the system as handed over shall be proven t o the satisfaction of the Superintendent. However.2 Air Leakaae Testing Low VelocitvIPressure Ductwork A quantitative leaktightness test is not required for systems in which the mean air velocity does not exceed 3 2 fps nor the pressure (positive or negative) 2 inch WG. The effectiveness of the design shall be proven to the satisfaction of the Superintendent.G shall successfully complete the leaktightness test specified in Section 29 of HVCA Standard DWl141. 11. treated canvas or similar.vi) Fire Dam~ers Fusible link operated fire dampers shall be installed in all ducts passing through wall slabs.

Attention is drawn to the need to comply with the requirements of 11. the following specific requirements shall apply. 11. A galvanized steel wire. incorporate a rain lip at the lower outside edge.11. noise and duct pressure drop. Aluminium is the preferred material of construction and the design should incorporate fixed deflector blades. Air flow patterns at "collar" outlets or inlets to main ducts shall be such as will minimize turbulence.2 Outdoor Louvres External air supply louvres shall be located in sheltered positions in order to minimize the direct entry of rain or dust and choking by airborne trash. . I 4 Air Terminal Eaui~ment 11. square mesh screen. Unless specified otherwise in the Particular Technical Specification. 1 inch by 1 8 SWG.14.14. All outlets and inlets shall be designed to provide draught-free ventilation with quiet operation. or the equivalent.4 (iv) which relate to the prefiltration of fresh air and may influence the design lay-out.7. The air louvre assembly shall be suitably weatherproofed and if appropriate.1 General The Contractor shall ensure that all air terminal equipment is installed in a neat and orderly manner and so arranged as to harmonize with the architectural design andlor structural form. shall be mounted upstream of the blades.

All dampers shall be of the opposed-blade type unless otherwise specified .25mls). such as libraries. In critical areas. A natural. 7 The terminal velocity of air leaving supply grills or diffusers shall not normally exceed 650ftlmin (3. . The rear bars shall be readily adjustable through the face bars. volume control dampers.14. adjustable. consideration shall be given to the need for acoustic lining to be applied to plenum or "collar" ductwork. Supply air grills shall be of the double deflection type designed for use with opposed blade. Grills and diffusers shall be sized so as to give draught-free and quiet operation and shall have provision for control of air volume delivered by readily adjustable dampers. general offices and similar. 1 1. vertical face bars and horizontal rear bars of adequate strength shall be incorporated. They shall be designed and adjusted to supply air uniformly throughout the conditioned space in such a manner that the air velocity in the occupied or working areas does not exceed 5OftImin (0. Damper blades shall normally be manually set unless other considerations override. anodized finish is required. lecture and conference rooms. as may be necessary.1 1 . at the inlets to each zone and at other control positions.3mls) for private offices or residences or 1200 ftlmin (6mls) in the case of stores.14.3 Volume Control Dam~ers Volume Control Dampers shall be provided to regulate air flow at the fresh air intake. Extruded aluminium.4 SUDD~Y Air Grills and Ceiling Diffusers Air Grills and Ceiling Diffusers shall be constructed from extruded section or sheet aluminium. unless architectural or aesthetic considerations dictate otherwise.

Return air units. Thermal Insulation General Thermal insulation standards shall be equal to or better than those defined in BS 5422 The Use off Thermal Insulating Materials. which transfer air from one area to another within the building. Anodized aluminium shall be used for construction. - The minimum thickness of insulation used shall not be less than the depths tabulated in BS 5422 for thermal conductivities upto and including the specified value. The intended use of parameters exceeding the limits specified herein shall be declared and justified. 11. Exhaust units shall be fitted with adjustable bar grills and flow dampers andlor turning vanes installed at the duct collar. which shall be used as the basis for design. which remove air directly from the building and Return Air Grills.It is required that the temperature differential between the supply air steam and the required space temperature should not exceed 20°F (11°C) during normal operation. whenever required for quiet and efficient operation.5 Exhaust and Return Air Grills Exhaust Air Grills. shall be of similar design and form matching units to the Supply Grills and Diffusers. as and when justified. installed in-doors and internal partitions shall normally be fitted with nonReturn air units adjustable "V" bar grills. delivering into ductwork shall normally be fitted with adjustable bar grills with back-up dampers or turning vanes.14. .

. The Superintendent reserves the right to cut away any section of the insulation to ensure it complies with the specification. All materials shall be incombustible when tested in accordance with BS 476. shall be determined in accordance with BS 2972 Methods of Test for Inorganic Thermal Insulating Materials and certified to this effect.15.02 BTU1ft. If requested. 11. The Superintendent will not accept poor quality or badly finished work. No materials that emit smoke or toxic fumes shall be used. possess a class I Surface spread of Flame rating when tested in accordance with BS 476 Part 7 and be certified to this effect. the insulation shall be noncorrosive to metal.h.2 Oualitv of Workmanshir. Part 4.Preference shall be given to insulation having a thermal conductivity equal or better than 0. In addition.035 Wlm "C). Insulation shall not be applied to any section of the work which has not been fully tested and all joints proved sound. and Materials The whole of the thermal insulation work shall be carried out by operatives skilled in the trade. The properties relevant to any particular application. which shall include thermal properties and bulk density. the Contractor shall submit samples of the insulating materials and finishes to the Superintendent for approval before the thermal insulation installation commences. together with the provision of any equipment necessary to carry out the work. neither will irregularities in the thickness of the insulation or any hard setting compositions be accepted. Any discrepancies shall be remedied by the Contractor at his expense. O F (0. The Contractor shall be fully responsible for the quality of the materials and workmanship.

Flanges and valves. shall be encased in 22 SWG embossed aluminium sheeting secured by "quick release" clips or straps in the case of all items requiring . chilled water pipework and conditioned air ductwork shall themselves be insulated to eradicate condensation problems. i1 The supports for refrigerant. Adjacent pipes and/or ducts shall not be married together with insulating material. iii) Adiacent Runs Pipes and ducts shall be insulated separately. the insulation thickness shall be increased locally to accommodate this requirement.-52- 11. etc. iv) Pioework Within Plantrooms or Ex~osed Within Service Areas The exterior insulation of pipework in these areas shall be protected by embossed aluminium sheeting not less than 24 SWG in thickness. All valves.15. secured by straps or 'pop' rivets. The insulation material thickness used for fittings and valves shall not be less than that for adjoining pipes.3 Particular Reauirements Sound engineering practices shall be followed at all times. ii) Pi~e Fittinqs External flanges and stiffeners shall be buried within the insulation and if necessary. fittings and flanges on refrigerant or chilled water lines shall be fully insulated and all joints in the insulation sealed. Particular attention is drawn to the following specific requirements.

vi) Buried or Underaround Pioework Due regard should be given to the recommendations contained in the British Standard Code of Practice .. completely sealing against moisture penetration.access for operation. which shall be continuous through all supports and fittings. fittings and valves etc. vii) Va~our Barrier All insulation on ductwork pipework. carrying cool air or water or refrigerant shall be provided with a vapour barrier. . - The water vapour permeance of the barrier proposed shall be determined in accordance with Section 16 of BS 2972 Methods of Test for Inorganic Thermal Insulating Materials for tropical conditions. v Pumo Insulation inspection or All insulated pumps shall be enclosed in 22 SWG embossed aluminium casings designed for easy removal without disturbing the adjacent pipework insulation.017 grl (ft2. equipment.h. The preferred vapour barrier shall have a permeance not greater than 0.CP 3009 Thermally Insulated underground Piping Systems.in Hg) (NB: the symbol "gr" refers to grains.. maintenance. The Company is prepared to consider alternative schemes to those included in the code of practice in view of the special conditions imposed by the Kuwait environment. For various conversions see Table .-A .

I 6. pipework shall be fitted with 3 inch wide identification colour bands at 10 feet intervals and adjacent to all valves. plant and equipment to be painted will normally be identified in the Particular Technical Specification.2 " ldentification _ - 1 - . the general requirements in BS 1710 Colour ldentification of Pipes. A schedule shall be included which describes the insulation type. shall be as tabulated in this specification.viii) S~ecification and Schedule The Contractor shall submit a detailed specification of his proposals for thermal insulation for consideration by Company Engineers. however. - 11.. properties. shall be followed. to be installed on pipework and plant in each circuit.1 Painting Piping.16. Insulation meeting the requirements of specific ASTM or BS Standards shall be identified. in general all metal surfaces subject to corrosion in their working environment shall be suitably protected. In all service ducts. All painting and coating shall be carried out in accordance with a written specification prepared by the Contractor and submitted for approval by the Superintendent of Inspection & Corrosion Division. However. - Flow directional arrows shall be painted in a visible position on each service pipe entering or leaving plant rooms.-^ ? Unless required otherwise by this specification. 11. etc. . thickness. The colour code to be used.

104 B. 381CIColour No. 381CIColour No. 104 B.S. 557 B. PLANT AND MACHINERY Plant and Machinery Light Admiralty Grey B.S. 381CIColour No.S. 38lCIColour No. 381CIColour No. 540 B. 275 B. 537 B. The following colour schemes are preferred and shall be followed unless agreed otherwise by the Superintendent. 381CIColour No. 381CIColour No.S. 217 B. Colour Number B. 104 B. 221 B. 628 Azure Blue & Silver Grey Note s only necessary t o paint valve flangeslyokes For identification purposes.S. 628 No. Valves etc.S. GAS OIL Deep Cream Golden Brown ELECTRICITY Light Orange SEA WATER Sea Green FRESH WATER Azure Blue HOT WATER Opaline Green CENTRAL HEATING Brilliant Green STEAM Crimson FIRE Signal Red REFRIGERATION Silver Grey COMPRESSED AIR White DRAINAGE Black BRACKISH WATER Alternate Stripes: CHILLED WATER - Alternate -Stripes:- B. 381CIColour No.S. 381CIColour No. B.S.S. B.S. 381CIColour No.S. 697. 381CIColour No.S.S.S. Colour Identification for Pi~es. 353 B. .S. 381CIColour. Colour Number No. it i and to have identification color bands on pipe runs at strategic points (as permitted by BS 1710). 381CIColour No. 381CIColour No. 217 Azure Blue and Sea Green B. 381CIColour No.The Contractor shall allow for stencilled identification labels to be painted neatly on ducting and equipment insulation as directed by the Superintendent. 414 B.S.S.

. The labels are to be screwed adjacent to the fronts of starters and isolators shall indicate the service. horse power. "as installed" drawings. phasing. isolators. The labels of 2 inch nominal diameter shall be fixed securely to the valve in a manner to be approved. pump etc. B. number etc. motor starters consoles. Each label shall indicate the circuit classification.. Each fan. duty. date of manufacture and serial number. shall be clearly labelled as above an$=sh. as appropriate to the item of plant so that it may be identified at a later date with ease.afi bear a metal plate giving the maker's name. alternatively sandwich "Traffolyte" material with black lettering on a white background may be used.. Data displays and controls on all instrument and electrical panels. boiler.3 Labels and Identification All valves controlling main or sub-circuits shall be labelled in accordance with a schedule provided by the Contractor which shall correspond to the finished.S. number of cycles per second. The labels shall be of 14SWG brass with stamped or engraved figures. etc.16.. composition filled.11. function and carry a reference number which shall agree with the valve schedule. All labels shall be in both English and Arabic. test and working pressures. shall be identified with labels of sandwich 'Traffolyte' with black lettering on white background. Warning and danger labels shall have white lettering on a red background. speeds.

1. The compressor must not be capable of being restarted after shutdowns due to any cause in sub-clause 12.I or 12. I Compressor. The compressor shall be automatically stopped under 2 . . A sufficient volume of water shall be flowing through the water chiller (evaporator)before the compressor can be started. A - . -- >- . Compressor controls are covered in Sub-section 11. condenser fans and chilled water pumps shall be electrically interlocked so that the compressor cannot run until the chilled water pump(s) and condenser fan(s) are running.3.4 above until conditions have returned to normal and trips have been manually reset.2 above and in the the conditions in 1 event of: i ii) iii) iv) Failure of lubricating oil supply. the following minimum requirements shall apply.Controls and Safety.4 . 1. 1 Controls The Contractor shall supply at the control equipment necessary for the safe and efficient operation of the plant." Unduly low refrigerant suction pressure. . Unduly high refrigerant discharge pressure. 1. Unless required otherwise by the Particular Technical Specification. Unduly low water temperature leaving water chiller.CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION 12 . Restarting shall be on minimum load position. 1 2 . A differential pressure switch with connection to the chilled water circuit at inlet and outlet of water chiller or flow switch installed in the chilled water line are acceptable means.1.

Thermometer dials shall not be less than 3 inch in diameter.2.1. The level of instrumentation applied to any particular plant must necessarily be related to the size and importance of the installation and in this respect.I. 12.I 1 Heating Plant for Water Systems. 1 and 12. The equipment shall be obtained only from suppliers known to operate an adequate Quality Assurance System unless agreed otherwise by the Superintendent. The basic 2 . secondary scales in S. F and 4 6 deg. requirements for this instrumentation are given in 1 e 1 2 . Unless required otherwise by the Particular Technical Specification. 2 . whenever practicable.The temperature of the water leaving the water chiller is to be automatically controlled between 44 deg. shall accord with good. contemporary practices. - Instrumentation The instrumentation provided shall be adequate for its purpose and provide information on all key operational parameters. however. 7 Air Handling Units. .8 Control of the Air Handling Units is specified under 1 .7 12.1. Imperial Units shall be used for primary scale markings and displays. The control system. shall be capable of operating at set points within a temperature range of 44°F to 60°F.2. Certain functions are required to be displayed adjacent to the equipment concerned. 1 Tem~erature Measurement Dial thermometers of the liquid expansion type are the preferred method of local temperature measurement. 2 . Section 1 Control of hot water boilers is specified under Section 1 1 . Units should be provided. however. Mercury in steel expansion thermometers shall be used unless authorized otherwise by the Superintendent. F at time of peak load. installations having capacities of 75 tons (ref) or over shall be provided with a centralized instrument display panel covering all key c~rrtrcrt and safety parameters.

non-critical installations.e chilled water) -. The thermometer element should be attached to the pocket by means of a 3/* inch BSP parallel thread.) or may be prepared to waive certain requirements. The basic provision shall be as listed below. The pocket may be screwed. The mounting arrangements shall be generally in accordance with BS 2765 . Constant Volume Gas Expansion Dial-Type.g. Any additional requirements will be defined in the Particular Technical Specification. Sheathed Liquid in Glass. the Superintendent may agree to accept the use of alternative methods (e. Service Gas Superheat Thermometer Location Compressor Discharge Compressor Suction Compressor Bearings Compressor Gearbox CoolerIEvaporator Outlet Cooler/Evaporator Inlet Boiler Inlet Boiler Outlet Tower lnlet Tower Outlet To be agreed Superintendent. unless the environmental conditions should dictate otherwise. etc.In certain small. brazed or welded to the pipework. -Hot Water * - Cooling Water Air Temperature . The temperature detecting element shall always be installed within a protective pocket manufactured from ANSI 316 or BS 1506-845 stainless steel.Dimensions of Temperature Detecting Elements and Corresponding Pockets. whenever practicable. with 0il Secondary Refrigerant (i.

. Service Water Circuits Location Each pump discharge Each pump Suction Each individual floor main supply and return Compressor Suction Compressor Discharge Purge Unit Compressor Discharge and Suction Boiler-inlet and outlet -* +- Chilled Water Refrigerant Gas Hot Water 13. Gauges for use in refrigerant circuits shall have saturation temperatures marked on the dial to correspond to selected pressures. Preference should be given to the use of Class I gauges in the refrigerant circuits. otherwise Class 2 gauges are acceptable.Pressure Measurement Pressure gauges shall be of the Bourdon type having dials not less than 4 inches in diameter. a separate control console may be provided. The basic provision shall be as listed below. - ELECTRICAL 13.1 General i) Each packaged unit of the air conditioning system shall be supplied complete with its control equipment incorporated. Gauges generally in accordance with BS 1780-Courdon Tube Pressure and Vacuum Gauges (or equivalent standard) are preferred. Any additional requirements will be defined in the Particular Technical Specification. The appropriate number of feeder circuits in the main switchboards shall be provided to supply each packaged item of plant via a separate feeder. if this should be the Manufacturer's standard practice. Alternatively.

3 phase.C. The 440 volt. iii) Data on the requirements for the high voltage supplies will be provided in the Particular Technical Specification.6 KA Symmetrical at 440 volts for all installations. in general be designed and manufactured to comply with or exceed the quality levels required by the relevant British or IEC standards.- * - " - ' Fault level for design purposes at the main switchboard shall be taken as 31MVA or 40. V) 13. 1 phase. Proprietary equipment and components of a critical nature shall be procured from suppliers operating a viable Quality Assurance procedure. as and when necessary.8 of the KOC General Specification for Electrical Engineering in Industrial Plant. Full details of the system to be installed shall be provided. The voltage and frequency of these supplies will not normally vary by more thZWi'6% and 2% respectively. Lower fault levels may be accepted at downstream providing that adequate current limiting protection is available. Local safety standards and rules shall apply. . ii) . Due regard shall be given to the relevant requirements of Article 440 of the National Electrical Code-Air Conditioning and Refrigerating Equipment and also ANSIIASHRAE 15 Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration. 50 Hz supplies are likely to satisfy the needs of much of the A. iii) - iv) The materials and equipment shall.--.2 Electrical Sumly i) The range of voltages in use within the Company are listed in Section 1. plant used in Company installations. 4 wire and 250 volt. Evidence to this effect shall be provided on request of the Superintendent. where appropriate.ii) All the works and materials shall conform to the KOC General Specification for Electrical Engineering in Industrial Plants except where modified by this specification. The current issue of the national or industrial standards listed therein shall apply.> -.

- ii) Equipment complying with other national standards may be offered to the Company providing that a motor of equivalent of superior quality shall be supplied. fabricated and tested in accordance with the latest revision of the relevant British Standards and Oil Companies Materials Association Specification No. . Elect 1 Three phase Cage Induction Motors. Attention is also drawn to the requirements of the Company General Specification Clause 2. iv) A high level of quality assurance is required and details of the proposed manufacturer's policy. The system is conventional in all other respects.5 and SubSection 4 and t o the safety features specified in Article 430 of the National Electrical Code. Electric Motors General Motors supplied for Company installations shall preferably be designed. A '--TiI-* Compliance by the Manufacturer with the provisions of this specification does not relieve him of the responsibility of furnishing equipment and accessories of proper design mechanically and electrically suited to meet the specified service conditions. Evidence in support must be submitted for consideration by Company Engineers. Care however.Phase Seauence Attention is drawn to the fact that the Company power supply has a non standard phase sequence in that the phases rise R-B-Y. procedures for control of equipment quality shall be submitted at the request of the Superintendent.1. must be exercised in specifying the connections for motor driven equipment to ensure that the desired direction of rotation is obtained.

1 of the Company General Specification shall apply.Ratinas and Performance i) The motors shall be suitable for operation under Kuwait conditions (see General Specification SubSection 1. although the motor shall be insulated to Class F. All motors shall be continuously maximum rated.32. Electric motors intended for installation in hazardous areas must be certified by a recognized testing authority for use in the appropriate hazardous area as under: British Equipment European Equipment iv) - Buxton or Baseefa PhysikalischeTechnische Bundestalt (PTB) Undetwriters Laboratories American Equipment - These motcrt%Xha~be%r the label of the relevant authority.2. V) Noise and vibration shall not exceed the normal levels as defined in BS 4999: Part 50 Mechanical Performance .6).Vibration and Part 51 Noise Levels and shall be certified to this effect. ii) - iii) The exceptions given t o OCMA Specification No. 1 in Clause 4. In addition. insulation temperature limit. - - .41 and 60 of BS 4999 General Requirements for Rotating Electrical Machines and be certified to this effect. the rating shall be based on Class B. The machines supplied shall meet the appropriate performance requirements specified in Parts 30.

industrial. Barriers shall be provided between compartments and between compartments and bus bars to prevent the transfer of ionized gases. Construction i) The Switchboard shall comprise a free standing. ii) iii) iv) .13. vermin proof structure. dead front. The switchboard shall be provided with fully insulation covered bus bars and connections or they shall be totally segregated within the switchboard. indoor. Preference will be given to equipment that has been tested and granted a Certificate of Approval by a recognized testing authority. The Company is prepared to consider equipment meeting the requirements of alternative. ii) iii) The equipment offered shall be of a proven type which has been in service for a minimum of two years during which period it has operated reliably and without failure. Switchgear complying with the latest revision of the relevant British Standards is preferred. multitier cabinet. The enclosure protection class acw-ding-trBS 5490 shall be at least IP 42 for switchboard and ancillary equipment. Details of any such approval granted shall be declared. internationally recognized standards providing that equivalent quality and safety levels will be achieved.5 Reauirements for Switchboards General i Vendors shall supply their standard equipment as far as is possible.

iii) -- -. non-hygroscopic and non-tracking vi) . maintenance and repair. ii) All equipment shall be fully interlocked to ensure safe operation. All items of equipment shall be arranged in a logical manner to facilitate ease of operation. All equipment shall be continuously rated for the specified ambient conditions. A defeat mechanism shall be provided to enable maintenance work to be carried out with the panel energized.v Bus bars shall be fully rated for conditions specified. All insulating. Tapered bus bars will not be acceptable. . The speed of contact operation independent of operation action. Substantial warning notices shall be fitted to all devices that can be damaged or cause harm to personnel or equipment if operated incorrectly. shall be iii) iv) The contacts shall be accessible for inspection without it's being necessary to deenergize the switchboard.4 Fuse Switch Units i ii) Fuse switches shall be 3 pole and shall conform to BS 5419. .5. 13. - iv) . A removable bolted neutral link shall be provided.. vii) All removable panels shall be secured with suitable slotted head screws with captive nuts. Desiqn & Safetv Each unit shall be provided with a neoprene gasketted hinged door and shall be interlocked with the isolator mechanism such that the door cannot be opened when the starter is closed. material shall be flame resistant.

Starters shall utilize air break electro-mechanical contractors conforming to BS 5424 for voltages upto 1000Vac and BS 775 part 2 for voltages upto 12kV. iv) vl . The starters shall be suitable for continuous duty at full load and particular attention shall be taken when sizing equipment to prevent over heating due to the high ambient temperature. The main earth bar shall be sized to withstand the thermal and dynamic stresses of a bolted earth fault equal to the switchgear rating. ii) iii) Motor Starters i Motor starters shall be of the "direct on line" type conforming to BS 4941 for voltages upto 1000 Vac and to B5587 for voltages above this level. All metallic non current carrying parts. that are not inherently bonded together shall be bonded together and to the earth bar. ii) iii) -.Earthinq i1 Switchboard assemblies shall be provided with a common Earth Bar. This shall extend through the entire length of the composite switchboard and shall be provided with cable lugs at each end to receive 70 sq. They shall be "draw out" type to facilitate easy maintenance and replacement in so far as is practicable. Mechanically duty can be assumed not to exceed 40 operations per hour. Contractor utilisation category shall be A3 as defined in BS 5424 and BS 775 pt.mm external copper earthing connectors.2.

Ammeters suitable for motor starting shall have scales arranged to indicate motor full load currents at approximately 60% of scale and marked with a red line to show the full current. Start push button. coloured green. Current transformers shall conform to BS 3938. Motor starters shall have facilities for testing of contractor without running associated motor. ii) iii) iv) v . Test Terminal Blocks if required shall be located at the front of the switchbuaPcPand have suitable protective cover.vi) Control supply for motor starters shall be a maximum of 250V derived from main circuit via fuse and link to provide inherent undervoltage protection. However. Each motor starter front panel shall be equipped with the following:a) Stayput type stop push button coloured red. All current Transformers shall have 1 amp secondaries. x Protection and Metering i All protective relays shall be of the flush mounting withdrawable type located on the switchboard. vii) viii) b) ix) HRC fuses for the protection of low voltage control circuits must be interchangeable to BS 88. Indicating Ammeters to be fed from a current transformer mounted in the yellow phase only. whenever practicable. Overload relays shall have ambient temperature compensation and single phase trip features. consideration should be given to the use of a lower voltage.

Wiring lists are not acceptable. Main voltmeters and ammeters shall be high quality and of sufficient size t o allow easy accurate reading. vii) Cablinq and Wiring i1 All main incoming and outgoing circuits.vi) Voltmeters shall be provided with a switch in order to measure the line to neutral voltages and shall be protected with HBC line fuses. control circuits and small power circuits may be cabled with MICC.W e numbering on the equipment side of the terminal block and facilities for marking core numbers on the outgoing side of the block. Klippon or similar terminal blocks shall be supplied for control cabling outgoing terminations with 20% spare capacity. Shrouded terminals shall be provided for 110 volt and above. PVC LY SWA PVC (with or without conduit). Power cables should generally be oversized and control cables should include 20% spare cores. PVC cables shall be fitted with suitable compression type glands complete with armour clamps. PVC SWA PVC. Cable entry will be from below and connection will be made at rear of panel unless specified otherwise. ii) iii) iv) v -" ' - vi) . Outgoing cable terminal blocks shall have the Vendors s t a n d a r d . Diagrams shall show full wiring runs. A panel wiring diagram and schematic diagram shall be provided for each panel showing all wire numbers. All gland plates shall be removable type and of ample size t o allow for field additions. Terminals of different voltages shall be segregated. as is appropriate t o the installation.

Operational Test on all Circuits.vii) The minimum size of switchboard control wiring shall be 1.5 mm2.1 1 Ancillarv Eaui~ment i The Switchboard shall be supplied with all necessary foundation bolts. . iv) No deviation from specification or change to approved design will be acceptable unless agreed in writing by the Superintendent. 13. Mechanical Tests on all Switches. Over Voltage Test. Control wiring shall be securely held in position and not directly cleated to earthed metal. Approval by purchasers representative shall not relieve the manufacturer of his responsibility to supply suitable functional equipment in accordance with this specification. ii) Tests shall be in accordance with the relevant latest British Standards where applicable. etc.5. viii) Panel Finish The Company is prepared to accept the manufacturer's standard finish providing that it is equivalent or superior to the following minimum treatment: Degreasing and phosphating Lead free primer Undercoat Final Coat (to BS 381 C -627 Preferred) - 13.5. Insulation Resistance Test.1 0 Testina & lns~ection The following tests shall be carried out at the Vendor works on each completed switchboard and test sheets submitted. Interlocking Test.

Building and Electrical Works unless required otherwise by the Particular Technical Specification.ii) A complete set of special tools and devices necessary for the erection.1 General All works shall be carried out in accordance with the current edition of the Company General Specification for Civil Engineering. - - . External walls Not greater than 0.07 ~tu/(ft'.e. Initially.hr. 14. the contractor shall submit a technical report summarising the various factors taken into consideration in formulating the design specification for both air conditioning system and building construction and outlining the economic justification for their selection.3 New Buildinas to be built under Turnkev 'Desicm & Construct" Contracts. h r . (i. 14. the Contractor shall follow the "General Guidelines for the Application of Thermal Insulation in Buildings" (as published by MEW in August 1980) and such other documents that may be published from time to time.2 shall apply to the design and construction of all new' buH@lngs-"farare to be constructed under Turnkey Design & Construct contracts. 1 4. Attention is drawn in particular to the limitations placed by MEW on the overall heat transfer coefficient that are considered acceptable for external walls and roofs. The requirements identified in 14.1 ~ t u / ( f t ~ . Until state regulations or orders are issued."F). commissioning and maintenance of the switchgear shall be provided together with a suitable box or other container with locking facility to accommodate the tools and devices. in so far as they are relevant to air conditioning systems. and " ~ ) Roofs Not greater than 0.2 Heat Gain and Thermal Loadinas Due regard shall be given to any regulations arising from the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) Energy and Conservation Programme.

and certification to be used. for the approval of the Superintendent a "Commissioning and Test Schedule" which describes the tests to be undertaken. applied. the form of report to be issued. the p a r m m r s to be measured. 3. Pressure and Leaktinghtness tests. if so required and specified in the Particular Technical Specification to carry out the necessary load calculations to determine plant size.14. The Contractor shall submit. Reliability Trials. The Contractor shall conduct testing with instruments and labour which he shall supply or hire at his own expense. Commissioning tests of the total system and ancillary equipment.1 General The Contractor shall test all installations and plant in accordance with good engineering practice and to meet the requirements of any relevant Codes or Standards and this Specification. TEST ON COMPLETION 15. the method(s). 2.3 above. . The Contractor shall be responsible for coordinating with all other Contractors or Supply Authorities for complete facilities t o be available for testing and shall ensure that all such facilities are handed back in good condition.4 exist in^ Buildinas and New Buildinas under Construction Where new air conditioning equipment is to be installed in existing buildings or in new buildings under construction excluding those mentioned in clause 14. The tests on completion of the installation shall be carried out in three stages: 1. The Contractor shall be responsible for the manning and operation of all plant during testing periods and shall ensure that all the plant and the systems are secured and safe from damage at the end of the periods. details of the wall and roof construction will normally be included in the Particular Technical Specification. These details are provided to the Contractor to enable him. capacity and power input etc.

to fulfill its specified functions. but not necessarily be limited to.. the Contractor shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Superintendent that the system.3. is correctly adjusted and regulated. the following activities.All tests shall be conducted to completion to the satisfaction of the Superintendent and should a system or a component part of the system fail to meet the test condition the Contractor shall be wholly responsible for the cost of whatever modifications are required and for all additional costs involved in re-testing the system to completion. Acceptance of the test by the Superintendent shall mean the written acceptance. the Particular Technical Specification or in the case of plant or systems not specifically covered in Company specifications. etc. but prior to the application of any coatings.3. purging or clean-up of the circuit following the test shall be t o the satisfaction of the Superintendent. The functioning of the total system and all ancilliary units shall be demonstrated and shown to be operating consistently within the prescribed limits. ----. all pipework and equipment shall be tested in accordance with this Specification.-- - 15. insulation. The work shall be carried out in accordance with the approved commissioning schedule and shall cover. as installed. Any leakage or faults discovered during tests shall be remedied by the contractor at his own expense and the test(s) repeated until the Superintendent is satisfied that the required standard has been met. Pressure and Leaktiahtness Tests Upon completion of the installation. Commissionina Tests On completion of the work. Any arrangements necessary for the emptying. Fluids and gases utilised in these tests shall be such as will not contaminate the plant concerned.1 Circuit clean-up shall be carried out and all internal debris and foreign matter removed prior t o the commencement of commissioning. 15. the applicable design code..2 .

3. The effective functioning of all circuit components shall be demonstrated including driven pumps and compressors. All instruments. . "-. Throughout the period of the trial. Injected signals or other synthetic means of simulating unsafe conditions may be utilised with the approval of the Superintendent.4 Reliabilitv Trials <. Each individual unit shall be subject to the full period of the trial including standby plant.7 15. unless agreed otherwise by the Superintendent.5 15.3.4 15. the plant shall be operated as prescribed in the "Operation Manual" to be supplied by the Contractor.15. control and safety equipment shall be correctly calibrated under the supervision of a qualified.6 15. 15. All warning and safety controls shall be proven by producing the actual circuit conditionb) required for actuation. venting and drainage arrangements. Calibration data shall be submitted together with test certification. specialist engineer. the Contractor shall be responsible for the preparation and execution of a Reliability Trial of one month's duration of all plant and equipment supplied and installed. whenever practicable.3. etc. Permission will not be granted for the Reliability Trial to proceed until this certification has been completed.3.3. A "Preliminary Acceptance Certificate" will be issued by the Superintendent on the satisfactory completion of the commissioning phase. Maintenance and adjustment tasks required to be carried out by the Operation Manual on a daily or weekly basis shall be performed during the trial. The Contractor shall provide full time skilled operator for running the plant throughout the period of test. Noise and vibration levels shall be shown to be within the permitted limits. .- -- - Following the successful completion of the commissioning tests and the issue of the "Preliminary Acceptance Certificate".3 Continuity and insulation checks shall be carried out on all electrical works and the correct functioning of all interlocks. filter units. all types of valves. . safety cut-outs and other protective devices demonstrated and test data recorded.

other than normal.2 Heat Exchancler (Chillers: Coolers and Heaters) All equipment shall be tested for capacity by means of a calibrated flow meter on the discharge line from each pump and by the measurement of inlet and outlet temperatures. the trial shall be planned to be carried out within the period from May to September (inclusive). .---I.4. In the event of any repairs or adjustments having to be made. Should this requirement involve unacceptable delays to the hand-over of the plant. only a provisional Certificate of Acceptance will be handed over following the successful completion of the trial. A full certificate will not be issued until the plant has completed a period of running during the aforesaid months judged sufficient by the Superintendent to prove its adequacy under extreme climatic conditions. Whenever possible.) 3. then. the following tests and readings shall be made by the Contractor in the presence of the Superintendent's representative and all results recorded and submitted.M. with the agreement of the Superintendent. The installation shall be resubmitted for test after the adjustments or repairs have been completed.Each reliability trial shall last for a period of 31 consecutive days during which time the plant shall operate continuously and without any significant loss of performance to the satisfaction of the Superintendent. Throughout the duration of the trial(s). However..1 Room Conditions -. unequivocally. A tolerance of three percent plus or minus (-c 3%) will be allowed in comparing test data with guaranteed figures. the test will be terminated. A trial will not be declared void due to circumstances outside the control of the Contractor.4.F. The trial will be required to demonstrate. Air flowrate Supply and Return (C. the adequacy of the installation to meet and sustain it's maximum design output. DB and WB temperatures 2.'Inside each room:-. in this event. Air motion/distribution (where applicable) 4. the reliability trial may be scheduled to be carried out when most convenient. running adjustments. 15. - 15. as a minimum. Noise level.

Fan total pressure. The following parameters shall be measured at each circulation fan: 1.4 Soace Coolina and Heatina Coils: For any conditioner. Terminology shall be as defined in BS 848 Part 1 which may be used as the basis for calculations. Noise levels.4.4.&+CJ eachcoil.M. 15. 3. Total return air C.F. when appropriate. Motor speed. 5.3 Air Handlinq Eaui~ment Volumetric flowrates shall be determined in all main distribution ducts. orifice plates or anemometers may be used. 3.B) from each coil. 4. Entering and leaving water temperature at time of test of each coil and water pressure at inlet and outlet.M. Discharge air temperature (D. Average velocity on intake side.15. 2. and current input. The system(s) proposed shall be detailed in the Commissioning and Test Schedule. the following tests shall be performed: 1.F. 4.B and W. However. -. Entering air temperature (D. Due regard should be given to Part 2 of BS 848 in carrying out the noise level determinations. Average velocity over intake side of each coil face.B and W. 6. The preferred method of measurement being by pitot tube scans for rectangular duct work. . Air delivered C.- 2 . fan speed.

15. 15. 15. the manufacturers shall issue a certificate to the effect that their equipment has been commissioned and is in proper working order. Motor speed RPM and ampere readings. such as control gear. Where specialist equipment. 3.4. The 'test results' shall be in the form of comprehensive schedules indicating the results of every measurement taken and showing the set position of all regulating devices to enable these conditions to be re-created should this become necessary.4. Water Flowrate GPM.4 .5.5 Test Records and Certification 15. is installed. Certificates of all hydraulic tests made at the manufacturer's works shall be forwarded (in duplicate) to the Superintendent for his approval and this approval must be obtained before the material or apparatus is despatched from the maker's works. 4. Certificates shall also be required where specified by the BS Specification named herein.5.4. 15. Pump speed RPM. 2.1 Certified copies of all test results shall be forwarded by the Contractor to the Superintendent in triplicate.7 Other Plant and Eaui~ment As called for in each Particular Technical Specification. amperes for each phase and power input in KW of each motor.5.3 -*- a - 15.2 15.5. Total head on pump. 15.5 Water P u m ~ s 1.6 Electric Motors Speed RPM.

7 On the satisfactory completion of the Reliability Trial(s) an "Acceptance and Take-Over Certificate will be issued by the Superintendent. 16. . hub pullers alignment jigs. The type of tools which would fall into this category would include. C) 17. calibration gear and the like.1 Maintenance Tools and Test Gear The Contractor shall supply a complete set of special tools. MAINTENANCE TOOLS AND SPARES 17. but not be limited to. 15.1 All documents shall be written in English.5.2 On completion and hand-over of the plant. which are complimentary to ordinary tools and are necessary to enable any maintenance adjustment or overhaul to be carried out. DOCUMENTATION 16. All test certificates shall have the following particulars thereon:Apparatus or section under test Maker's number (if any) Nature. refrigeration gauge set. 16. Three (3) complete sets of Operational and Maintenance Instructions. electronic refrigeration leak detector. the Contractor shall provide:a) b) Three (3) complete sets of all relevant prints and drawings. Three (3) Spare Parts Mamals. duration and conditions of test Result of test. All test certificates shall be signed by the Contractor and by the Superintendent or his representative who witnessed the test. bearing extractors. templates.Certificates of all hydraulic tests made on site shall be forwarded to the Superintendent for his approval and such approval must be obtained before any paint or nonconducting composition is applied.

17. The tools.-- - iv) The maximum period of price stability offered shall be stated.2. etc. In addition. includingany discounts allowable and normal delivery times.. ltemised prices. a list of spares required for the overhaul of the particular plant and machinery supplied shall also be submitted. The lists. type of size and material specification. which shall be suitably protected against damage and deterioration shall be supplied complete in tool boxes or protective cases and shall be clearly identified. ii) iii) . test gear. will be reviewed by the Company departments concerned and once confirmed. The original makers' name and reference number for all items of which the manufacture is by a specialist supplier. as submitted. wlhich it is proposed to supply shall be submitted to the Superintendent for examination and approval.1 The Contractor shall submit lists of spares recommended to be held in KOC stores to cover a period of two years normal operation of the plant installed. On no account shall this period be less than one year from the date of the original order. will be formally accepted on behalf of the Superintendent. ..A list of the special tools.2 S~ares Holdings 17. The following information shall be included in the submissions: i) A complete description of each part recommended includingdrawing number item and part number.

3 Protection. 17. All packages to be clearly marked externally with KOC order number or shipping marks as required by the order.17. vessels manufacturers should also supply details of anyspecialised storage or handling equipment that may be considered necessary.1 The materialiparts shall be carefully packed and protected in a manner suitable for the form of transport being used.3. item number. bright parts being coated with suitable protective varnish or grease. gas cylinders. articles such as spare parts are to be labelled with KOC order number. All packages shall be directed to the KOC Stores Department. Packinu and Markinq 17. In addition to any shipping mark specified in the purchase order. In the case of specialised equipment e.3 17.g.3.3. Corrodable parts shall be protected before packing. each package shall bear the KOC part colour flash. of sufficient width to be easily distinguishable.2 17. soluble in Kerosene or Petrol.4 --. which is a silver band painted around the package. makers part number and KOC stores vocabulary number. if available.3. Hazardous materials are to be packed and handled in accordance with the existing safety rules and regulations of governmental agencies and merchant shipping organisations from the country of origin.- . To facilitate identification.

It is intended that information learned about system in connection. and whether heat treatments are applied.complexity. The necessary scope and detail of the system shall depend on the complexity of the work2 performed and on the size and complexity of the manufacturer's organization3. the Code does not require any distribution of this information except for the Inspector as covered by UA-925(c). The complexity of the work includes factors such as design simplicity ver--. . A written description of the system the manufacturer will use to produce a Code item shall be available for review. In such systems the manufacturer may make changes in parts of the system which do not affect the Code requirements without securing acceptance by the Inspector.1-911 GENERAL The manufacturer shall have and maintain a quality control system which will establish that all Code requirements including material. the thickness of materials. Provided that Code requirements are suitably identified. design..DIVISION 1 (MANDATORY) APPENDIX X QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM U. the system may include provisions for satisfying any requirements by the manufacturer or user which exceed minimum Code requirements and may include provisions for quality control of non-Code work. Therefore.- The written dzscription may contain information of a proprietary nature rtlating to the manufacturer's processes. examination (by the manufacturer) and inspection (by the Inspector) will be met. (See U2(h)) The system that the manufacturer uses t o meet the requirements of this 8iii. . Depending upon the circumstances the description may be brief or voluminous. See UG-9O(b) and UG-9O(c)(I 1. - . the types of materials and welding procedures used.-- z . fabrication. the types of nondestructive cxamiriations applied.APPEDINX "A" SECTION Vlll .ion must be on suitable for his own circumstances.

is required t o reflect the actual organization. UA-915 DRAWINGS. examination. UA-9 12 OUTLINE OF FEATURES TO BE INCLUDED IN THE WRllTEN DESCRIPTION OF THE Q U A L I N CONTROL SYSTEM The following is a guide to some of the features which should be covered in the written description of the quality control system and which equally applicable t o both shop and field work. inspection ancl testing. The Code does not intend t o encroach on the manufacturer's right t o establish. and from time t o time t o dter. whatever form of organization the manufacturer considers appropriate for its Code work.The size and complexity of the manufacturer's organization includes factors such as the number of employees. Persons performing quality control functions shall have sufficient and well-defined sesponsibility. . design calculations. the authority. inspection and quality control. UA-913 AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY The authority and responsibility of those in charge of the quality control system shall be clearly established. purchasing. the experience level of employees. the number of vessels produced and whether the factors de--. recommend and provide solutions. specifications and instructions.the particular function for which they are responsible. CONTROL DESIGN CALCULATIONS AND SPECIFICATION The manufacturer's quality control system shall provide procedures which will insure that the latest applicable drawings.the complexity of the work cover a wide or narrow range with the evaluation will be treated as confidential and that all loaned descriptions will be returned t o the manufacturer upon completion of the evaluation. are used for manufacture. as well as authorized changes. UA-914 ORGANIZATION A n organization chart showing the relationship between management and e~~gineering. and the organizational freedom t o identify quality control problems and t o initiate. required by the Code. The purpose of this chart is t o identify and associate the various oreanizational groups with . field construction. manufacturing.

UA-916 MATERIAL CONTROL The manufacturer shall include a system of receiving control which will assure that the material received is properly identified and has documentation including required Certificates of Compliance or material test reports to satisfy Code requirements as ordered. UA-921 HEAT TREATMENT The quality control system shall provide controls to insure that heat treatments as required by the rules of this Division are applied. . UA-917 EXAMINATION AND INSPECTION PROGRAM The manufacturer's quality control system shall described the fabrication operations. A nonconformity is any condition which does not comply with the applicable rules of this Division. UA-9 18 CORRECTION OF NONCONFORMITIES There shall be a system agreed upon with the lnspector for correction of nonconformities. including examinations. Nonconformities must be corrected or eliminated in some way before the completed component can be'considered t o comply with this Division. This may be by review of furnace time-temperature records or by other methods as appropriate. UA-919 WELDING Tlie quality control system shall include provisions for indicating that welding conforms t o requirements of Section IX as supplemented by this Division. sufficiently t o permit the lnspector t o determine at what stages specific inspections are t o be performed. The nlateriol control system shall assure that only the intended material is used in Code construction. UA-920 NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION - .- *- The quality control system shall include provisions for identifying nondestructive examination procedures the manufacturer will apply t o conform with the requirements of this Division. Means shall be indicated by which the lnspector can satisfy himself that these Code heat treatment requirements are met.

procedures.. records. INSPECTOR The lnspector is as defined in UG-91. The manufacturer may provide such access either t o his own files of such documents or by providing copies t o the Inspector.CALIBRATION OF MEASUREMENT AND TEST EQUIPMENT The manufacturer shall have a system for the calibration of examination. test results and any other documents as necessary for the lnspector t o perform his duties in accordance with this Division. process sheets. crzrlclr9ationsI specifications. The manufacturer's quality control system shall provide for the lnspector at the manufacturer's plant t o have access t o all drawings. repair procedures. The manufacturer shall make available t o the lnspector at the manufacturer's plant a current copy of the written description of the quality control system. The written description of the quality control system shall include reference t o the Inspector. - -- . RECORDS RETENTION The manufacturer shall have a system for the maintenance of radiographs. Manufacturer's Data Report are required by this Division.-- . SAMPLE FORMS The forms used in the quality control system and any detailed procedures for their use shall be available for review. The written description shall make necessary references t o these forms. measuring and test equipment used in fulfillment of requirements of this Division.

the manufacturer may make changes in parts of the system which do not affect the Code requirements without securing acceptance by the Authorized Inspector. The system that the manufacturer uses t o meet the requirements of this Section must be one suitable for his own circumstances. It is ifitended that information learned about the quality control system in c o ~ n e c t i o n with evaluation will be treated as confidential and that all loaned descriptions will be returned to the manufacturer upon completion of the evaluation. The written description may -contain information of a proprietary nature relating t o the manufacturer's processes. The necessary scope and detail of the system shall depend upon the complexity of the work performed and upon the size and complexity of the manufacturer's organization.1.APPENDIX "B" ASME SECTION IV .100 GENEKAL Quality Control System. Depending upon the circumstances. the description may be brief or voluminous. fabrication. The manufacturer or assembler shall have a quality control system which will establish that all Code including material. .7 and maintain requirements manufacturer) Provided that Code requirements are suitably identified. the Code does not require any distribution of this information. design. except for the Authorized Inspector. F202 OUTLINE OF FEATURES TO BE INCLUDED IN THE WRllTEN DESCRIPTION OF THE QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM The following is a guide t o some of the features which should be covered in the written description of the Quality Control System and which is equally applicable t o both shop and field work. examination (by the and inspection (by the Authorized Inspector) will be met. In such systems. the system may include provisions for satisfying any requirements by the manufacturer or user which exceed minimum Code requirements and may include provisions for quality control of non-Code work. F-700.2.HEATING BOILERS APPENDIX F QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM F.10. A written description of the system the manufacturer will use t o produce a Code item shall be available for review. as covered by F202. Therefore.

8 Calibration o f Measurement and Test Equipment. F-202. A nonconformity condition which does not comply with the applicable rules of this Section. The Manufacturer or assembler shall include a system of receiving control that requires verification that the material received conforms t o order requirements and that the identification of the materials corresponds t o the material certifications or material test reports. The Quality Control System shall include provisions for indicating that welding conforms to requirements of Section IX as supplemented by this Section. field assembling. including examinations.1 Authority and Responsibility. F-202. purchasing. The manufacturer's or assembler's quality control system shall provide procedures which will insure that the latest applicable drawings. F-202. F-202. The Manufacturer or assembler shall have a system for the calibration of examination. are used for manufacture. " .6 Correction o f Nonconformities. specifications and instructions required by the Code. design calculations.-- e- # F-202. inspection and quality control. examination. the authority and the organizational freedom t o identify quality con$rol problems and t o initiate. assembly. The Manufacturer's Quality Control System shall describe the fabrication operations. . The purpose of this chart is t o identify and associate the various organizational groups with the particular function for which they are responsible. is required to reflect the actual organization. as well as authorized changes. sufficiently t o permit the Authorized Inspector t o determine at what stages specific inspection are t o be performed. alter whatever form of organization the manufacturer considers appropriate for its Code work.7 Welding.2 Organization. F-202. Persons performing quality control functions shall have sufficient and well defined responsibility.4 Material Control. The Code does not intend t o encroach on the manufacturer's right t o establish and from time t o time.3 Drawings. manufacturing.:t used In fulfillment or requirements of this Section. recommend and provide solutions. The system shall ensure that only the intended material is used in Code construction. Nonconformities must be corrected or eliminated in some way before the completed component can be considered t o comply with this Section. Design Calculations and Specification Control. There shall be a system agreed upon with the Authorized lnspector f ~ correction r of nonconformities.F-202.5 Examination and Inspection Program. inspection and testing. measuring and test equiprner. F-202. A n organization chart showing the relationship between management and engineering. The authority and responsibility of those in charge of the Quality Control System shall be clearly established.

2 The Manufacturer's Quality Control System shall provide for the Authorized lnspector at the Manufacturer's plant t o have access t o all drawings.2.2. F-202.1 515. records.10.2 The written description of the Quality Control System shall include reference t o the Authorized Inspector.2.10. . test results and any other documents as necessary for the Authorized lnspector t o perform his duties in accordance with this Section. The Manufacturer may provide such access either t o his o w n files of such documents or by providing copies t o the Authorized Inspector. specifications.10. The forms used in the Quality Control System and any detailed procedures for their use shall be available for review.1 The Manufacturer shall make available t o the Authorized lnspector at the Manufacturer's plant a copy of the written description of the Quality Control System. procedures.10 Authorized lnspector F-202. The written description shall make necessary references t o these forms.10.9 Sample Forms. repair procedures. The authorized lnspector is the ASME Code lnspector defined in HG- F-202. processsheets. calculations. F-202.F-202. F-202.

10 King Str. Heating and Ventilating Contractor's Association. IL 60062. Northbrook. 333 Pfingston Rd. Oil Companies Materials Association. ARI ASHRAE American Society of Heating. North Fort Myer Drive. Cumbria CA 11 7AJ. London.. NY 10017. Inc. NY 10017.. VA 21880. Penrith. Inc. New York.APPENDIX "C" CODES AND STANDARDS ABBREVIATIONS AND ADDRESSES OF PUBLISHING ORGANISATIONS AMERICAN American National Standards Institute.. Washington. API American Petroleum lnstitute Publications and Distribution Section. SMACNA Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractor's National Association. Houston... Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers. Vienna. 6 1 New Cavendish Street. New York. 8 2 2 4 Old Courthouse Rd. 331 Madison Ave. lnstitute of Petroleum. U n d M b W ' t a b o . 20037. ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Publications Dept. 1916 Race St.. VA 22209..r a t o r i e s . PA 19103.. 9030 N. WIA ZBS. Virginia. D. NY 10017.. UL BRITISH BS HVCA British Standards Institution. 2 Part St. WCZR ODX. London W I M 8AR. Philadelphia. 2101L Street Northwest. TEMA Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association. London.. 345 East 47th St. American Society for Testing and Materials. 1430 Broadway. lnstitute of Refrigeration.. NY ANSI 100018. IP IR OCMA . 345 East 47th St. 8 6 Strand. Tysons Corner. Freeway. Inc. New York. Wallington. Cecil Chambers. TX 77037. Surrey SM6 7DJ. New York. ASTM CTI Cooling Tower lnstitute Suite 216.C. Arlington.. 272 London Road. Air-conditioning and Refrigeration Institute.

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