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MATERI AL HANDLI NG
PIPAVAV PORT IN GUJARAT
Submitted To: Prof. Rajiv Wad Submitted By: Pankaj Shirsat (52)
Mitali Mazgaonkar (87) Faisal Siddiqui Specialization: Operations Date: 29th October 2009 (111)
1 2 a. b. c. 3 4 5 6 7 8
Introduction Pipavav port-present status Oceanography Current Facilities Operations Future Developments Connectivity Daily Vessel Positions Pipavav Shipyard Business Strategy Activities at Shipyard
6 7-12 13-14 15 16-17 18-20 21 22-25 26-30
Pipavav Port is a successful public – private enterprise, and is emerging as an important gateway port on the West Coast of India for containers, bulk and liquid cargo. With less than ten hours steaming time from the Nhava Sheva Port in Mumbai, Port Pipavav provides excellent access to the main trade lines in the North Western region of India. Port Pipavav is operated by APM Terminals, part of the A.P. Moller-Maersk Group one of the largest container terminal operators in the world. APM Terminals has operations spread over more than 50 terminals in 31 countries, on five continents. With a 54% stake, APM Terminals is the largest shareholder in Port Pipavav. The other shareholders of the company include New York Life International India Fund (Mauritius) LLC, IDFC Infrastructure Fund, The Infrastructure Fund of India, IL&FS Trust Company Ltd., Jacob Ballas Capital India Pvt. Ltd., Unit Trust of India, Industrial Development Bank of India and India Infrastructure Fund. The Waterfront Port Pipavav offers a total quay length of 1,075m and accepts vessels up to 14.5 metre Draft. There is an on-dock rail facility with dedicated sidings to handle containers, bulk and breakbulk cargo. It also offers extensive back – up infrastructure, including warehousing facilities, open stack yards, weigh bridges and dedicated rail slidings. Excellent Connectivity Port Pipavav is well connected by road and rail to the rest of the country. It is directly connected by the broad gauge rail network of the Indian Railways. Port Pipavav has set up a joint venture with the Indian Railways – Pipavav Rail Corporation Limited, making it possible to offer the most competitive rail freight and transit times in the western coast. The hinterland capabilities have also been augmented with new scheduled services being provided by the Container Corporation of India (CONCOR). Port Pipavav has built an 11 km long four-lane expressway connecting the port to the National Highway. The Government of India has undertaken a project to construct the AhmedabadDholera central spine road, extending up to Port Pipavav.
In 1996, the port was set up by an entrepreneur as India’s first private port. While some inroads were made in port services, progress was slow. In 2001, APM Terminals demonstrated its initial interest in the port and in 2004, APM Terminals invested in a 54% partnership and made substantial investments in machinery and infrastructure expansion. Within a short period of time, Port Pipavav has enhanced the capability to include 2 modern container terminals, 2 bulk terminals, eight Quay Gantry cranes, five of which are Postpanamax Quay Gantry Cranes with an outreach of 18 across and twin lift capacity. The container yards have 18 Rubber tyred gantries, reefer handling facilities, a CFS and an ondock rail facility. A hi-tech fertilizer bagging plant, raising the bagging capacity from 1,000 to 10,000 tones per day, has recently been installed.
Port Pipavav is located at Latitude 20 54'N and Longitude 71 30'E on the west coast of India, at a distance of 140 Kms South west of Bhavnagar.
Pipava Port Layout:
PIPAVAV PORT- Present Status:
Port Pipavav is protected by islands Shial Bet and Savai Bet, which act as a natural breakwater making the port safe in all weather conditions. The presence of these islands also leads to the tranquillity in the harbour as well as ensures the wave height is less than 0.5m most of the time. Port Pipavav has now increased the Draft to 14.5 metres from 12.5 metres.
High High Water Springs (HHWS) Mean High High Water (MHHW) Mean Sea Level (MSL) Mean Low Low Water (MLLW) Low Low Water Springs (LLWS) +3.92 M +3.19 M +1.76 M +0.50 M -O.O1 M
Note: All levels are with reference to Chart Datum
Currents: The water currents are between 2.5 to 3 knots during peak tidal conditions. These favourable oceanographic conditions at Port Pipavav ensure easy and safe navigation of ships round the year. Thanks to the islands Shial Bet and Savai Bet, Port Pipavav can offer its services throughout the year, even during the monsoons, which provides an added advantage to its customers.
a. MARINE INFRASTRUCTURE
Draft: Port Pipavav currently has a vessel acceptance draft of 12.5m, with an outer channel depth of 12.5m and a turning basin depth of 11.5m at chart datum. The draft at the bulk and container berths is 13.5m and at the LPG berth the draft is 15.5m at chart datum.
Pilotage & Towage: Pilotage at Port Pipavav is compulsory. Port Pipavav provides the pilotage and towage services at the port and has deployed three tugs for this purpose.
Channel: The channel length at the port is 4,550 meter and due to the favourable oceanographic conditions, the port offers day and night navigation to all vessels other than LPG vessels which are berthed or de-berthed during the day only.
b. CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE
Berths: The port offers 340m of quay length for handling bulk and break-bulk cargo. 735m of quay length has been dedicated for container handling. The port also has a dedicated LPG cargo handling berth which measures 65m in length.
Backup Infrastructure: The port has developed an extensive backup infrastructure in the form of warehouses, open stack yards and a port users building to accommodate the offices of customs, stevedores agents and shipping lines. Storage Infrastructure: Bulk and Bulk Break Cargo: The port has constructed 7 warehouses of 600 square meters each and 2 warehouses of 3,657 square meters and 3,252 square meters respectively. These warehouses are located behind the dry cargo berths. Six additional warehouses of approximately 6,690 square meters each have been constructed in the warehousing zone, approximately 5 kilometers from the berths. Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) operates 4 of these warehouses located in the warehousing zone. The port has leased three of these warehouses from CWC.
The port also has an open stack yard of 148,500 square meters dedicated to the storage of bulk cargoes such as coal. Container Cargo: The port has dedicated container stack yard of 108,100 sq.mts, which is equipped with 1,708 twenty–foot ground slots and 140 forty–foot powered ground slots for reefer container storage.
CFS Operation: Port Pipavav operates a Container Freight Station (CFS) within the port limits for the consolidation of cargo moving from the immediate hinterland of the port. The port has dedicated 11,000 sq.mts of covered warehousing space and an area of paved stack yards to handle the CFS operations. The CFS at the port is currently handling a wide range of cargo ranging from cotton, wood pulp, sesame seeds, cattle feeds, agricultural products, ceramic tiles to soda ash all generating from the Saurashtra and other regions of North West India.
Liquid Storage: Land within the port area has been dedicated for the construction and development of tank farms for the storage of Liquid cargo by the port users.
Port Users Complex: The port has developed a port user’s complex within the port limits to accommodate the offices of customs, banks, agents, stevedores, shipping lines and other service providers.
Bulk & break bulk cargo handling: The port has deployed one mobile-harbour Mannesman Gottwald Harbour Crane (HMK 296E) from Germany and two rail mounted Electric Level Luffing (ELL) cranes from B M Titan of Belgium for the efficient handling of bulk and break-bulk cargo.. The ELL type cranes are equipped with a built in hopper and a cross conveyor with a rated handling capacity of 1,000 MT per hour per crane.
The two ELL cranes are supported by a conveyor system, 1,260 meters in length, which connects the dry cargo berths to the storage areas. The rated handling capacity of this conveyor system is 2,000 MTs per hour. The port has installed sufficient weighbridges to support the bulk cargo operations. The port also offers an in-motion weighbridge on rails.
Container Handling: The container berth which measures 735m in length is equipped with six Quay Gantry Cranes. Three of these quay cranes are post – panamax quay cranes having an outreach of 53m (18 across), total lift of 58m (40m above crane rail) and a capacity of 61 tons under the spreader with twin-lift capability of handling two twenty – foot containers simultaneously. The other three quay cranes deployed on the container berth are panamax cranes having a safe working load (SWL) of 40T and an outreach of 13 containers across on a ship.
The container yard is equipped with 18 RTGs. Ten of these RTGs are environmentally friendly and is expected to achieve fuel savings of upto 45% as compared to regular RTGs. Port Pipavav is the first port in India to receive eco-friendly RTGs. The port has also deployed 5 reach stackers for operations to be carried out at the dedicated container rail siding.
Bulk operations: Port Pipavav handles a variety of bulk and break bulk cargo such as Coal, Cement, Clinker, Fertilizers, Steel, Iron Ore, Agri products, Salt and Soda Ash. The key customers at the port include IFFCO, Ultra Tech Cement Limited, Essar Steel, Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Limited etc.
Container Operations: Container Operations at the port commenced in April 1998. With road and rail connectivity to its hinterland, Pipavav has emerged as an important gateway port for containers on the West Coast of India. The port has developed extensive facilities to handle reefer and general cargo containers. Port Pipavav has dedicated 735m of quay length for container operations and has deployed six quay cranes to handle ship-to-shore operations. Operations at the container yards are performed by the 18 RTGs and the rail siding operations are performed by reach stackers. Port Pipavav has also leased out land in the port to private reefer technicians, who offer repair, maintenance and pre – trip inspection services. The port today offers direct weekly mainline services to Europe, US East Coast and the Far East. Pipavav offers the fastest transit time to Shanghai and the US East Coast from the West Coast of India. Some of the major shipping lines operating at the port include Maersk Line, Safmarine, NYK, RCL, United Arab Shipping Company, Hanjin, K - Line, Hyundai
Merchant Marine, Mitsui OSK Line, Coastal operators like Shreyas Shipping and Jindal Waterways are also calling the port.
LPG Berth: The LPG cargo berth is currently being remodelled and relocated to allow access to off-shore supply vessels and ensure better berth availability and improved berth utilization.
Vision: To develop pipavav into a modern container terminal capable of competing with the best ports in the world. One of the unique features of Port Pipavav is the availability of large tracts of land. This is attractive to several customers who wish to set up tank farms or warehouse facilities on site.
2013 - On approval from GMB
Additional dedicated bulk berth of 200m Additional container cargo berth of 365m
Rail: Port Pipavav is now connected to its hinterland via Surendranagar by the broad gauge rail network of Indian Railways. The broad guage rail connectivity project has been undertaken by Pipavav Rail Corporation Limited (PRCL) promoted by Gujarat Pipavav Port Limited and the Ministry of Railways. Port Pipavav has an equity stake of 38.8% in PRCL. The Port can handle incoming and outgoing trains simultaneously and the current capacity of the rail link is 22 trains per day. At present, the port is handling on an average 2 trains per day. The station code for the Gujarat Pipavav Port Rail Siding is PPSP - 08424130 and it falls under the Bhavnagar Division. Port Pipavav is the first port in India to receive double stacked container trains (March 2006), which have a capacity of carrying 180TEUs as against 90TEUs carried in a single stack train. At present, the double stack container trains run between ICD Kanakpura (Jaipur) and the port.
Railway: Port Pipavav has been receiving container trains from all the major North India ICD’s. In November 2003 the port received its first train from ICD Tughlakabad and from February 2004 regular train services between ICD Sabarmati, ICD Dhandarikalan (Ludhiana) and ICD Kanakpura (Jaipur) to Port Pipavav commenced. Port Pipavav is now connected by rail to all the major ICD’s in North West India which include:
• • • • •
ICD Tughlakabad (New Delhi) ICD Dhandarikalan (Ludhiana) ICD Sabarmati (Ahmedabad) ICD Kanakpura (Jaipur) ICD Jodhpur (Jodhpur)
• • •
ICD Agra (via ICD TKD) ICD Moradabad (via ICD TKD) RCT Vadodra (Vadodra)
Port Pipavav has the most competitive rail freights from North India coupled with excellent transit times as compared to other gateway ports on the West Coast of India. Rail Distances Pipavav Tughlakabad 1,333 Sabarmati Jaipur Jodhpur Amritsar Ludhiana Indore 398 980 810 1,726 1,590 910
All Distances in Kms
Road: GPPL has developed a four lane expressway which connects the port to the National Highway 8E. The National Highway 8E was previously Coastal Highway 6 and has undergone significant up-gradation after conversion. Road Distances Pipavav Delhi 1115 RAJASTHAN Jaipur 873 Jodhpur 775 Udaipur 506 GUJARAT Rajkot 211 Ahmedabad 302 Vadodara 321 PUNJAB Amritsar 1432
All Distances in Kms
Daily Vessel Position:
Berth No. GP-4
Vessels MV Maersk Kushiro
Next Port Salalah
Qty/Mt 800 Boxes
27/10/09 Containers 0342
Berth No. GP-2
Vessels MV Vita Faith MV Maersk Kushiro MV LOK Prem
Agent Compass Shipping MIPL Parekh Marine Agencies
Last Port Aqaba
ATB 23/10/09 2315
Qty/Mt 23000 MT
27/10/09 Containers 0342 27/10/09 Steel Plates 0524
ATB 05/06/09 0730
Tug ASL Sentosa+Barge Arya Offshore Swiber-283
For Maintenance Work
Vessels Name Vessel Agent Tug Maritime Ratna + Cargo Barge Maritime Hawk Mv Olympia
Anchored Cargo Type Import
MOL India Pvt. Ltd
27/10/09 1200 27/10/09 1650
100 Boxes 28724 MT
MV Charlotte J M Baxi & co Bulker
Vessels Name Vessel Agent MV Lal
J M Baxi & co 27/10/09 Containers Imp 200 Exp
Bahadur Shastri MV Hyundai Bridge MV Jindal Tara MV AL Mariyah MV Josco Suzhou MV Target MV Maersk Kimi MV Nedlloyd Asia MV Nedlloyd Drake MV SCI Kolkata MV Bunga Raya Satu MV Hyundai Sprinter MV Thomas Mann MV Al Ihsa'a Seabridge Maritime Seabridge Maritime
28/10/09 Imp 25 Exp Containers 0200 200 Boxes 28/10/09 Imp 160 Exp Containers AM 140
UASC (I) Pvt 30/10/09 Imp 75 Exp Containers Ltd AM 120 Compass Shipping J M Baxi & co 30/10/09 0600 30/10/09 2200 Coal Imp 47358 MT For Flag Conversion
03/11/09 Imp-500, ExpContainers 0400 900 Boxes 30/10/09 Imp-300, ExpContainers 0600 300 Boxes 02/11/09 Imp-800, ExpContainers 1300 600 Boxes 02/11/09 Imp 100 Exp Containers AM 100 03-112009 03-112009 Imp 300 Exp 300 Imp 20 Exp 200
J M Baxi & co Crescent Shipping Agency Seabridge Maritime Tai Pan Shipping
03/11/09 Imp 50 Exp Containers PM 100
UASC (I) Pvt 04/11/09 Imp 47 Exp Containers Ltd 1100 190
Vessels Name MV Houma Belle OSV Pacific Sword MV Pacific Nickel
Date 25/10/09 0900
MV Nord Mariner Bei Hai MV Emirates Marina MV Nedlloyd Merctor OSV Pacific Sword OSV Pacific Nickel
25/10/09 2100 26/10/09 1045 26/10/09 1127
Pipavav Shipyard Limited (PSL) is a testimony to the vision and active participation of the private sector in India’s quest to become a major player in the global maritime industry. PSL is currently completing the setting up of an integrated shipbuilding facility which, upon completion, will be the largest in India and among the largest in Asia. PSL is spread over an aggregate area of 198.92 hectares (approximately 491.53 acres), comprising an SEZ unit spread over 95 hectares (approximately 234.75 acres) and an EOU spread over 103.92 hectares (approximately 256.79 acres). The two sites are connected by a dedicated corridor road of approximately 4.5 km length built by the Company. Commercial operations at PSL commenced on 1st April 2009
The shipyard complex is located on the South Western coast of Gujarat, about 130 kms from Bhavnagar to its east and Diu, about 90 kms to its west. It is adjacent to Pipavav Port, the first private sector port in India, which is controlled and operated by the A.P. Møller Group (Maersk) of Denmark,one of the largest maritime groups in the world.
PSL’s long-term strategy is to have four pillars to stand on, each capable of supporting the Shipyard on its own. The Company has engaged in activities in the following business sectors:
Commercial shipbuilding Offshore fabrication and servicing Naval Vessel
And in the next two years, will also add the following: Ship repair
This strategy will insulate PSL from the the risks of relying on one market segment alone, and also allow for profitable business opportunities in each segment to be grasped as market conditions dictate. PSL has been set up with the in-built flexibility to switch from one product type to another, without compromising on the efficiency or cost-effectiveness of the yard operations.
Accordingly, there will be capability to build and repair (dry dock & afloat) most kinds of commercial dry and liquid cargo ships such as: Very Large Crude Carriers ("VLCC") Capesize bulkcarriers Suezmax tankers Aframax tankers Panamax bulkcarrier and tankers Handymax and handysize bulkcarriers and tankers Containerships Chemical Tankers Platform Supply Vessels and anchor handling tugs Dredgers
In Naval shipbuilding and repair, PSL has the necessary infrastructure and facility to build all kinds of naval vessels . Given the increasing focus on offshore exploration for oil and gas around the coast of India, and in the Middle East, the Shipyard has been designed to exploit the opportunities that this sector has to offer. Our capabilities in this regard include fabrication / construction of offshore platforms, SBM’s, rigs, jackets, vessels, etc. for upstream oil and gas sector / companies both in India and abroad. PSL has teamed up with one of India’s leading engineering companies involved in the offshore sector, Punj Lloyd Limited. This will help the Company fast-track into this growing sector since Punj Lloyd is pre-qualified with the major exploration and development companies operating in Indian waters. Punj Lloyd has taken a substantial shareholding in PSL. At its site at Pipavav, PSL has installed and commissioned some of the most modern shipbuilding equipment that can be purchased – inter-alia, from leading companies in Norway, Japan, Italy and Norway. Two Goliath cranes, each having a lifting capacity of 600 tonnes, the largest in India, are being erected at the site. This modern plant, when combined with PSL’s highly experienced management team, comprising Indians and multi-national expatriates and the competitively priced skilled labour available in India, have enabled PSL to make an impressive beginning in the various business segments.
PSL has teamed up with two world-leading technical associates: SembCorp Marine, Singapore SembCorp Marine is a leading global marine engineering and shipyard group, specialising in a full spectrum of integrated solutions in ship repair, shipbuilding, ship conversion, rig building, topsides fabrication and offshore engineering. SembCorp been advising PSL on yard layout and manufacturing processes in relation to the Company’s start-up commercial shipbuilding operations.
KOMAC, Korea Korea Maritime Consultants Co., Ltd. (KOMAC) was established in 1969 as Korea’s first and only private organization of naval architects and marine engineers. KOMAC has designed more than 1,200 different classes and type of ships. PSL has a technical services agreement with KOMAC to provide designs as well as assist with procurement of equipment and materials for the commercial ships being built, thus minimizing potential problems areas during the start-up phase.
The Pipavav Shipyard originally consisted of two wet basins – one approximately 680 meters long and 65 meters wide, and the other approximately 680 meters long and 60 meters wide. The first of these has been converted into a dry dock measuring 662 meters longs, and 65 meters wide. Two Goliath cranes, each having a lifting capacity of 600 tonnes, and two level luffing cranes are being erected to service this dry dock. To facilitate afloat fit-out and commissioning of ships, including afloat repairs, a 300–meter long quay, with the capacity for berthing on both sides, has been constructed with adequate draft and serviced by a level luffing crane. The entrance of the dry dock will also have a 100 meter extension track for the Goliath cranes for unloading heavy machinery and equipment weighing up to 1200 tonnes directly from ships and heavy lift barges. The dry dock and surrounding facilities are located on 103.92 hectares (approximately 256.79 acres) adjoing 800 meters of dedicated waterfront. This entire area has been approved as an Export Oriented Unit (EOU) by the Government of India.
Workshops and Facilities:
Approximately 4.5 kilometers away from the dry-dock, and located on 95 hectares of land in a Special Economic Zone approved by the Government of India, a state of the art block-making facility has been set up for fabrication of hull blocks By having located the workshops and fabrication facilities in a SEZ away from the dockyard site, PSL has the dual advantage of having been able to reserve the maximum area of water frontage available at the shipyard site for ship assembly, offshore fabrication and ship repair activities whilst carrying out its fabrication and other similar activities through a highly taxefficient SEZ unit. The blocks manufactured at this site are pre-outfitted to the maximum extent. This is done in the ideal working conditions offered by covered fabrication shops. When ready, the blocks are
moved to the dock-side for pre-erection of mega/giga-blocks followed by lowering them on the dock floor for final assembly and vessel launching. The block-making site is equipped with, among others, the following facilities:
Central Steel storage, surface treatment and CNC marking shop Hull shop comprising of panel line, sub assembly, curved block assembly, 3D block assembly cells Pipe fabrication shop Electrical shop Shipwright shop Machine shop Outfitting shops Blast cells Paint cells Equipment storage shed Inflammable and paint stores Transport workshop
In addition, the Shipyard’s utility infrastructure includes the following: 2 x 66 KVA power line along with switchyard, transmission and distribution systems Water pipeline and fire fighting system along with pumps, overhead tanks and pumping systems Low pressure compressed air system Infrastructure relating to consumable gases such as O2, CO2, LPG and nitrogen
Potential PSL Product Range: Category Tankers Ship type VLCC's Suezmax Aframax Panamax Products Chemical Capesize Panamax Handymax Handysize LNG carriers LPG carriers Reefers Containerships Offshore support Ferries Dredgers
Offshore Platforms Rigs Jackets Single Buoy Mooring Systems (SBM)
In Naval shipbuilding and repair, PSL can build all kinds of vessels required by the Indian Navy and Coast Guard
Refit/dry docking Afloat Repair Conversions
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