Research Part1 | Action Research | Cognitive Science

Helping The Pupils To Use The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Action Research Report 2009 Pasdunrata National College of Education
Name of the prospective Teacher Reg. No. Course :::W.K.S. Udayanga 2007/E/M/50

National Diploma in Education (English)

Helping The Pupils To Use The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Action Research Report 2009 Pasdunrata National College of Education
Name of the prospective Teacher Reg. No. Course :::W.K.S. Udayanga 2007/E/M/50

National Diploma in Education (English)

ii

Declaration
This action research is done for the partial fulfillment of the National Diploma in Teaching course at Pasdunrata National College of Education. I certify this action research does not incorporate, without acknowledgement any material previously submitted for National Diploma in Teaching in any National College of Education and to the best of my knowledge and belief; it does not contain any material previously submitted or written by another person.
………………………… Date ………………………………. Signature of the Intern.

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Dedication

I dedicate this thesis to my parents. Without their patience, understanding, support and most of all love, the completion of this work would not have been possible.

Plan of the Action Research.

Intern’s Name Reg. No. School Supervisor’s Name Research Plan Title

:- W.K.S. Udayanga. :- 2007/E/M/50. :- Sripalee College, Horana. :- Mrs. Malkanthi Liyanapathirana.

:- Helping The Pupils To Use The Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Problem Identified

:- Some pupils of my grade 8 class cannot use the present perfect continuous tense correctly.

Background to the problem :- While I was dealing with the pupils in my grade 8 class, I noticed that they were not so familiar with the present perfect continuous tense, which was included in competency level 6.7. While doing the group activity which I assigned in the class, I observed that most of them had skipped some questions and the responded answers were incorrect frequently. I explained the lesson several times (in several days) in order to help them, but the situation remained the same. So I thought of doing an action research on the matter with the intention to help the pupils to achieve the above competency level.

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Rationale

:-

a sound knowledge about English

tenses is essential in our day to day English. Among them, present perfect continuous tense is also very important. In the grade 8 syllabus, this tense is included, in order to make the pupils aware of it at this age. So it’s clear that the ppc tense is very important in writing as well as speaking. If the pupils could not achieve the targeted competence, they will face some difficulty in the future. • Objectives :To enable the pupils to write sentences in Present Perfect Continuous tense correctly.  To enable the pupils to select “Since” or “for” appropriately.  To provide them with opportunities to exchange their knowledge with the friends.

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Methodology • • •

:Collecting Data Analyzing data about the situation. Pre – test :- To select the sample and to determine the current level of the pupils. (pupils who scored less than 40% were selected.) Group work :- to make the pupils engaged in :- To verify the problem :To get a clear idea

using the ppc tense in many ways. Post – test achievement. :- To determine the level of

Intervention

: Collect and record the marks which the pupils obtained for the group activity I assigned during the English period.  Analyzing the marks and preparing the pre-test accordingly.  Conducting the pre-test. Selecting the sample group which scored less than 40%. Analyze the answer scripts to determine the common mistakes.  Holding extra classes to make the pupils engaged in prepared group activities..  Conducting a Posttest to determine the achievement level of the pupils.

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Action Plan.
May June Sept July

Feb

Activity Maintaining a reflective journal. Identifying the problem Writing the research proposal. Getting the approval of the principal Collecting data from the group activity Analyzing the collected data Starting the research diary. conducting the pre-test Assigning group work in afternoon classes. Conducting a post –test. Analysis of the data (pre-test / post-test) Writing the report of the research. Submitting the research report to the college.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Mar

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Oct

Expected Outcomes :-

As a result of my action research, the pupils of the selected group will be able to • • • Write the sentences correctly, using present perfect continuous tense. Select “since” or “for” appropriately in sentences. Explore more knowledge about and beyond the targeted area.

…………………………… Date

……………………………… Intern’s signature

I hereby approve the topic and the plan of the action research submitted by the intern.

………………………………. Signature of the supervisor.

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Acknowledgements

First, I thank our college supervisor, Mrs. Malkanthi Liyanapathirana for her
kind support throughout the internship period. She was always there to listen and advise. She deserves my thanks for getting me involved in this type of study which was helpful to the innocent pupils. She showed me the correct path which led to the success of this action research. My special thanks should go to the president and all the other tutorial staff of PNCOE, for practically introducing me to the world of education. They were the models for me to follow. My colleagues who were with me in Sripalee College, Horana have been the friends and mentors. They gave me a helping hand in every step I made. Without their support, this intervention would not have been possible. Apart from them, I would like to thank all the other colleagues of PNCOE for being the real friends. Nobody refused to help whenever I asked for any ; and nobody wanted to see me down for even a moment. Last, but not least, I thank my family ; my parents M.D.P. Ranjanee and W.K. Gnanadasa for giving me life in the first place, for educating me with aspects from both arts and sciences, for unconditional support and encouragement to pursue my interests. My sister W.K.C Kasuntha, for sharing her experience as a trainee of the same college, was a great model for me. She encouraged me with her kind heart, inculcated good attitudes in me and always reminded me that this action research should always be useful and serve good purpose for the whole humankind.

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Abstract
The study was about a group of pupils who had problems in using the present perfect continuous tense. Several preliminary actions were taken and they ended leaving the problem as it was. The necessity of an action research on the problem was identified with the help of an analysis of marks which those pupils scored in a group work. The cyclic approach of action research was followed throughout the study. A pre-test was administered in order to determine the current situation of the pupils and to select the sample for the research. After the analysis of the marks, pupils who scored less than 40%, were taken in to the afternoon classes. Group activities were designed systematically as they gradually develop the skills of the pupils. Several methods and tricks were used to keep the attention of the pupils on the matter. The approach of the new technology in the field of education was also discussed during the process. At the end of the intervention process, a post-test was administered in order to determine the level of achievement of the pupils. the marks of the pre-test and the post-tests were analyzed with the help of a chart. The conclusions were made accordingly and the suggestions were made in order to help the future generation.

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Contents
Declaration

Page No.

……………………………………………… iii Research Plan ……………………………………………… v Acknowledgements ………………………………………. x Abstract…….. ………………………………………………… xi List of abbreviations ………………………………………. xiii List of Figures, Graphs and Tables ……………………………… xiv 1. Introduction ……………………

1

2. The purpose and the objectives …………………… 4 3. Literature review …………………… 4. Methodology …………………… 5. Intervention …………………… 7 9 12
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6.Findings and data analysis …………………… 19 7. Conclusions and Suggestions …………………… 24 8. Bibliography 9. Annexes

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List of abbreviations
PNCOE PPC tense Comp. level Pps ::::Pasdunrata National College of Education Present Perfect Continuous tense Competency level. Pupils

List of Figures, Graphs and Tables

Table No 1. The frequency distribution of marks for the group activity. (page 19)

Table No.2 the results of the pre-test (page 20) Table No.3 The Marks of the pre-test Vs Post-test.(page 21) Figure 5.1 The frequency distribution of marks (page 19) Figure 5.2 Pre-test results.(page 20) Figure 5.3 Pre-test Vs Post-test.(page22)

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