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Application of Interpersonal Relation Theory

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Application of Theory in nursing

Nursing education Interpersonal relation theory

Nursing research

Clinical practice

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Clinical practice
The 4 phases of interpersonal relations are applied through nursing process

Orientation assessment Identification goal setting, planning Exploitation implementation Resolution - evaluation

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Nursing process methods


Observation Verbal and non verbal communication Process recording analysis and evaluation Nurse self scrutiny observe and analyze own behavior Critical thinking and judgment

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Orientation
Nurse patient are strangers Patient has a felt need and seeks assistance Acquaintance is developed Rapport is established Mutually problem is clarified & defined Anxiety is minimized Active participation is encouraged

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Identification
Identify problem Both clarify perception and expectation Level of dependence, independence and goal are decided Selection of professional assistance Begin to feel belonging & capable of dealing with problem Patient recognizes participative roles

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Exploitation
Feel part of the helping environment Client utilizes all available services Plan is implemented, assessment & assisting new needs of patient Client becomes active, takes interest and involved in self care

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Resolution
Client needs met Mutual termination of relationship Sense of security is formed Patient has less reliance on nurse Increased self reliance to deal with own problem

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Previous application to practice


Patient health education Psychiatric nursing Home care Nurse counseling AIDS care Quality of life Oncology Palliative care

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Recommendation for practice


In all areas of nursing practice to meet patients needs Peer relationship Professional relationship Private counseling practice

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Previous application to research


Home care Depression Patient education Nature of nurse patient relation Role expectation Psychiatric practice

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Recommendation for research


More quantitative and qualitative studies Study in relation to patient outcome Patient satisfaction Nurse patient interaction and outcome in each phase Factors influencing nurse patient interaction and patient outcome

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Application to nursing education


Teaching and learning In all areas of interpersonal relationship in educational setting Teaching communication and interpersonal skills and interpersonal relation theory and practicing it

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Utilization of the Interpersonal Relations Theory


In all areas of nursing practice Critically look at existing practice in specific situation Incorporate theory into practice Evaluate the outcome

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In Research
Use the theory as framework in research Develop propositions using concepts of the theory

Research problem

Assessment of teacher related factors while teaching in classroom in relation to students outcome
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Conceptual model based on Peplaus Interpersonal Relations Theory


Intrapersonal
factors + ve Interpersonal factors Teacher student interaction Interperso nal relations Goal achieved

Not achieved Environmenta l - ve

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Requisites

A mature nurse Knowledge about theory and nursing practice Observation skill Critical thinking and reasoning skills Therapeutic interaction Effective communication and interpersonal skills Self scrutiny of motives, expectation , behavior, action and attitude in relationship in daily practice

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