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BTS3812E

8 Topologies of the Macro NodeB

8

Topologies of the Macro NodeB

About This Chapter
The topology of the macro NodeB refers to the topology of the transmission over the Iub interface, that is, the topology of the transmission channels between the NodeB and the RNC. The macro NodeB supports multiple topologies, such as star, chain, tree, cascading RRUs, hub NodeB, and co-transmission with 2G and 3G equipment to meet the requirements of different scenarios. 8.1 Star Topology As the most commonly used topology, the star topology applies to most areas, especially to densely populated areas. 8.2 Chain Topology The chain topology applies to the belt-shaped and sparsely populated areas, such as highways and railways. 8.3 Tree Topology The tree topology applies to complicated networks and sites such as a large area with concentrated hot spots. 8.4 2G/3G Co-transmission The NodeB supports the Fractional ATM and CES, which enables 2G/3G co-transmission and reduces investment in transmission resources. 8.5 Topology of the Hub NodeB The NodeB supports the topology with the hub NodeB. The hub NodeB converges the transmission bandwidth of the lower-level NodeBs.

Issue 02 (2007-09-30)

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8-1

such as highways and railways. Figure 8-1 shows this topology.2 Chain Topology The chain topology applies to the belt-shaped and sparsely populated areas. the star topology applies to most areas. Disadvantage: Compared with other topologies. Therefore. the star topology features simplicity. and capacity expansion.1 Star Topology As the most commonly used topology. Figure 8-1 Star topology Advantages: l l The NodeB is directly connected to the RNC. especially to densely populated areas. which gives higher transmission reliability. 8. engineering. convenience in maintenance. 8-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 02 (2007-09-30) . Direct data transmission is built between the NodeB and RNC and signals travel through fewer nodes. the star topology requires more transmission resources.8 Topologies of the Macro NodeB BTS3812E 8.

Disadvantages: Issue 02 (2007-09-30) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 8-3 .3 Tree Topology The tree topology applies to complicated networks and sites such as a large area with concentrated hot spots. Figure 8-3 Tree topology Advantage: The tree topology requires fewer transmission links than star topology. 8.BTS3812E 8 Topologies of the Macro NodeB Figure 8-2 shows this topology. so the transmission reliability is low. construction. Figure 8-3 shows this topology. Figure 8-2 Chain topology Advantage: The chain topology can reduce costs in transmission equipment. and transmission link lease. The number of levels in the chain topology cannot exceed five. Faults in the upper-level NodeB may affect the lower-level NodeB(s). engineering. Disadvantages: l l l Signals travel through many nodes.

the ATM cells are mapped to some of the 30 timeslots (timeslots 0 and 16 already reserved) at the TX end and then recovered from those timeslots at the RX end. The BSC and BTS or external timeslot cross devices support timeslot cross connection. which enables 2G/3G co-transmission and reduces investment in transmission resources. Fractional ATM In the Fractional ATM mode. It is possible to use current transmission network resources to build 3G networks. l l Figure 8-4 shows the 2G/3G co-transmission in Fractional ATM mode. which causes low transmission reliability and construction and maintenance difficulties. whose stability and upgrade affect the stability of 3G services. Faults in the upper-level NodeB may affect the lower-level NodeB(s). Figure 8-4 2G/3G co-transmission in Fractional ATM mode Advantages: The 2G/3G co-transmission helps operators speed up WCDMA construction and offering services. some of the 32 timeslots in an E1/T1 link are used for ATM cell transmission.8 Topologies of the Macro NodeB l BTS3812E Signals travel through many nodes. The number of levels in the tree topology cannot exceed five. l l l 8. That is. Disadvantages: The 3G equipment is dependent on the 2G equipment.4 2G/3G Co-transmission The NodeB supports the Fractional ATM and CES. 8-4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 02 (2007-09-30) . The RNC and NodeB support the Fractional ATM. Capacity expansion is difficult because it may involve major modification to the network architecture. It saves the transmission resources and reduces investment in the initial phase of WCDMA construction. The scenarios of 2G/3G co-transmission in the Fractional ATM mode are as follows: l The operators have GSM mobile networks.

2G systems can use the ATM transmission devices to transmit services through CES mode. The RNC and NodeB must support the CES. The CES port resource is limited on the RNC side. which affect the QoS of the 2G services. No timeslot cross device is required on the NodeB side. l l l Issue 02 (2007-09-30) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 8-5 . Figure 8-5 2G/3G co-transmission in the CES mode Advantages: l The 2G/3G co-transmission in CES mode reduces costs of transmission and network maintenance. The transmission over the ATM network enhances the usage of the transmission resources and ensures the performance of the CS real time services as well as the sequence of the timeslot data. l Figure 8-5 shows the 2G/3G co-transmission in the CES mode. The CES enables the narrowband signals to be transmitted in the wideband system. In the CES mode. which reduces the costs and enhances system reliability. The scenarios of 2G/3G co-transmission in CES ATM mode are as follows: l When the transmission resources of the 2G network are insufficient. l l Disadvantages: l The CES mode applies to mature 3G networks with enough bandwidth on the Iub interface because it occupies more bandwidth on the interface. 2G systems may use the 3G ATM transmission devices to transmit 2G services.BTS3812E 8 Topologies of the Macro NodeB CES The Circuit Emulation Service (CES) uses the technology that emulates the TDM circuit in the ATM network. whose performance affects the stability of the 2G services. The 2G equipment is dependent on the 3G equipment. The encapsulation and decapsulation during the circuit emulation introduces delay and delay variation.

The hub NodeB converges the transmission bandwidth of the lower-level NodeBs.8 Topologies of the Macro NodeB BTS3812E 8. Disadvantage: Faults in the hub NodeB may affect the running of the lower-level NodeBs. Figure 8-6 Topology of the Hub NodeB Advantage: The hub NodeB converges the transmission data of the lower-level NodeBs. Thus the transmission resources are more effectively used. Figure 8-6 shows the topology with the hub NodeB.5 Topology of the Hub NodeB The NodeB supports the topology with the hub NodeB. Thus the hub NodeB can converge the transmission data of the lower-level NodeBs. The hub NodeB integrates the functions of transmission device. 8-6 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 02 (2007-09-30) .