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**In the IMEX model, q
**

o

ST

= 36 m

3

/D, and q

o

RC

= 45 m

3

/D.

Reflecting on this, with Rs = 80, a relatively small amount of surface gas is produced, signifying that the

reservoir oil volume is actually larger than the surface volume, and the liquid oil must have been compressed

during its flow from reservoir to surface – now that’s simply ridiculous! So first conclusion is that for a given

Bo-table, Rs cannot be chosen freely, but is restricted in some way (the obvious is so obvious in hindsight…)

To examine this a little more thorough, I did some simple calculations of RC density. Solving the standard Bo-

definition for RC density gives:

p

o

RC

=

p

c

ST

+R

s

p

g

ST

B

c

Using the same B

o

(p) as above, the reservoir oil density was computed for Rs-values of 16, 80, 400, and 800.

The results are shown in the figure below

This is density for the current oil phase, i.e. including condensed gas. A unit volume of liquid oil at ST has

some mass. Condensing gas means this oil mass + some gas mass occupies the same unit volume, hence the

total mass in the volume increases. I.e. oil phase density must increase with pressure. All the curves in the

figure have the same density increase with pressure (slope of curve) for pressures above bubble point (that’s a

consequence of using the same Bo-table for all the Rs-values). The big difference is when going from ST to

bubble point RC. The case Rs = 400 is almost linear in the whole range (coincidence…), and as such should be

the expected curve for compression of pure liquid oil, i.e. without any gas condensation. In the two lower

curves the oil/gas mixture has lower density than the liquid oil (so the liquid oil must have expanded during the

pressure increase (???)), which is clearly unphysical.

The case Rs = 400 can be regarded as a “limit” case – any permitted curves must clearly be above this one, and

even Rs = 400 is not consistent with no condensation, so the minimum permitted Rs for this Bo-table must lie

somewhat above. How far can probably be calculated from gas properties.

Conclusion: For a given Bo-table (especially Bo at bubble point), Rs cannot be chosen freely, but must lie in

some restricted interval to be physical consistent with the Bo variation. From gas properties this value of Rs can

probably be calculated (estimated) fairly accurately. (So in some sense, Rs should be a function of the Bo-

variation, and not a parameter that can be “freely” defined by the user – ECLIPSE and IMEX are a little too

sloppy here!)

Also calculated oil (phase) compressibility for this case. The compressibility from surface to RC bubble point

was of course strongly dependent on Rs, with the following values:

700

800

900

1000

1100

1200

0 100 200 300 400 500

RHO_o_RC

RS=16

RS=80

RS=400

RS=800

R

s

= 16: C

o

= -0.245

R

s

= 80: C

o

= -0.19

R

s

= 400: C

o

= 0.028

R

s

= 800: C

o

= 0.209

Above bubble point the C

o

(p)-curve was identical for the four cases (expected, since the same Bo was used), as

shown in the figure below.

Note that the compressibility is about 0.003,

which is much larger than liquid oil

compressibility, and is a clear indication that

the oil contains large amounts of condensed

gas (recall this is a function of the Bo alone,

irrespective of Rs-value).

Hence another factor which shows that the

amount of condensed gas is determined by the

Bo-curve, and only secondary by the Rs-value.

Note also the “strange” values ST RC.

0

0.001

0.002

0.003

0.004

0.005

200 250 300 350 400 450

RC oil compressibility

RS=16

RS=80

RS=400

RS=800

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