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Integrated Curriculum for Secondary Schools

Yearly Teaching Plan

CHEMISTRY
FORM FOUR
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YEARLY FORM FOUR CHEMISTRY TEACHING PLAN YEAR 2014

Week N o

Topic

Sugge !e" Sugge !e" #u$ #u$%e& %e& o' o' (eek pe&io " "(

O&ie#!)!io# (eek • $etting to %no& Chemistry • Rules and regulations &hile in the chemistry la'roratory 1* INTRO+UCTION TO CHEMISTRY ")" Understanding chemistry and its im*ortance ") Synthesising scientific method ")+ Incor*orate scientific attitudes and ,alues in conducting scientific in,estigations 2* THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM )" -nalysing matter ) Synthesising atomic structure )+ Understanding isoto*es and assessing their im*ortance )# Understanding the electronic structure of an atom ). -**reciate the orderliness and uni/ueness of the atomic structure)

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Panitia 0imia SM0 0ing $eorge 12 Serem'an

Week N o

Topic

Sugge !e" Sugge !e" #u$ #u$%e& %e& o' o' (eek pe&io "

,* CHEMICAL FORMULAE AN+ E-UATIONS +)" Understanding and a**lying the conce*ts of relati,e atomic mass and relati,e molecular mass +) -nalysing the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles &ith the num'er of *articles +)+ -nalysing the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles of a su'stance &ith its mass +)# -nalysing the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles of a gas &ith its ,olume +). Synthesising chemical formulae +)3 Inter*reting chemical e/uations +)4 Practising scientific attitudes and ,alues in in,estigation matter .* PERIO+IC TA/LE OF ELEMENTS #)" -nalysing the Periodic Ta'le of Elements +)" -nalysing $rou* "5 elements +) -nalysing $rou* " elements #)# -nalysing $rou* "4 elements #). -nalysing elements in a *eriod #)3 Understanding transition elements #)4 -**reciating the e6istence of elements and their com*ounds 0* CHEMICAL /ON+S .)" Understanding formation of com*ounds Panitia 0imia SM0 0ing $eorge 12 Serem'an

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Week N o
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Topic

Sugge !e" Sugge !e" #u$ #u$%e& %e& o' o' (eek pe&io "

Synthesising ideas on formation of ionic 'ond .)+ Synthesising ideas on formation of co,alent 'ond .)# -nalysing *ro*erties of ionic and co,alent com*ounds 1* ELECTROCHEMISTRY 3)" Understanding *ro*erties of electrolytes and non7electrolytes 3) -nalysing electrolysis of molten com*ounds 3)+ -nalysing the electrolysis of a/ueous solutions 3)# E,aluating electrolysis in industry 3). -nalysing ,oltaic cell 3)3 Synthesising electrochemical series 3)4 8e,elo* a&areness and res*onsi'le *ractices &hen handling chemicals used in electrochemical industries) 2* ACI+S AN+ /ASES 4)" -nalysing characteristics and *ro*erties of acids and 'ases 4) Synthesising the conce*ts of strong acids2 &ea% acids2 strong al%alis and &ea% al%alis 4)+ -nalysing concentration of acids and al%alis 4)# -nalysing neutralisation 3* SALTS 5)" Synthesising salts 5) Synthesising /ualitati,e analysis of salts 5)+ Pracitising to 'e systematic and meticulous &hen carrying out Panitia 0imia SM0 0ing $eorge 12 Serem'an

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Week N o

Topic

Sugge !e" Sugge !e" #u$ #u$%e& %e& o' o' (eek pe&io "

acti,ities) 10* MANUFACTURE+ SU/STANCES IN IN+USTRY 9)" Understanding the manufacture of sul*huric acid 9) Synthesising the manufacture of ammonia and its salts 9)+ Understanding alloys 9)# E,aluating uses of synthetic *olymers 9). -**lying uses of glass and ceramics 9)3 E,aluating uses of com*osite materials 9)4 -**reciating ,arious synthetic industrial materials

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First term test Mid year e6amination Second term test School e,ents To!)4 #u$%e& o' pe&io" )#" (eek u#!i4 'i& ! (eek o' Oc!o%e& Final Year e6amination Enrichment *rogrammes :;o,em'er< To!)4

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Panitia 0imia SM0 0ing $eorge 12 Serem'an

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THEME 5 INTRO+UCING CHEMISTRY LEARNING AREA 5 1* INTRO+UCTION TO CHEMISTRY Week Le)&#i#g Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie O%8ec!i9e =ee% " ")" Collect and inter*ret the meaning of the &ord ! 7!#)!" Understanding >chemistry? !"# chemistry and its im*ortance 8iscuss some e6am*les of common chemicals used in daily life such as sodium chloride2 calcium car'onate and acetic acid)

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e No!e

- student is a'le to@ • e6*lain the meaning of chemistry2 • list some common chemicals used in daily life2 • state the uses of common chemicals in daily life2 8iscuss the uses of these chemicals in daily life) • list e6am*les of occu*ations that re/uire the %no&ledge of 1ie& a ,ideo or com*uter course&are on the chemistry2 follo&ing@ • list chemical7'ased industries in a) careers that need the %no&ledge of Malaysia2 chemistry) • descri'e the contri'ution of ') chemical7'ased industries in Malaysia and its chemical7'ased industries contri'ution to the de,elo*ment of the to&ards the de,elo*ment of the country) country) -ttend tal%s on chemical7 'ased industries in Malaysia and their contri'ution to the de,elo*ment of the country)

Week =ee% !47"!)!" !"#

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e ") Synthesising scientific method

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie O'ser,e a situation and identify all ,aria'les) Suggest a /uestion suita'le for a scientific in,estigation) Carry out an acti,ity to@ a) o'ser,e a situation ') identify all ,aria'les c) suggest a /uestion d) form a hy*othesis e) select suita'le a**aratus f) list do&n &or% *rocedures Carry out an e6*eriment and@ a) collect and ta'ulate data ') *resent data in a suita'le form c) inter*ret the data and dra& conclusions d) &rite a com*lete re*ort

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • identify ,aria'les in a gi,en situation2 • identify the relationshi* 'et&een t&o ,aria'les to form a hy*othesis2 • design and carry out a sim*le e6*eriment to test the hy*othesis2 • record and *resent data in a suita'le form2 • inter*ret data to dra& a conclusion2 • &rite a re*ort of the in,estigation)

No!e Students ha,e %no&ledge of scientific method in Form "2 and +) Scientific s%ills are a**lied throughout)

")+ Incor*orate scientific attitudes and ,alues in conducting scientific in,estigations

1ie& ,ideos or read *assages a'out scientific in,estigations) Students discuss and identify scientific attitudes and ,alues *ractised 'y researchers and scientists in the ,ideos or *assages) Students discuss and Austify the scientific attitudes and ,alues that should 'e *ractised during scientific in,estigations)

- student is a'le to@ • identify scientific attitudes and ,alues *ractised 'y scientists in carrying out in,estigations2 • *ractise scientific attitudes and ,alues in conducting scientific in,estigations)

Throughout the course2 attention should also 'e gi,en to identifying and *ractising scientific attitudes and ,alues)

THEME 5 MATTER AROUN+ US LEARNING AREA 5 2* THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4

Week =ee% + "#7"4)!" !"#

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e )" -nalysing matter

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie 8iscuss and e6*lain the *articulate nature of matter) Use models or ,ie& com*uter simulation to discuss the follo&ing@ a) the %inetic theory of matter ') the meaning of atoms2 molecules and ions Conduct an acti,ity to in,estigate diffusion of *articles in solid2 li/uid and gas) In,estigate the change in the state of matter 'ased on the %inetic theory of matter through simulation or com*uter animation) Conduct an acti,ity to determine the melting and freeBing *oints of ethanamide or na*hthalene) Plot and inter*ret the heating and the cooling cur,es of ethanamide or na*hthalene)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • descri'e the *articulate nature of matter2 • state the %inetic theory of matter2 • define atoms2 molecules and ions2 • relate the change in the state of matter to the change in heat2 • relate the change in heat to the change in %inetic energy of *articles2 • e6*lain the inter7con,ersion of the states of matter in terms of %inetic theory of matter)

No!e

Students ha,e ac/uired *rior %no&ledge of elements2 com*ounds and mi6tures in Form )

Ethanamide is also %no&n as acetamide

=ee% # !7 #)!" !"#

) Synthesising atomic structure

8iscuss the de,elo*ment of atomic models *ro*osed 'y scientists namely 8alton2 Thomson2 Rutherford2 Chad&ic% and Cohr) Use models or com*uter simulation to illustrate the structure of an atom as containing *rotons and neutrons in the nucleus and electrons arranged in shells) Conduct acti,ities to determine the *roton num'er2 nucleon num'er and the num'er of

- student is a'le to@ • descri'e the de,elo*ment of atomic model2 • state the main su'atomic *articles of an atom2 • com*are and contrast the relati,e mass and the relati,e charge of the *rotons2 electrons and neutrons2 • define *roton num'er2 • define nucleon num'er2

8ates and ho& models are de,elo*ed are not needed Proton num'er is also %no&n as atomic

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie *rotons2 electrons and neutrons of an atom)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e num'er ;ucleon num'er is also %no&n as mass num'er)

• determine the *roton num'er2 Use a ta'le to com*are and contrast the relati,e • determine the nucleon num'er2 • relate the *roton num'er to the mass and the relati,e charge of the *rotons2 nucleon num'er2 electrons and neutrons) • relate the *roton num'er to the ty*e In,estigate the *roton and nucleon num'ers of of element2 different elements) • &rite the sym'ol of elements2 8iscuss@ • determine the num'er of neutrons2 a) the relationshi* 'et&een *roton num'er and *rotons and electrons from the nucleon num'er) *roton num'er and the nucleon ') to ma%e generalisation that each element has num'er and ,ice ,ersa2 a different *roton num'er • construct the atomic structure) Carry out an acti,ity to &rite@ a) the sym'ols of elements2 ') the standard re*resentation for an atom of any element) &here@ A DE element Z -Enucleon num'er FE *roton num'er Construct models or use com*uter simulation to sho& the atomic structure)

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)+ Understanding isoto*es and assessing their im*ortance

Collect and inter*ret information on@ a) the meaning of isoto*e ') isoto*es of hydrogen2 o6ygen2 car'on2 chlorine and 'romine Conduct acti,ities to determine the num'er of su'atomic *articles of isoto*es from their *roton num'ers and their nucleon num'ers)

- student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of isoto*e2 • list e6am*les of elements &ith isoto*es2 • determine the num'er of su'atomic *articles of isoto*es2 • Austify the uses of isoto*e in daily

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie $ather information from the internet or from *rinted materials and discuss the uses of isoto*e) Study electron arrangements of ,arious atoms and identify their ,alence electrons) 8iscuss the meaning of ,alence electrons using illustrations) Conduct acti,ities to@ a) illustrate electron arrangements of elements &ith *roton num'ers " to !2 ') &rite electron arrangements of elements &ith *roton num'ers " to ! life)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

=ee% . 47 9)!" !"#

)# Understanding the electronic structure of an atom

- student is a'le to@ • descri'e electron arrangements of elements &ith *roton num'ers " to !2 • dra& electron arrangement of an atom in an element2 • state the meaning of ,alence electrons2 • determine the num'er of ,alence electrons from the electron arrangement of an atom) - student is a'le to@ • descri'e the contri'utions of scientists to&ards the understanding of the atomic structure2 • descri'e the creati,e and conscientious efforts of scientists to form a com*lete *icture of matter)

). -**reciate the orderliness and uni/ueness of the atomic structure

8iscuss the contri'utions of scientists to&ards the de,elo*ment of ideas on the atomic structure) Conduct a story Gtelling com*etition on the historical de,elo*ment of the atomic structure &ith em*hasis on the creati,ity of scientists)

THEME 5 MATTER AROUN+ US LEARNING AREA 5 ,* CHEMICAL FORMULAE AN+ E-UATIONS Week Le)&#i#g Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie O%8ec!i9e +)" Collect and inter*ret data concerning relati,e Understanding and atomic mass and relati,e molecular mass 'ased a**lying the on car'on7" scale) conce*ts of relati,e atomic mass and 8iscuss the use of car'on7" scale as a relati,e molecular standard for determining relati,e atomic

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of relati,e atomic mass 'ased on car'on7" scale2 • state the meaning of relati,e molecular mass 'ased on car'on7" No!e Relati,e formula mass is introduced as the relati,e mass for ionic su'stances

Week mass

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie mass and relati,e molecular mass In,estigate the conce*ts of relati,e atomic mass and relati,e molecular mass using analogy or com*uter animation Carry out a /uiB to calculate the relati,e molecular mass of su'stances 'ased on the gi,en chemical formulae2 for e6am*le HCl2 CO 2 ;a CO+2 -l:;O+<+2 CuSO#).H O Study the mole conce*t using analogy or com*uter simulation

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e scale2 • state &hy car'on7" is used as a standard for determining relati,e atomic mass and relati,e molecular mass2 • calculate the relati,e molecular mass of su'stances)

No!e

=ee% 3 !.)! )"# 7 !4)! )"#

+) -nalysing the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles &ith the num'er of *articles

+)+ -nalysing the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles of a su'stance &ith its mass

- student is a'le to@ • define a mole as the amount of matter that contains as many *articles as the num'er of atoms in Collect and inter*ret data on -,ogadro " g of " C2 constant) • state the meaning of -,ogadro 8iscuss the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er constant2 of *articles in one mole of a su'stance &ith • relate the num'er of *articles in one the -,ogadro constant) mole of a su'stance &ith the -,ogadro constant2 Carry out *ro'lem sol,ing acti,ities to • sol,e numerical *ro'lems to con,ert con,ert the num'er of moles to the num'er the num'er of moles to the num'er of *articles for a gi,en su'stance and ,ice of *articles of a gi,en su'stance and ,ersa) ,ice ,ersa) 8iscuss the meaning of molar mass) - student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of molar Using analogy or com*uter simulation2 mass2 discuss to relate@ • relate molar mass to the a) molar mass &ith the -,ogadro constant2 -,ogadro constant2 ') molar mass of a su'stance &ith its • relate molar mass of a su'stance relati,e atomic mass or relati,e molecular to its relati,e atomic mass or relati,e mass molecular mass2

-,ogadro constant is also %no&n as -,ogadro num'er)
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C can also 'e re*resented as
12 C 6

or

C7"

Chemical formulae of su'stances are gi,en for calculation

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Carry out *ro'lem sol,ing acti,ities to con,ert the num'er of moles of a gi,en su'stance to its mass and ,ice ,ersa

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e • sol,e numerical *ro'lems to con,ert the num'er of moles of a gi,en su'stance to its mass and ,ice ,ersa)

No!e

=ee% 4 "!7"#)! !"#

+)# -nalysing the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles of a gas &ith its ,olume

Collect and inter*ret data on molar ,olume of a gas)

- student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of molar ,olume of a gas2 Using com*uter simulation or gra*hic • relate molar ,olume of a gas to the re*resentation2 discuss@ -,ogadro constant2 a) the relationshi* 'et&een molar ,olume • ma%e generaliBation on the molar and -,ogadro constant2 ,olume of a gas at a gi,en ') to ma%e generaliBation on the molar tem*erature and *ressure2 ,olume of a gas at STP or room conditions • calculate the ,olume of gases at STP Carry out an acti,ity to calculate the ,olume or room conditions from the num'er of gases at STP or room conditions from the of moles and ,ice ,ersa2 num'er of moles and ,ice ,ersa • sol,e numerical *ro'lems in,ol,ing num'er of *articles2 num'er of Construct a mind ma* to sho& the moles2 mass of su'stances and relationshi* 'et&een num'er of *articles2 ,olume of gases at STP or room num'er of moles2 mass of su'stances and conditions) ,olume of gases at STP and room conditions) Carry out *ro'lem sol,ing acti,ities in,ol,ing num'er of *articles2 num'er of moles2 mass of a su'stance and ,olume of gases at STP or room conditions) Collect and inter*ret data on chemical formula2 em*irical formula and molecular formula) Conduct an acti,ity to@ a) determine the em*irical formula of co**er:II< o6ide using com*uter

STP G Standard Tem*erature and Pressure

=ee% 5 "47 ")!+ !"#

+). Synthesising chemical formulae

- student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of chemical formula2 • state the meaning of em*irical formula2 • state the meaning of molecular formula2

The use of sym'ols and chemical formulae should 'e &idely encouraged

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie simulation2 ') determine the em*irical formula of magnesium o6ide2 c) com*are and contrast em*irical formula &ith molecular formula) Carry out *ro'lem sol,ing acti,ities in,ol,ing em*irical and molecular formulae Carry out e6ercises and /uiBBes in &riting ionic formulae) Conduct acti,ities to@ a) construct chemical formulae of com*ounds from a gi,en ionic formula) ') state names of chemical com*ounds using IUP-C nomenclature)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e • determine em*irical and molecular formulae of su'stances2 • com*are and contrast em*irical formula &ith molecular formula2 • sol,e numerical *ro'lems in,ol,ing em*irical and molecular formulae2 • &rite ionic formulae of ions2 • construct chemical formulae of ionic com*ounds2 • state names of chemical com*ounds using IUP-C nomenclature)

No!e and not restricted to &riting chemical e/uations only) IUP-C7 International Union Of Pure -nd -**lied Chemistry

=ee% 9 #)! ) !"#7 5)! ) !"#

+)3 8iscuss@ Inter*reting chemical a) the meaning of chemical e/uation2 e/uations ') the reactants and *roducts in a chemical e/uation) Construct 'alanced chemical e/uations for the follo&ing reactions@ a) heating of co**er:II< car'onate2 CuCO+ ') formation of ammonium chloride2 ;H#Cl2 c) *reci*itation of lead:II< iodide2 P'I )

- student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of chemical e/uation2 • identify the reactants and *roducts of a chemical e/uation2 • &rite and 'alance chemical e/uations2 • inter*ret chemical e/uations /uantitati,ely and /ualitati,ely2 • sol,e numerical *ro'lems using chemical e/uations)

- com*uter s*readsheet can 'e used for 'alancing chemical e/uation e6ercises)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Carry out the follo&ing acti,ities@ ') &rite and 'alance chemical e/uations2 c) inter*ret chemical e/uation /uantitati,ely and /ualitati,ely2 d) sol,e numerical *ro'lems using chemical e/uations :stoichiometry<)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

+)4 Practising scientific attitudes and ,alues in in,estigating matter

8iscuss the contri'utions of scientists for their research on relati,e atomic mass2 relati,e molecular mass2 mole conce*t2 formulae and chemical e/uations) 8iscuss to Austify the need for scientists to *ractise scientific attitudes and *ositi,e ,alues in doing their research on atomic structures2 formulae and chemical e/uations) 8iscuss the role of chemical sym'ols2 formulae and e/uations as tools of communication in chemistry)

- student is a'le to@ • identify *ositi,e scientific attitudes and ,alues *ractised 'y scientists in doing research on mole conce*t2 chemical formulae and chemical e/uations2 • Austify the need to *ractise *ositi,e scientific attitudes and good ,alues in doing research on atomic structures2 chemical formulae and chemical e/uations2 • use sym'ols2 chemical formulae and e/uations for easy and systematic communication in the field of chemistry)

=ee% "! !+ G !4)!+) !"#

TEST 1
Carry out the follo&ing acti,ities@ - student is a'le to@ e) &rite and 'alance chemical e/uations2 • &rite and 'alance chemical f) inter*ret chemical e/uation /uantitati,ely

=ee% ""(" "!7 ")!+) !"#

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

and /ualitati,ely2 e/uations2 g) sol,e numerical *ro'lems using chemical • inter*ret chemical e/uations e/uations :stoichiometry<) /uantitati,ely and /ualitati,ely2 • sol,e numerical *ro'lems using chemical e/uations) CUTI PERTENGAHAN PENGGAL 1 5 : 22 ; ,0*0,*2014 <

THEME 5 MATTER AROUN+ US LEARNING AREA 5 4* PERIO+IC TA/LE OF ELEMENTS Week Le)&#i#g Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie O%8ec!i9e =ee% "+ #)" Collect information on the contri'utions of +")!+7!#)!# -nalysing the ,arious scientists to&ards the de,elo*ment !"# Periodic Ta'le of of the Periodic Ta'le) Elements Study the arrangement of elements in the Periodic Ta'le from the follo&ing as*ects @ a) grou* and *eriod2 ') *roton num'er2 c) electron arrangement) Carry out an acti,ity to relate the electron arrangement of an element to its grou* and *eriod)

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • descri'e the contri'utions of scientists in the historical de,elo*ment of the Periodic Ta'le2 • identify grou*s and *eriods in the Periodic Ta'le2 • state the 'asic *rinci*le of arranging the elements in the Periodic Ta'le from their *roton num'ers2 • relate the electron arrangement of an element to its grou* and *eriod2 • e6*lain the ad,antages of grou*ing elements in the Periodic Ta'le2 • *redict the grou* and the *eriod of an No!e Include scientists li%e Ha,oisier2 8o'ereiner2 ;e&lands2 Meyer2 Mendelee, and Moseley)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie 8iscuss the ad,antages of grou*ing elements in the Periodic Ta'le) Conduct acti,ities to *redict the grou* and *eriod of an element 'ased on its electron arrangement) Use a ta'le to list all the elements in $rou* "5)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e element 'ased on its electron arrangement)

No!e

#) -nalysing $rou* "5 elements

- student is a'le to@ • list all $rou* "5 elements2 • state in general the *hysical 8escri'e the *hysical *ro*erties such as the *ro*erties of $rou* "5 elements2 *hysical state2 density and 'oiling *oint of • descri'e the changes in the *hysical $rou* "5 elements) *ro*erties of $rou* "5 elements2 • descri'e the inert nature of elements 8iscuss@ of $rou* "52 a) changes in the *hysical *ro*erties of • relate the inert nature of $rou* "5 $rou* "5 elements2 elements to their electron ') the inert nature of $rou* "5 elements) arrangements2 8iscuss the relationshi* 'et&een the electron • relate the du*let and octet electron arrangements of $rou* "5 elements arrangement and the inert nature of $rou* "5 to their sta'ility2 elements) • descri'e uses of $rou* "5 elements in daily life) Use diagrams or com*uter simulations to illustrate the du*let and octet electron arrangement of $rou* "5 elements to e6*lain their sta'ility) $ather information on the reasons for the uses of $rou* "5 elements*

The elements in $rou* "5 can also 'e referred to as no'le gases or inert gases*

Students are encouraged to use multimedia materials*

=ee% "# !47"")!# !"#

#)+ -nalysing $rou* " elements

$ather information and discuss@ a) $rou* " elements2 ') general *hysical *ro*erties of lithium2

- student is a'le to@ Teachers are • list all $rou* " elements) • state the general *hysical *ro*erties of encouraged to

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e c) d) e) f)

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie sodium and *otassium) changes in the *hysical *ro*erties from lithium to *otassium &ith res*ect to hardness2 density and melting *oint2 chemical *ro*erties of lithium2 sodium and *otassium2 the similarities in chemical *ro*erties of lithium2 sodium and *otassium2 the relationshi*2 'et&een the chemical *ro*erties of $rou* " elements and their electron arrangements) • • • • • • •

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e lithium2 sodium and *otassium2 descri'e changes in the *hysical *ro*erties from lithium to *otassium2 list the chemical *ro*erties of lithium2 sodium and *otassium2 descri'e the similarities in chemical *ro*erties of lithium2 sodium and *otassium2 relate the chemical *ro*erties of $rou* " elements to their electron arrangements2 descri'e changes in reacti,ity of $rou* " elements do&n the grou*2 *redict *hysical and chemical *ro*erties of other elements in $rou* "2 state the safety *recautions &hen handling $rou* " elements) use

No!e
demonstration

for e6*eriments in,ol,ing sodium and *otassium)

Carry out e6*eriments to in,estigate the reactions of lithium2 sodium and *otassium &ith &ater and o6ygen) Study the reactions of lithium2 sodium and *otassium &ith chlorine and 'romine through com*uter simulation) 8iscuss changes in the reacti,ity of $rou* " elements do&n the grou*) Predict *hysical and chemical *ro*erties of $rou* " elements other than lithium2 sodium and *otassium) =atch multimedia materials on the safety *recautions &hen handling $rou* " elements) =ee% ". #)# $ather information and discuss on@

Week "#7"5)!# !"#

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e -nalysing $rou* "4 elements

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie a) ') c) d) e) f) $rou* "4 elements2 *hysical *ro*erties of chlorine2 'romine and iodine &ith res*ect to their colour2 density and 'oiling *oint2 changes in the *hysical *ro*erties from chlorine to iodine2 descri'e the chemical *ro*erties of chlorine2 'romine and iodine2 the similarities in chemical *ro*erties of chlorine2 'romine and iodine2 The relationshi* 'et&een the chemical *ro*erties of $rou* "4 elements &ith their electron arrangement)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • list all $rou* "4 elements2 • state the general *hysical *ro*erties of chlorine2 'romine and iodine2 • descri'e changes in the *hysical *ro*erties from chlorine to iodine2

No!e

Carry out e6*eriment to in,estigate the reactions of chlorine2 'romine and iodine &ith@ a) &ater2 ') metals such as iron2 c) Sodium hydro6ide)

=ee% "3 "7 .)!# !"#

#). -nalysing elements in a *eriod

• list the chemical *ro*erties of chlorine2 'romine and iodine2 • descri'e the similarities in chemical *ro*erties of chlorine2 'romine and iodine2 • relate the chemical *ro*erties of $rou* "4 elements &ith their electron arrangements2 8iscuss changes in reacti,ity of $rou* "4 • descri'e changes in reacti,ity of elements do&n the grou*) $rou* "4 elements do&n the grou*2 Predict *hysical and chemical *ro*erties of $rou* "4 elements other than chlorine2 • *redict *hysical and chemical 'romine and iodine) *ro*erties of other elements in $rou* =atch multimedia materials on the safety "42 *recautions &hen handling $rou* "4 • State the safety *recautions &hen elements) handling $rou* "4 elements) Collect and inter*ret data on the *ro*erties of - student is a'le to@ elements in Period + such as @ • list all elements in Period +2 a) *roton num'er2 • &rite electron arrangements of all ') electron arrangement2 elements in Period +2

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie c) siBe of atom2 d) electronegati,ity2 e) *hysical state)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

• descri'e changes in the *ro*erties of elements across Period +2 • state changes in the *ro*erties of the o6ides of elements across Period +2 8iscuss changes in the *ro*erties of elements • *redict changes in the *ro*erties of across Period +) elements across Period 2 • descri'e uses of semi7metals) Carry out e6*eriments to study the o6ides of elements in Period + and relate them to their metallic *ro*erties) 8iscuss in small grou*s and ma%e a *resentation on the changes of *ro*erties of o6ides of elements across Period +) 8iscuss and *redict changes in the *ro*erties of elements in Period ) Collect and inter*ret data on uses of semi7 metals i)e) silicon and germanium in the microelectronic industry) #)3 Understanding transition elements Carry out an acti,ity to identify the *ositions of transition elements in the Periodic Ta'le) Collect and inter*ret data on *ro*erties on transition elements &ith res*ect to melting *oints2 density2 ,aria'le o6idation num'ers and a'ility to form coloured com*ounds) O'ser,e the colour of@ a) a fe& com*ounds of transition elements2 ') *roducts of the reaction 'et&een a/ueous solution of com*ounds of transition - student is a'le to@ • identify the *ositions of transition elements in the Periodic Ta'le2 • gi,e e6am*les of transition elements2 • descri'e *ro*erties of transition elements2 • state uses of transition elements in industries)

Semi7metals are also %no&n as metalloids)

O6idation num'er is synonymous &ith o6idation state

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie elements &ith sodium hydro6ide solution2 ;aOH2 and ammonia solution2 ;H+ :a/<) O'ser,e the colour of *recious stones and identify the *resence of transition elements) $i,e e6am*les on the use of transition elements as catalysts in industries)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e Chemical e/uations are not re/uired.

#)4 -**reciating the e6istence of elements and their com*ounds

$ather information on efforts of scientists in disco,ering the *ro*erties of elements and ma%e a multimedia *resentation) 8iscuss in a forum a'out life &ithout ,arious elements and com*ounds) Carry out *roAects to collect s*ecimens or *ictures of ,arious ty*es of roc%s) 8iscuss and *ractise &ays to handle chemical safety and to a,oid their &astage)

- student is a'le to@ • descri'e efforts of scientists in disco,ering the *ro*erties of elements2 • descri'e &hat life &ould 'e &ithout di,erse elements and com*ounds2 • identify different colours in com*ounds of transition elements found naturally2 • handle chemicals &isely)

THEME 5 MATTER AROUN+ US LEARNING AREA 5 .* CHEMICAL /ON+S Week Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie =ee% "4 .)" Collect and inter*ret data on the e6istence of 5)!#7! )!. Understanding formation ,arious naturally occurring com*ounds for !"# of com*ounds e6am*le2 &ater2 H O2 car'on dio6ide2 CO 2 and minerals to introduce the conce*t of chemical 'onds) 8iscuss@ a) the sta'ility of inert gases &ith res*ect to

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • e6*lain the sta'ility of inert gases2 • e6*lain conditions for the formation of chemical 'onds2 • state ty*es of chemical 'onds)

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 No!e

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

.) Synthesising ideas on formation of ionic 'ond

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie the electron arrangement2 ') conditions for the formation of chemical 'onds2 c) ty*es of chemical 'onds) Use com*uter simulation to e6*lain formation of ions and electron arrangement of ions) Conduct an acti,ity to *re*are ionic com*ounds for e6am*le2 magnesium o6ide2 MgO2 sodium chloride2 ;aCl and iron :III< chloride2 FeCl+) Carry out an acti,ity to illustrate formation of ionic 'ond through models2 diagrams or com*uter simulation) Use com*uter simulation to illustrate the e6istence of electrostatic force 'et&een ions of o**osite charges in ionic 'ond)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

- student is a'le to@ • e6*lain formation of ions2 • &rite electron arrangements for the ions formed2 • e6*lain formation of ionic 'ond2 • illustrate electron arrangement of an ionic 'ond2 • illustrate formation of ionic 'ond)

Ionic 'ond is synonymous &ith electro,alent 'ond)

.)+ Synthesising ideas on formation of co,alent 'ond

- student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of co,alent 'ond2 Use models and com*uter simulation to • e6*lain formation of co,alent illustrate formation of@ 'ond2 a) single 'ond in hydrogen2 H 2 chlorine2 Cl 2 • illustrate formation of a hydrogen chloride2 HCl2 &ater2 H O2 co,alent 'ond 'y dra&ing electron methane2 CH#2 ammonia2 ;H+2 arrangement2 tetrachloromethane2 CCl#2 • illustrate formation of a ') dou'le 'ond in o6ygen2 O 2 car'on dio6ide2 CO 2 co,alent 'ond2 c) tri*le 'ond in nitrogen2 ; ) • com*are and contrast formation of 8ra& diagrams sho&ing electron arrangements ionic and co,alent 'onds) for the formation of co,alent 'ond including
Collect and inter*ret data on the meaning of co,alent 'ond)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie He&is structure)
8iscuss and construct a mind ma* to com*are the formation of co,alent 'ond &ith ionic 'ond)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

=ee% "5 !. G !9)!. !"#

.)# -nalysing *ro*erties of ionic and co,alent com*ounds

Collect and inter*ret data on *ro*erties of ionic and co,alent com*ounds) =or% in grou*s to carry out an acti,ity to com*are the follo&ing *ro*erties of ionic and co,alent com*ounds@ a) melting and 'oiling *oints2 ') electrical conducti,ities2 c) solu'ilities in &ater and organic sol,ents) 8iscuss@ a) differences in electrical conducti,ities of ionic and co,alent com*ounds due to the *resence of ions2 ') differences in the melting and 'oiling *oints of ionic and co,alent com*ounds) $ather information on uses of co,alent com*ounds as sol,ents in daily life) RE1ISIO; @ CEFORE MI8 YE-R ED-MI;-TIO;

- student is a'le to@ • list *ro*erties of ionic com*ounds2 • list *ro*erties of co,alent com*ounds2 • e6*lain differences in the electrical conducti,ity of ionic and co,alent com*ounds2 • descri'e differences in melting and 'oiling *oints of ionic and co,alent com*ounds2 • com*are and contrast the solu'ility of ionic and co,alent com*ounds2 • state uses of co,alent com*ounds as sol,ents)

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MI+ YEAR E=AMNATION :12*0.*2014 ; 2,*0.*2014< CUTI SAM/UTAN HARI WESA> 1,*0.*2014 CUTI PERTENGAHAN TAHUN TAHUN : 22*0.*2014 ? 1.*00*2014 <

THEME 5 INTERACTION /ETWEEN CHEMICALS LEARNING AREA 5 0* ELECTROCHEMISTRY Week Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie =ee% 3)" Conduct acti,ities to classify chemicals into "37 !)!3 Understanding *ro*erties electrolytes and non electrolyte) !"# of electrolytes and non7 8iscuss@ electrolytes a) the meaning of electrolyte ') the relationshi* 'et&een the *resence of freely mo,ing ions and electrical conducti,ity) 3) -nalysing electrolysis of molten com*ounds 8iscuss@ a) electrolysis *rocess ') structure of electrolytic cell Use com*uter simulation to a) identify cations and anions in a molten com*ound) ') illustrate to sho& the e6istence of ions held in a lattice in solid state 'ut mo,e freely in molten state) Conduct an acti,ity to in,estigate the electrolysis of molten lead:II< 'romide P'Cr to@ a) identify cations and anions ') descri'e the electrolysis *rocess c) &rite half e/uation for the discharge of ions at anode and cathode) Collect and inter*ret data on electrolysis of molten ionic com*ounds &ith ,ery high melting *oints2 for e6am*le sodium chloride2 ;aCl and lead :II< o6ide2 P'O) Predict *roducts from the electrolysis of

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e No!e - student is a'le to@ Students ha,e 'asic • state the meaning of electrolyte2 %no&ledge that • classify su'stances into electrolytes electrical circuit and non7electrolytes2 can 'e 'uilt • relate the *resence of freely mo,ing using solutions ions to electrical conducti,ity) and electrolysis of &ater) - student is a'le to@ • descri'e electrolysis2 • descri'e electrolytic cell2 • identify cations and anions in a molten com*ound2 • descri'e e,idence for the e6istence of ions held in a lattice in solid state 'ut mo,e freely in molten state2 • descri'e electrolysis of a molten com*ound2 • &rite half7e/uations for the discharge The term and of ions at anode and cathode2 s%ill in &riting • *redict *roducts of the electrolysis of half e/uation molten com*ounds) or half reaction is ne& to students)

Week =ee% + +7 4)!3 !"#

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e 3)+ -nalysing the electrolysis of a/ueous solutions

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e other molten com*ounds) Conduct an acti,ity to in,estigate the - student is a'le to@ electrolysis of co**er :II< sul*hate solution • identify cations and anions in an and dilute sul*huric acid using car'on a/ueous solution2 electrodes to@7 • descri'e the electrolysis of an a) identify cations and anions in the a/ueous a/ueous solution2 solutions) • e6*lain using e6am*les factors ') descri'e the electrolysis of the a/ueous affecting electrolysis of an a/ueous solutions) solution2 c) =rite half e/uations for the discharge of • &rite half e/uations for the discharge ions at the anode and the cathode) of ions at the anode and the cathode2 • *redict the *roducts of electrolysis of Conduct e6*eriments to in,estigate factors a/ueous solutions) determining selecti,e discharge of ions at electrodes 'ased on a) *ositions of ions in electrochemical series2 ') concentration of ions in a solution2 c) ty*es of electrodes) Use com*uter simulation to e6*lain factors effecting electrolysis of an a/ueous solution Predict the *roduct of electrolysis of a/ueous solutions and &rite their half e/uations)

No!e

=ee% # +!)!37!#)!4 !"#

3)# E,aluating electrolysis in industry

Conduct e6*eriments to study the *urification and electro*lating of metals) Using com*uter simulation2 study and discuss

- student is a'le to@ • state uses of electrolysis in industries2 • e6*lain the e6traction2 *urification and electro*lating of metals in,ol,ing electrolysis in industries2

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie a) e6traction of aluminium from aluminium o6ide2 ') *urification of co**er2 c) electro*lating of metals) Carry out acti,ities to &rite chemical e/uation for electrolysis in industries) Collect data and discuss the 'enefits and harmful effects of electrolysis in industries)

• • •

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e &rite chemical e/uations to re*resent the electrolysis *rocess in industries2 Austify uses of electrolysis in industries2 descri'e the *ro'lem of *ollution from electrolysis in industry)

No!e

=ee% . !47"")!4 !"#

3). -nalysing ,oltaic cell

Study the structure of ,oltaic cell such as a sim*le ,oltaic cell and 8aniell cell Conduct an e6*eriment to sho& the *roduction of electricity from chemical reactions in a sim*le ,oltaic cell) Carry out acti,ities on a sim*le ,oltaic cell and a 8aniell cell to e6*lain the reactions in each cell) Collect data and discuss the ad,antages and disad,antages of ,arious ,oltaic cells including dry cell2 lead acid accumulator2 mercury cell2 al%aline cell and nic%el cadmium cell) 8iscuss and com*are and electrolytic cell &ith the ,oltaic cell)

- student is a'le to@ • descri'e the structure of a sim*le ,oltaic cell and 8aniell cell2 • e6*lain the *roduction of electricity from a sim*le ,oltaic cell2 • e6*lain the reactions in a sim*le ,oltaic cell and 8aniell cell2 • com*are and contrast the ad,antages and disad,antages of ,arious ,oltaic cells2

- ,oltaic cell is also called gal,anic cell)

Mention ne& cells such as lithium ion2 nic%el hydride and *olymeric cells)

• descri'e the differences 'et&een electrolytic and ,oltaic cells)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e 3)3 Synthesising electrochemical series

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Carry out an e6*eriment to construct the electrochemical series 'ased on a) *otential difference 'et&een t&o metals) ') the a'ility of a metal to dis*lace another metal from its salt solution) 8iscuss uses of the electrochemical series to determine a) cell terminal2 ') standard cell ,oltage2 c) the a'ility of a metal to dis*lace another metal from its salt solution) Carry out e6*eriments to confirm the *redictions on the metal dis*lacement reaction) Carry out an acti,ity to &rite the chemical e/uations for metal dis*lacement reactions)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • descri'e the *rinci*les used in constructing the electrochemical series2 • construct the electrochemical series2 • e6*lain the im*ortance of electrochemical series2 • *redict the a'ility of a metal to dis*lace another metal from its salt solution2 • &rite the chemical e/uations for metal dis*lacement reactions)

No!e

3)4 8e,elo* a&areness and res*onsi'le *ractices &hen handling chemicals used in electrochemical industries

8iscuss the im*ortance of electrochemical industries in our daily life) Collect data and discuss the *ro'lems on *ollution caused 'y the industrial *rocesses in,ol,ing electrochemical industries Hold a forum to discuss the im*ortance of &aste dis*osal from electrochemical industries in a safe and orderly manner) Sho& a ,ideo on the im*ortance of recycling and systematic dis*osal of used 'atteries in a safe and orderly manner) Practise recycling used 'attery)

- student is a'le to@ • Austify the fact that electrochemical industries can im*ro,e the /uality of life2 • descri'e the *ro'lem of *ollution caused 'y the industrial *rocesses in,ol,ing electrolysis2 • Austify the need to dis*ose of &aste from electrochemical industries in a safe and orderly manner2 • *ractise safe and systematic dis*osal of used 'atteries)

THEME

5 INTERACTION /ETWEEN CHEMICALS

LEARNING AREA 5 1* ACI+S AN+ /ASES Week Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie =ee% 3 4)" 8iscuss@ "# 7"5)!4 -nalysing characteristics a) the conce*t of acid2 'ase and al%ali in !"# and *ro*erties of acids terms of the ions they contained or and 'ases *roduced in a/ueous solutions2 ') uses of acids2 'ases and al%alis in daily life) Carry out an e6*eriment to sho& that the *resence of &ater is essential for the formation of hydrogen ions that causes acidity) Carry out an e6*eriment to sho& that the *resence of &ater is essential for the formation of hydro6ide ions that causes al%alinity) =atch com*uter simulation on the formation of hydro6onium ions and hydro6ide ions in the *resence of &ater)

C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e No!e - student is a'le to@ The formation • state the meaning of acid2 'ase and of al%ali2 hydro6onium • state uses of acids2 'ases and al%alis ion2 H+OI2 is in daily life2 introduced) • e6*lain the role of &ater in the formation of hydrogen ions to sho& Mono*rotic the *ro*erties of acids2 and di*rotic • e6*lain the role of &ater in the acid is formation of hydro6ide ions to sho& introduced) the *ro*erties of al%alis2 • descri'e chemical *ro*erties of acids and al%alis)

=ee% 4 " 7 . )!4 !"#

Conduct acti,ities to study chemical *ro*erties of acids and al%alis from the follo&ing reactions @ a) acids &ith 'ases2 ') acids &ith metals2 c) acids &ith metallic car'onates =rite e/uations for the res*ecti,e reactions 4) Carry out an acti,ity using *H scale to - student is a'le to@ Synthesising the conce*ts measure the *H of solutions used in daily life • state the use of a *H scale2 of strong acids2 &ea% such as soa* solution2 car'onated &ater2 ta* • relate *H ,alue &ith acidic or al%aline acids2 strong al%alis and &ater or fruit Auice) *ro*erties of a su'stance2 &ea% al%alis • relate concentration of hydrogen ions

The formula *H E − logJHIK is not re/uired)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e No!e Carry out an acti,ity to measure the *H ,alue &ith *H ,alue2 of a fe& solutions &ith the same • relate concentration of hydro6ide ions concentration) For e6am*le2 hydrochloric &ith *H ,alue2 acid2 ethanoic acid2 ammonia and sodium • relate strong or &ea% acid &ith degree 8issociation hydro6ide &ith the use of indicators2 *H is also %no&n of dissociation2 meter or com*uter interface) as ionisation) • relate strong or &ea% al%ali &ith degree of dissociation2 Cased on the data o'tained from the a'o,e • conce*tualise /ualitati,ely strong and acti,ity2 discuss the relationshi* 'et&een@ &ea% acids2 a) *H ,alues an acidity or al%alinity of a • conce*tualise /ualitati,ely strong and su'stance2 &ea% al%alis) ') concentration of hydrogen ions and the *H ,alues2 c) concentration of hydro6ide ions and the *H ,alues2 d) strong acids and their degree of dissociation2 e) &ea% acids and their degree of dissociation2 f) strong al%alis and their degree of dissociation2 g) &ea% al%alis and their degree of dissociation) Use com*uter simulation to sho& the degree of dissociation of strong and &ea% acids as &ell as strong and &ea% al%alis Cuild a mind ma* on strong acids2 &ea% acids2 strong al%alis and &ea% al%alis)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e 4)+ -nalysing concentration of acids and al%alis

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie 8iscuss @ a) the meaning of concentration2 ') the meaning of molarity c) the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles &ith the molarity and the ,olume of a solution2

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of concentration2 • state the meaning of molarity2 • state the relationshi* 'et&een the num'er of moles &ith molarity and ,olume of a solution2

No!e The use of *H meter is recommended Salt solutions can 'e included in the discussion)

CUTI S-MCUT-; H-RI R-Y- -I8IH FITRI 5)!47!")!5) !"#

=ee% 5 !#7!5)!4) !"#

d) methods for *re*aring standard solutions) Sol,e numerical *ro'lems in,ol,ing con,ersion of concentration units from gdm7+ to mol dm7+ and ,ice ,ersa) Pre*are a standard solution of sodium hydro6ide2 ;aOH or *otassium hydro6ide2 0OH) Pre*are a solution &ith s*ecified concentration from the *re*ared standard solution through dilution) Carry out an e6*eriment to in,estigate the relationshi* 'et&een *H ,alues &ith the molarity of a fe& diluted solutions of an acid and an al%ali)

• descri'e methods for *re*aring standard solutions2 • descri'e the *re*aration of a solution &ith a s*ecified concentration using dilution method2 • relate *H ,alue &ith molarity of acid and al%ali2 • sol,e numerical *ro'lems in,ol,ing molarity of acids and al%alis)

Molarity or molar concentration) Sodium hydro6ide is not sta'le and a'sor's moisture thus the concentration is only a**ro6imate) O6alic acid2 H C O#) H O

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Sol,e numerical *ro'lems on the molarity of acids and al%alis)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e or sodium car'onate2 ;a CO+ is recommended as a *rimary standard solution) ;eutralise soil using lime or ammonia use of anti7acid) Teacher should em*hasise on using correct techni/ues)

=ee% 9 ""7 ".)!5 !"#

4)# -nalysing neutralisation

Collect and inter*ret data on neutralisation and its a**lication in daily life)

- student is a'le to@ • e6*lain the meaning of neutralisation2 • e6*lain the a**lication of neutralisation in daily life2

Carry out acti,ities to &rite e/uations for neutralisation reactions) Carry out acid7'ase titrations and determine the end *oint using indicators or com*uter interface) Carry out *ro'lem sol,ing acti,ities in,ol,ing neutralisation reactions to calculate either concentration or ,olume of solutions

&rite e/uations for neutralisation reactions2 descri'e acid7'ase titration2 determine the end *oint of titration during neutralisation2 sol,e numerical *ro'lems in,ol,ing neutralisation reactions to calculate either concentration or ,olume of solutions.

• •

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

THEME 5 INTERACTION /ETWEEN CHEMICALS LEARNING AREA 5 2* SALTS Week =ee% +! "5)!5)"# 7 )!5)"# Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e Collect and inter*ret data on@ - student is a'le to@ a) naturally e6isting salts2 • state e6am*les of salts used in daily ') the meaning of salt life2 c) uses of salts in agriculture2 medicinal • e6*lain the meaning of salt field2 *re*aration and *reser,ation of food) • identify solu'le and insolu'le salts2 • descri'e the *re*aration of solu'le Carry out e6*eriments to study the salts2 solu'ilities of nitrate2 sul*hate2 car'onate and • descri'e the *urification of solu'le chloride salts) salts 'y recrystallisation2 • list *hysical characteristics of Pre*are solu'le salts 'y reacting@ crystals2 a) acid &ith al%ali • descri'e the *re*aration of insolu'le ') acid &ith metallic o6ide salts2 c) acid &ith metal • &rite chemical and ionic e/uations d) acid &ith metallic car'onate for reactions used in the *re*aration of salts2 Carry out an acti,ity to *urify solu'le salts • design an acti,ity to *re*are a 'y recrystallisation) 8iscuss the need to s*ecified salt2 *urify salts) • construct ionic e/uations through the C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 No!e The solu'le salts *re*ared are *urified 'y
recrystallisation*

Use *re*ared crystals of salts

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie O'ser,e to identify *hysical characteristics of crystals such as co**er :II< sul*hate2 CuSO#2 sodium chloride2 ;aCl2 *otassium chromate :1I<2 0 CrO# and *otassium dichromate2 0 Cr O4)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e continuous ,ariation method2 sol,e *ro'lems in,ol,ing calculation of /uantities of reactants or *roducts in stoichiometric reactions.

No!e

=ee% +" .7 9)!5 !"#

5)" Synthesising salts

Pre*are insolu'le salts such as lead :II< iodide2 PCI 2 lead :II< chromate :1I<2 P'CrO#2 and 'arium sul*hate2 CaSO#2 through *reci*itation reaction) Carry out acti,ities to &rite chemical and ionic e/uations for *re*aration of solu'le and insolu'le salts Construct a flo& chart to select suita'le methods for *re*aration of salts) Plan and carry out an acti,ity to *re*are a s*ecified salt) Carry out an e6*eriment to construct ionic e/uations through continuous ,ariation method) Calculate /uantities of reactants or *roducts in stoichiometric reactions Use &or%sheets or /uiBBes

Week =ee% + !"G !.)!9 !"#

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e 5) Synthesising /ualitati,e analysis of salts

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie 8iscuss the meaning of /ualitati,e analysis) Study and ma%e inferences on the colour and the solu'ility of ,arious salts in &ater) =atch multimedia *resentation on methods used for identifying gases) O'ser,e and carry out chemical tests to identify o6ygen2 O 2 hydrogen2 H 2 car'on dio6ide2 CO 2 ammonia2 ;H+2 chlorine2 Cl 2 hydrogen chloride2 HCl2 sul*hur dio6ide2 SO and nitrogen dio6ide2 ;O 2 gases) Carry out tests to study the action of heat on car'onate and nitrate salts) O'ser,e changes in colour and e,olution of gases &hen the salts are heated) Carry out tests to confirm the *resence of car'onate2 sul*hate2 chloride and nitrate ions in a/ueous solutions) Carry out tests to identify the *resence of Cu I2 Mg I2 -l+I2 Fe I2 Fe+I2 P' I2 Fn I2 ;H#I2 Ca I ions in a/ueous solution using sodium hydro6ide solution2 ;aOH2 and ammonia solution2 ;H+ :a/< Carry out tests to confirm the *resence of Fe I2 Fe+I2 P' I and ;H#I ions in a/ueous solution Construct a flo& chart on the /ualitati,e analysis of salts) Plan and carry out tests to identify anions and cations in un%no&n salts Carry out acti,ities using correct techni/ues

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e - student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of /ualitati,e analysis2 • ma%e inferences on salts 'ased on their colour and solu'ility in &ater2 • descri'e tests for the identification of gases2 • descri'e the action of heat on salts2 • descri'e the tests for anions2 • state o'ser,ation of reaction of cations &ith sodium hydro6ide solution and ammonia solution2 I • descri'e confirmatory tests for Fe 2 +I I I Fe 2 P' and ;H# 2 • *lan /ualitati,e analysis to identify salts)

No!e Chemical tests for O 2 H 2 CO 2 ;H+ and HCl are confirmatory tests) -ction of heat on sul*hate and chloride salts may 'e mentioned)

5)+

- student is a'le to@

-cti,ities are

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e Practising to 'e systematic and meticulous &hen carrying out acti,ities

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie during titration2 *re*aration of standard solutions and *re*aration of salts and crystals Plan and carry out an e6*eriment2 ma%e o'ser,ations2 record and analyse data systematically and carefully)

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e carry out acti,ities using the correct techni/ues during *re*aration of salts and crystals)

No!e integrated in the to*ic &here a**lica'le

THEME 5 PRO+UCTION AN+ MANAGEMENT OF MANUFACTURE+ CHEMICALS LEARNING AREA 5 3* MANUFACTURE+ SU/STANCES IN IN+USTRY C6e$i !&7 Fo&$ 4 Week Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e No!e =ee% ++ 9)" 8iscuss uses of sul*huric acid in daily life - student is a'le to@ !57" )!9) Understanding the such as in the ma%ing of *aints2 detergents2 • list uses of sul*huric acid2 !"# manufacture of sul*huric fertiliBers and accumulators) • e6*lain industrial *rocess in the acid manufacture of sul*huric acid2 Collect and inter*ret data on the manufacture • e6*lain that sul*hur dio6ide causes of sul*huric acid) en,ironmental *ollution) Construct a flo& chart to sho& the stages in the manufacture of sul*huric acid as in the contact *rocess) $ather information and &rite an essay on ho& sul*hur dio6ide2 SO causes en,ironmental *ollution) 9) Synthesising the manufacture of ammonia and its salts 8iscuss uses of ammonia in daily life2 e)g) in the manufacture of fertiliBers and nitric acid) Carry out an acti,ity to in,estigate *ro*erties of ammonia) Collect data from ,arious sources and construct a flo& chart to sho& the stages in the manufacture of ammonia as in the Ha'er *rocess) - student is a'le to@ • list uses of ammonia2 • state the *ro*erties of ammonia2 • e6*lain the industrial *rocess in the manufacture of ammonia2 • design an acti,ity to *re*are ammonium fertiliBer)

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

9)+ Understanding alloys

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie 8esign an acti,ity to *re*are an ammonium fertiliBer2 for e6am*le ammonium sul*hate2 :;H#< SO# Hoo% at some e6am*les of *ure metals and materials made of alloys in daily life) Hist and discuss their *ro*erties) Carry out an acti,ity to com*are the strength and hardness of alloys &ith that of their *ure metals) Study the arrangement of atoms in metals and alloys through com*uter simulation) =or% in grou*s to discuss@ a) the meaning of ma%ing alloys ') the *ur*oses of ma%ing alloys such as duralumin2 'rass2 steel2 stainless steel2 'ronBe and *e&ter c) com*ositions2 *ro*erties and uses of alloys Carry out e6*eriments to com*are the rate of corrosions of iron2 steel and stainless steel) Study ,arious local *roducts made from alloys

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

- student is a'le to@ • relate the arrangement of atoms in metals to their ductile and mallea'le *ro*erties2 • state the meaning of alloy2 • state the aim of ma%ing alloys2 • list e6am*les of alloys2 • list com*ositions and *ro*erties of alloys2 • relate the arrangement of atoms in alloys to their strength and hardness2 • relate *ro*erties of alloys to their uses)

Pro*erties include conducti,ity2 ductility2 mallea'ility and lustre 8iscuss the ma%ing of alloys2 for e6am*le steel and *e&ter as an enrichment e6ercise

9)# E,aluating uses of

8iscuss the meaning of *olymers

- student is a'le to@ • state the meaning of *olymers2

;atural *olymers to 'e

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e synthetic *olymers

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie O'ser,e e6hi'its of materials made of *olymers and classify them into naturally occurring *olymers and synthetic *olymers) Identify the monomers in synthetic *olymers using models or com*uter stimulation Collect information on the /uantity and ty*es of household synthetic *olymers dis*osed of o,er a certain *eriod of time) 8iscuss the en,ironmental *ollution resulting from the dis*osal of synthetic *olymers) Hold a de'ate on uses and the en,ironmental effects of non7 'iodegrada'le synthetic *olymers in daily life)

• • • •

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e list naturally occurring *olymers2 list synthetic *olymers and their uses2 identify the monomers in the synthetic *olymers2 Austify uses of synthetic *olymers in daily life)

No!e discussed are ru''er2 cellulose and starch) Synthetic *olymers to 'e discussed are P1C2 *olythene2 *oly*ro*ene2 *ers*e62 nylon and terylene Recycling as a dis*osal method can 'e discussed) Uses of 'iodegrada'le *olymers can 'e discussed)

9). -**lying uses of glass and ceramics

9)3 E,aluating uses of

Collect and inter*ret data on ty*es2 com*osition2 *ro*erties and uses of glass and ceramics Pre*are a folio incor*orating ,ideo cli*s and *ictures on uses of glass and ceramics that ha,e 'een im*ro,ed for a s*ecific *ur*ose e)g) *hoto chromic glass and conducting glass =atch a multimedia *resentation and *re*are a folio on@

- student is a'le to@ • list uses of glass2 • list uses of ceramics2 • list ty*es of glass and their *ro*erties2 • state *ro*erties of ceramics)

$lass ty*es include soda7 lime glass2 fused glass2 'orosilicate glass and lead crystal glass)

- student is a'le to@ • descri'e needs to *roduce ne&

Week

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e com*osite materials

a) ')

c) d)

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie the meaning of com*osite materials a list of com*osite materials including reinforced concrete2 s*ecific su*er conductor2 fi're o*tic2 fi're glass and *hoto chromic glass com*onents of com*osite materials uses of com*osite materials

• • • • •

Com*are the su*erior *ro*erties of com*osite materials of their original com*onent through com*uter simulation) 8iscuss and Austify the uses of com*osite materials) =atch the *roduction of com*osite materials in factories 9)4 -**reciating ,arious synthetic industrial materials

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e materials for s*ecific *ur*oses2 state the meaning of com*osite materials2 list e6am*les of com*osite materials and their com*onents2 com*are and contrast *ro*erties of com*osite materials &ith those of their original com*onent2 Austify uses of com*osite materials2 generate ideas to *roduce ad,anced materials to fulfil s*ecific needs)

No!e

8iscuss the im*ortance of synthetic materials in daily life - student is a'le to@ • Austify the im*ortance of doing Hold a forum to discuss the im*ortance of research and de,elo*ment doing research and de,elo*ment for the &ell continuously2 'eing of man%ind continuously) • act res*onsi'ly &hen handling synthetic materials and their &astes2 • descri'e the im*ortance of synthetic =atch a multimedia *resentation or materials in daily life) com*uter simulation on *ollution caused 'y the dis*osal of synthetic material) CUTI PERTE;$-H-; PE;$$-H "+7 ")!9) !"#

Week =ee% +#7+4 )!9)"#7 "4)"!)"# =ee% +5 G # !)"!7 ")"" !"#

Le)&#i#g O%8ec!i9e

Sugge !e" Le)&#i#g Ac!i9i!ie PEPERI0S--; -0HIR T-HU;

Le)&#i#g Ou!co$e

No!e

CUTI S-MCUT-; 8EEP-1-HI @ ")"!G #)"!) !"# ME;YEM-0 0ERT-S ( PERCI;C-;$-; PEPERI0S--; 8-; 0EY7I; M-R0-H PEPERI0S--; -0HIR T-HU; CUTI -0HIR T-HU; ")"") !"#7!#)!") !".