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An Informal Letter ;A letter to pen-pal decided played thick special enjoyed banned wonderful lovely chat best

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23 Jalan Damai , Taman Damai, 86200 Simpang Rengam, Johor, 2 August 2012 Dear Sharopova, How are you? I was very happy when I received your letter this morning. I had so much 1) ______ reading about how you celebrate Christmas in Moscow. In Malaysia, I celebrate “Hari Raya” which falls on the first of Syawal, the tenth month of the Muslim Calendar. Hari Raya is celebrated after fasting for a month in Ramadhan, which is the ninth month of the Muslim Calendar. During Ramadhan, as a Muslim, I have to 2) myself from eating, drinking and from committing any ill-doings from 3) __________ until sunset. It is hoped after Ramadhan, the Muslims will continue to do good and avoid any wrong-doings. So, the Hari Raya marks the Muslims‟ success in fasting for a whole month. Of course, Hari Raya is a 4) ___________ occasion for Muslims from all walks of life. On this 5) ______________ day, everyone puts on their 6)___________ clothes and go to the mosque to perform obligatory Hari Raya prayer. Usually each family brings a plate of traditional cakes and cookies to be shared together after the prayer. Before we leave the mosque, we ask for forgiveness from each other. Then, we go home to have a 7) ___________ meal with our family. We often have “ketupat”, which is actually rice cooked in a case made of woven coconut leave. This ketupat is eaten with “rendang”, meat cooked in 8)____________ spicy gravy and peanut sauce. We can only savour these dishes on Hari Raya. Every year we never miss to visit our grandparents 9) _____________ are staying in a village located about 40 kilometres away from our house. My cousins often arrive at my grandparents‟ house a day earlier 10) _________they live far away in Kuala Lumpur. Can you guess what usually happen when cousins get together? Well, we will have a long 11) _____________ about everything under the sky. When we were younger, we used to play fireworks. However since playing fireworks have been 12) _____________ in our country, we choose to stay13) _____________ watching special Hari Raya programmes on television.
Last year, since all my cousins were able to be present at our grandparents‟ place, we 14)_____________to have a football match competing against the local team. As expected, we lost the game as most of us had not 15) ___________ football for quite some times. Yet, we had 16) ___________ ourselves tremendously. Hari Raya is a day where everybody has a chance to meet. It is a day to tie the bond. Most importantly, it is a day where old wounds are 17) _______________ and love to grow between family members, between friends and neighbours. Ramadhan is coming soon. I am looking forward to it because it is a month full of God‟s blessings. I hope you have enjoyed reading about Hari Raya. It would be 18) _______________ to have you here to celebrate the day. Bye. Your pen-pal, Ilhan

QUESTION: Write a story with the ending, "If only I had been more careful, that wouldn't have happened". Your story should not be less than 350 words. Tonight was a cold and stormy night. The doors slammed shut as the rustling sound of the leaves could be heared. The storm had been like this for the past three days. I sat on my bed thinking if I had upset the Gods above in heaven. As I lay my head down soft and gently on my comfy pillow, I wondered if mom and dad were ok. They had gone for a vacation to the bahamas and I had to stay back because of my exams. I wasn't worried about it as I've stayed alone many times. Suddenly, the lights went out. My heart raced in agony as the storm got worse. I could see lightning lashing onto my gate and the roaring sound of thunder that came along. I pulled myself together and realised I needed to light some candles. So I headed downstairs with my trusty torchlight and worked my way to the storage room. I found the candles and begun to light them all over the house. I couldn't stand the fact that the darkness was playing games with my mind.

I panicked. So I carefully walked down staircase. He was a huge muscular guy who wore a beard and had hair that was so curly a fly could get stuck if it went through it. I made a distressed call and the cops said they would be at my house in five minutes. Nobody knew who the stranger was or what he wanted. I was scared and feared for my life. I had to call the cops. I saw someone walk by me.An hour had passed till I realised something wasn't right. I was rushed to the hospital and the doctors commenced emergency surgery on me to remove the bullet. My fears turned into my worst nightmare as I heard a loud noise. The stranger walked towards me while mumbling words I just couln't understand. If only I had been more careful. As I hid behind one of the room's doors. I was shot in the chest. So. Then. I accidently knocked over a small lamp and it broke. It was the cops who had arrived. I heard a second gunshot and the stranger was down. My mind pondered as to how i was going to sneak around without alerting the possibly dangerous stranger. I could feel blood oozing all over my shirt. So I crept towards the phone and thank God it was still working. My mind filled with fear but I had to be sure I was right. As I was walking. I noticed the man had a huge revolver on his belt. I was puzzled. I asked myself. As I crept back upstairs. The doctor had explained that if the bullet had hit me a bit more to the left . I was surprised but aware that there could be someone else in the house. Why would someone want to break into my house. that wouldn't have happene . Then a miracle happened just as the stranger was about to finish me off. I realised all the candles that I had lit were put out. I didn't want to stick around and aak questions. I thought I was a dead man. it would have hit my heart and I would be dead. I felt as if something else besides me was in the house. it happened. I was lucky to be alive. By this time I knew the stranger had been alerted. The same one the cops used. I was then transferred to the Intensive Care Unit(ICU) as the bullet had hit my lungs and I was unable to breathe properly. My parents rushed back as soon as they got the news. I searched all the rooms on the same floor and found nothing.

In your letter. include the details below: ■ rubbish not collected •causes terrible stench •stray cats and dogs scatter rubbish ■ clogged drains • breeding ground for mosquitoes • increase in cases of dengue fever ■ street lights not working •cause accidents at night • increase in crime ■ playground not well. Write a letter to the director of the local municipal council to complain about the problems you and the other residents are facing. you should remember to: •set it out in the correct format • include all the points given • address the letter to the director of the local municipal council ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- .maintained •overgrown grass •playground equipment damaged When writing your letter.FORMAL LETTER Read the sample question below You are the Secretary of the Residents’ Association in your housing estate.

The residents are worried as there has been a sharp increase in dengue cases (point 6) in the last two months. Taman Jayadiri. This is not only unpleasant but also unhealthy. 15 SEPTEMBER 2009 Dear Sir. Ampang Jaya Municipal Council. 2. bottles and dry leaves in these drains. 10. Selangor ____________________________________________________________________________________ The Director. 68000 SELANGOR. since June this year the garbage collectors have only been coming once a week. especially women. the dark streets have also led to another problem – an increase in crime (point 9). Bangunan Mentari. Jalan Jujur.Rajvind Gill. It is not uncommon to see plastic bags. This has caused several accidents at night (point 8). . The rotting waste causes a terrible stench (point 2). Most of the drains in Taman Jayadiri are clogged (point 4) with rubbish resulting in the water becoming stagnant. have fallen victim to snatch thieves. 3. There is an urgent need to clear these drains as the stagnant water is an ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes (point 5). Initially. Several residents. Poor Maintenance of Taman Jayadiri I am writing this letter on behalf of the residents of Taman Jayadiri to complain about the dismal conditions we have been putting up with for the past three months. Our litter bins are always filled to the brim and we have no choice but to leave our bags of rubbish next to the bins. rubbish was collected three times a week. 4. Worse still. One of the main grouses of the residents concerns uncollected rubbish (point 1). 68000 Ampang. However. The street lights along several roads are also not working (point 7). mostly involving motorcyclists as they are unable to see in the dark. Ampang Jaya. stray cats and dogs scatter the rubbish (point 3) while looking for food. Unfortunately.

the playground equipment is damaged (point 12). The one and only playground in our area is also not well-maintained (point 10). I hope the council will look into our complaints and take prompt action to solve our problems. Thank you. The grass is overgrown (point 11) as it has not been cut for almost three months. RajvindGill (RAJVIND GILL). Besides.5. Yours faithfully. Many of the see-saws and swings have been spoiled by vandals. .

religion and arts. She is openly unique. Tell them to put on some sunglasses" and "Whether life's disabilities. Despite her big personality and quirky dresses. Despite she receives constant criticism. Lady Gaga. . I have never been one to openly admit that I love this lady who wears scandalous clothing and basically acts like a diva a lot of the time. she withdrew from school to concentrate more on her career. turned into the exhibitionist.SINGLE WORD TITLE ESSAY . She also takes frequent political standings to support her ideals. with her voice of an angel that soothes to my soul. bullied or teased rejoice and love yourself. Besides. However. You can say she is annoyed with or in love with the interviewer because she does not hold anything back. It is because the rhythm of the sound is really catchy and the lyrics are overwhelming and passionate. she maintains her pride wisely. She composed analytical papers and essays that focused mainly on social issues. I relate this because I also like to express myself in a way that most people consider odd. She is a driving force in today's society and I admire her because she is easy for me to relate to.ADMIRE Lady Gaga. politics. does not follow stereotypes and more surprisingly she does not care what others think about her and she is doing what she loves to do. Later. different and shine in your own way". It makes me want to sing along and dance every time. stage name for Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta is a recording artist in New York. every time I see an interview with Lady Gaga. I love that type of honesty. she is different for some reasons. multi-talented singer songwriter with a talent or flair for theatrics that she is today. I find a deep connection to her. she really inspires me. This lady has done so many performances on so many different shows. The major reason I admire her is the way she expresses herself. creative. left you outcast. The other reason I admire her is the way she takes a stance. She is openly quirky and thrives off the fact that people think so. "Do not allow people to dim your shine because they are blinded. Whenever it gets stuck in my head. She has a straightforward way of communicating that I love. United State America (USA). it puts me in a good mood. "You have to be unique. in the sense that she shares my personality. there are three quotes from her that I think it is really meaningful to me. Plus. Anyhow. I believe she does it all for herself and also her fans. I would have never paid attention to her if it were not for the fact that I love her music. She is frequently seen promoting her ideas and supporting various national movements. To be quite frank." It is no wonder this lady from a good Italian New York. she joined New York University where she studied music opened up her song writing skills. She developed interest in the music industry at an early age as demonstrated by her interest and ability to play the piano while she was 4 years old of age. Then. She seems genuine and strong in her quaint dresses.

He is married to Tun Dr. economy or education. Realizing that government-owned enterprises are neither efficient nor profitable. he showcased Malaysia to investors abroad in a bid to woo them. who was also a strict disciplinarian. he announced Vision 2020. Thus. He understood their problems. PERWAJA. while Mahathir's own mother. he finally became the Prime Minister on 16th July. It has undoubtedly been the golden era for Malaysia with many notable achievements. Next. Mahathir at the helm of the government. making him Malaysia's longest-serving Prime Minister. 630 words Your task: Find the meaning of the 16 bold words . After holding a number of portfolios. including Minister of Education. The inefficiency of local and international organizations has always come under his scrutiny and critism. Datin Wan Tempawan Wan Hanafi. The country flourished with Dr. As a doctor. Tun Mahathir decided that it was time to shift the nation‟s focus to more profitable areas. As a result of the heavy industrialization drive. he set up his own clinic. After his early education at the Maktab Sultan Abdul Hamid in Alor Setar. when he was thrust into the politic limelight. It has been almost two decades since Tun Mahathir took over reins of the government. Tun Mahathir speak without fear nor favour. With this in mind. Tun Mahathir came into close contact with people from variety of social strata and enjoyed a close rapport with them. they have seven children. was of Indian descent. the Multimedia Super Corridor. four sons and three daughters. he charted the growth of the country‟s progress from the day he took office. the Maha Clinic in Alor Setar. Born on 20th December. Reputed as the country‟s top salesman. He envisages that Malaysia can only attain the status of a fully developed country if it becomes an industrialization one and this ambition has been his main agenda during his tenure. the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang and many more. and one of the longest-serving leaders in Asia. Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad will indelible impression on the sands of Malaysia for many years to come. Frank and outspoken by nature. He held the post for 22 years from 1981 to 2003. The Mahathir era saw a successful completion of the North-South Highway. He was first catapulted into the world of politics when he became the Member of Parliement for Alor Setar in 1964. This has been the hallmark of thus much respected statesman. He has left his mark in every aspect – in politics. his most ambitious vision. being the son of a Muslim and a Malay mother. the East-West Highway. This had immediate effect of cutting down bureaucratic ineptitude and operational cost while at the same time generating more revenue. realizing that industrialization would require a good infrastructure. His contributions to the nation are so immense and par excellence. With collapse of the prices of agricultural commodities in the eighties. he initiated the privation policy in 1983. Tun Dr. he set about improving it. Mohamad Iskandar. Minister of Trade and Industry and Deputy Prime Minister. he started the industrialization programme. he enrolled at the King Edward VII College of Medicine in the University of Singapore. was Malay . Thus. An astute politician. together with other mega project were launched one after another. Mahathir is the son of a teacher. 1925 in Alor Setar. From an early age. Tun Mahathir had the importance of education drummed into him by his father. 1981. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali. Armed with a MBBS degree in medicine. He is the youngest of nine children of a school teacher and a housewife. major projects like national car project or PROTON and the steel company. His father.SECTION B: CONTINUOUS WRITING: 50 MARKS CONTINOUS: ARTICLE: Description on a Person A Prominent Malaysian Leader By: Nadia binti Zainal As the fourth and most dynamic Prime Minister of Malaysia. he strove to fulfil the needs of the people.

The KLIA will be the country‟s nucleus that will spearhead business and trade. bamboo and multicoloured flora. The successful completion of the airport well ahead of schedule reflects the ability of Malaysians to build a world-class airport that has become the pride of the country. This RM 9 billion airport was opened by his majesty. The Satellite Building houses lounges. duty free shops and a 80-room hotel for transit passengers. The control tower. the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Jaafar on June 27. The Satellite Building where passengers make connections to other international flights is linked to the Main International Building by an automated train shuttle. approximately 50 km from the capital city. it is user-friendly and as our former Prime Minister. It is often described as the “airport in the forest. The building with its futuristic design of glass and steel is both the entry and exit point of passengers. It is expected to provide 30 000 jobs and reap economic benefits for the country. with its diverse and exotic flora.2 million tonnes of cargo annually. Moving through the airport complex provides the visitor with glimpses of different forest – highlands. It has a capacity to handle 25 million passengers and 1.CONTINOUS: ARTICLE: Description on Places The Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) By: Siti Hamidah bt Wahab Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) is one of Asia's major aviation hubs and is a destination in itself. is one the tallest in the world. standing at 130 metres. Mahathir Mohamad pointed out. It is located at the top of the southern corridor of Peninsular Malaysia. skirt the entire airport structure. is located right at the heart of the airport complex. It is situated in the Sepang district. Tun Dr. swamp. and other facilities such as foreign exchange counters and international telephone facilities. Kuala Lumpur. forest in the airport” because it is a futuristic structure set in rainforest landscaping. The five-level Main Terminal building which is 241 000 squares metres. bordering the states of Selangor and Negeri Sembilan. On the top of the building is the departure concourse. The colourful flora and the cascading waterfalls are part of spectacular and breathtaking sight which can be viewed from the Super View Corridor. it is not just an airport but a piece of art delicates to beauty as well as the environment. prayers rooms. 1998. 397 words . Lush tropical forests. Despite its mammoth size. The airport which covers 10 000 hectares of land took less than 5 years to build.

I believe good road manners and roads safety campaigns can help to reduce the number of road accidents which cause injuries. Some sweepers were clearing the debris and the blood stains on the road. They also took down the evidence provided by witnesses and onlookers. I witnessed a serious accident. while I was travelling from Ipoh. When the taxi finally continued the journey. The scene of the accidents was vivid in my mind. It was too late for the motorcyclist to avoid the car. All that happened in split second and fear overwhelmed us. At that critical moment. I silently thanked God for my narrow escape.Description of a Scene A Road Accident Road accidents are reported in newspaper and on television every day. His motorcycle ran against the bumper of the car and smashed its windscreen. From a distance I could see some people trying to help the injured motorcyclist and the car driver. Soon the police arrived and they promptly took some measurements and evidence. They carried them into one of the onlooker‟s car and sent them to the hospital for treatment. loss and lives and properties. Since then I remember and follow the saying „more haste less speed‟ and „prevention is better than cure‟. He was so impatient that he was trying to overtake my taxi even near a sharp bend. I was happy to see that Malaysians are public-spirited and they render help to others readily. Meanwhile the taxi driver tried to control and directs the traffic. The taxi driver swerved to the roadside and I got a terrible jolt. there was an oncoming car. I learned a good lesson that impatience and recklessness would bring harm and danger. The motorcyclist somersaulted over the car and was found lying in a pool of blood. The taxi driver stopped his taxi and I quickly ran to the nearest to the nearest telephone booth to inform the police and the hospital. A motorcyclist was following behind was taxi very closely. was in a state of shock. who was cut by the flying glass. It was a scene to chill the flesh! The car driver. After that they moved the damaged car and the motorcycle to the roadside to ease the traffic congestion. There are more frequently caused by reckless drivers rather than faulty vehicles. Last Saturday.CONTINOUS: Descriptive . 381 words .

I remember so well when I had my most embarrassing moment. So I decided to make ______ of myself. I didn‟t want to miss class because the lesson taught that morning was to include tips for the forthcoming examination. Without realising. They mean no harm. I was in Form 4 and it was during the school __________. Everyone got bored after a while and nobody ________me after that. I remembered my mother‟s words that „if you can‟t beat them. I thought I heard _________ outside and wondered why the giggles sounded unusually near. I was truly the talk of _________. If you can make people laugh. perhaps even to my advantage. The __________ control and an upset stomach made worse by two glasses of cold ________ in the morning made me grunt and ______ in what I thought was the privacy of the cubicle. Horror of horrors. A few minutes later I came out the cubicle and discovered my _________ that I had entered the girls‟ toilet. join them‟. then only they turned quickly away. To make matters worse. I have learnt that when people laugh at you. The anxiety and _________felt during that time which may only last a few seconds feels like time has stood still. It was indeed an ________ experience for me. the few girls standing outside didn‟t even turn away when I came out. I rushed to the toilet because I had been controlling my ________ since class started. to ______ at myself too. „those who bring sunshine to the lives of others cannot keep it from themselves. you should laugh along. Instead they looked down at me. I had rushed to the girls‟ toilet. Learn to look at yourself through other people‟s eyes and you will realise that most of the time when they laugh at you. I had forgotten to ____________! No beetroot could have matched the ________ of my face at this point in time! The news of my ________ spread like _______ throughout school. they just want to have some fun.Eye-opening embarrased the town Horror earth laugh wild-fire recess zip-up people‟s fun urges discomfort teased swallow milk colour sunshine prolonged predicament groan giggling seriously teased My Most Embarrassing Situation Everyone has been embarrassed at one time or another. I felt like I could either walk around feeling perpetually self-conscious and ______ or I could turn the situation round. It works.‟ 421 words . The minute the bell rang for recess. it‟s like bringing ____________ into their lives and as someone said. You must not take yourself _________. It is that moment in time when you wish the________ would open up and _______ you.

So she would not let Sam help her do any household chores or wash his own clothes. When she phoned the faculty.. Mariam wanted Sam to study hard to get good result. Mariam‟s niece. Mariam even had to borrow from her neighbours and friends to send her son the money. His mother was very happy. She got out of the taxi and smiled at him happily. So. She cried and cried till she had no more tears. The bank staff saw an old lady holding a worn-out handbag. “My Sam will be leaving for the city to study in a college. they could not her more.” Early in the morning. They were wondering. On the way there. Feeling disgusted and ashamed. This was after her husband‟s early death. and ran out of the bank. She told the guard Sam‟s name. Then. This is his address. Sam sat for his SPM examination and pass with flying colours. “Who is this woman? Why is she asking for our manager?” Meanwhile. At the bus station.CONTINUOUS: NARRATIVE WRITING – With a starting phrase Write a story starting with: “The widow had to work hard to bring up her little son alone. she was sitting by the window with Sam‟s photo on her lap. She went round telling her friends.” So Mariam continued to work hard to send money to Sam who was studying a business degree. He‟s the branch manager. Sam pretended he did not know his mother. This was the moment she was going to meet Sam. She saw . He did not even let his mother where he was. she told the driver about Sam and what a filial son he was. She imagined him showing surprise and delight at meeting his mother.. The years flew by. Mariam was shocked to hear that! She looked Sam in a disappointed feeling ever. Meanwhile. For Mariam. he asked the security guard to ask her to leave. a friend of mine met Sam in a bank. Three years Sam stopped calling home. she took a taxi and showed the taxi driver the bank address. Kate. Mariam cried the whole night. a security guard asked her who she was looking for. He will become a Manager one day. Inside the building. it was a tough life. She told her aunt. Mariam was baffled. Where was Sam? She was so sure he would come back and fetch her for city. came to talk to her about Sam. Sam kept on phoning home to ask for more money. “Auntie. She and her son lived in a wooden house. Back in her house. The driver stopped his taxi in front of a tall building. One day. Three months later. It was a small house with only one bedroom and a kitchen. Mariam took the first bus to the city. she started to pack some of her bags and boxes. I‟ll move to liv e with him in the city. there was still no news or call from Sam.” The widow had to work hard to bring up her little son alone. The next morning. my struggle is worth it. However. they told her that he had graduated and left for job.

They were there to extend their condolences and to show their support. His neighbours. First. He was so sorry and regretted the way he behaved. Nazim was even more overwhelmed by the care and concern shown by his neighbours. Nazim was grateful. Members of En. He thanked them from the bottom of his heart. Nizam‟s eyes. then this misfortune. were there taking a close watch on the house. Tears welled up in E. He was at a loss for words. feeling happy for her. After inspecting the damage caused by the fire.. he received a call from his immediate neighbour that his house was partly destroyed by fire and that the cause of the fire was believed to be arson. Nizam‟s immediate family and his relatives were in state of disarray.. When the house was ready. Nizam think he would lose so much in such a short time. deep in his heart he knew that he had very good neighbours. When he got word that his father was on his death bed. CONTINUOUS: NARRATIVE WRITING: With an ending Write a story ending with “. “My Sam is back! My Sam is back!” Sam ran towards her and hugged Mariam as he never let go. It had been a trying period. Nizam was worried. it was the death of an elder member of a family. En. En. Even before the funeral rites were over. The next day. Majid. With the help of his neighbours. he knew he was right. Nizam got a building contractor to repair the damaged sections of the house. friends who would stand by him in good times and bad. His neighbours had passed the hat around and the donations came up to a significant amount. Nizam‟s family rushed to his hometown. En. He learnt from them that the neighbours had been taking turns to keep an all-day vigil on the house. The repair and renovations took almost a week to complete. En. Soon she was shouting and crying. The women folk were busy preparing all the meals for the family. 574 words. Although. Nizam was grateful he had such good neighbours. En. The neighbours heard her. His colleagues were the one who made him realized his big mistakes neglected his mother. Although En. en. En. the minute he set foot in the compound of his house. the donations was still short of the amount required to repair the damages.” Not even in his wildest dream did En. Nizam was grateful he had such good neighbours. Subra and En. 367 words . Sure enough. Donations came pouring in. Mr. They too shouted and cheered.him walking towards their house. Majid handed donations collected by the residents living in the area. the neighbour turned up in full force to congratulate him.

This feeling of cooperation and neighbourliness is what separates the countryside from the city. one is never far from busy streets. There are also sound of the machine used in manufacturing factories. everyone pitches in to help. This is unlike the cities where if the garbage trucks do not collect the rubbish disposed by household or restaurants. People are friendly and helpful. rats and wild dogs to pollute their surrounding that will cause them to have diseases like dengue and cholera. The air is fresh and the surroundings green. Even if one lives in residential areas. The first outstanding characteristic about the countryside is that it is beautiful and peaceful. Furthermore. land or noise pollution. If there are any happy or festive occasions. in the countryside. This is because the countryside is free from pollution. The freshness smell of plant somehow helps the people of the countryside to have a healthy life.CONTINUOUS: ARGUMENTATIVE Which do you prefer. the streets. so less fumes is released. There is no need to rush around because there are not too many places to go. There are no crowded streets and heavy traffic in the countryside. Thus. be it air. life is slow-paced. This is why the crime rate is increasing in the city because bystanders do not rush in to help if a crime is committed on the streets. people are too busy to take note of the people around. The pace of life in the countryside is slow so people have more time to enjoy life as the day goes on. So they would not even be bothered about what happens to people around. Most places are close by and people can walk or cycle. only at designated places. There are numerous of reasons why living in countryside is the better than the city. There no such perfect peaceful view that you can see other than in the countryside. loud radio in and out the mall. living in the countryside or living in the city? Countryside I think living in the countryside is far better than living in the city. Thus there are no fumes from cars and smoke from factories buildings to pollute the air. heavy traffic and crowded streets increase the level of noise pollution. These add to the noise of the city. Thirdly. for me to enjoy the quality of life. the city will be overflowing with rubbish! This will attract the mosquitoes. fly. the people and the paced are totally different compare to the city. . The trees surrounded the countryside help the people from inhaling the polluted air. However. I prefer to live in the countryside. The scenery. people in the countryside are more conscious of keeping their surroundings clean and so there is little throwing of rubbish everywhere. In the city. Some hardly even know their neighbours. The honking of cars in the streets is continuous and the crowds on the roads increase the hub of activity. Less vehicle used. The most heart-warming thing about the countryside is the attitude of people.

there are places like museums and educational centres where you can go. Staying in a secure. you can always move to another. This. increases your earning power and you have better chances of a more comfortable life. Furthermore. Some may find this appealing but not me. to increase your knowledge. there is only the occasional festive celebration or marriage feast or fishing outing. safe place does not allow for one to gain new experiences and grow in maturity. young people need a life that is exciting and pleasurable. All these help a person to grow in maturity. For entertainment. you seldom encounter strangers or new and demanding situations. you are young only once. Life as fast-paced and this keeps you active and alert all times. Here in the city. There is so much to see and experience in the bright lights of the city that you cannot get in the countryside. After all. you can learn about how to get along with people of different types. encounter varied situations and solve problems. Such places that offer you entertainment or learning opportunities are of course not available in the countryside. opportunities to widen your knowledge are limited in the countryside.cinemas. Of course. Life is more mundane and routinelike. If you find a job unsuitable. In the countryside. There are good school and libraries that are necessary for your mental development. So. naturally. In the city. the city abounds in this. parks and eating places. for all the reasons mentioned above. I think that life in the city is better than living in the countryside. experience is the best teacher. Moreover. And when it comes to educational opportunities. It is the city that offers you entertainment. one may argue that one can live in the countryside and work in the city but this will only incur extra expenses and unnecessary inconveniences. one has not experienced life until one has lived in the city. Furthermore. After all. however. 374 words . Here you can hang out with friends and family members. you can find a job that suits your qualification or interest. Another point in support of living in the city is the available of jobs. you only move around people you are used to. Thus.489 words City In my opinion.

school and other places. Water pollution is caused by harmful waster from industries. Automobiles provides transport to millions people around the world to enable them to travel to their workplace. As a result. This irresponsible act contaminates our drinking water and can cause serious health problems and can even culminate in death. water and noise. namely air. people can contract lung cancer. many people are still practising open burning as a way of disposing their household wastes. Another example of contributor to the air pollution is the manufacturing factories. not to mention our source of food. Water pollution is also a problem that we are currently facing. Besides ruining our marine heritage. we are robbed of beautiful sea corals and unique species of fishes. farms and sewerage systems which are dumped into our sources of water such as rivers and lakes. Factories release toxic gases to the environment.CONTINUOUS: ONE-WORD ESSAY Pollution Pollution is an issue of concern in the modern world that we live in today. air pollution causes people to suffer from health problems such as chest pain and asthma. In extreme cases. there are more and more vehicles on the road as society gets more affluent. deafness. Nowadays. factories and open burning. There are many types of pollution. Air pollution is caused by the emission of toxic gases from vehicles. More and more people strive to have a better quality of life by having the convenience of driving to their destinations instead of taking public transportation. Pollution in our environment will undoubtedly affect our quality of life. Noise pollution is another form of pollution. Noise from heavy machinery and vehicles can cause hearing problems and in extreme cases. it is harmful to the environment as it contributes to the worsening of the air quality. As a result. The manufacturing of products in factories to meet the growing demand of society is also causing air pollution. As there is growing number of . the air around us is getting more polluted by the carbon dioxide that is emitted. Besides factories. As a result from the burning of coal. Some factories also use coal to generate heat and energy. Although burning our household wastes is a convenient way of getting rid of our rubbish. Pollution can also cause various health problems and other negative effects. The marine life is the first to suffer from water pollution as they depend on the nutrients in the water to survive. Carbon monoxide is another type of gas which harmful to the environment as it can cause the reduction of oxygen in the bloodstream. Our naturally beautiful world becoming ugly because it is suffering from the effects of environmental pollution. therefore. carbon dioxide is released into the environment. the disappearance of marine life will affect the livelihood of fishermen.

Make sure you read the instructions carefully. DIRECTED WRITING In the first section of the SPM English Paper 2. Use the right format for your writing 2. You may be required to write an informal letter. we are exposed to noise pollution every day. As the saying goes. As a student.vehicles on the road. an article or a report. precaution is better than cure. they serve as a mere guide. Lets hands on hands together by recycle and conserve the world for the better future. 15 are for CONTENT and the other 15 is for LANGUAGE USE. Include all the facts given in the question 3. a formal letter. you must thoroughly realize how important it is that you suit the right format to the questions. You are required to do at least three major things: 1. In each case. imagination and creativity do come into play because even though certain facts are given. If you just use phrases or if the sentence you make is meaningless. Elaborate or provide your OWN but relevant details) on these given facts. . a) Format Marks awarded are usually in the range of 2-3. unpolluted environment. CONTENT There are three important aspects to awarding of marks for content. 558 words TECHNIQUES FOR ANSWERING THE SPM ENGLISH PAPER (PAPER 2) a. We must work together to reduce pollution so that the future generations can live in a healthy. expanding on given notes. no marks will be given. The government in advanced countries encourage their citizens to take the public buses and trains by providing an affordable and efficient transportation system. Couch each fact in a complete sentence. you can easily get full marks for content provided you follow the ensuing good advice. From the total of 30 marks awarded here. a speech. students are expected to spend about thirty minutes. b) Inclusion of Given Facts Certain facts are given in the question itself. For this section. Usually 6-7 marks are awarded if you include ALL the given facts in your writing do not leave even a single one. This effort discourages people from driving their private vehicles and consequently reduces the number of vehicles on the road.

suitable and interesting too. Also. No details . What aspect of the content of the passage is to be summarized. If you write more than 160 words. and other such frequently used words b. Once you have understood the question clearly. "thank you". "faithfully". a total of 3 marks are allocated. During the second reading. all the extra facts contained there are NOT taken into account by the examiner. You don‟t have to write and write.e the number of words that you are allowed in your final summary. one extra sentence or two is usually enough. . 4. Of these. spelling and punctuation are as error-free as possible. For this section. LANGUAGE Finally. The length of your summary – i. "fine". Read the instructions carefully. SUMMARY WRITING Section B of the SPM English Paper 2 presents a question on summary writing.c) Elaboration Finally about 6-7 marks are awarded if you add details of your own to make your writing more intresting. begin to underline the important ideas and relevant tails. (For instance. 3. you ought to know very clearly: 1. Do ensure that the points you are picking out are meeting the requirements of the question given. But do begin from now to revise the spelling of simple words like "sincerely". Pick these out and list them down. You are advised to spend forty-five minutes on this section. you may be asked to summarize only the advantages or marks ! Remember. Avoid words that you do not know how to spell. Which part of the passage is supposed to be summarized (you may to be required to summarize the WHOLE passage) 2. Take note of any starting words or phrases given and use them as instructed to begin your summary. Try to understand what the passage is all about – what its message/theme is or what the story is about. 20 are awarded for content and another 10 for language accuracy and style. the details must be relevant. only ten should you begin to read the passage. By doing this. the remainder 15 marks are allocated for language use. Read the passage once more to ensure that you have not left out any pertinent points. please adhere to this word limit. You need to invest a little time and imagination here so that your writing won‟t come across as "dry and dull". You must try and make sure that grammar. If it is stated that your summary MUST not be longer than 160 words. Don‟t forget the number of words in the starting line are included in counting the total number of words in your summary. or certain reactions of people or even the causes/outcomes of certain incident. Do take a little trouble to check through your writing. Write shorter sentences if you are not too sure about grammar.

Each fact left out means one less mark for you. and sister" can be rephrased as my family. Focus on the main ideas and those that support the theme of the passage.for example the feelings of a person or the advantages of a certain procedure/machine. I know this is not easy. Group similar points together . Rather than use three or four sentences to convey all of it. and that is why you should practice writing a lot of summaries before the real examination. "my mother. try to get as many as you can for CONTENT. you get more marks if you use your OWN WORDS. Remember. Your error must be minimal and the language you use must not make it difficult for the examiner to understand what you are trying to say. Ignore irrelevant explanations and superfluous examples. As such. The reason? They feel that the author‟s words are best and that almost all that is contained within the original passage is important and necessary to be included in their summary.Now. It has little meaning and relevance. or shorter words that can substitute the meaning of a long phrase in the passage. most students tend to copy the author‟s words as much as possible and try to include almost everything from the original passage into the summary. you ca put it all in one or two sentences. but you must try. begin practicing writing a lot of summaries now. begin summarizing. As for language. Don‟t be afraid to rearrange. It is NOT even a summary and you get a few marks when you write a chopped summary like this. Many students grapple with summary writing because they get caught up with the words used in the passage. Use one. Where marks are concerned. That is a summary. Every time you read a report in a newspaper or an article in a magazine. Use commas – they help. punctuation and spelling are as accurate as you can possibly make them. ask yourself – what is this repot/article all about? What is its message? Try to summarize it in your mind. You will need skill for this. . my father. Try not to leave out important fact. Stick to the meaning of the passage as much as possible but do it using your own words. do take the trouble to read through your final draft and make sure that your grammar. Jot all of these down diligently and try to incorporate them all in a simplified. For example. Secure as many points as you can by reading and scanning the passage carefully for relevant facts and details. Generalize and convert lengthy sentences into shorter ones. Imagine that someone younger is asking you what is it that you are reading. Do not be lazy. So. The main issue here is whether you have understood the meaning of the passage and whether you can faithfully translate it into a passage that is made up mainly of your own words. 5 topics will be given and choose only ONE. and try to visualize the simplified answer/version that you are going to tell him/her. c) CONTINUOUS WRITING Section C of the SPM English Paper 2 presents a question on Continuous Writing. Students are advised to spend about one hour on this section. reorganize and compound facts. They want to use all of them. summarized form. The result is a chop cut-and-paste version of the original. my brother.

argumentative or reflective. Understand the chosen topic so that you do not write out of point. Introduce your essay impressively and conclude it in a meaningful or original way. Factual topics should as far as possible be avoided. 7.e. Check for spelling. expository. Recognise the type of essay you are going to attempt i. descriptive. Vary the length and structure of sentences 9. 3. grammatical correctness. whether it‟s a narrative. This is because the material you use must be based on facts and not "guess work". 5.1. Include enough good and relevant points. Use idiomatic expression and include the active voice for narrative essays. 2. . 10. Organize your points well and present each new or main point in a separate paragraph. 4. Plan what you are going to write about. especially the usage of tenses and pronouns. 8. 6. punctuation. Show coherence in paragraphs. 11.

Subramaniam.         couple – taking a walk two men approached them ordered couple to give jewellery a struggle – husband injured one neighbour – taking a dog for a walk heard shouts – went to investigate robbers saw dog – fled couple made police report Couple Foils Robbery Attempt PULAU PINANG. Tan on the head with it. On seeing Subramaniam and his dog. One of their neighbours. Tan to hand over his ring and watch. you have been assigned to write a report of the incident for publication in a local newspaper. heard the screams and when to investigate. He thought that they were lost and needed help. his accomplice grabbed a helmet and hit Mr. I ran there as fast as I could. Tan Ah Wok. When he refused. They were probably afraid of my Rottweiler. one of the robbers pointed a knife at him and ordered them to keep quiet. “I was taking my dog for a walk when I heard someone shouting for help. Tan of her jewellery and instructed Mr. who was taking his dog for a walk. 60 and his wife were taking a morning walk near their home in Helen Heights yesterday when two men on a motorcycle stopped them under the pretext of asking for directions. the robbers fled.” Mr. the robbers fled on a motorbike. The victims were reported safe from any bad injury. As a newspaper reporter. write out your report. Thu – An elderly businessman and his wife foiled a robbery attempt by two men armed with a screwdriver and a knife. State CID .DIRECTED: ARTICLE / REPORT: Newspaper Article / Report There has been an attempted robbery in your area. was given outpatient treatment at a private clinic. On seeing this. Knowing that something was wrong. He also mentioned that the guard who in charge nowadays easily allowed the strangers to enter their residents. As Mr. Meanwhile. who suffered a small cut on his head. He then relieved Mrs. Before I reached the scene. his wife started screaming. Using the notes below. R. Tan. He said that it was a horrified experience as he never expected the two men would attack his wife and him. a struggle ensued. Tan was giving directions.

to eat cold food – not fresh rude canteen workers To : Mr. The Principal. The food sold at the canteen not only expensive but lacks of variety. The canteen should provide better amenities. He added that the suspects. . The guard also must be stricter in letting people from entering any residents without proper permission. My fourth complaint about the canteen pertains to the etiquette of the canteen workers. In the first place. There should also be a different menu everyday so that students will not have to taste the same food day in and day out. There is only one period of recess time for all forms. Cleanliness should be given top priority. You decide to write a report to inform your school principal about the poor conditions and services of the canteen. aged between 25 and 30. there are insufficient tables and benches. The duo then relieved her gold chain and cash. They often shout at students. Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Permata Malik bin Abdul 24 March 2011 Report about the School Canteen From : Date : I am writing this report is to draw your attention regarding the school canteen. He said there had been similar incident last week when two men approached a factory worker who was on her way home after work. As a result. were believed to be illegal immigrants. Hasnan bin Jalal. The food and drinks are not covered. Many of the students of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Permata are unhappy about the conditions at the school canteen. 380 words DIRECTED: REPORT – Report to Principal You are very disappointed by the conditions and services provided by your school canteen. They are rude and arrogant. ever since the present canteen management took over. Unfortunately. More than 80 per cent of the students go to the canteen during recess to buy food and drinks. They way canteen attendants dress speak volume about hygiene.Chief Supt Harun Din advised him and the people to be more careful in giving help to strangers. The menu is the same every day. many students have to stand while eating. There were lots of complaints regarding this issue. The students are always on the receiving end of their bad moods. Our school has a student population of over 1 000. We hope that conditions at the canteen will improve. The hygiene and preparation of food leave a lot to be desired. For the past five years. These would include:         insufficient table and benches food and drinks not covered too little food counters dirty and clogged drains – smelly food – expensive and lacks variety inadequate food – late comers have nothing to buy. He advised the residents to be alert and reports to police any suspicious-looking characters lurking in their area. With their lackadaisical attitude. there are only about twenty-five tables and fifty benches which can accommodate less than half the number of students. the food they sell would one way or the other become contaminated. students go back to the same food.

The town council workers collect the rubbish according to their own whims and fancies. The fogging authority only did their job whenever a case of dengue aroused. Reported by: Malik Malik bin. Taman Sentosa. 123 A. The students are prepared to boycott the canteen if their complaints go unheeded. Fogging service also was not done accordingly to the schedule. These stray animals also scatter the rubbish and make the roads dirty and smelly.We hope that you will look into our complaints and take steps to remedy the situation. We have been putting up with this predicament for more than a week. 07231 Bandar Baru Sentol. We have made numerous appeals to the Municipal Council to look into our complaints but to no avail. 2. The drains would usually overflow when there is heavy rain and the rubbish would then flow into the compounds of our houses. We hope the health authorities would do something to check these health hazards. 07200 Bandar Baru Sentol Dear Sir. As a result. They need to consider the residents who have babies and also to those who need to wake up early in the morning for work. Uncollected Rubbish and Clogged Drains I am writing this letter is to attract your attention to the above title. 5. They even fogging the neighbourhood late at night that caused us to leave the residents. food leftovers and other rubbish. the residents have to spend hours cleaning their compounds of rotten vegetables. We are also disappointed with the town council workers for not clearing the clogged drains which are filled with rubbish. we are really concerned about the residents‟ health especially the children. I am calling to tell you that the 300 odd residents living in Taman Sentosa are extremely unhappy about the lackadaisical attitude of the local town council towards the uncollected rubbish and clogged drains in our area. 4. Kompleks Utama. Bandar Baru Sentol Council. The fogging also caused the people to have breathing problem when we were not told the exact time of fogging. The rubbish in our area has not been collected for more than a week. 3. The rubbish is supposed to be collected on alternate days but this has not been the case. Mohd Jalil 314 words DIRECTED: FORMAL LETTER: Letter of Complaint Raju a/l Lingam. Kelantan _________________________________________________________________________ The President. Due to dengue outbreak recently. As the representative of the community. Besides. putting up with the unbearable stench emitted from them. 16 JUNE 2011 . The uncollected garbage has attracted not only flies and mosquitoes but also wild dogs which had attacked the residents on several occasions. Lorong Bahagia. residents have to bear the discomfort of stench from the garbage and risk their health.

teachers and students. Yes. But in this war against smoking. . Tak Nak Campaign A very good morning to our dear Principal. If they do smoke. Raju (RAJU a/l MANIAM) 380 words DIRECTED: SPEECH Your school is having a month-long „A Healthy Body Campaign‟. there is a succession of infomercials on TV and in the papers showing the debilitating effects of tobacco addiction on the body and gruesome statistics of smoke-related deaths. it is necessary for the Tak Nak Campaign to constanly remind us of the hazard of smoking because about 50 Malaysian teenagers light up for the first time every day. that smokers have yellowed teeth and suffer from shortness of breath and tells them that it is not cool to smoke.Thank you. you decide to give a speech on the „Tak nak Campaign‟ recently launched by the government. posters. Though some people have criticised our government for setting aside a staggering sum of RM100 million over 6 years for the campaign. You can now see this short and rhyming catch phrase “Tak Nak” everywhere – on billboards. especially among the fashionable young crowd. Also. some of these youth progress steadily from this to regular use. What can the Tak Nak Campaign do to combat this? Their aggressive advertising creates media awareness among the public. and sometimes I even hear it on the radio. We are now familiar with the graphic pictures of damaged lungs on billboards which should scare people into not smoking. our former Prime Minister. This works. Mr. or trying to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke per week. Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi launched an antismoking campaign called “Tak Nak”. And this is despite the warning on every pack of cigarettes that states unequivocally “Smoking is dangerous to your health”. many of our politicians smoke themselves. In fact. However. Nearer to home. but sad to say. they should tell their children and students that they regret that they ever started. and then take steps to quit smoking as soon as possible. Hasnan bin Jaafar. I feel any anti-smoking campaign is more effective if other people and organisations are actively involved too. They must practise what they preach. money definitely talks. TV ads. the first step has been taken by the top. It is also not responsible of them to affect non-smokers with second-hand smoke. These adults have to be good role models by not smoking themselves. Recently. Yours faithfully. so do some of our parents and teachers. as I know some of my friends are quitting now. with addiction raking hold within a few years. it is nothing compared to the huge amounts that tobacco companies spend to promote smoking. As President of the Health Club of your school.

The construction sites are largely to blamed. students made up nearly 30 per cent of the 1 500 suspected cases over the first three weeks of the year. 502 words Your friend in Singapore has written to you to inform you that his cousin in Penang was down with dengue fever. He would like to know the situation in Malaysia as he plans to bring his family over for the holidays in June. The authorities have taken various steps to control the situation. Fortunately. According to the news. 34. In your letter. Lot of . so make Tak Nak your mantra. I commend the Malaysia Amateur Athletic Union for its zerotolerance of smoking because they know that smoking and health just do not mix. the authorities gave her an exemption so she is now in Form One. 67500 Ipoh. How can our sportsmen excel if they cannot stop smoking. Fogging has been carried out in many public areas and most of the housing estates. thank you for your attention. Write a letter to brief him about the current situation. Taman Bukit Bintang. Contractors at the construction sites have been instructed to take appropriate actions and warned to clean up. Street of Fame. There were also a few students taking the examination in the hospital. say Tak Nak and quit! And if you haven‟t started smoking. This has prompted the health ministry to increase checks on aedes breeding grounds in school and public areas. The problem is made worse by the rainy season.On a more positive note. This problem seems to have become very serious all of sudden. Let me end my speech by reiterating that smoking is a bad habit. Dear teachers and students. We always feel that the problem is not our concern until someone close to us is affected. These statistics are quite worrying. My neighbour‟s daughter who was in Standard 6 last year could not sit for UPSR examination because she was down with dengue fever on the eve of the exam. About 53 per cent of 621 confirmed cases last year comprised children and youth under the age of 24. include the following:     express concern over the health of your friend‟s cousin news about the situation steps taken authorities present situation Do remember to:     use the informal letter format use all the points given expand each of the points given write in paragraph No. They could be fined up to RM 3 000 for breeding aedes mosquitoes. If you have started smoking. The stagnating water attract the mosquitoes to lay egg and breeding on the areas. How are you? I‟m sorry to hear that your cousin had dengue fever. Perak 14 January 2011 Dear John. Bukit Bintang. say know that smoking not only damages your health but you are also literally burning your money.

There were huge piles of rubbish especially old tyres and containers littered by the hawkers near the might market site. don‟t worry. Yours sincerely. Do take care. Before the long holidays for the Chinese New Year. So. The residents‟ association in my housing are also organised a family day clean up of the housing estate. schools all over Malaysia carried out a clean-up campaign of the school compound. Send my regard to your mom and dad. Harun Din . The situation in Malaysia has improved since the end of January. You can bring your family for a holiday here in June. radio and newspapers were taken to make people aware of the issue and take precaution rather than cure them. I‟m looking forward to seeing them again.campaigns through the television. There have been no reports of new cases of dengue.