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Design of RFID Based Student Attendance System with Notification to Parents Using GSM

Ravishankar Yadav
Student, EXTC, MPSTME, NMIMS Mumbai, India

Sumita Nainan
Asst. Prof. Department of EXTC, MPSTME, NMIMS Mumbai, India inventory. 0t their sim+lest, R(I" systems use tiny chi+s called tags that contain and transmit some +iece o% identi%ying in%ormation to an R(I" reader, a device that in turn can inter%ace *ith com+uters. In the system o% R(I" 1ased Student 0ttendance System *ith Noti%ication to 2arents #sing 3SM, the +assive ty+e R(I" reader is used *hose ma4imum range o% detection is around .0cm. It o+erates at %re&uency o% .56 k78 and .59 +o*er su++ly -5/. his system has ability to uni&uely identi%y and take attendance o% the students. he users only need to +lace their R(I" tag on the R(I" reader to take attendance. hey do not need to go through the long list to look %or their name. 7ence, it is a very time e%%icient system. 0ttendance *ill be taken i% the encoded tagged I" scanned, matches the tagged I" stored in the memory. !ther*ise, an error message *ill be dis+layed. In recent years, R(I" is one o% the automatic identi%ication technologies. here is a *ide research and develo+ment in this area trying to take ma4imum advantage o% this technology, and in coming years many ne* a++lications and research areas *ill continue to a++ear. R(I" system has been success%ully a++lied to di%%erent areas as diverse as trans+ortation, health:care, agriculture, and hos+itality industry to name a %e*. R(I" also brings about some concerns, mainly the security and +rivacy o% those *ho *ork *ith or use tags in their everyday li%e *hich is +ro+osed in -;/.R(I" is used to uni&uely identi%y tagged ob,ects or +eo+le. R(I" systems have been *idely used in many a++lication areas such as inventory control, +roduct tracking through manu%acturing and assembly, +arking lot access and control, 1ank <ocker Security System, 0utomatic oll $ollection System '0 $S), <ibrary Management system

Abstract—RFID means Radio Frequency Identification. It is a wireless identification technique which has become very popular these days. It is used for smart system that can be used to identify, monitor secure and do object inventory by the use of radio frequency. This technology is also used in ibrary !anagement "ystem, #an$ loc$er security system etc. This technique is safe, secure, faster and easy to use with lower overheads in contrast with the other conventional techniques such as bar code, biometrics etc. It has two components i.e. RFID tag and RFID reader. RFID reader is the device capable of reading and retrieving information stored inside the RFID tags. This paper presents a design of an %utomatic %ttendance "ystem for both students and professor with parent notification sent via &"!.

eywords!RFID "Radio fre#uency identification$% RFID Reader% RFID &ags% GSM and Student Attendance system


IN R!"#$ I!N

Radio %re&uency identi%ication 'R(I") re%ers to the use o% radio %re&uency *ave to identi%y and track the tag im+lanted into an ob,ect or a living thing -./. It is a *ireless means o% communication that use electromagnetic and electrostatic cou+ling in radio %re&uency +ortion o% the s+ectrum to communicate bet*een reader and tag through a variety o% modulation and encoding scheme. Radio (re&uency Identi%ication 'R(I") is the combination o% radio %re&uency and microchi+ technologies to create a smart system that can be used to identi%y, monitor, secure and do ob,ect

Noti%ication *ill be sent to +arents as *ell as school?s authority in case o% absence o% students and %aculty in the class.e. section III discusses the system design and %inally conclusion is discussed in section I9. they have their o*n in:built battery. he rest o% the +a+er is discussed as %ollo*s@ section II describes in brie% R(I" technology. he microchi+ is available inside R(I" tag *hich is sho*n in belo* %ig. It can transmit high %re&uencies so it can be detected at a longer range. RFID Tags R(I" ag is an I$ chi+ that has uni&ue he4adecimal or electronic +roduct code 'A2$) contained in it. he R(I" reader used in the system is a lo* cost reader %or reading +assive R(I" tags. It transmits signals at certain %re&uencies. R(I" system consists o% 5 +arts Interrogator and rans+onders.56 k78 and . 2assive tags are +assive in nature i.e.. ags are designed s+eci%ic to an a++lication and the environment it is +ro+osed in.. RFID s stem !omponents 0ctive R(I" reader can detect an active R(I" tag at %e* meters to line o% Sight *hile +assive R(I" reader can only detect +assive R(I" tag at a %e* centimetres a*ay %rom the reader.'<MS). It o+erates at %re&uency o% . he e%%ective detection range o% the reader is around . it is also named as R(I" key.. o retrieve the data stored on an R(I" tag. AM .0 cm %rom the antenna. he tag acts as a Gey that is ca+able o% o+ening a +articular locks -. $. R0"I! (RAB#AN$Y I"AN I(I$0 I!N R(I" stands %or Radio (re&uency Identi%ication. he aim o% this +a+er is to monitor student?s attendance by using R(I" %or administration. as discussed in -=.6.ect using Radio (re&uency ransmission -C/. 0ttendance Management System etc. here are ags and Reader in the system. 1. EM 1# RFID Reader Fig. A. here are three ty+es o% R(I" tags *hich are active. continuously transmitting radio energy and .D R(I" Reader is sho*n in %ig. Interrogator and rans+onder are also kno*n as R(I" Reader and R(I" ag res+ectively. they don?t have any battery source built in them. 0ctive tags are active in nature i. R(I" is used to collect in%ormation automatically by radio %re&uency data communication bet*een a mobile ob. Fig ". AM . he se&uence is a numeric serial. semi:+assive and +assive.0/. . a*aiting any tags that enter their %ield o% o+eration. here are t*o ty+es o% R(I" readers. he tag memory can be +ermanent or re:*ritable. RFID Reader R(I" Reader is a scanning device that uses the antenna to realise the tags that are in its vicinity -9/. a reader is needed. 3enerally.>/.D R(I" reader is the device ca+able o% reading and retrieving in%ormation stored inside the R(I" tags.59 +o*er su++ly -5/. hey are most commonly re%erred to as reader and tag res+ectively in -D/. So.ect and an R(I" reader to identi%y and track them. hey dra* their +o*er %rom the electromagnetic %ield generated by the R(I" reader. Aach tag can store a ma4imum o% 5G1 o% in%ormation in the microchi+s. R(I" is used to read or *rite in%ormation on a tag and +assing that in%ormation to a system %or storage and +rocessing. R(I" readers are usually !N. they do not re&uire any e4ternal source. *hich is stored in the R(I" memory. the active and the +assive R(I" readers. 5. *hich can be re:+rogrammed electronically by the reader multi+le times. hey II. he microchi+ includes minute circuitry and an embedded silicon chi+. R(I" is a means o% Identi%ying a +erson or ob. he R(I" system is sho*n in %ig. 0 ty+ical reader is a device that has one or more antennas that emit radio *aves and receive signals back %rom the tag. 7ere E#NIB#AF re%ers to each and every code *ord o% the tag and is inde+endent o% other code *ord.

ags are available in various sha+es and si8es *hich are sho*n in %ig. A. RFID tags hey transmit lo* %re&uencies so they can be detected u+ to %e* meters o% distance. he di%%erent ty+es o% R(I" ags -.00m) Yes 1et*een 6: .378) and Micro*ave '5. R(I" is used to take the attendance o% the student. in order to retrieve the tag?s identity. I% a student is absent in the class then noti%ication *ill be sent to hisHher +arents. Ihile entering the class room both the student and +ro%essor have to mark their attendance using their R(I" cards. SYS AM "ASI3N In order to im+lement the R(I" 1ased Student 0ttendance System *ith Noti%ication to 2arents #sing 3SM. he architecture o% the system is sho*n in %ig.5D Gbytes readH*rite A4+ensive Measurement o% tem+erature +eriodically 1attery <i%e 9alidity Storage $ost 0++lication ags o+erate on <o* %re&uency '<() '.0 G78:. #ltra high . 7igh %re&uency '7() '. his attendance *ill be %or*arded to a central com+uter a%ter +rocessing it through the microcontroller *here it *ill be stored. the hard*are and so%t*are are discussed belo*. hey have no transmitter and as *ith 2assive tags they rely on altering the R( %ield %rom the ransceiver to transmit their data.00m) Yes #+ to . &.0 Years . +rocesses it and sends it to both 2$ and the 3SM module through M0J5. %.00M78:./ are sho*n in table .5/. 6. 7ere. his system consists o% a tag a%%i4ed on identity card to communicate *irelessly *ith a reader.5 %or storing the attendance and %or sending SMS through the 3SM module.0M78). Student in%ormation is stored in the R(I" tag and this in%ormation is read by the R(I" reader. 0 Semi:2assive tag e4ists.M78:. (ard)are design his system consists o% automatic attendance system %or both students and +ro%essor. Semi:2assive ags have their o*n +o*er source that +o*ers the microchi+ only. Different s'apes of RFID tags III. (A0 #RAS !( Y2AS !( R(I" 03S Fig. Fig. =. Feature Read Range 'assive Short '#+ to.5D microcontroller because the 0tmel 09R..00 G78).= 378:6378) -.5D bytes readH*rite $hea+ 0ttendance Management System %ctive <ong '#+ to.. *e can also use the 2I$ microcontroller easily but *e are using 0 MA30 .have no active transmitter and rely on altering the R( %ield %rom the transceiver in a *ay that the reader can detect.5D Gbytes readH*rite 9ery A4+ensive Monitor the condition o% %resh +roduce "emi( 'assive <ong '#+ to.0cm) No #+ to 50 years . 01<A I. *hich has the %eatures o% both 0ctive and 2assive tags. %re&uency '#7() '.0 Years . he 0 MA30 .5D microcontroller takes in+ut %rom the R(I" reader.

5D achieves through+uts a++roaching . Microcontroller sends the message to 2arents through 3SM. -. 0 mega.> kb+s. C. 2$ sends message through Ma45. allo*ing the transmission o% basic data services such as SMS.. Iorking o% the system is discussed belo*.5D is a lo*:+o*er $M!S D:bit microcontroller based on the 09R enhanced RIS$ architecture. 0%ter matching. 1. 1y e4ecuting +o*er%ul instructions in a single clock cycle.0 minute.D378 bands. his system consists o% AM . $+o!. data *ill be sent to 0 MA30 . he M0J5. Dire!tiona+ f+o) of t'e s stem .D R(I" Reader. 2$ sends noti%ication to controller and it *ill be dis+layed on <$" K+resent? 0%ter . his one is cost e%%ective. Microcontroller sends the data to database in the 2$ %or matching student details and in%ormation is stored in the database. 3SM SIM . diagram of t'e s stem he hard*are o% the system is sho*n in %ig. (ard)are of t'e s stem Fig.5D microcontroller *ith <$".5 logic levels during serial communication o% microcontrollers *ith 2$. 3SM SIM . 3SM '3lobal System %or Mobile communications) is used to send SMS to student?s +arents about their absence in class.5 to microcontroller. S.5 and it *ill be dis+layed on <$".00 module. $. K$? shar+ has been used as the +rogramming language. Fig.MI2S +er M78 allo*ing the system designed to o+timi8e +o*er consum+tion versus +rocessing s+eed.FT/ARE DESI0N "irection %lo* o% the +rogram is sho*n in %ig. >.Fig. Ma4 5.5D microcontroller through Ma45. 3SM su++orts data trans%er s+eeds o% u+ to 9. those students are absent. Ihen students scan the R(I" tags to R(I" reader. digital cellular technology used %or transmitting mobile voice and data services. the 0 mega. *.5 and 0 MA30 .00 is an o+en.5 I$ is used to convert the <H$M!S logic levels to RS5. 3SM o+erates in the 900M78 and .

i% %ound go to ste+ D else go to ste+ =. accurate. cost e%%ectiveness and lo* +o*er consum+tion. Ste+ . Ste+9: $heck +erson ty+e and mark the +resence. Student in%ormation %orm Fig 13. In this system using the 09R controller.:Initialise R(I" Reader Ste+ 5:Initialise <$" Ste+ . D. Roll no.: 0%ter . 9. name. he +rototy+e o% the system can +rovide several bene%its over the conventional method o% taking attendance. Ste+C. and less cumbersome *ay o% taking student attendance in school and shi%t the +aradigm o% student?s lecture attendance monitoring in classroom.. Ste+ .0 min check %or +resent student and i% student is absent then send massage to +arents that your child is absent. de+artment etc.:Search student?s id. name.. Ste+D:$om+are detected studentKs tag. (igure 9. in the student in%ormation dis+lay *indo* as sho*n in %ig. $!N$<#SI!N Fig. .he +ro+osed system has been e4+lained *ith the hel+ o% %ollo*ing ste+s. 2ogin page he student database has been +re+ared by entering the student?s I". ensures %ast o+eration. in the student in%ormation entry %orm as sho*n in %ig. . (ollo*ing screens are designed in 9isual 1asic '91). idKs.:Initialise #0R Ste+ =:Scan R(I" tags Ste+ 6:Send scanned o% R(I" data to microcontroller Ste+>:#sing microcontroller +er%orm the %iltering o+eration to remove un*anted %ield and e4tract student?s id Ste+ C:Search student tags id in +ermanent database *ith scanned R(I" studentKs tags. Student information disp+a )indo) I9. he +ro+osed system can +rovide a ne*. #.0: Re+eat ste+ = to ste+ 9 %or all ro* o% R(I" data. Ste+. date and time *ith class time table and i% match %ound then go to ste+ 9 else go to ste+ =. he database has been +re+ared by entering the user?s name and +ass*ord in the login +age as sho*n in %ig.0. 0 lo* cost R(I" 1ased 0ttendance System +rototy+e has been success%ully develo+ed. de+artment etc. "is+lay *indo* o% the students sho*s the student?s I".. his system *ill hel+ in automatic storage o% attendance and +arents *ill be noti%ied in case o% absence.

No . ER(I" 1ased <ibrary Management SystemF 2roceedings o% 0S$N .ect $ounterF International Mournal o% In%ormation and $om+utation echnology. E0utomatic control o% students? attendance in classrooms using R(I"F. '50.Ramani. (rancisco Silva. (ebruary 50. +: ISSN@ 55CD:DC5C9olume 9. $hen "elong and an <i+ing. E1ank <ocker Security System based on R(I" and 3SM echnologyF International Mournal o% $om+uter 0++lications '09C6 R DDDC) 9olume 6CR No. -.. 9Nctor (ili+e and 0ntOnio 2ereira. E!nline StudentsK 0ttendance Monitoring System in $lassroom #sing Radio (re&uency Identi%ication echnology@ 0 2ro+osed System (rame*orkF International Mournal o% Amerging echnology and 0dvanced Angineering.$.00. Malaysia. (ebruary 50.5.=. E0nytime 0ny*here: Remote Monitoring o% 0ttendance System based on R(I" using 3SM Net*orkF International Mournal o% $om+uter 0++lications '09C6 R DDDC) 9olume .: . S. he hird International $on%erence on Systems and Net*orks $ommunications. E0utomation o% ime and 0ttendance using R(I" SystemsF 5nd International $on%erence on Amerging echnologies. November 50. "hanalakshmi M and #++ala Mamatha. 50. 0+ril. 5009. 2akistan. 2atel. . Number . S. 2ranoti Salunke.). 0shish 3u+ta. $"0$.Niran. -D/ Ra. Selvara..H0D P56. 50./ ..:. <im. including@ +arents. .)./ -=/ -6/ ->/ -C/ 0ysha Baiser and Shoab 0 Ghan.. Sim and M.Q 500D. ER(I" echnology 1ased 0ttendance Management SystemF IM$SI International Mournal o% $om+uter Science Issue 5 'Man. Manuary 50. 5009. %riends. ISSN 09C=:55. ++.0. Issue . Ar. : (eb. Guala <um+ur. Romin 2arekh and anvi Shah. !ctober =:>. Issue 5. ++.0$GN!I<A"3AMAN I Ravishankar k.. India. Sumita Nainan %or his guidance and su++ort.. %amily. Q International Research 2ublications 7ouse. . 2oonam Malle.=.5..9R No.. (ebruary 50...: . all sentient beings %or their hel+ and su++ort this +a+er *ould not have been +ossible. teachers. Latin Singhal and Ar.. As+ecially. ER(I"@ uni&ue identi%ication techni&ue %or attendance systemF IMRA0S 9olume 5. I dedicate my ackno*ledgment o% gratitude to*ard my mentor and $o:author 2ro%. 22 >.. S. November 500>. Girti "atir and Mayshree "ukale. >. 9ol. . 0nkita 0gra*al and 0shish 1ansal.D.M../ RA(ARAN$AS -.5. Issue 5. 55C R 5. Yadav *ould like to thank everyone.u and 2. IAAA. ISSN@ 55=9:. No.. -. R.906.9 9olume . 'ISSN 5560:5=69.0/ Latin Singhal and Ra.9CD:0:C>96:. 5...:>>.. and in essence.ral.neesh Gumar 3u.. E0utomated oll $ollection System #sing R(I"F I!SR Mournal o% $om+uter Angineering 'I!SR:M$A) e: ISSN@ 55CD:0>>.9alarmathy. Nimisha 2atel and Mona 3a. -9/ Sumita Nainan. Noida.C. ER(I" 1ased 0ttendance SystemF 5009 IAAA Sym+osium on Industrial Alectronics and 0++lications 'ISIA0 5009). E!nline 0ttendance Management System #sing R(I" *ith !b. Mansor. 9olume 5.D..5).S. 2esha*ar. -. E he Research and 0++lication o% $ollege Student 0ttendance System based on R(I" echnologyF International Mournal o% $ontrol and 0utomation 9ol.5/ -5/ Lhang Yuru.