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By: Jonathan Cardona

An unpleasant state of confusion, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth. Anxiety is a feeling of fear, worry, or uneasiness; such as an overreaction to a situation that can subjectively seem menacing.

Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S. affecting 40 million adults (18% of the U.S. population). Anxiety disorders are highly treatable, yet only one-third of those suffering receive treatment. Anxiety disorders cost the U.S. more than $42 billion a year.

Fear of being humiliated and embarrssed Anxiety is felt before, during, and after the event


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Examples: Public speaking Meeting people Or using a public restroom

A Phobia is a lasting and unreasonable fear caused by the presence or thought of a specific situation or object. Exposure to the object or situation brings an immediate reaction causing the person to endure intense anxiety. (nervousness) or to avoid the object or situation entirely.

Animal phobias: fears of dogs, snakes, or insects. Situational phobias: fears of flying, riding, driving, going over bridges or tunnels. Also being in a closed place such as an elevator. Blood-injection-injury phobias: fears of being injured, seeing blood, or invasive medical procedures.

Natural environment phobias: fears of storms, heights, or even water. Other phobias: this includes fears of falling down, fear of loudsounds, and a fear of costumed characters, such as clowns.

Phobias can run in families, both genetic and environmental factors(nature & nurture) can contribute to developing a phobia. Also children and teens can develop a phobia after being exposed to a traumatic or frightening event.

For example: a child can develop a fear of water after nearly drowning. You can also develop a phobia after receiving scary information about something. Finally, a child may also develop a phobia by observing other individuals anxious response to objects or situations.

Identify your fear: first overcoming your fear is knowing what your afraid of. Identifying what your really scared of gives you a point to address what it is and also can help you understand why there's nothing to be afraid of anymore.

Understand it: one process known as cognitive restructuring. You can repair “faulty thinking" by tackling your anxieties by addressing your thoughts and attitudes about the fear. The idea is to reveal that if you confront your biggest fear, there's no chance that you'll come to any harm at all.

Take action: actually take action against your phobias this process is vital to success however this is where you come face to face with what scares you. The idea is to observe or spend some time with whatever your biggest fear is.

Work gradually: Throwing yourself in the deep end could actually make matters worse its not the way to go. while exposed to your biggest fear it possibly may help you to overcome it during time. If you practice regularly it builds up a resistance to your fear as well.

A pathological fear of human companionship. An extreme form of shyness and timidity manifests as awkwardness and uneasiness in society. A profound fear of human beings or human society.

This phobia manifests itself in many different ways. Some people experience a constant fear of being alone. These individuals feel that they must constantly be in the company of others. In this form, the phobia can have a huge impact on the individuals quality of life and usually requires years of therapy.

Medicine may be prescribed but take into consideration although it can have uncomfortable side effects & withdrawal systems that can be VERY severe. Note medicines also don’t cure phobias they only briefly suppress the systems.

However there are alternatives which include counseling, hypnotherapy, and psychotherapy.

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“Anxiety and Depression Association of America” published, 2010-2014. web, 1 April 2014. http://www.adaa.org/understandinganxiety/specific-phobias “Medline plus” Published, 19, February 2014.Web, 1 April 2014. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/phobias.h tml “University of Texas at Austin” ppt, 3 april 2014. omepage.psy.utexas.edu/.../PowerpointLec.