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Ukulele 101
101 Things Every Ukulele
Player Needs to Know

Buying a Ukulele
1. Where should I buy a ukulele?
2. Which Size Ukulele Should I Buy?
3. How uch Should I S!end?
". Wha#$s #he bes# ukulele %or under &'(?
'. Wha#$s #he bes# ukulele %or under &1((?
). Wha# should I bear in *ind when buying on eBay?
+. Wha# sor# o% wood should a ukulele be?
,. I$* le%#-handed. do I need #o buy a le%# handed ukulele?
/. Wha#$s be##er geared or %ric#ion #uners?
1(. Should I buy a ban0o ukulele?
11. Should I buy an elec#ric ukulele?
12. Wha#$s a $low-1$ ukulele and should I buy one?
S#rings
13. 2oes i# *a##er wha# s#rings I use?
1". Which s#rings should I buy?
1'. How do I re!lace s#rings?
1). How o%#en should I re!lace s#rings?
1+. 2o I need di%%eren# s#rings %or di%%eren# sizes o% ukulele?
1,. 2o I need di%%eren# s#rings %or 3-#uning and 2-#uning?
1/. 3an I use gui#ar4*andolin4ban0o s#rings on a ukulele?
2(. How do I *ake s#rings las# longer?
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Ukulele 5nline
21. Where can I %ind #ab and chords online?
22. Where can I learn chord sha!es online?
23. Where can I %ind ukulele lessons and #u#orials online?
2". Wha# ukulele %oru*s are #here online?
2'. Where can I hear ukulele *usic online?
2). How can I !ick u! a bargain on eBay?
2+.Wha# ukulele blogs are #here?
2,. Which 6ou7ube channels should I be wa#ching?
2/. Where else can I %ind ukulele 8ideos?
aking 9 1ood Sound
3(. How can I hear how I sound?
31. How should I hold #he ukulele?
32. Where should I s#ru*?
33. 3an I use a gui#ar !ick?
3". How can I look a%#er *y uke?
3'. Why won$# *y ukulele s#ay in #une?
3). Wha# should I wear when I$* !laying #he ukulele?
:ecording
3+. Wha#$s #he bes# !or#able recorder?
3,. Wha# *icro!hone should I ge#?
3/. Wha# so%#ware should I use?
"(. How %ar %ro* #he *ic should I be?
"1. How can I !u# *y *usic on #he in#erne#?
"2. How can I sell *y *usic on #he in#erne#?
;on#s. So%#ware and 5#her 2ownloads
"3. How can I !u# ukulele chord char#s in word !rocessing docu*en#s?
"". How can I *ake *y own ukulele #abs?
"'. How can I ge# in #une wi#h *y co*!u#er?
"). Where can I ge# a *e#rono*e online?
"+. How can I i*!ro8e *y ear?
",. Where can I ge# ukulele icons?
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9d0us#ing 6our Ukulele
"/. 7ha# sounds scary. should I do i#?
'(. Wha# is in#ona#ion?
'1. How can I *easure how good *y ukulele$s in#ona#ion is?
'2. How can I i*!ro8e *y ukulele$s in#ona#ion?
'3. How can I s#o! *y ukulele buzzing?
Ukulele 9ccessories
'". How can I !lug *y ukulele in#o an a*!li%ier?
''. 2o I need #o buy a #uner?
'). Wha#$s a ca!o?
'+. 2o I need a s#ra!?
',. 3an I !lay #he ukulele wi#h a gui#ar !ick?
'/. Should I buy a *e#rono*e?
Prac#icing
)(. How o%#en should I !rac#ice?
)1. 2o I need #o war* u!?
)2. Wha#$s #he *os# i*!or#an# #hing when !rac#icing?
)3. How can I !lay %as#er?
)". 2o I need #o use a *e#rono*e when I !rac#ice?
3hord 3har#s
)'. How do you read ukulele chord char#s?
)). Why are #here di%%eren# chord sha!es %or #he sa*e chord?
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7ab and 7echni<ues
)+. How are s#rings #abbed?
),. How are no#es #abbed?
)/. How is a se<uence o% no#es #abbed?
+(. How are no#es #ha# are !layed si*ul#aneously #abbed?
+1. How are chords #abbed?
+2. How are s#ru*s #abbed?
+3. How are rhy#h*s shown?
+". How is rhy#h* shown in #ab?
+'. Wha# are bars4*easures?
+). How is %re##ing hand %ingering shown?
++. How is !icking hand %ingering shown?
+,. How are re!ea#s #abbed?
+/. Wha# are #re*elo s#ru*s and how are #hey #abbed?
,(. How are rasguados !layed?
,1. How do you !lay do##ed no#es?
,2. How do you !lay #ied no#es?
,3. Wha# are #ri!le#s?
,". Wha# is swing #i*e?
,'. How do you !lay ha**er-ons?
,). How do you !lay !ull-o%%s?
,+. 3an ha**er-ons and !ull-o%%s be used #oge#her?
,,. How do you !lay slides?
,/. How are shi%# slides di%%eren# %ro* nor*al slides?
/(. How are slides in#o and ou# o% a no#e #abbed?
/1. Wha# are all #hose crazy s<uiggles on #he #ab?
/2. How are accen#ed no#es shown?
/3. How do you *ake dead no#es?
/". How do you !lay #rills?
/'. How do you !roduce 8ibra#o?
/). Wha# are grace no#es?
/+. How do you bend a no#e?
=asier 3hords and 3hord 3hanges
/,. Wha#$s #he easies# way #o !lay a 2 chord?
//. Wha#$s #he easies# way #o !lay an = chord?
1((. Wha#$s #he easies# way #o change %ro* ; #o ;*?
1(1. 6our own <ues#ion.
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Buying a Ukulele
I% you !lay uke %or long enough you$ll disco8er #he righ# answer #o #he <ues#ion. >Which ukulele
should I buy?? is. >9ll o% #he*.?
2eciding which ukulele #o buy is #ricky e8en %or seasoned uke !layers. 7here are a huge nu*ber o%
di%%eren# #y!es and brands o% ukulele. ;or %irs# #i*e ukulele buyers. i# can be di%%icul# #o know where
#o s#ar#. In #his sec#ion. I run #hrough so*e o% #he #hings you *igh# wan# #o consider when buying a
ukulele.
1. Where should I buy a ukulele
Unless you li8e in Hawaii. dedica#ed ukulele sho!s are hard #o co*e by. 7here are a %ew do##ed
around such as 2uke o% Uke in @ondon. @ocal *usic4gui#ar sho!s will !robably sell a cou!le o%
basic *odels. Bu# %or *os# !eo!le. i% you wan# so*e real choice. #he in#erne# is !robably your bes#
be#.
7here are a nu*ber o% dedica#ed ukulele si#es such as Ukewarehouse in #he US. 7he Ukulele Sho!
in #he UA and :IS94Uke Sur%er and Ukulele 2" in 1er*any.
Howe8er. #he bigges# choice is #o be %ound on eBay. Buying on eBay can be a bi# risky so*e#i*es.
bu# #here are so*e ukulele sellers wi#h good re!u#a#ions. I don$# #hink I$8e e8er heard any#hing bu#
glowing !raise %or *usicguy*ic %ro* anyone. 9ll #he ins#ru*en#s he sells. e8en #he chea!es#. are
eB!er#ly se# u!. ukulele"u is ano#her !o!ular seller and usually has a wider selec#ion o% lower !riced
ukes.
5ne way #o #ry ou# a 8arie#y o% ukuleles be%ore you buy is #o search ou# a local grou!. ;lea arke#
usic has a big lis# o% !layers and clubs organised geogra!hically.
!. Whi"h #i$e Ukulele #hould I Buy
7here are %our *ain sizes o% ukuleleC so!rano. concer#. #enor and bari#one. So!rano. concer# and
#enor are all #uned #he sa*e D13=9E.
7he s*alles# o% #hese. so!rano. is #he classic ukulele and #he one #ha# *os# !eo!le s#ar# on -
!ar#icularly children. 7hey also #end #o be #he chea!es# size.
y %a8ouri#e size a# #he *o*en# is concer# as i# has a bi# *ore roo* %or *y %ingers.
7enor ukuleles are bigger s#ill and #end #o be #he ukulele o% choice %or !ro%essional ukulele !layers.
Bari#ones are #he bigges# and are #uned di%%eren#ly #o o#her ukuleles D#he sa*e as #he highes# %our
s#rings o% #he gui#arE. Because i#$s #uned like #his. so*e uke !layers don$# really #hink o% i# as a
ukulele.
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%. &ow 'u"h #hould I #(end
7here are a lo# o% ukuleles %or under &1' on eBay. 7hese are usually !layable and *any !eo!le s#ar#
ou# on #hese. Howe8er. #hey$re o%#en no# se# u! ideally. which isn$# handy %or a beginner. S!ending a
li##le *ore will gi8e you a *uch be##er ins#ru*en# and will be *ore !layable s#raigh# ou# o% #he boB.
I#$s <ui#e likely you already ha8e one o% #hese en#ry le8el ukes. I% you do and you en0oy !laying #he
ukulele. i#$s well wor#h u!grading #o a sligh#ly higher <uali#y uke i% you can a%%ord i#. I#$ll be *ore
%un and easier #o !lay.
). What*s the best ukulele +or under ,-0
akala ukuleles are your bes# be# i% you$re on a #igh# budge#. 9s I *en#ioned be%ore. i% you buy one
%ro* *usicguy*ic i# will be !ro!erly se# u! Dwhich *akes i# wor#h #he s*all !re*iu*E. I#$s also
wor#h ge##ing a decen# se# o% s#rings #o !u# on i# Dsuch as 9<uilaE.
9no#her !o!ular budge# o!#ion is ahalo ukuleles. 7heir !o!ulari#y s#e*s *ainly %ro* looks.
!ar#icularly #he ahalo ;lying-F ukuleles and - insanely !o!ular wi#h girls o% all ages - !ink
ahalos.
Gus# sneaking in#o #his ca#egory. Ukewarehouse are selling @anikai @U21 so!ranos %or &'(. Which
sounds like a good deal #o *e.
-. What*s the best ukulele +or under ,100
Aala ukuleles *os#ly inhabi# #he &2(( - &3(( !rice range bu# also *ake so*e lower !rice *odels.
7he Aala A9-S ahogany So!rano wi#h se# u! and s#rings %or &)( looks like a good deal #o *e.
In a si*ilar !rice range in =uro!e. is #he 9shbury 3oncer# %or H'(. I ha8e #he Aoa 8ersion and
wouldn$# be wi#hou# i#.
.. What should I bear in /ind when buying on eBay
9s well as #he usual eBay !recau#ions such as checking #he seller$s %eedback score Dbe wary o%
anyone wi#h less #han /+I !osi#i8e %eedbackE. #here are a %ew o#her #hings wor#h bearing in *ind.
;irs#ly. #ry #o buy %ro* an es#ablished ukulele dealer Dsuch as *usicguy*ic or ukulele"uE who know
how #o e8alua#e and describe ukes and ha8e a good re!u#a#ion.
I% you$re a%#er a bargain. you *ay ha8e #o #ake your chances wi#h less es#ablished sellers. 7hese
sellers *ay know no#hing abou# ukuleles and *ay *ake hones# - or no# so hones# - *is#akes. 6ou
can usually 0udge %ro* #he descri!#ion how knowledgeable #hey are. Ha8e a 8ery care%ul look a# #he
!ho#os. I% #hey are !oor <uali#y. ask %or be##er <uali#y !ic#ures or a8oid #he i#e* all #oge#her. I#$s bes#
#o assu*e #ha# i% you$re buying a 8in#age ukulele i#$ll ha8e a %ew issues Dsuch as cracks #ha# *ay
re<uire %iBingE and %ac#or #his in#o your bid. Jewer ins#ru*en#s will #end #o ha8e %ewer issues.
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0. What sort o+ wood should a ukulele be /ade o+
Ukuleles *ade wi#h di%%eren# woods will crea#e di%%eren# #ones. 7he #radi#ional wood %or #he ukulele
is koa K na#i8e #o Hawaii. Aoa wood is <ui#e rare so solid koa wood ukuleles are eB!ensi8e. 9n
in#eres#ing al#erna#i8e #o koa wood is 9us#ralian Blackwood. I# is %ro* #he s!ecies o% #ree as koa
DacaciaE. looks al*os# iden#ical and has a si*ilar sound Dso*e e8en say i#$s a be##er soundE.
ahogany is ano#her !o!lar wood %or ukuleles.
Howe8er. al*os# all chea!er. beginner le8el ukuleles Dless #han &2((E will be la*ina#ed . 7his
*eans #ha# undernea#h a #hin layer o% #he eB!ensi8e wood is a 8ery chea! wood Dsuch as !lywoodE.
I# will be #he na*e o% #he eB!ensi8e wood #ha# you will read in #he descri!#ion. Wi#h la*ina#ed
ukuleles. #he *ain di%%erence #he #y!e o% wood *akes will be aes#he#ic. i# will *ake li##le di%%erence
#o #he #one.
6ou$ll read *any descri!#ions o% ukuleles #ha# don$# clearly say whe#her i#$s la*ina#ed or solid.
Unless #he descri!#ion o% #he uke s!eci%ically says $solid$ i#$s %airly sa%e #o assu*e #ha# i#$s la*ina#ed.
1. I*/ le+t2handed3 do I need to buy a le+t handed ukulele
any !eo!le who are le%# handed !lay #he ukulele righ# handed wi#hou# any di%%icul#y.
=8en i% you don$# wan# #o do #his. #here$s no need #o buy a s!eci%ic le%#-handed ukulele. Because
#here is li##le di%%erence be#ween #he size o% #he s#rings. you can 0us# re8erse #he order o% #he s#rings
and #urn #he ukulele u!side down.
4. What*s better geared or +ri"tion tuners
Wi#h %ric#ion #uners. #he s#ring is ke!# in #une by no#hing *ore #han %ric#ion.
7he #uning !egs will be s#icking ou# o% #he back. 9l*os# all older ukes will
ha8e %ric#ion #uners.
Wi#h older ukuleles. #he %ric#ion is crea#ed be#ween #he !eg and #he wood.
odern ukes will usually ha8e %ric#ion crea#ed by a screw #ha# can be
#igh#ened #o crea#e a #igh#er %i# Das in #he !ho#oE K so #he s#ring is *ore likely
#o s#ay in #une.
1eared #uners use a cog sys#e* #o kee! #he ukulele in #une and ha8e #he
#uners s#icking ou# a# #he side.
7here are *any 8arie#ies o% #his #uner. 7hey *ay look like #he !ho#o or #hey
*ay be co8ered u!.
7here are ad8an#ages and disad8an#ages %or bo#h sys#e*s and #here$s lo#s o% discussion be#ween
!layers which is bes#. 1eared #uners are *uch *ore likely #o s#ay in #une. ;ric#ion #uners.
!ar#icularly chea! ones. can de#une #he*sel8es when you s#ru* hard and i# can be di%%icul# ge##ing
#he s#ring eBac#ly in #une.
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Howe8er. geared #uners are *uch hea8ier and *ore in#rusi8e. Ha8ing geared #uners *akes #he uke
8ery #o!-hea8y *aking i# less sa#is%ying #o !lay. 9 ukulele wi#h %ric#ion #uners will %eel *ore
balanced.
9ccording #o so*e !layers. geared #uners can also ha8e an e%%ec# on #he sound K da*!ening i# a
li##le.
I% you ha8e #o! <uali#y %ric#ion #uners. #hey$ll !er%or* as well as geared #uners. Howe8er. in #he &'(
- &1(( range o% ukuleles geared #uners are !robably #he be##er be#.
10. #hould I buy a ban5o ukulele
Ban0o ukuleles Dor ban0o ukes. or ban0olelesE are a cross
be#ween a ukulele and a ban0o. 7hey ha8e #he sa*e s#ring
se#u! as a ukulele and are a si*ilar size. @ike a ban0o. #hey
ha8e s#eel s#rings and a ban0o s#yle body.
Fery %ew ukulele !layers s#ar# ou# wi#h a ban0o uke. 7hose
#ha# do are usually ban0o !layers or big %ans o% 1eorge ;or*by. 7hey can be a li##le *ore di%%icul#
#o ge# #he hang o% and are #ougher on #he %ingers which *akes #he* less sui#able %or beginners.
11. #hould I buy an ele"tri" ukulele
=lec#ric ukuleles are grea# %or #wo o!!osi#e #y!es o% !laying K when you don$# wan# #o be <uie# and
when you wan# #o be loud.
I% you$re !laying gigs. you$ll need so*e way #o a*!li%y #he ins#ru*en#. 6ou don$# necessarily need
an elec#ric uke %or #his. 6ou could a##ach a !icku! #o your acous#ic ukulele.
I% you don$# wan# #o dis#urb o#hers wi#h your !laying. elec#ric ukes are grea#. So*e *odels. such as
#he :IS9 solid. gi8e o%% 8ery li##le sound a# all un!lugged.
Beginners will !robably wan# #o ge# an acous#ic ukulele bu# will wan# #o add an elec#ric #o #heir
collec#ion la#er on. So*e look 8ery s#riking such as #he Bugsgear =leuke and #he :IS9 Uke$=llie.
1!. What*s a *low26* ukulele and should I buy one
os# ukuleles ha8e a $*y dog has %leas$ #uning where #he 1 s#ring is higher #han #he 3 s#ring K
known as re-en#ran# #uning. 7his is 8ery rare a*ongs# s#ring ins#ru*en#s. *os# ha8e s#rings in order
o% lowes# #o highes#. So*e ukuleles are se# u! in #his way K so #ha# #he 1-s#ring is #he lowes# on #he
ukulele. 7hese are known as low-1 or !rogressi8ely #uned ukuleles.
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#trings
1%. 7oes it /atter what strings I use
6es. s#rings can *ake a di%%erence #o how #he ukulele sounds. I% you ha8e a chea! ukulele. #he
chances are i# ca*e wi#h a low <uali#y se# o% s#rings. Swi#ching #o a higher <uali#y se# o% s#rings will
i*!ro8e #he #one.
1). Whi"h strings should I buy
7he #wo *os# !o!ular *akes o% s#ring are Wor#h and 9<uila. Bo#h #hese s#rings are *ade ou# o%
*a#erials #ha# a##e*!# #o co*bine #he bes# %ea#ures o% #he #radi#ional gu# s#rings and #he la#er nylon
s#rings and ha8e reassuringly s!ace-age na*es. Wor#h s#rings are *ade o% %luro-carbon and 9<uila
%ro* Jyl1u#
y !ersonal !re%erence is Wor#hs as #hey are shar!er and !unchier. 9<uilas ha8e a *ore rounded
#one. 6ou can ge# so*e idea o% #he sound o% #he di%%eren# s#rings in #his 8ideo wi#h di%%eren# s#rings
!laying #he sa*e song on si*ilar ukuleles. Bu# #he bes# way #o %ind ou# which sui# you bes# is #o #ry
#he* ou#.
I ha8e a real so%# s!o# o% Ao9loha$s crys#al colored s#rings. 7hey ha8e a si*ilar sound #o Wor#hs
bu#. as #he na*e sugges#s. #hey co*e in a 8arie#y o% colours. 7he #rouble is. #hey$re hard #o co*e by.
7hey cro! u! on eBay occasionally. 6ou can see *e !laying a se# o% !ink Ao9lohas here.
1-. &ow do I re(la"e strings
I#$s bes# #o re!lace s#rings one a# a #i*e by loosening #he s#ring wi#h #he #uning !egs #hen releasing i#
a# #he o#her end. 7ake #he o!!or#uni#y #o wi!e down #he %re#board. and clean around #he areas you
can$# reach when #he s#rings are on.
os# uke s#rings are held in#o !lace by a slo# on #he bridge Dwhere #he s#rings are a##ached #o #he
*ain body o% #he ukuleleE. 6ou #ie a kno# in #he end o% #he s#ring and #hread i# #hrough #he slo#. 7he
#y!e o% #he kno# you$ll need de!ends on #he size o% #he s#rings and slo#. ;or #he 3 and = s#rings you$ll
!robably 0us# need #o *ake a loo! and #hread #he s#ring #hrough once. 7he 1 and 9 s#rings *igh#
re<uire larger kno#s. 6ou can %ind so*e sugges#ions here or check ou# so*e !ro%essional s#o!!er
kno#s here.
So*e ukuleles ha8e *ore co*!lica#ed ways o% securing s#rings. So*e ha8e a hole going #hrough
#he bridge ra#her #han 0us# a slo#. 7hread #he s#ring %ro* #he neck end o% #he hole and !ull a cou!le
o% inches ou# #he o#her side. Pull i# back #owards #he neck and loo! i# undernea#h #he s#ring.
1.. &ow o+ten should I re(la"e strings
7he easy answer is when #hey s#ar# #o sound and %eel bad. 7ha# de!ends on a %ew #hingsC how o%#en
you !lay. how aggressi8ely you !lay. wha# your swea# is like.
I like #o re!lace s#rings once e8ery siB *on#hs or so.
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10. 7o I need di++erent strings +or di++erent si$es o+ ukulele
6es. you do. =ach size o% ukulele has a di%%eren# leng#h o% neck so you need #he s#rings #ha# %i# #ha#
size.
11. 7o I need di++erent strings +or 82tuning and 72tuning
Jo. you don$#.
7he *os# co**on #uning %or #he ukulele is 13=9 Dalso called 3-#uningE bu# *any !eo!le !re%er #o
#une #wo %re#s higher #o 92;LB D2-#uningE. 9ny good <uali#y s#ring will be <ui#e ha!!y in ei#her
#uning.
7he only !ossible !roble* is #ha# once #hey$8e been in 2-#uning. #he s#rings ge# s#re#ched. 7hey %eel
loose i% you *o8e #he* back #o 3-#uning.
14. 8an I use guitar9/andolin9ban5o strings on a ukulele
6ikes. noM I% your uke was designed %or nylon4gu# s#rings. s#eel s#rings will ha8e #oo *uch #ension
and could do serious da*age #o your ukulele.
7here are a %ew al#erna#i8es #o dedica#ed ukulele s#rings. I$8e heard o% i*!o8erished ukulele using
%ishing wire as s#rings.
!0. &ow do I /ake strings last longer
7here are a cou!le o% easy #hings you can do #o *ake s#rings las# longer.
7he easies# is #o wi!e your s#rings down wi#h a clo#h a%#er !laying D#o s#o! swea# a##acking #he
s#ringsE.
I#$s also wor#h checking %or shar! edges on #he bridge Dwhere you a##ach #he s#rings #o #he body o%
#he ukuleleE. on #he nu# Da# #he o#her end o% #he %re#boardE and #he %re#s #he*sel8es. Shar! edges can
wear away s#rings. I% you %ind any. sand or %ile #he* down.
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Ukulele :nline
!1. Where "an I +ind tab and "hords online
I$* co*!le#ely biased in #his. bu# I$d reco**end *y si#e Uke Hun#. 6ou can %ind #he 7ab and 3hord
sec#ion here and #he beginners sec#ion here.
7he bigges# ukulele chord si#e on #he ne# is Ukulele Boogaloo. I# has a huge selec#ion bu# #he <uali#y
is 8ariable.
Here$s a lis# o% #he *os# use%ul ukulele #ab and chord si#esC
;kuleleC 7ab %or classical and #radi#ional !ieces. os#ly ad8anced s#u%%.
Beatles Ukulele #iteC 9 %ancy looking si#e where you can !lay along wi#h !re##y *uch e8ery
Bea#les song.
Big 'u++in*s Ukulele TabC 3lassic !o! songs !resen#ed as chords and si*!le *elody.
Brook ;da/s* Ukulele PagesC I really like #his si#e. I#$s go# a grea# selec#ion o% chords and #abs.
BukeC 7his si#e is dedica#ed #o #he bari#one ukulele bu# also has a nu*ber o% #abs %or s#andard
ukulele. 7he #abs are *ainly classical and %olk !ieces and are handily arranged by di%%icul#y.
8hordie*s Ukulele 8olle"tionC 7he ukulele sec#ion o% 3hordie.
8o/bative UkuleleC Si*!le chords %or !unk songs. !ar#icularly 7he 3lash.
8urt #heller*s <a$$ 6uitar =esour"esC So*e nice ukulele arrange*en#s !ar#icularly o% Gazz #unes.
7o"tor UkeC @oads o% chords %or older songs %or s#andard and bari#one ukulele.
7o/inator Ukulele TabC High <uali#y #abs %or solo ukulele %ro* #he likes o% 9ldrine 1uerrero.
Ga*es Hill and 2aniel Ho. 9l*os# all #he #abs on #his !age are di%%icul# #o !lay.
Eleuke Ukulele >essonsC Bugsgear$s =leuke si#e has lessons %or beginners and so*e in#er*edia#e
#ab.
e$?olk 8hordsC 3hords %or #radi#ional #unes. os# o% #he !ieces are %airly easy #o !lay 7here is also
a sec#ion %or ez;olk$s Ukulele 7ab.
?leabag #ongbookC 3hords %or a %ew classic #unes.
6lo(@ ;rench ukulele blog wi#h #ab and chords.
&e+toneC Brian He%%eran is one o% *y %a8ouri#e ukulele !layers. 7his !age has chords %or a nu*ber
o% old#i*e 0azz #unes De8en #hough i# only says $words$E so*e o% #he* 8ery obscure.
Page 12
<a$$UkesC ark 5cchionero is a grea# !layer. He uses in#eres#ing chords and has so*e grea#
arrange*en#s %or 0azz songs. I#$s no# sui#able %or beginners. bu# once you$re %a*iliar wi#h #he
s#andard chords #his is a grea# !lace #o !ick u! %ancy chords and learn how #o use #he*.
<ohn PakC @o#s o% ukulele chords. Par# #wo is here.
King 7avid Ukulele #tation*s 7e(otC ;iles %ro* #he users o% #he ;rench blog and %oru*. 6ou$ll
ha8e #o hun# around a bi#. bu# #here are so*e ge*s in here. I !ar#icularly like 1oschenhobel$s #abs.
Koalohe Ukulele 8lub #ongbookC 3hords %or lo#s o% Hawaiian-s#yle #unes.
>et*s Play UkuleleC 7he chords on #his si#e are #aken %ro* a gui#ar si#e and ha8e #he ukulele chords
au#o*a#ically genera#ed. 7his isn$# en#irely ideal K you$ll o%#en %ind chords *issing or !ieces o%
gui#ar #ab or chords #ha# are 0us# co*!le#ely wrong. 5n #he u!side. i# does ha8e #he 8ery ni%#y
%ea#ure o% #aking your @as#.%* !ro%ile and %inding chords %or #he songs you$8e lis#ened #o.
'ike*s Ukulele PageC 3hords %or indie songs.
Nalu 'usi"C Gohn Aing is one o% #he bes# ukulele !layers around. He has !roduced a %ew ukulele
#ab books bu# you can !ick u! a %ew #abs here %or %ree. I should warn you. #hey are 8ery di%%icul# #o
!lay. I highly reco**end you check ou# #he res# o% #ha# si#e %or i#s ukulele his#ory.
New Aealand ;rts :nlineC 3hords %or aori and Sa*oan songs along wi#h so*e ad8ice %or
beginners.
#a"red UkeC 3hords %or religious songs.
#ale/ Ukulele #tru//ers ;ssnC 9 whole ha# %ull o% songs wi#h easy chords.
#hee( Entertain/entC 9s well as #he 8ery use%ul chord %inder. #his !age has a nu*ber o% songs you
can !lay along wi#h. Gus# click $P@96 9@5J1 S5J1S 15$.
#oni" UkeC Songbook o% #he guys %ro* idnigh# Ukulele 2isco.
Tro(i"al #tor/ &awaiiC 9 huge collec#ion o% #radi#ional Hawaiian songs along wi#h a %ew si*!le
chords. 9lso has a #ab sec#ion bu# #he <uali#y isn$# grea#.
TU#8 #ongbooksC 3hords %or #he re!er#oire o% #he 7aun#on Ukulele S#ru**ers 3lub.
U is +or UkuleleC So*e really si*!le beginner #unes.
UK UkesC Fisi# #heir usic :oo* %or chords.
Uke ?ar/*s 8hord #heet 6enerator@ 9 8arie#y o% chords %or 3-#uning. 2-#uning and bari#one
ukulele.
Uke 'u$ikC 3hords %or *ore *odern ukulele !er%or*ers.
uke.seC I#$s in Swedish. which *akes i# hard #o na8iga#e. Bu# #here are #abs #here.
Page 13
Uke ThingyC 9 rela#i8ely new si#e wi#h #ab sni!!e#s.
Ukedo/C 3hord arrange*en#s o% songs %ro* 8arious genres.
UkelandC 7ab and chords %ro* Ukeland *e*bers.
Ukulele 6uild o+ &awaiiC 3hords %or #radi#ional and *odern Hawaiian songs.
Ukulele #"hoolC 9 %ew ukulele chords including Hey There Delilah and Bohemian Rhapsody.
Ukulele #tru//ers* #ongbookC ore *odern Hawaiian s#u%%. ainly Israel Aa*akawiwo$ole and
Aa$au 3ra#er Boys.
Ukulele TabsC 9 1er*an si#e wi#h so*e 8ery nice solo arrange*en#s o% !o!ular songs. 7hey are
<ui#e #ricky #hough.
Ukulele9To/C 9 *ore recen# si#e wi#h indie chords.
Ukulele AooC 7here are only a %ew #abs #here. bu# #hey$re good ones. Includes Su!er ario 7he*e.
ukulele)everC ;rench ukulele blog wi#h #abs.
The Ukuli$erC 3hords %or =nglish and Swedish songs. 7here$s a 8ery use%ul doodad on #his si#e
which can ins#an#ly #rans!ose songs an swi#ch be#ween 3 and 2 #uning.
Waitswat"her TabsC Pascal $Wai#swa#cher$ ;ricke has co8ered a car#load o% 7o* Wai#s #unes. 6ou
can download a double albu* o% his arrange*en#s here. Here you can %ind so*e o% his #abs %or
ukulele. 7hey$re di%%icul#.
So*e ukulele !er%or*ers !u# u! chords and #ab #o #heir own songs such as 7iki Aing and #he Jew
6ork Ukulele =nse*ble.
7here are also *any si#es #ha# are no# s!eci%ic #o #he ukulele. bu# do ha8e chords Dyou can 0us# use a
chord char# #o %ind ou# how #o !lay #he chords on #he ukuleleE. 7he bigges# o% #hese are 3hordie and
Ul#i*a#e 1ui#ar. 3hordie has a widge# on #he righ# o% #he screen #ha# will show you #he chord boBes
%or ukulele D3-#uning. 2-#uning or bari#oneE. 7he 1ui#ar 1uy is good %or 0azz songs.
!!. Where "an I learn "hord sha(es online
7here are a nu*ber o% !laces you can %ind chord sha!es. Shee! =n#er#ain*en# and %our s#ring
chords bo#h ha8e use%ul in#er%aces %or showing chord sha!es on #he ukulele. Be care%ul on #he Shee!
=n#er#ain*en# si#e as #he de%aul# is 2-#uning. I% you$re using 3-#uning *ake sure you click on
$so!rano K 3$ %irs# or you$ll ge# #he wrong chord sha!es. I% you !re%er #o download a !rogra*. #ry
Winchord.
7his si#e *akes #rans!osing chord !rogressions easy. 6ou 0us# co!y and !as#e #he chord char# and
#ell i# which key #o #rans!ose in#o.
7o hel! you learn chord sha!es. you can download #hese %lashcards or #hese %lashcards and !rin#
#he* ou#.
Page 1"
!%. Where "an I +ind ukulele lessons and tutorials online
ez;olk has a big selec#ion o% ukulele lessons here.
Pinea!!le Pe#e$s Uke School has a nu*ber o% lessons.
7here are also *any 8ideo ukulele lessons online. By %ar #he bes# are #hose by 9ldrine 1uerrero a#
Ia*hawaii Dyou ha8e #o sign u! be%ore you can 8iew #he 8ideosE. He$s a grea# !layer and can !u#
lessons across 8ery well. He$s also go# a new si#e Ukulele Underground which con#inues his series
o% 8ideo lessons and also has weekly one *inu#e uke #i!s.
7here are lo#s o% ukulele lessons on 6ou7ube bu# #he <uali#y 8aries grea#ly. 7ake e8ery#hing you
learn here wi#h a !inch o% sal#.
7here$s also a %ree !iece o% so%#ware you can download Uke-"-U which #eaches so*e basic ukulele
chords.
!). What ukulele +oru/s are there online
7here are !len#y o% ukulele %oru*s around in a nu*ber o% languages.
)th PegC Jo# 8ery ac#i8e bu# !len#y o% in#eres#ing and use%ul s#u%% in #he archi8es.
;ll Things UkuleleC Jo# a %oru*. bu# a @i8e Gournal grou!. So long as you ha8e an accoun#. you
can 0oin in.
e$?olkC ez;olk has %oru*s dedica#ed #o a nu*ber o% ins#ru*en#s including #he uke. I# has a
dedica#ed beginners sec#ion.
?lea 'arket 'usi"C any long #i*e. sligh#ly obsessed ukulele !layers hang ou# here. I would be
#here *ore o%#en *ysel%. bu# #he way #he %oru* works dri8es *e u! #he wall.
King 7avid Ukulele #tation ?oru/C 7he bigges# %ranco!hone ukulele %oru*.
'y 7og &as ?leaC 9 young ;rench %oru*.
The UkeC Jo# a 8ery ac#i8e %oru* bu# #he beginners sec#ion is wor#h a read #hrough.
Uke #ur+er B=I#;CC Based around #he Uke Sur%er Sho!. Jo# 8ery ac#i8e. In 1er*an and =nglish.
UkeTalkC 9n o%%shoo# o% #he Uke7alk websi#e. Si#e owner. :ichard 3rosse## is always on hand wi#h
good ad8ice.
Ukulele 8lubC In 3hinese.
Ukulele <a/C 9 new %oru*. Jo# *uch ac#ion #here as ye#.
Ukulele 8os/osC 5ne o% #he bigges# ukulele %oru*s. 6ou$ll o%#en %ind *e on #here.
Page 1'
Ukulele in the 8lassroo/ +oru/C 7he %oru* se# u! around Ga*es Hill and G 3hal*ers 2oane$s
Ukulele in #he 3lassroo* series o% books. 9i*ed a# #eachers using #hese books.
Ukulele UndergroundC 9ldrine 1uerrero$s %oru*. Based in Hawaii. 9no#her %oru* I$* on
regularly.
Ukuleleko//issionensC In Swedish.
UkulelenboardC 7he bigges# ukulele %oru* in 1er*an.
UkulelenurkkaC ;innish %oru* Dwi#h an in#erna#ional sec#ionE.
UkuleleWorld!C ;oru* connec#ed #o #he Ukulele World 2 sho!.
7he ukulele is 8ery !o!ular in Ga!an and #here are a nu*ber o% Ga!anese ukulele boards . Here$s a
s*a##ering D#ransla#ed in#o =nglish by 1oogleEC
JU9
Ukulele 9%#ernoon
Ayushu Ukulele ;a*ily
7here are also a nu*ber o% grou!s on social si#es such as Ukulele Ja#ion on yS!ace and Ukulele
2isco on @as#.%*.
!-. Where "an I hear ukulele /usi" online
Uke;ar* !u*!s ou# ukulele *usic 2" hours a day.
7he Uke3as# is a regular !odcas# wi#h news and #i!s as well as #he la#es# ukulele #unes.
P3 blogs regularly %ea#ure ukulele *usic. 7here$s no %ool-!roo% way o% %inding all o% #he*. bu#
searching %or $ukulele$ on elbo.ws is a !re##y good s#ar#.
AP;A ha8e a dedica#ed ukulele show Ukulele S!o#ligh# #ha# #hey *ake a8ailable %or download.
=ach show #hey ha8e gues#s !laying li8e in #he s#udio and i#$s always wor#h checking ou#. 6ou can
check ou# #heir archi8e here.
7here are hundreds o% ukulele ac#s on yS!ace. 7he <uali#y 8aries wildly. bu# #here are !len#y o%
hidden ge*s around.
!.. &ow "an I (i"k u( a bargain on eBay
9 really use%ul way #o !ick u! a bargain on eBay is #o use ;a# ;ingers. ;a# ;ingers searches eBay
%or co**on Dand no# so co**onE *iss!ellings o% #he i#e* you search %or. So*e#i*es an i#e* is
lis#ed so !oorly no one can %ind i#. Ukulele is a !ar#icularly di%%icul# word #o s!ell K e8en wri#ers
ha8e #rouble ge##ing i# righ#. So. i% you$re lucky. you *igh# be able #o %ind a bargain.
Page 1)
!0.What ukulele blogs are there
)
th
Peg C 7he blog a##ached #o #he "
#h
Peg co**uni#y %ocussing on ukulele rela#ed news.
; noob and his UkeC 3hronicles o% a ukulele beginner.
8hiyo7ad >earns Ukulele and 6uitarC 9 bi# *ore gui#ar #han ukulele. bu# #he ukulele !os#s are
de%ini#ely wor#h a read.
The 7oi+terC Gona#han 3oul#on$s ukulele sidekick.
The ?luke 'useu/ and The ?lea 'useu/C Blogs dedica#ed #o ca#aloguing #he *any 8aria#ions o%
;lea and ;luke ukuleles.
6inette 'a"hin et son UkuleleC ;rench ukulele blog Di% you hadn$# guessedE. 1e# #he less #han
!er%ec# 1oogle #ransla#ion here.
King 7avid Ukulele #tationC 7he bigges# ;rench ukulele blog. =8en i% you don$# s!eak ;rench. i#$s
well wor#h checking ou# #he links and #rying #o %a#ho* #he 1oogle #ransla#ion.
>a vidDo UkulDlD du 5our@ 9no#her ;rench ukulele blog. 7his #i*e you don$# need 1oogle
#ransla#ion K i#$s a blog dedica#ed #o ukulele 8ideos.
>ive UkuleleC Hawaiian blog wi#h ac#s. #i!s and #abs.
UK UkesC @u#hier Pe#e Howle## chronicles his ukulele *aking.
Ukewarehouse*s WeblogC 7he blog o% #he Ukewarehouse s#ore. Plen#y o% in de!#h !roduc# re8iews.
UkulalaC 9 blog. >only %or cool #hings on or abou# #he ukulele.?
Ukulele and ;ll That <a$$C Blog o% ukulele !er%or*er Howlin$ Hobbi#. 5%#en has in#eres#ing
ukulele news. links and *usic.
Ukulele +or the 'asses @ Ukulele links.
Uku>ady*s UkulUniverseC Blog o% #he Uku@ady K who is co*!le#ely o%% her nu#. 9s well as being
a ukulele su!ers#ar. she$s #he 8oice o% #he #eenage girl in 7he Si*s.
Ukulele 6hetto C 3on%essions o% a su%%erer o% Ukulele 9c<uisi#ion Syndro*e DU9SE.
Ukulele =eviewC :e8iews o% ukuleles and uke accessories by Gulie S#rie#el*eier o% 7he 1adge#eer.
Ukulele =evolution@ Ji!!er o% #he Uke3as#$s blog.
Ukulele TonyaC ake sure you don$# *iss her %iles sec#ion. 9 lo# o% use%ul in%or*a#ion in #here.
Ukulelia@ 7he *os# 8enerable ukulele blog. :egularly has *!3s o% new and eBci#ing ukulele ac#s.
UkeboEC S#e8en S#rauss$s blog.
Page 1+
!1. Whi"h FouTube "hannels should I be wat"hing
Bosko N Honey
Bosko and Honey are a duo %ro* 9us#ralia who ha8e regular $ukulele lo8e-ins$. 7hey$re #ouring #he
globe in 2((, *ee#ing ukulele !layers and %il*ing #heir #ra8els.
'ust wat"hC Bosko and Honey wi#h :ose 7ur#le =r#ler.
=arlyguard
=arlyguard D7ho*as ;ruwach#E is a 1er*an *usician. His !ri*ary ins#ru*en# is #he :IS9 solid.
Wha# *akes hi* in#eres#ing is #ha# he$s #he %irs# !layer I$8e heard who has de8elo!ed a way o%
!laying #ha# is uni<ue #o #he elec#ric ukulele Dra#her #han sounding like and a*!li%ied acous#ic
ukulele or an elec#ric gui#arE.
us# wa#chC Busy Bee you can %ind #he #ab %or i# here.
1U1U1
1U1U1 are a Sco#ish duo who *ake ukulele co8ers o% classic !unk songs. ;in D#he one wi#h #he
beardE has his solo 6ou7ube channel here.
'ust wat"hC Bli#zkrieg Bo!.
He%#one
Brian He%%eran is in8ol8ed in *any *usical ac#s. bu# I can$# ge# enough o% his solo ukulele !laying.
He has a real knack %or arranging #unes %or #he ukulele. 6ou 0us# ha8e #o check ou# his #echni<ue.
'ust wat"hC 7he =n#er#ainer. 1e# #he #ab here.
Gaaaaaaa
Gulia Junes won #he Bush*an World Ukulele 3on#es# wi#h her co8er o% Sur8i8or and has !len#y
*ore eBcellen# 8ideos.
'ust wat"hC I#$s :aining en.
ark 5cchionero
ark $GazzUkes$ 5cchionero really knows wha# he$s doing when i# co*es #o chords. 6ou absolu#ely
ha8e #o wa#ch his GazzUkes 2e*ons#ra#ed series %or so*e grea# #i!s on how #o use chords.
'ust wat"hC @i##le 1rass Shack de*ons#ra#ed.
aBe8ance0!n
7his channel has #o be seen #o be belie8ed.
'ust wat"hC When 6ou Were 6oung.
Jaluusic
Gohn Aing is a ukulele 8ir#uoso. #eacher and wri#er. His #echni<ue is s!o# on.
'ust wat"h@ Bach Prelude.
Page 1,
swee#a%#on23
olly @ewis$s 8ersion o% Bri#ney S!ears$ 7oBic beca*e an in#erweb s*ash a%#er ge##ing !icked u!
by 2igg. Her 8ersion o% Gona#han 3oul#on$s 7o* 3ruise 3razy was 8o#ed Ukulele Fideo o% #he 6ear.
'ust wat"hC yHo!e and r ;ancy Pan#s.
7he2esign*achine
Has only s#ar#ed !os#ing 8ideos rela#i8ely recen#ly bu# already has *any wor#h wa#ching.
'ust wat"hC Baby I#$s 3old 5u#side wi#h Seeso.
Seeso
Jarcisco @obo is an ac#or and *usician %ro* 3hicago and has a grea# 8oice.
'ust wat"hC Use e.
7hessaly@ernerC
9lso known as #he Uku@ady. 7hessaly is a 8oice ar#is# Dshe$s #he 8oice o% #he girl in 7he Si*sE and
is so %unny she can *ake *e laugh 0us# by clearing her #hroa#. She s!ecialises in songs abou#
#roubled s#arle#s.
'ust wat"hC 5o!s.
7rubbled0enius
Gen Awok is a s#and-u! co*edian wi#h a wickedly %unny show Su!er 3u#e SeB Show bu# she also
wri#es so*e killer serious songs.
'ust seeC 2eser# N #he Sea.
ukuleleo8ersoul
9ldrine 1uerrero is one o% #he %ines# young ukulele !layers around.
'ust wat"hC @egend o% Oelda *edley.
Ukulelezaza
5ne o% #he bes# s#ru**ers around. 6ou can !ick u! so*e grea# s#ru**ing !a##erns %ro* #his 8ideo.
'ust wat"hC I Surrender 2ear.
Wai#swa#cher
9s his screen-na*e sugges#s. Pascal ;ricke is a big %an o% 7o* Wai#s and his 6ou7ube channel has
*any Wai#s co8ers.
'ust wat"hC Hois# 7ha# :ag.
Wardso%#
Ga*es Ward has been !laying #he ukulele since age / and i# shows. He$s !ri*arily a 1eorge ;or*by
s#yle !layer and has all #he ;or*by #ricks down !a#.
'ust wat"hC ;i8e ;oo# 7wo4:ockin$ #he Uke.
Page 1/
WS)"
Wol%gang Schneider #ea*s u! wi#h =arlyguard %or #he duo =arlywol% and also has a real knack %or
arranging !o!ular #unes %or #he ukulele.
'ust wat"hC 7he*e %ro* 3heers.
wwel#i
Wil%ried Wel#i !lays #he ukulele in a 8ery classical way. He is able #o coun#er!oin# D#wo *elodic
lines !layed si*ul#aneouslyE on a single ukulele. or e8en on #wo ukuleles a# once. 6ou can
download a nu*ber o% his #abs on #his !age.
'ust wat"hC 1aillarde.
7here are also 8ideos regularly u!load o% !layers on a nu*ber o% di%%eren# channels. 6ou should be
subscribed #o #ags #ha# includeC Ga*es Hill. Gake Shi*abukuro. :oy S*eck and #he Ukulele
5rches#ra o% 1rea# Bri#ain.
!4. Where else "an I +ind ukulele videos
6ou7ube has #he bigges# selec#ion o% ukulele 8ideos bu# #here are o#her !laces around. 2ailyo#ion
is a si#e si*ilar #o 6ou7ube and is *ore !o!ular a*ongs# ;rench ukulele !layers Do% which #here are
*anyE. 9lso on a ;rench #he*e. #here$s @e Soir$s Ukulele Sessions. @e Soir has regular sessions
%ro* indie ac#s. So*e o% #he* are associa#ed wi#h #he ukulele Dlike Gere*y War*sley. 7ho*as
;ersen and Her*ann 2uneE and o#hers are no# De.g. 1rea# @ake Swi**ers. 7he Blood 9r* and
3aleBicoE.
Page 2(
'aking ; 6ood #ound
%0. &ow "an I hear how I sound
When you$re !laying #he uke. you are hearing a sligh#ly di%%eren# #hing #o !eo!le who are lis#ening
#o you. 6ou can ge# a be##er idea o% wha# you sound like i% you s#and %acing #he wall or a door a %ew
inches away. 7his bounces #he sound righ# back a# you. I#$s !ar#icularly wor#h doing i% you$re #rying
ou# a ukulele you$re #hinking o% buying.
%1. &ow should I hold the ukulele
7his <ues#ion is answered in *os# beginners books. bu# #hey o%#en lea8e ou# #he *os# i*!or#an#
!ar#. I$8e seen i# sugges#ed #ha# you should hold #he uke by s*ushing i# in#o your ches#P #ha# is
en#irely #he wrong way #o go abou# i#. Being so s*all. i#$s easy #o s*o#her all #he #one ou# o% a
ukulele. 6ou wan# #o be #ouching #he ukulele as li##le as !ossible. 6ou need #o allow #he %ron# and
back o% #he uke #o 8ibra#e as *uch as !ossible ge# as *uch #one and 8olu*e ou# o% i# as !ossible.
Wa#ch how #he *as#ers like Gake Shi*abukuro and :oy S*eck hold i#. 7hey ha8e #he uke angled
away %ro* #he body and #heir %orear* res#ing 8ery gen#ly on #he corner o% #he uke. 7he area o% #he
uke #hey are #ouching is 8ery s*all and *os#ly li*i#ed #o #he corners.
7ry i# ou# %or yoursel%. 1o s#and in %ron# o% #he wall. really s*o#her #he ukulele and s#ru* #he uke.
Jow hold i# away %ro* your body co*!le#ely and s#ru* i#. Hear #he di%%erence?
%!. Where should I stru/
7he !lace where you s#ru* #he uke has an i*!ac# on #he ukulele$s #one. I% you s#ru* close #o #he
bridge Dwhere #he s#rings are #ied onE. #hen you$ll ge# a 8ery harsh sound.
=ach uke has i#$s own $swee# s!o#$ bu# i#$s usually so*ewhere around #he !oin# where #he neck *ee#s
#he body.
%%. 8an I use a guitar (i"k
I#$s *uch be##er i% you don$#.
7he nu*ber one *is#ake gui#ar !layers *ake when #rans%erring #o uke is hacking away a# #he uke
s#rings wi#h a #hu*!ing grea# rhino$s #oenail o% a !ick. 1ui#ar !lec#ru*s are %ar #oo hard %or nylon
uke s#rings Dyou can ge# away wi#h i# on s#eel s#ringsE and as a conse<uence #hey *ake an
un!leasan# sound. I% you ha8e #o use a !ick. use #he dedica#ed ukulele %el# !icks.
Page 21
%). &ow "an I look a+ter /y uke
Ukuleles. being *ade o% wood. are a%%ec#ed by hu*idi#y. 7hey can war! or e8en crack.
=B!er#s say #he ideal hu*idi#y is be#ween "'I and )'I. I *us# ad*i#. #ha# doesn$# *ean a whole
lo# #o *e.
I% #he a#*os!here is we#. i# can cause so*e !roble*s bu# i#$s no# #oo serious. 6ou can coun#erac# i#
by kee!ing your uke in i#s case. I#$s !ar#icularly wor#h gi8ing your ukulele #i*e #o ad0us# i% i#$s co*e
%ro* a hu*id cli*a#e Dsuch as HawaiiE. I% #ha#$s #he case. you *igh# wan# #o !u# a silica gel !ack in
your case #o soak u! #he da*!.
9 *uch #rickier !roble* is a cli*a#e #ha#$s #oo dry. I% you li8e in a dry cli*a#e i# *ay be wor#h
in8es#ing in a s*all ins#ru*en# hu*idi%ier. 6ou 0us# !u# #he* in your ukulele case and i#$ll kee! i#
sa%e. 7hey$re %airly ineB!ensi8e.
I% you$8e go# a chea! ins#ru*en# you *ay no# wan# #o %ork ou# %or a hu*idi%ier bu# you can #ake
basic s#e!s #o care %or your uke. such as no# lea8ing your uke on a sunny windowsill or near a
hea#er.
7ake a lis#en #o e!isode 222 o% #he Uke3as#. I# has a lis# o% #i!s %or looking a%#er your uke DI did no#
know #ha# suncrea* can da*age ukulelesE.
%-. Why won*t /y ukulele stay in tune
Jew ukulele s#rings can #ake a while #o bed down K !erha!s as *uch as a cou!le o% weeks. 6ou can
#ake so*e o% #he s!ringiness ou# o% #he* by #ugging #he* away %ro* #he body o% #he ukulele Dso
you$re s#re#ching #he* ou#E. 7une u! a s#ring. !ull i# away %ro* #he body o% #he uke and gen#ly #ug i#
a %ew #i*es. Play #he s#ring and see i% i# is s#ill in #une. :e!ea# #his !rocess un#il #he s#ring s#ays in
#une be#ween #ugs.
9no#her !ossibili#y is #ha# #he #uning !egs are #oo loose. I% you buy a ukulele wi#h %ric#ion #uners.
#here$s a good chance you$ll need #o #igh#en #he* u!. 9ll you ha8e #o do is gi8e #he screw a# #he end
o% #he #uner a <uick #urn wi#h a screwdri8er. 1i8e i# abou# a <uar#er o% a #urn and see i% i# holds.
Aee! gi8ing i# <uar#er #urns un#il i# does.
%.. What should I wear when I*/ (laying the ukulele
I#$s sur!rising wha# a di%%erence clo#hes can *ake #o how you sound. I% you wear a big. %lu%%y
swea#er. i# will absorb a lo# o% #he ukulele$s 8olu*e. 6ou don$# ha8e #o #ake i# as %ar as #he Jaked
Ukulele =nse*ble #hough.
9lso. i#$s de riguer #o wear a ha# when you$re !laying #he ukulele.
Page 22
=e"ording
%0. What*s the best (ortable re"order
7he Ooo* H" has ra8e re8iews %ro* !re##y *uch e8eryone who has used i#. 6ou can read an in
de!#h look a# i# here. 9s well as li8e recording. i# has " #rack ca!abili#y Di% you can %igure i# ou#E and
has !len#y o% e%%ec#s.
9 chea!er and si*!ler o!#ion is #he H2.
7hese de8ices are so !o!ular #hey ha8e a busy %oru* dedica#ed #o #he*.
%1. What /i"ro(hone should I get
I% your budge# doesn$# s#re#ch #o a dedica#ed recorder. #he chea!er o!#ion is #o use your co*!u#er. I%
you go #his rou#e. *ake sure #he *icro!hone you buy has a USB ou#!u#. 7his will *ake i# *uch
easier #o use.
6ou don$# ha8e #o buy an eB!ensi8e *icro!hone #o ge# a reasonable sound. I ha8e a @ogi#ech
2esk#o! USB icro!hone and use i# *ore o%#en #han #he Sa*son 3(1U I ha8e.
%4. What so+tware should I use
7he Ooo* H" co*es wi#h 3ubase and #ha# is generally regarded as #he bes# so%#ware around. I% you
buying i# alone. i#$ll se# you back a %ew hundred dollars. Howe8er. #here are %ree al#erna#i8es
a8ailable #ha# will %i# *os# !eo!le$s needs.
9udaci#y is 8ery si*!le #o use K you !lug in #he *icro!hone. !ress #he big record bu##on and away
you go.
9no#her %ree recording !rogra* is :ea!er. 7his has *ore %ea#ures bu# is *ore co*!lica#ed #o use K I
s#ill ha8en$# go# #he hang o% i#.
)0. &ow +ar +ro/ the /i" should I be
Because #he uke is a <uie# ins#ru*en# i#$s #e*!#ing #o ge# righ# u! agains# #he *icro!hone #o ge# a
decen# recording 8olu*e. Howe8er. you$ll ge# a be##er sound i% you *o8e back %ro* #he *ic a li##le.
7he general rule %or all ins#ru*en#s is #ha# #he dis#ance %ro* #he *ic should be #he leng#h o% #he
body o% your ins#ru*en#.
Page 23
)1. &ow "an I (ut /y /usi" on the internet
7here are a nu*ber o% ways #o do #his. 7he *os# !o!ular way o% !u##ing your *usic on #he ne# is #o
u!load i# #o BoB.ne#. When you u!load a %ile #o BoB.ne# you ge# a link #ha# will #ake !eo!le #o a
!age where #hey can ei#her download or s#rea* #he *!3. BoB.ne# is %ree %or #he basic accoun#.
9no#her %ree ser8ice is ;ileden. Wi#h ;ileden #here is no in#er*ediary !age K !eo!le will be able #o
download your *usic s#raigh# %ro* #he !age.
)!. &ow "an I sell /y /usi" on the internet
5nce you$8e go# really good on your uke. you *igh# wan# #o #ry selling your *usic. 7here are a lo#
o% ser8ices online #ha# le# you do #his.
5ne o!#ion is 32 Baby. 6ou can sell !hysical 32s and downloads #hrough #he*. 7hey$ll !roduce
#he 32s and do all #he dis#ribu#ion work %or you. Signing u! wi#h #he* will also *ean your #racks
will be a8ailable on ser8ices like i7unes and :ha!sody.
I% you$re only !lanning on selling 0us# digi#al downloads. =-Gunkie *igh# be a be##er o!#ion. :a#her
#han charging a !ercen#age o% each sale as 32 Baby does. i# charges a %la# ra#e !er *on#h D&' a# #he
#i*e o% wri#ingE and you can ge# i# %ree %or #hree *on#hs i% you use #he code on #his !age.
I% you wan# #o go #he :adiohead rou#e and le# !eo!le !ay wha# #hey wan# %or songs. you can use
SongSlide.
Page 2"
?onts3 #o+tware and :ther 7ownloads
)%. &ow "an I (ut ukulele "hord "harts in word (ro"essing do"u/ents
3horde##e is a really use%ul !iece o% ki#. I# has %our %on#s #ha# you ins#all like any nor*al %on# and a
!rogra* #ha# *akes i# easy #o %ind #he chord you$re looking %or.
9 *ore low-#ech solu#ion is a chord s#a*!. 7he bes# I$8e seen are %ro* Ukelounge K #hey$re based in
#he UA bu# shi! worldwide. 3hea!er al#erna#i8es can be %ound on ;lea arke# usic and eBay.
)). &ow "an I /ake /y own ukulele tabs
Power 7ab is a %ree !rogra* #ha# le#s you *ake your own #ab %or a nu*ber o% %re##ed ins#ru*en#s
Dyou 0us# ha8e #o se# i# u! %or ukuleleE. 7here are a %ew !laces online where you can download
ukulele #ab in #his %or*a# such as 2o*ina#or #abs. 7he Power 7ab si#e is di%%icul# #o na8iga#e Di#
see*s designed #o *ake you click on ads by *is#akeE so go s#raigh# #o #he source #o download i#.
9l#hough i# isn$# %ree. I !re%er #o use 1ui#ar Pro %or #o *ake *y #abs. I %ind i# *uch easier #o use. I#
can handle Power 7ab and *idi %iles as well as 1ui#ar Pro %iles. 7his *akes i# 8ery handy %or
#rans!osing non-ukulele *usic #o #he uke.
)-. &ow "an I get in tune with /y "o/(uter
I% you don$# *ind using your ears. #here are !len#y o% !laces #ha# will !lay #he no#es %or you #o #une
#o. 7his si#e has *y %a8ouri#e layou#.
I% you don$# ha8e enough con%idence in your ears. you could #ry 9P 7uner Dyou$ll need a *icro!hone
#o use i# K #he <uali#y isn$# #oo i*!or#an#E. 7he 9P 7uner gi8es you a needle showing whe#her your
s#ring is #oo high. #oo low or 0us# righ#. ;or #he 3-#uned uke. #he no#es should be 1". 3". =". 9".
).. Where "an I get a /etrono/e online
e#rono*es are one o% #he *os# o8erlooked !ieces o% ki# %or ukulele !layers Dor. indeed. any
*usicianE. e#rono*es !roduce a s#eady bea# so you can ensure #ha# you s#ay in #i*e #hroughou#
#he !iece. I really lo8e #hose #icking. wooden *e#rono*es. bu# #hey$re no# %ree and #here are !len#y
o% online *e#rono*es #ha# are.
6ou can %ind #ons o% *e#rono*es online. e#rono*e 5nline has a groo8y dial in#er%ace. bu#
7e*!oPer%ec# is *y %a8ouri#e. I# gi8es you lo#s o% o!#ions %or no#es #o e*!hasize Dso you know
which bea# is #he %irs# no#e o% #he barE. I% you need #o cons#ruc# a *ore co*!lica#ed bea#. Weird
e#rono*e should sui# you.
Page 2'
)0. &ow "an I i/(rove /y ear
y %or*er school *usic #eacher Dr Barnes - #all. leng#hy %ace. insane hairE always used #o say.
>6ou donQ# !lay *usic wi#h your hands. you !lay i# wi#h your ears.? 7o which #he idio#ic class
*oron would res!ond *y bashing #he side o% his head agains# #he keyboard Dyes. i# was *eE.
9nyhoo. r Barnes s!oke #he #ru#h. How can you know wha# no#es #o !lay i% you donQ# know wha#
#hey sound like?
;unc#ional =ar 7rainer is a !rogra* #o hel! i*!ro8e your abili#y #o !ick ou# no#es and. #here%ore.
work ou# #unes. I# !lays you a chord !rogression in a cer#ain key #hen !lays a single no#e. 6ou ha8e
#o work ou# wha# #ha# no#e is. I#$s an addic#i8e li##le ga*e.
)1. Where "an I get ukulele i"ons
7here are a bunch o% cu#e li##le ukulele icons here. 7here$s also #his co*!rehensi8e se# o% ukulele
sha!es in #his se# o% ukulele %on#s.
Page 2)
;d5usting Four Ukulele
)4. That sounds s"ary3 should I do it
I% you$8e go# a ukulele wor#h hundreds o% dollars. i#$s bes# #o le# a lu#hier do #ha# sor# o% #hing. Bu# i%
you$8e go# a chea! uke. #here$s a li*i# #o #he da*age you can do. i#$s good eB!erience #o ha8e a li##le
#inker around. 7here are so*e ad0us#*en#s you can *ake #o your ukulele rela#i8ely easily.
-0. What is intonation
I% you$8e #uned your ukulele 8ery care%ully bu# i# s#ill sounds ou# o% #une when you !lay. i# *ay well
be #ha# you ha8e an in#ona#ion !roble*.
In#ona#ion is a *easure o% how close a no#e is #o i#s #rue !i#ch. ;or eBa*!le. !laying #he 3-s#ring a#
#he se8en#h %re# should be eBac#ly #he sa*e as !laying #he o!en 1-s#ring. Howe8er. i# is !ossible #ha#
i# is o%% by a sligh# a*oun# De8en i% #he a*oun# is #oo s*all #o !ick u! by earE.
2on$# be #oo <uick #o !u# !roble*s down #o in#ona#ion. #hough. ;irs#. *ake sure you$re no# !ressing
#he s#rings down #oo hard. When you$re #es#ing your ukulele$s in#ona#ion. only !ress down on #he
s#rings 0us# hard enough #o *ake #he* sound cleanly.
-1. &ow "an I /easure how good /y ukulele*s intonation is
;irs# ge# #he 9P 7uner Dor your own #uner i% you ha8e oneE and #une your s#rings as close #o ((.( as
you can ge#. 7he 3-s#ring should show 3" when i#$s in #une. Jow !lay i# a# #he se8en#h %re# Dbe
care%ul #o only %re# #he no#e 8ery ligh#ly K 0us# enough so i#$s clearE. 7he #uner should show 1". I%
#he nu*ber shown has a R sign neB# #o i#. #he no#e is #oo shar! D#oo highE. I% i# has a - sign i# is %la#
D#oo lowE.
I#$s 8ery unlikely #o be dead accura#e. 7he a*oun# o% di%%erence #ha#$s wor#h worrying abou# de!ends
on how you !lay and how willing you are #o be ou# o% #une. I% you only !lay wi#hin #he %irs# %i8e
%re#s #hen i# doesn$# *a##er as *uch as i% you$re regularly !laying %ur#her u! #he neck. I% #he highes#
%re# you !lay regularly is less #han R or K 1( or 1'. #hen you needn$# worry a grea# deal. I% i#$s o8er
2(. you *igh# wan# #o #ry #o do so*e#hing abou# i#.
Page 2+
-!. &ow "an I i/(rove /y ukulele*s intonation
I#$s *os# co**on %or no#es #o be shar! D#he #uner shows a R 8alue as you go u! #he neckE. 5ne
co**on !roble* which causes #his is high ac#ion. 7he ac#ion is #he dis#ance %ro* #he neck #o #he
s#ring. 7his should be abou# a credi# card wid#h$s ga! be#ween #he #o! o% #he %irs# %re# and #he s#ring.
;iBing #his !roble* is %airly easy. bu# a bi# ner8e-racking. 9# #he nu# D#he end o% #he %re#board be%ore
#he #uning !egsE #here is a groo8e %or each s#ring. 6ou can lower #he ac#ion by *aking #he groo8es
dee!er using a needle %ile. 7ake o%% only a #iny a*oun# be%ore #es#ing i# ou# Da cou!le o% swi!esE.
:aising i# is a lo# *ore di%%icul# #han lowering i#.
6ou can do a si*ilar #hing a# #he o#her end o% #he uke. 7he bridge D#he li##le bi# s#icking u! #ha# #he
s#rings go o8er be%ore #hey$re #ied #o #he bodyE can be lowered by re*o8ing i# and sanding down #he
underside so i# si#s lower in #he groo8e. Howe8er. no# all ukulele bridges are sui#able %or #his.
-%. &ow "an I sto( /y ukulele bu$$ing
7his is #he o!!osi#e !roble*. I% your s#rings are buzzing. #hey are !robably knocking agains# a %re#.
7ry #o loca#e #he !roble* by %inding ou# which s#ring is buzzing. Play #ha# s#ring a# di%%eren# %re#s
and %ind when i# buzzes and when i# doesn$#.
I% i#$s 0us# one %re# #ha# i#$s buzzing on. i#$s an easy %iB. Gus# %ile #he %re# down 8ery sligh#ly.
I% you ha8e a *ore general !roble*. i# *ay be #ha# #he ac#ion is #oo low i.e. #he s#ring is #oo low
down. 7o do #his. you need #o raise #he bridge. os# ukuleles will ha8e a re*o8able bridge K 0us#
#ake o%% #he s#rings and !ull i# ou#. How you raise i# will de!end wha# #y!e you ha8e. Wi#h #he *os#
co**on #y!e. you can !u# a sli8er o% card or wood under #he bridge #o raise i#.
9 *ore *akeshi%# *e#hod is #o !lace a !iece o% card Dlike a !iece o% a *a#chboBE righ# undernea#h
#he s#rings a# #he bridge and nu#.
Page 2,
Ukulele ;""essories
-). &ow "an I (lug /y ukulele into an a/(li+ier
I% you ha8e an acous#ic ukulele and you wan# need #o a*!li%y i#. you$ll need #o buy and ins#all a
!ick-u!. 7his can be done really easily wi#h a #ransducer !ick-u! such as #he 2ean arkley
#ransducer !icku!. 7hese are s*all. round !ick-u!s #ha# you s#ick on#o #he body o% #he ukulele. 7hey
sense #he 8ibra#ions o% #he uke i#sel% and a*!li%y #he*. 7hey cos# around &3'-&"' bu# you can
usually %ind #he* chea!er on eBay.
--. 7o I need to buy a tuner
I% you$re !lanning on !laying in %ron# o% !eo!le. i#$s 8ery use%ul #o ha8e a #uner you can carry around
wi#h you. 7he In#elli 7uner cli!s on #o #he end o% #he uke and !icks u! #he !i#ch by 8ibra#ion o% #he
uke i#sel% - a8oiding any con%usion wi#h a*bien# sound.
I#Qs a chro*a#ic #uner i.e. you can #une #o any !i#ch you wan#. 7his *eans #ha#. as well as ukes. i#
can be used #o #une gui#ars. *andolins. ban0os e#c.
7he chea!es# IQ8e seen #hese ad8er#ised is *usicguy*ic on eBay.
-.. What*s a "a(o
So*e#i*es you$ll wan# #o !lay chords #ha# don$# %i# #oo well on #he ukulele. ;or eBa*!le. !laying in
#he key o% 3L is 8ery #ricky. 9 ca!o D!ronounced $kay-!oh$ in #he US or $ca!-oh$ in #he UAE ac#s like
an eB#ra %inger by s#ra!!ing across #he ukulele$s neck a# a cer#ain %re#. *aking i# easier #o !lay #he
chords. 7hey$re 8ery use%ul #o ha8e i% you$re acco*!anying so*eone who likes #o sing in a key #ha#
doesn$# %i# na#urally on #he uke or i% you like #o learn by !laying along wi#h recordings.
7hey are also use%ul i% you wan# #o !lay in 2-#uning bu# wan# #o re#urn #o 3-#uning wi#hou# ha8ing
#he !roble* o% loose s#rings. Placing #he ca!o a# #he second %re# is #he sa*e as being in 2-#uning.
2edica#ed ukulele ca!os are rare and #hose #ha# are around #end #o be no# grea# <uali#y. Howe8er.
*andolin ca!os will work !er%ec#ly %ine on #he uke. I% you already ha8e a gui#ar ca!o. #hey$ll
!robably be able #o do #he 0ob K al#hough #hey$re no# ideal and *ay ge# in #he way when you$re
#rying #o !lay.
-0. 7o I need a stra(
Wi#h a li##le !rac#ice. i#$s no# #oo hard #o hold #he ukulele by i#sel%. Bu#. you *ay like #o ha8e #he
added securi#y o% a s#ra!. os# ukuleles do no# ha8e !egs #ha# you can a##ach a gui#ar-like s#ra! #o.
Ukulele s#ra!s Dalso known as #hongsE work by going round your neck. under #he uke and hooking
in#o #he uke$s soundhole.
Page 2/
-1. 8an I (lay the ukulele with a guitar (i"k
1ui#ar !icks don$# do any %a8ours %or you ukulele$s sound. 7hey sound #oo harsh on nylon s#rings. I%
you ha8e s#eel s#rings. #hen gui#ar !icks will be *ore sui#able.
7he bigges# drawback wi#h !icks is #ha# #hey res#ric# your s#ru**ing. S#ru**ing !a##erns are one
o% #he dis#inc#i8e %ea#ures o% ukulele !laying and can add loads o% colour #o your !laying. 7he *os#
en#er#aining ukulele s#ru*s use a co*bina#ion o% %ingers and #hu*b which are i*!ossible #o
recrea#e wi#h a !ick.
I% you *us# use a !ick. %el# !icks are *ade %or #he ukeQs *ore delica#e dis!osi#ion. 6ou can e8en
a##e*!# #o *ake your own. Ins#ruc#ions here.
-4. #hould I buy a /etrono/e
e#rono*es are a 8ery good in8es#*en#. I% you *ainly !rac#ice a# your co*!u#er. #here are a
nu*ber o% *e#rono*es you can download %or %ree Dsee <ues#ion ")E.
:eal li%e *e#rono*es co*e in #wo %or*s. 7here are #he *odern. digi#al *e#rono*es. 7hese are 8ery
co*!ac#. con%igurable and. de!ending on #he *odel. %airly ineB!ensi8e. 7he o#her #y!e is #he
#radi#ional #icking *e#rono*e. 7he only real ad8an#age o% #hese is #hey !roduce a *uch *ore
!leasing sound #han #he digi#al *e#rono*es.
Page 3(
Pra"ti"ing
.0. &ow o+ten should I (ra"ti"e
7he answer #o #his <ues#ion Dand e8ery <ues#ion in #his sec#ionE isC i# de!ends how good you wan# #o
be. 7here are ru*ours abou# na#urally gi%#ed *usicians. bu# %ro* wha# I$8e seen #he bes# *usicians
ha!!en #o be #he ones who !rac#ice *os#.
Howe8er *uch you choose #o !rac#ice. i#$s bes# #o kee! your !rac#ice regular. I#$s be##er #o !rac#ice
#hir#y *inu#es e8ery day #han i# is #o !rac#ice %or #hree and a hal% hours on a Sunday. 9nd i#$s be##er
#o !rac#ice %or #hree and a hal% hours e8ery Sunday #ha# i# is #o !rac#ice %or an en#ire day e8ery %ew
*on#hs.
y. highly un-#echnical. a!!roach is #o !rac#ice un#il I wan# #o s#o!. I% i# s#o!s being %un. or a# leas#
engaging. #hen i# !u#s *e o%% !laying in general. Gohn Willia*s D#he unbelie8ably good classical
gui#aris#E and #his #o say on #he sub0ec#C
>I#$s kind o% 1/#h cen#ury #radi#ion #ha# !rac#ice should be hard work. le%#o8er %ro* #he
Fic#orian #hing. I #hink #his is a #o#ally des#ruc#i8e idea. 7he essence o% #he #hing is #ha# #he
work should be en0oyable.... When !eo!le are learning ins#ru*en#s. #hey should be
encouraged and ad8isedC i% #hey say #hey don$# en0oy #heir !rac#ice. I always say. well. ;IJ2
a way #o en0oy i#.?
.1. 7o I need to war/ u(
I#$s de%ini#ely a good idea #o war* u! be%ore you !lay a gig. 6our !laying will be *uch s*oo#her
and easier i% you do. 6ou can %ind so*e ukulele war*-u! eBercises on Ia*hawaii and 2oc#or 7rey.
Un%or#una#ely. I$* no# a diligen# as #his all #he #i*e. War*-u! eBercises bore *e #o dea#h and I ge#
sick o% !laying be%ore I e8en s#ar#. I usually s#ar# o% by gen#ly s#ru**ing a %ew chords #hen !laying
#hrough a %ew !ieces I know well.
.!. What*s the /ost i/(ortant thing when (ra"ti"ing
2o i# #>:W>F.
9 co**on *is#ake %or beginners is #o s#ru* <uickly #hrough a chord. co*e #o a chord change. s#o!
co*!le#ely. change chord. s#ru* <uickly #hrough #ha# chord and so on. I#$s *uch be##er #o !lay as
slowly as you need #o in order %or #he chord changes #o be s*oo#h. 6ou can gen#ly work u! s!eed
%ro* #here.
I#$s 8ery i*!or#an# #o !rac#ice as slowly as you need #o wi#hou# *aking *is#akes. Prac#icing works
because o% *uscle *e*ory. When you !lay so*e#hing o%#en enough. your *uscles Dreally. your
brainE will ge# #o know wha# *o8e*en#s #o *ake wi#hou# #hinking. I% you$re *aking *is#akes
D!ar#icularly i% you$re *aking #he sa*e *is#ake o8er and o8erE your *uscles will re*e*ber #he
*is#akes. I#$s *uch easier #o !lay so*e#hing !er%ec#ly and !rac#ice #o work u! s!eed. #han i# is #o
!lay i# a# #he %ull #e*!o and #ry #o iron ou# #he *is#akes.
Page 31
.%. &ow "an I (lay +aster
I used #o #hink !laying %as# *ean# wiggling your %ingers around wildly and a# grea# s!eed. 9c#ually.
i#$s abou# *aking your *o8e*en#s s*aller. I#$s *uch easier #o *ake your %ingers *o8e a shor#er
dis#ance #han i# is #o *ake #he* *o8e %as#er and #hey will #ake a lo# longer #o #ire ou#.
Prac#ice li%#ing #he %ingers o% your %re##ing hand o%% #he s#ring by as li##le as !ossible. Prac#ice
s#ru**ing 0us# #he wid#h o% #he s#rings.
.). 7o I need to use a /etrono/e when I (ra"ti"e
I# de%ini#ely hel!s. Aee!ing a s#eady rhy#h* is 8ery i*!or#an# K !ar#icularly when you$re !laying
wi#h o#hers. Howe8er. I %ind using a *e#rono*e like ea#ing *y greens. I know i#$s good %or *e bu# I
0us# wan# #o ski! i#.
I #ry #o ha8e *y *e#rono*e around Dor s#ar#ed u! i% I$* a# #he co*!u#erE whene8er I$* !rac#ice. Gus#
so i# can kee! silen#ly chiding *e un#il I gi8e in and s#ar# using i#. 7he *ore you use i#. #he *ore
na#ural i# will be #o !lay wi#h i#.
I% you use #he Weird e#rono*e. you can !rogra* in so*e *ore eBci#ing bea#s which *akes using
a *e#rono*e a bi# *ore in#eres#ing and na#ural.
Page 32
8hord 8harts
.-. &ow do you read ukulele "hord "harts
7here are a %ew 8aria#ions in how chord char#s are shown. Bu#. since #hey$re a %airly in#ui#i8e !ic#ure
o% wha# #o do. i#$s no# hard #o work ou#.
7he #y!e o% chord char# I use shows #he ukulele %re#board as i% i#$s !oin#ing u!wards and %acing
#owards you. 7he s#rings are #he 8er#ical lines Ds#ar#ing wi#h 1 a# #he le%#E and #he horizon#al lines
are #he %re#s.
I% you !lay le%# handed. you *igh# !re%er #o #hink o% i# as a *irror i*age o% #he sha!e you *ake.
3hord sha!es are shown by do#s where each %inger should go.
;or #his 1 chord. you !lay #he 3 s#ring a# #he second %re#. #he = s#ring a# #he #hird %re# and #he 9
s#ring a# #he second %re#. Where8er #here is a $o$ a# #he #o! o% #he s#ring. #ha# *eans #he s#ring is
!layed o!en Di# is no# %re##ed a# allE.
7he nu*bers a# #he bo##o* re%er #o #he %inger #ha# you use ra#her #han #he %re#. So a 1 would *ean
you %re# #ha# s#ring using your indeB4!oin#er %inger. a 2 would *ean you use your *iddle %inger and
so on.
;or eBa*!le. #he 1 chord. 6ou %re# #he 9 s#ring a# #he second %re# wi#h your second %inger. #he =
s#ring a# #he #hird %re# wi#h your #hird %inger and #he 3 s#ring a# #he %our#h %re# wi#h your %irs# %inger.
7hese %ingerings are 0us# sugges#ions. I% #here$s ano#her way o% arranging your %ingers #ha# sui#s you
be##er. use i#. Bu# #ry ou# #he sugges#ed %ingering be%ore you decide.
6ou$ll so*e#i*es see an $S$ a# #he #o! o% #he s#ring. 7his *eans #he s#ring is no# !layed a# all. 6ou
*igh# need #o res# one o% your %re##ing hand %ingers agains# #he s#ring Dwi#hou# ac#ually %re##ing i#E #o
*ake sure i# doesn$# sound.
Page 33
When a chord is !layed higher u! #he %re#board. #he lowes# %re# !layed is indica#ed on #he le%# hand
side. In #his eBa*!le. #he 3 and 9 s#rings are !layed a# #he se8en#h %re#. #he = s#ring a# #he eigh#h %re#
and #he 1 s#ring a# #he nin#h %re#.
6ou$ll also see #ha# ra#her #han a do#. #here is a bar across #he se8en#h %re#. 7his shows #ha# #he %irs#
%inger is $barred$ across #he se8en#h %re# i.e. i# is !ressing down all #he s#rings.
... Why are there di++erent "hord sha(es +or the sa/e "hord
=ach chord is *ade u! o% a cer#ain se# o% no#es. So long as #hose no#es are included in #he chord. i#
doesn$# *a##er how #hey are !layed. 7his *eans chords ha8e a large nu*ber o% !er*u#a#ions and
can be !layed all o8er #he %re#board.
7he *ake u! o% chords is a really big sub0ec#. I% you wan# #o learn *ore abou# i#. check ou# *y o#her
ebook How #o Play Ukulele 3hord Progressions.
Page 3"
Tab and Te"hniGues
uso #y!es like #o be*oan #he rise o% #abla#ure Dor #abE bu# i#$s
been a way o% re!resen#ing *usic %or hundreds o% years. 7his
!ic#ure shows #ab %or #he Fihuela Dan early gui#ar-like
ins#ru*en#E%ro* #he 1)
#h
3en#ury.
7abla#ure is used #o re!resen# *usic %or a s!eci%ic ins#ru*en#
and is an al#erna#i8e #o s#andard no#a#ion D#he one wi#h do#s and
linesE.
7abla#ure has a cou!le o% ad8an#ages. ;irs#ly. i#$s *uch easier #o learn #o read #han s#andard no#a#ion
and *uch *ore accessible %or #hose wi#hou# %or*al *usical #raining.
Secondly. i# #ells you on which s#ring #o !lay a !ar#icular no#e. 7his is !ar#icularly i*!or#an# on #he
ukulele as #he s#rings are #uned so close #oge#her and #he way in which you !lay #he* can change
how easy i# is #o !lay a #une a grea# deal.
Page 3'
S#andard no#a#ion
7ab
.0. &ow are strings tabbed
=ach o% #he horizon#al lines re!resen#s a s#ring on #he ukulele. Howe8er. #hey are u!side down %ro*
wha# you *igh# eB!ec#. 7he #o! line o% #he #ab is #he 9 s#ring D#he one #ha#$s closes# #o #he %loor when
you$re !layingEP #he line below #ha# is #he = s#ringP #he line below #ha# is #he 3 s#ring and #he bo##o*
line o% #he #ab is 1 s#ring.
7ha# #akes a li##le ge##ing used #o. I #hink o% #ab as being %ro* #he !ers!ec#i8e o% #he ukulele %li!!ed
u! #owards *y head.
@e%#-handers will ha8e #o #hink o% #he uke !oin#ing in #he o!!osi#e direc#ion.
.1. &ow are notes tabbed
7he nu*bers #ha# a!!ear on #he #ab indica#e which s#ring #o !lay and wha# %re# #o !lay i# a# Dyou can
ignore #he "4" a# #he beginning %or nowE.
Here. #he no#e is on #he second line down re!resen#ing #he = s#ring. 6ou should !lay #his s#ring and
only #his s#ring.
7he nu*ber 1 indica#es #ha# #he s#ring should be !layed a# #he %irs# %re#. Playing #he = s#ring a# #he
%irs# %re# gi8es us an ; no#e.
5!en s#rings K ones !layed wi#hou# %re##ing a no#e a# all K are indica#ed by a (. In #his case #he =
s#ring will be !layed wi#hou# %re##ing a no#e.
Page 3)
9
=
3
1
.4. &ow is a seGuen"e o+ notes tabbed
When no#es a!!ear one a%#er #he o#her horizon#ally in #he #ab. you !lay #he* in se<uence K one a%#er
#he o#her K and s#o!!ing #he* be%ore #he neB# no#e s#ar#s.
=Ba*!le 1
In #his eBa*!le. #he = s#ring is !layed o!en. #hen a# #he %irs# %re#. #hen a# #he #hird %re# and. %or #he
%inal no#e. #he 9 s#ring is !layed o!en.
6ou can here #his being !layed in =Ba*!le 1.
00. &ow are notes that are (layed si/ultaneously tabbed
When no#es a!!ear in #he sa*e !osi#ion 8er#ically. #hey are !layed a# #he sa*e #i*e.
=Ba*!le 2
Here #wo no#es are being !layed #oge#her each #i*e. ;irs#. #he 3 s#ring is !layed a# #he second %re#
while #he = s#ring is !layed a# #he %irs# %re#.
9%#er #ha# no#e. you !lay #he 3 s#ring a# #he %our#h %re# a# #he sa*e #i*e as !laying #he = s#ring a# #he
#hird %re#.
I# #hen shi%#s #o a new !air o% s#ringsC = and 9. 7he = s#ring is !layed a# #he %irs# %re# and #he 9 s#ring
is !layed o!en.
Page 3+
01. &ow are "hords tabbed
Whole chords can be wri##en #he sa*e way.
7ry #o !lay #he chord in #his eBa*!le.
6ou should ha8e #he 1 s#ring being !layed a# #he second %re# and #he = s#ring a# #he %irs# %re# wi#h #he
o#her no#es ringing o!en. 7his crea#es #he ;-chord sha!e #ha# you are !robably %a*iliar wi#h.
0!. &ow are stru/s tabbed
When chords are being s#ru**ed. you will o%#en see arrows in #he #ab.
=Ba*!le 3
7hese arrows indica#e which direc#ion you should s#ru* in. 9n u! arrow indica#es a down s#ru*.
and a down arrow indica#es an u! s#ru*. 2on$# look a# *e. I didn$# in8en# #he sys#e*M
6ou can hear #his being !layed in =Ba*!le 3.
Page 3,
0%. &ow are rhyth/s shown
7abs 8ary wi#h how *uch in%or*a#ion #hey gi8e abou# rhy#h*. So*e #ab you$ll see won$# ha8e any
rhy#h* indica#ed a# all and will eB!ec# you #o ge# #he rhy#h* by lis#ening #o a recording. So*e will
ha8e a 8ague indica#ion o% rhy#h* gi8en by #he dis#ance be#ween no#es. So*e will ha8e #ab and
s#andard no#a#ion wi#h #he s#andard no#a#ion gi8ing #he rhy#h*. 9nd so*e will ha8e rhy#h* lines on
#he #ab.
Tui#e o%#en you$ll see ukulele #ab acco*!anied by s#andard no#a#ion. In #hese. cases #he rhy#h* will
be shown on #he s#andard no#a#ion only.
When you lis#en #o a !iece o% *usic. you$ll %eel #he !ulse o% #he *usic. 3la! along wi#h any song
and you$ll be cla!!ing ou# i#s bea#. =ach o% #hese bea#s is known as a $cro#che#$ or $<uar#er no#e$ and
is wri##en like #hisC
=Ba*!le "
7he lines going u! in #his eBa*!le can also go down. I# *akes no di%%erence #o how #he no#e is
!layed.
In #he eBa*!les. #here is a click in #he background %or each bea# D<uar#er no#eE. 6ou can coun# along
wi#h #hese in your head Dor ou# loudE as 1. 2. 3. ". 1. 2. 3. ".
Hal% no#es Dor *ini*sE las# #wice as long as and are shown as a line wi#h a hollow circle a# #he
bo##o* D#he %irs# hal% o% #his =Ba*!le 'E. When you$re coun#ing #hese. only !lay e8ery o#her nu*ber.
In #his eBa*!le you$d !lay on #he 1 and #he 3 bea#s D1. 2. %. ". 1. 2. %. "E.
Whole no#es Dor se*i-bre8esE las# #wice as long as hal% no#es. 7hey are indica#ed by a hollow circle
wi#hou# any lines a# all D#he second hal% o% =Ba*!le 'E. 7hese no#es are only !layed on #he 1 D 1. 2.
3. ". 1. 2. 3. "E
=Ba*!le '
Page 3/
1oing in #he o#her direc#ion. no#es #ha# are shor#er #han hal% no#es look like #hisC
=Ba*!le )
7he %irs# !ar# o% #his eBa*!le is <uar#er no#es.
7his is %ollowed by a se# o% eigh#h no#es Dor <ua8ersE. 7hese las# hal% as long as <uar#er no#es and
look like #wo eigh#h no#es connec#ed by a horizon#al line. 7hese are usually coun#ed $1 and 2 and 3
and " and$.
=igh#h no#es aren$# always in !airs and you$ll see single eigh#h no#es singly where #hey are shown
like #hisC
7he %inal !ar# o% =Ba*!le ) shows siB#een#h no#es Dor se*i-<ua8ersE. 7hese las# hal% as long as
eigh#h no#es and are shown wi#h a double horizon#al line. 7hese are usually coun#ed $1 e and a 2 e
and a 3 e and a " e and a$.
9gain. #hese can be shown singly like #hisC
I% you lis#en #o #he =Ba*!le ). you$ll hear a click %or each <uar#er no#e. 7here are #wo eigh#h no#es
%or each <uar#er no#e and %our siB#een#h no#es !er <uar#er no#e. 1e# used #o coun#ing ou# #he eigh#h
and siB#een#h no#es by cla!!ing #he* be%ore you #ry #o !lay #he*.
6ou can kee! hal8ing #he leng#h o% no#es Dadding an eB#ra horizon#al line each #i*eE bu# i#$s rare
you$ll see any#hing shor#er #han a siB#een#h no#e in ukulele #ab.
Page "(
0). &ow is rhyth/ shown in tab
So*e#i*es s#andard no#a#ion isn$# shown along wi#h #he #ab. In #hese cases. #he rhy#h* is usually
indica#ed on #he #ab i#sel%. 7his *e#hod isn$# <ui#e so s#andardised. 7he sys#e* shown here is #he one
I use. 5#her sys#e*s *ay di%%er bu# will !robably ha8e si*ilari#ies.
In #ab. <uar#er no#es are indica#ed by a line going down %ro* #he bo##o*. =Ba*!le " would look
like #his when wri##en in #ab.
Hal% no#es are shown wi#h a shor#er line under #he #ab and whole no#es are shown wi#h no line a# all.
=Ba*!le ' looks like #his when wri##en in #ab.
=igh#h and siB#een#h no#es are wri##en in a 8ery si*ilar way as #hey are in s#andard no#a#ion.
=Ba*!le ) would be wri##en like #his.
0-. What are bars9/easures
6ou *igh# ha8e no#iced in #ha# 8er#ical lines Dknown as bar linesE in #he #abs di8iding #he *usic in#o
sec#ions. =ach o% #hese sec#ions is called a bar or *easure. 7his *akes i# easier #o %ollow and easier
#o re%erence a !ar#icular !ar# o% #he #ab.
7he leng#h o% #he bars is de#er*ined by #he #wo nu*bers a# #he beginning o% #he #ab Dknown as #he
#i*e signa#ureE. In e8ery case so %ar. #his has been "4" D%our %our #i*eE. 7ha# *eans #here is #he
e<ui8alen# o% %our <uar#er no#es in each bar. 7his could *ean a hal% no#e and %our eigh#h no#esP or a
<uar#er no#e. %our siB#een#h no#es and %our eigh#h no#esP or any co*bina#ion #ha# adds u! #o %our
<uar#er no#es.
9no#her co**on signa#ure is 34" K known as wal#z #i*e. 7his *eans #here are #hree <uar#er no#es in
each bar. I#$s 8ery rare #ha# you$ll co*e across a #i*e signa#ure o#her #han #hese.
Page "1
0.. &ow is +retting hand +ingering shown
7he %re##ing hand D#he le%# hand %or righ#-handed !layersE is indica#ed by nu*bers in circles
undernea#h #he #ab.
7he indeB %inger is 1. *iddle %inger 2 e#c. When s#rings are !layed o!en. no %inger is indica#ed.
00. &ow is (i"king hand +ingering shown
7he #ab %or #he !icking hand is less in#ui#i8e.
7 U 7hu*b
I U IndeB ;inger
U iddle ;inger
9 U :ing ;inger
7he %inger na*es co*e. a!!aren#ly. %ro* @a#in
Dindice. *edius. annularE.
7hese le##ers a!!ear under #he #ab also.
Page "2
01. &ow are re(eats tabbed
7here are a nu*ber o% ways #ha# re!ea#s are shown in #abs. 7he *ain way is wi#h a se# o% double bar
lines Done #hick and one #hinE and #wo do#s.
When you co*e across a se# o% #hese wi#h #he do#s %acing righ#. you ski! s#raigh# !as# #he*. When
#he do#s are %acing le%#. you go back #o #he %irs# se# Dwhere #he do#s are %acing righ#E and !lay
#hrough again. 7he second #i*e you reach #he re!ea# sign. !lay s#raigh# #hrough i# unless i# indica#es
o#herwise Dby say B3. B" e#c.E.
In #his eBa*!le. you !lay bar one and bar #wo. #hen bar #wo again.
I% #here is no %irs# se# o% re!ea# signs. go back #o #he beginning and !lay #hrough again.
So*e#i*es you$ll see sec#ions a# #he end o% each re!ea# blocked o%% like #hisC
Here you !lay #he bar undernea#h #he 1 sec#ion #he %irs# #i*e round. %ollow #he re!ea# sign as
nor*al. #hen second #i*e round you ski! #ha# bar and !lay #he bar undernea#h #he 2 ins#ead.
So. you$d !lay barsC
1. 2. 3. ". 2. 3. '
7he sec#ion under #he 1 can be any nu*ber o% bars K #he idea re*ains #he sa*e.
6ou can also ha8e any nu*ber o% al#erna#e bars. I% #he sec#ion is re!ea#ed " #i*es. #here *ay be "
di%%eren# endings wri##en. 6ou 0us# !lay #hese in se<uence #he sa*e way.
Page "3
;dvan"ed #tru/s
04. What are tre/elo stru/s and how are they tabbed
S#ru**ing #he sa*e chord o8er-and-o8er in a regular. <uick #e*!o is known as a #re*elo s#ru*.
7hese can be #abbed in a cou!le o% di%%eren# ways. 7hey can be shown in #he nor*al way De.g. as a
se# o% siB#een#h no#esE or as #he #o#al leng#h o% all #he s#ru*s #oge#her wi#h diagonal lines undernea#h
#he no#e.
=Ba*!le +
In #his eBa*!le. #he %irs# hal% o% #he bar and #he second hal% are bo#h !layed in eBac#ly #he sa*e way.
5ne diagonal line under #he no#e indica#es eigh#h no#es. #wo lines deno#es siB#een#h no#es and so on.

10. &ow are rasgueados (layed
:asgueados. or rolls. are a #echni<ue #ha# en#ered ukulele !laying 8ia i#s Por#uguese roo#s K #hey are
!ar#icularly co**on in %la*enco !laying.
7hey are !roduced by s#ru**ing wi#h each %inger in <uick succession. Hold your hand in a loose
%is# near #he #o! o% #he s#rings. ;lick ou# your !inky. s#ru**ing #he s#rings. 7hen do #he sa*e wi#h
your ring %inger. #hen *iddle %inger. #hen indeB %inger.
6ou can wa#ch *e doing i# in #he 8ideo %or =Ba*!le ,. ;irs# slowly. #hen a# %ull s!eed.
:asgueados are #abbed in a 8ery si*ilar way #o usual s#ru*s. 7he only di%%erence is an $:$ a# #he
base o% #he s#ru*.
=Ba*!le ,
7here are used #o gi8e eB#ra e*!hasis #o a s#ru*.
Page ""
11. &ow do you (lay dotted notes
5%#en in #ab you$ll see do#s a%#er #he no#e leng#hs.
In s#andard no#a#ion #hese do#s occur neB# #o #he circle o% #he no#eC
=Ba*!le /
In #ab. #he do#s occur neB# #o #he bo##o* o% #he line Dyou ha8e #o be care%ul as do##ed <uar#er no#es
can be easily con%used wi#h eigh#h no#esE.
7hese do#s increase #he leng#h o% #he no#e by hal%. ;or eBa*!le. a do# a%#er a hal% no#e would
increase i#s leng#h by <uar#er no#e i.e. i# would las# %or #hree bea#s.
In eBa*!le / i# is a <uar#er no#e which is do##ed. 7his *eans i# las# %or a <uar#er no#e !lus an eigh#h
no#e.
1!. &ow do you (lay tied notes
When no#es are #ied #oge#her you add #heir leng#hs #oge#her. 7he #ab %or #ies is an arch be#ween #he
no#es K #he sa*e as ha**er-ons bu# in #his case #here is no no#e a# #he end o% #he arch.
;or ins#ance. eBa*!le / could be wri##en using #ies ra#her #han do#s. Here a <uar#er no#e is #ied #o an
eigh#h no#e.
=Ba*!le /
5%#en #ies will be used #o show one no#e ringing in#o ano#her.
=Ba*!le 1(
In #his eBa*!le. #he o!en 9 s#ring is le%# ringing while #he 3 s#ring is !layed. Tui#e o%#en no#es will
be in#ended #o ring in#o each o#her bu# #here will no# #ies in #he #abla#ure. In #his case. you should
lis#en #o #he !er%or*ance and decide wha# you #hink sounds bes#.
Page "'
1%. What are tri(lets
Wi#h #ri!le#s. #hree no#es are !layed in #he s!ace o% #wo.
7hey are indica#ed by a bracke# under #he no#es wi#h a 3 in #he *iddle.
=Ba*!le 11
6ou can ha8e any leng#h o% no#e in a #ri!le#. bu# in #his eBa*!le i#$s eigh#h no#es.
9 #ri!le# o% eigh#h no#es #akes u! #he sa*e a*oun# o% #i*e as #wo regular eigh#h no#es i.e. one $!i!$
in #he eBa*!le.
ake sure #ha# your #ri!le#s are e8enly s!aced wi#hin #he #i*e.
1). What is swing ti/e
When a !iece has a #ri!le# %eel #hroughou#. i# is said #o be in $swing #i*e$. Swing #i*e can be heard
in *usical s#yles %ro* blues #o Irish %olk *usic #o reggae. In swing #i*e. #he %irs# hal% o% each !air
o% eigh#h no#es is !layed %or longer #han #he second eigh#h no#e o% #he !air.
Swing #i*e is indica#ed by #his li##le e<ua#ion in bracke#s a# #he #o! o% #he #abC
=Ba*!le 12
Swing #i*e changes #he leng#h o% eigh#h no#es. 7he %irs# in a !air o% eigh#h no#es now #akes u! #he
a*oun# o% #i*e o% #wo eigh#h no#es in a #ri!le#. 7he second eigh#h no#e in each !air now only #akes
u! one #ri!le# eigh#h no#e.
3o*!are eBa*!le 12 Din swing #i*eE #o eBa*!le 12a Din s#raigh# #i*eE.
7he #echnical eB!lana#ion o% #his *akes i# sound *ore co*!lica#ed #o !lay #han i# is. 5nce you ge#
#he %eel o% a song. i# beco*es na#ural #o !lay i# and you$ll be able #o do i# wi#hou# #hinking abou# i#.
7he $*odera#e$ and #he $<uar#er no#e U 12($ a# #he #o! o% #he #ab are bo#h indica#ions o% how %as# #he
#une should be !layed. I# *eans #ha# #here should be 12( <uar#er no#es !er *inu#e. 7his is wha# you
should se# your *e#rono*e #o when you are !laying a# %ull s!eed.
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1-. &ow do you (lay ha//er2ons
Ha**er-ons are !roduced by !lucking a no#e on #he uke #hen $ha**ering on$ a %inger a# a higher
%re# K *aking #he sound o% #he higher no#e wi#hou# !icking i#. 6ou can wa#ch #his being done in
=Ba*!le 13.
=Ba*!le 13
In #ab. ha**er-ons are shown by an arch be#ween #he #wo no#es Dwi#h #he second no#e always being
higher #han #he %irs#E. 7hese arches can a!!ear abo8e or below #he no#es #he*sel8es.
Here #he s#ring is being !layed o!en. #hen #he *iddle %inger ha**ers-on a# #he second %re# Dwi#hou#
#he s#ring being re!ickedE.
1.. &ow do you (lay (ull2o++s
Pull-o%%s are #he o!!osi#e o% ha**er-ons. 7hey are !roduced by !laying one no#e #hen li%#ing your
%re##ing %inger o%% #he s#ring so #ha# a lower no#e sounds. 6ou can wa#ch i# being done in =Ba*!le .
=Ba*!le 1"
7he #ab %or !ull-o%%s is also #he o!!osi#e o% #ha# %or ha**er-ons. 9gain. #here is an arch be#ween #he
#wo no#es bu# #his #i*e #he %irs# no#e is higher #han #he second.
Here #he s#ring is being !layed second %re#. #hen #he *iddle %inger !ulls-o%% #he s#ring Dwi#hou# #he
s#ring being re!ickedE #o le# #he o!en s#ring sound.
9s you can see in #he 8ideo. I$* no# li%#ing *y %inger s#raigh# o%% #he s#ring bu# !ulling i# down
sligh#ly. 7his gi8es #he s#ring an eB#ra boos# in 8olu*e.
10. 8an ha//er2ons and (ull2o++s be used together
6ou can ha8e a co*bina#ion o% ha**er-ons and !ull-o%%s in a single run. In #his case. #here is an
arch o8er all #he no#es #ha# are !roduced by ha**ering-on or !ulling-o%% ra#her #han being !icked.
=Ba*!le 1'
Here #here is a ha**er-on %ro* #he %irs# #o #he #hird %re#. 7his is %ollowed by #wo !ull-o%%s.
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11. &ow do you (lay slides
Slides are ano#her *e#hod o% *o8ing be#ween no#es wi#hou# re-!icking #he s#ring.
Slides are !roduced by !icking one no#e #hen sliding along #he s#ring #o #he new no#e. 6ou can see i#
being done in eBa*!le 1).
=Ba*!le 1)
Slides are #abbed in a si*ilar way #o ha**er-ons and !ull-o%%s. 7hey are shown wi#h an arch
be#ween #he #wo no#es bu# #hey also ha8e a diagonal line be#ween #he no#es Dan u!ward slo!ing line
%or slides u! #he neck and a downward slo!ing line %or sliding downE.
14. &ow are shi+t slides di++erent +ro/ nor/al slides
Shi%# slides are sligh#ly di%%eren#. 9s well as sliding u!. #he new no#e is re-!icked. 7his is #abbed by
re*o8ing #he arch and 0us# ha8ing #he diagonal line.
=Ba*!le 1+
40. &ow are slides into and out o+ a note tabbed
So*e slides do no# ha8e a de%ini#e s#ar# !oin# or end !oin#. 7hese are indica#ed by #he sa*e diagonal
line bu# wi#h a nu*ber a# one end only.
=Ba*!le 1,
In #his eBa*!le. #he no#e slides in $%ro* nowhere$ u! #o #he %i%#h %re#. 7hen #he %i%#h %re# is !layed
again and #hen slides o%% #o nowhere. 7hese slides are !er%or*ed <uickly.
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41. What are all those "ra$y sGuiggles on the tab
7here are a 8as# array o% @a#in scribblings. scrawlings. and Heroes s#yle sy*bols #ha# can be used #o
indica#e re!ea#s. Here are #he *os# co**on.
Whereas #he o#her %or* o% re!ea#s is %airly in#ui#i8e. #his #y!e is !re##y indeci!herable Dunless you
ha!!en #o be 2a Finci 3ode s#yle sy*bol-de#ec#i8eE.
7he %irs# #i*e round. you can breeze !as# #he sy*bols un#il you reach D.S. al Coda Dshor# %or da
signo al codaE. I# *eans you ha8e #o go back #o #he s#range looking s<uiggle Da# #he beginning o% bar
#woE #hen you !lay #hrough un#il you reach Da Coda. 9# #his !oin# you go #o #he li##le #arge# sy*bol.
In #his eBa*!le you$ll !lay barsC
1. 2. 3. ". 2. 3. ).
I# is !ossible #o ge# all sor#s o% double signos and double codas. bu# you$ll !robably ne8er see #hese
in ukulele #ab. 7he only 8aria#ion you *igh# %ind is D.C. al Coda ra#her #han D.S. al Coda. 7his
*eans you go back #o #he s#ar# ra#her #han going back #o #he sign.
2on$# worry i% you didn$# ge# all o% #ha#. I s#ill ha8e #o double check when I co*e u! agains# #his sor#
o% re!ea#.
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4!. &ow are a""ented notes shown
6ou accen# no#es by gi8ing #he* an eB#ra li##le oo*!h. 7his *igh# be s#ru**ing harder #o
accen#ua#e a bear or !icking a no#e harder #o e*!hasise #he *elody.
9ccen#s are shown in #ab wi#h an arrow abo8e #he no#e or chord.
=Ba*!le 1/
4%. &ow do you /ake dead notes
2ead no#es are clicks !roduced by s#ru**ing #he uke while da*!ing all #he s#rings wi#h your
%re##ing hand. @ay your %ingers gen#ly across #he s#rings. 6ou should #ouch #he s#rings 0us# enough #o
s#o! #he* ringing bu# no# enough #o %re# #he no#e.
=Ba*!le 2(
4). &ow do you (lay trills
7rills are !roduced by re!ea#edly ha**ering-on and !ulling-o%% #he sa*e #wo no#es. 7hey are
shown by #he le##ers #r %ollowed by a wa8y line.
=Ba*!le 21
In #his eBa*!le. #he 9 s#ring is !layed a# #he %our#h %re# #hen you ha**er-on and !ull o%% a# #he %i%#h
%re# re!ea#edly.
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4-. &ow do you (rodu"e vibrato
Fibra#o gi8es #he no#e a shaky <uali#y. 7his is used !ar#icularly when !laying *elodies as i#
e*ula#es #he way no#es #end #o be sung.
7here are a cou!le o% ways o% !roducing 8ibra#o. 7he classical #echni<ue is #o slide your %re##ing
%inger back and %or#h wi#hin #he %re# you$re !laying. 7his crea#es a sub#le 8ibra#o. 7he blues4rock
8ibra#o #echni<ue in8ol8es bending and releasing #he s#ring re!ea#edly. 7his can be used #o crea#e a
*uch wider 8ibra#o. 6ou can see bo#h #hese #echni<ues being used in #he 8ideo %or =Ba*!le 1'.
Fibra#o is #abbed by a wa8y line. 7he bigger #he wa8es. #he wider #he 8ibra#o.
=Ba*!le 22
4.. What are gra"e notes
1race no#es are 8ery shor# no#es !layed be%ore #he *ain no#e and connec#ed by an arch. 7hey can be
slides. ha**er-ons or !ull-o%%s.
7he are indica#ed by a s*all nu*ber be%ore #he *ain no#e.
=Ba*!le 23
40. &ow do you bend a note
Bends are %airly rare in ukulele !laying bu# #hey do cro! u! so*e#i*es.
Bends are !roduced by !lucking #he s#ring #he !ushing i# u! D#owards your headE or down D#owards
#he groundE. 7his raises #he !i#ch o% #he no#e.
Bends are #abbed wi#h an arrow cur8ed u!wards
=Ba*!le 2"
9# #he end o% an arrow is a nu*ber. 7his shows how %ar u!wards #he bend should be. V *eans you
bend #he no#e u! hal% a s#e! Done %re#E. 1 *eans you bend i# u! one s#e! D#wo %re#sE. In #his eBa*!le.
we bend #he no#e u! hal% a s#e! so #ha#. once i#$s ben#. i# has #he sa*e !i#ch as a no#e !layed a# #he
eigh#h %re#.
I# *akes i# *uch easier #o bend #he no#e i% you wra! your #hu*b o8er #he #o! o% #he neck.
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Easier 8hords and 8hord 8hanges
41. What*s the easiest way to (lay a 7 "hord
=8en wi#h *y scrawny %ingers. I %ind i# hard #o cra* all *y %ingers on#o #he uke a# sa*e %re#C
7here are a %ew al#erna#i8es. #ry #he* ou# and see which your !re%er.
7he %irs# way s#ill has #hree %ingers. bu# arranging #he* #his way round D%irs# %inger on #he 3-s#ring.
second %inger on #he 1-s#ring. #hird %inger on #he =-s#ringE %eels a li##le less cra*!ed.
y %a8ouri#e *e#hod is one I s#ole %ro*. %la*enco gui#aris#. Guan ar#in. In #his *e#hod. you co8er
#he 1 and 3 s#rings wi#h #he u!!er #hird o% your indeB %inger and #he = s#ring wi#h your *iddle
%inger.
6ou ha8e #o *ake sure #ha# #he res# o% your indeB %inger is angled away %ro* #he %re#board so #ha#
#he = s#ring rings clearly.
6ou can #ake #his idea one s#e! %ur#her and co8er #he 1. 3 and = s#rings wi#h your indeB %inger D#he
way 9ldrine 1uerrero !re%ersE. I#$s <ui#e #ricky #o ge# your %inger #o bend enough so #he 9 s#ring
rings clearly K I s#ruggle #o ge# i# #o sound cleanly.
9no#her o!#ion is #o barre across all s#rings a# #he second %re#. 7o do #his. lay your indeB %inger
s#raigh# across #he %re#board a# #he second %re# and hold down all #he s#rings. S#ru* down all #he
s#rings and *ake sure #hey are all sounding clearly. I# #akes <ui# a bi# o% s#reng#h #o do #his.
5nce you$8e go# #he barre in !lace. use your !inky #o %re# #he 9 s#ring a# #he %i%#h %re#.
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44. What*s the easiest way to (lay an E "hord
7he = chord is by %ar #he one ukulele !layers are *os# keen #o a8oid. I# has #he sa*e cra**ing
!roble*s as #he 2 chord along wi#h an eB#ra %inger #o worry abou#.
@uckily. you don$# ha8e #o !lay all #he no#es. In #he usual = chord. #he no#es on #he 1 and 9 s#rings
are eBac#ly #he sa*e. 7ha# *eans you can lose one o% #he* wi#hou# changing #he sound o% #he chord
a# all. @ike #hisC
I% you choose #o do #his. *ake sure you can$# hear #he 1 s#ring. 98oid s#ru**ing i# or. e8en be##er.
s#o! i# ringing by res#ing your *iddle %inger Dor #he #i! o% your ring %ingerE on #he s#ring D#ouching
bu# no# %re##ing i#E.
I% you$re !laying in #he key o% 9 D#he key is #he chord where #he !rogression sounds se##led K usually
#he las# chord in #he se<uenceE. #hen you can use =+ ins#ead o% = and i# will sound righ#.
9no#her al#erna#i8e is #o !lay #he =+ sha!e bu# li%# o%% your *iddle %inger 0us# enough #o s#o! i#
!laying bu# no# enough %or i# #o ring o!en. 7his #akes ou# #he $+$ no#e in #he chord *aking i# 0us# =.
100. What*s the easiest way to "hange +ro/ ? to ?/
Pre##y *uch e8ery chord dic#ionary will #ell you #o !lay ;* like #hisC
7his is cer#ainly #he easies# way #o !lay i# by i#sel% and in *os# chord !rogressions. Howe8er. when
;* co*es a%#er an ; chord. i# re<uires a big reorganisa#ion o% %ingers. 9 *o8e which a lo# o% ukulele
!layers %ind #ricky and can s#o! a chord !rogression dead in i#s #racks.
9n easier way #o !lay i# in #his si#ua#ion is like #hisC
Page '3
Here you slide your *iddle %inger down a %re# on #he 1 s#ring. 6ou can *ake #he #ransi#ion easier by
adding #he 9 s#ring. #hird %re# in #he ; chord. @ike #hisC
7his *eans you$ll only ha8e #o *o8e one %inger. one %re# %or #he chord change.
101. Four own Guestion.
I% #here$s a <ues#ion you #hink should be co8ered in #his book K so*e#hing e8ery ukulele should
know - bu# isn$# send *e an e*ail and I$ll do *y bes# #o answer i# %or you.
I# *igh# be a #er* !eo!le use all #he #i*e. a di%%icul# chord or chord change. a cer#ain #echni<ue.
so*e#hing in #his book you didn$# unders#and. I can$# guaran#ee I$ll be able #o answer i#. bu# I$ll
cer#ainly do *y bes#.
6ou can e*ail *e a#C
hel!Whow#o!layukulele.co*
or
woodshedWukulelehun#.co*
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Photo "redits
3o8er !ho#oC :under
;ric#ion #unersC 9leB 1ee
1eared #unersC Ia*S9.
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