Survivors of Extreme Abuse

The Awful Rowing Toward Social Emancipation For survivors of extreme abuse, the disclosure of the crimes they experienced and the public identification of the perpetrators of those crimes can be monumentally daunting tasks. Among the impediments they may face in their pursuit of personal and social justice are their own psychological challenges, due to the complex, and sometimes debilitating effects of having experienced severe trauma, the dangers inherent in exposing criminals or criminal networks, and social denial of their plight on almost every level. "A woman's first scream is for help. Her second scream is for justice." - Coral Anika Theill, BONSHEA IMAGINE Survivors have an invaluable gift to share with society: intimate knowledge of crimes perpetrated in their midst, and the criminals who committed them. Their knowledge and insight could theoretically lift the great rock of our cultural denial and officially sanctioned version of reality, and expose the dark and dangerous world of child, drug and arms traffickers, rapists, child pornographers, serial killers, cults, secret societies and government corruption. And that exposure would surely mark the beginning of the end of the widespread abuses that plague our society now. But that doesn't happen. SPEAK NO EVIL Survivors need to tell their stories; it's a vital component of their healing process. And they need to be heard; it's a vital component of society's healing process. But for many survivors, establishing the requisite trust in a personal or therapeutic relationship for this to happen can be a big challenge in and of itself. To speak that truth publicly can be an overwhelmingly complex and terrifying undertaking. They risk being stigmatized, disbelieved, harassed, sued or physically harmed. When a survivor reports criminal abuses to law enforcement agencies, she or he can expect to be met with breathtaking ignorance on the subjects of the prevalence of rape and incest, the sheer numbers of children who live under the social radar,i (either completely undocumented, as in the case of children of cult members and the like, or under the control of abusers who keep them isolated) and a limited understanding of post traumatic stress syndromes, if any. The requisite legal infrastructure for dealing with extreme abuse is next to non-existent. For example, with the notable exception of Michigan,ii US victims of non-state actor torture are not specifically protected by law. This is because the crime has not been

officially named and recognized legislatively. In 2008, Jeanne Sarson, MEd, BN, RN, and Linda MacDonald, MEd, BN, RN, two renowned survivor advocates in Nova Scotia, wrote a report called Torture of Canadian Women by Non-State Actors In the Private Sphereiii in their effort to make all of Canada a “torture-free zone.” In this report they explain why officially recognizing non-state actor torture is so crucial: “…Canada’s failure to name and criminalize non-state actor torture means, for example, that the women are not believed when they seek police protection, thus their safety is compromised. They cannot lay criminal charges identifying that they have endured torture in the private sphere because no specific law criminalizing non-state actor torture exists in Canada. And when there is no specific law there is no such recognized crime. The women frequently experience discreditation, are considered ‘crazy’, or are labeled mentally ill when seeking professional help.” Some victims risk more than being shunned and stigmatized when they disclose abuses to authorities. In cases of cult, cult/government and other organized crimes, the survivor runs the risk of reporting the crime to a person who is part of the crime network, whether it be a police officer, attorney, judge, federal agent or politician.iv Compounding these conundrums is the fact that many survivors tend to isolate, and often distrust organizations and institutions in general. All of this, of course, works in favor of the perpetrators. In addition to the obvious risks involved in publicly naming names, survivors often have to cope with memories of having been specifically threatened with violence in the past if they dared to expose their perpetrators. Complicating this task even further, some survivors of extreme abuse have been programmed to "switch" to alters who will behave in such a way as to destroy their own credibility, or even to commit suicide if they start talking about their abuse. Results from the first ever international survey of survivors of extreme abusev include statistics regarding the prevalence of this and other silencing techniques: 57% of 997 respondents said they had self-destruct programming installed should they begin to remember their programming, and 77% of 1159 respondents were threatened with death if they so much as talked about the abuse. Another common practice among handlers and programmers is to install alters who have been programmed to report any potentially damaging disclosure of their abuse to the perpetrators of that abuse. In other words, internally covert tattletales. Survivors are also at a great disadvantage in more subtle and insidious ways. When it comes to exposing perpetrators and their crimes, many survivors experience deeply conflicted needs and drives, obstacles such as learned helplessness, self-blame and other disempowering beliefs and attitudes. HEAR NO EVIL

2

Socially the constraints on disclosure are also confounding, if not prohibitive. One deterrent is the simple fact that well-qualified health care professionals are usually very expensive. This alone represents a major obstacle for many survivors. Finding a qualified therapist is also a big challenge. It’s still a rare therapist who has a clear understanding of cult psychodynamics, or who’s been trained to treat the full range of what can be very complex post-traumatic experience. Part of the problem is that this field of study as a psychiatric science is relatively new. The diagnosis of PTSDvi (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) only made the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM, in 1980. There are mental health professionals who still believe that survivors who disclose histories of extreme abuse are acting out of a need to feel special, or are merely seeking attention. DID (Disocciative Identity Disorder) is still highly controversial, not only in that mental health professionals squabble over subtle differences in qualifying symptoms, how it develops, or should best be treated, but, especially in the case of deliberate dissociation, whether or not it even exists. The social ramifications of this conflict permeate not only the health care industry, but affect who gets insurance, what gets taught in universities, and what juries and judges believe or dismiss when confronted with PTSD or DID afflicted survivors. How can survivors get heard and healed while physicians, academicians and attorneys do battle in the Dark Ages? Another reason for the current dearth of specialists is that they’re at risk for taking on patients whose families may retaliate against them for their client's reactions to the healing process. They face the same credibility challenges academically, professionally and legally that their clients do socially because of the all-pervasive climate of denial. And this is no accident. For the last 17 years, abusers have had a powerful ally. In 1992, the False Memory Syndrome Foundation, or FMSF, launched a movement to discredit survivors, and to vilify therapists who treat them. FMSF was founded by Pamela and Peter Freyd after Peter had been accused of molestation by his daughter, Dr. Jennifer Freyd, Professor of Psychology at the University of Oregon. Two of the first board members, therapists Hollida Wakefield and Ralph Underwager, had to resign after publicly defending pedophilia. Many other board members, past and present, have CIA or military intelligence connections (Tavistock Institute trained Dr. Louis West, known for his CIA funded work on mind control techniques, among them). FMSF tactics include suing therapists for malpractice and filing amicus briefs (documents filed by someone not a party to the case) in court cases relating to child abuse. But the real success story here is their ability to manipulate public perception. Mike Stanton, writing for the Columbia Journalism Review, summarized this phenomenon: "The foundation is an aggressive, well-financed p.r. (sic) machine adept at

3

manipulating the press, harassing its critics, and mobilizing a diverse army of psychiatrists, outspoken academics, expert defense witnesses, litigious lawyers, Freud bashers, critics of psychotherapy, and devastated parents." He goes on to note: "A study published (in 1996) by a University of Michigan sociologist, Katherine Beckett, found a sharp shift in how four leading magazines -Time, Newsweek, U.S. News & World Report, and People -- treated sexual abuse. In 1991, more than 80% of the coverage was weighted toward stories of survivors, with recovered memory taken for granted and questionable therapy virtually ignored. By 1994, more than 80% of the coverage focused on false accusations, often involving supposedly false memory." There is now an FMSF chapter in every state. Of the brave souls who choose to defy the status quo and specialize in the field of trauma, it will be the minority who fully comprehend and acknowledge the extremities to which perpetrators are capable of going to achieve their ends, and especially how well they may be organized and interconnected. As a result, a client often has to contend with an ever-present layer of resistance to the credibility of her or his memories, and/or her or his apparently baffling constellation of symptoms, which impinges on any therapeutic value the telling of their stories might otherwise have. Elie Wiesel, novelist and Holocaust survivor, wrote: “When human beings tell victims, who have suffered excruciating pain and loss that their pain and loss were illusions, they are committing the greatest indignity humans can inflict on another." There are other challenges for a survivor in a therapeutic relationship even if that therapist is well qualified to treat post-traumatic symptoms, and honors their integrity and courage. The intrinsic trust issues a survivor brings to the table can be debilitating, and the power differential inherent in the traditional client-therapist dynamic can serve to undermine trust and create an atmosphere that impedes the healing process on many levels. In cases where survivors were tortured, programmed or experimented upon by psychologists, psychiatrists or other medically trained personnel, trusting any kind of therapist or doctor can require an enormous leap of faith. Survivors who have been institutionalized may endure fates much worse than being discredited and dismissed socially. The many ways in which survivors have been retraumatized while in institutional care have been well documented. They often suffer from psychological abuse such as being controlled, isolated, stigmatized, misdiagnosed, etc. They may also be physically abused: physically or chemically restrained, made to strip, overmedicated or given dangerous psychotropic medication, among other deplorable violations. And again, survivors of medical experiments or medical treatments designed to induce memory loss and compliance are especially vulnerable to institutional re-traumatization.

4

Further undermining faith in these traditional modes of healing for mind-control victims is the fact that numerous doctors, universities and hospitals, from the earliest days of psychiatric studies, were involved in sadistic experimentation. For example, Ewen Cameron, arguably the most well known mind-control doctor for the CIA, was also the President of the American Psychiatric Association from 1952 to1953. “…if you faced the death of bombs and bullets you did not do it with a banner, you did it with only a hat to cover your heart. You did not fondle the weakness inside you though it was there. Your courage was a small coal that you kept swallowing. If your buddy saved you and died himself in so doing, then his courage was not courage, it was love; love as simple as shaving soap. Later, if you have endured a great despair, then you did it alone...” -Anne Sexton, excerpt from Courage, from The Awful Rowing Toward God The Awful Rowing Toward God was the last book poet Anne Sexton wrote before taking her own life. Her long time therapist was Dr. Martin T. Orne. Dr. Orne was a founding member of FMSF, a senior CIA researcher, and is known for performing CIA funded mind control experiments. SEE NO EVIL “The major goal of the Cold War mind control programs was to create dissociative symptoms and disorders, including full multiple personality disorder” - Colin Ross, Bluebird: Deliberate Creation of Multiple Personality by Psychiatrists “‘Monarch’ refers to young people in America who were victims of mind control experiments run either by U.S. government agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency, or military intelligence agencies. The story told by Monarch victims… Is that they were tortured for the purpose of creating “multiple personalities” within them. These multiple personalities could then be programmed as desired – as spies, “drug mules,” prostitutes, or assassins.” - Senator John W. DeCamp, excerpt from The Franklin Cover-Up, Child Abuse, Satanism, and Murder in Nebraskavii

5

“…Perhaps most disturbing of all was the fact that the extent of experimentation on human subjects was unknown. The records of all these activities were destroyed in January 1973, at the instruction of then CIA Director Richard Helms.” -Senator Edward Kennedy, from his opening remarks at the 1977 Church Committee hearings concerning project MKUltra The average US citizen, understandably, has almost no cultural frame of reference for processing personal histories involving extreme abuse, especially cult, secret society and government atrocities like ritual abuse and institutionalized mind control. Groundbreaking academic lecturesviii go unacknowledged, mainstream publishers won’t touch manuscripts written by survivors, and their shocking testimoniesix are suppressed. Carol Rutz, author of A Nation Betrayed, and one of the four researchers behind the Extreme Abuse Survey, describes the on-line resistance to the EAS going forward in her 2007 presentation of the survey results at SMART’sx 10th Annual Ritual Abuse, Secretive Organizations and Mind Control Conference: “I would like to give you an idea of how fearful some people were that this survey would be successfully carried out. The whole system we had in place online resisted a series of port scanning attacks which raised peak in the first week. We were close to denial of service because we lost bandwidth due to ongoing attacks which were about 9,000 per hour. Mid March we had an elaborate brute force attack to the Windows server. Not being a techie, that is as much as I can explain. Thank goodness we had a series of servers in place that protected all data.”xi Likewise, official government documents showing direct evidence of sponsorship of mind control experimentationxii is given no press whatsoever. The silence in the media on these topics is deafening. Why don’t these kinds of atrocities committed against children and other disempowered citizens make CNN? As many adult survivors of organized crime syndicates know all too well, leaders in these organizations typically also own corporations, or hold powerful positions in the corporate world, and/or positions of high authority in civilian or military government. Children and adults who have been programmed as sexual slaves, couriers, spies or assassins are very valuable assets to the entities that developed them. The sexual exploitation of children is a highly lucrative industry, and deliberately dissociated government and military operativesxiii serve as politically and militarily invaluable means of maintaining power and control. Clandestine government and corporate operations that rely on this invisible slave force are not about to let the proverbial cat out of the bag. The FMSF PR machine is in good company. It has been widely reported that by the end of 2008 there were only six companies dominating US media. This concentration of corporate media ownership means that there are only a few organizations dictating what makes the news for the majority of Americans. Among other deeply unfortunate social ramifications of this state of affairs is the fact that mainstream media are rendered far more vulnerable to manipulation by the corrupt powers that be.xiv

6

One major impediment to letting the truth about extreme abuse see the light of day in mainstream media is the outright ownership of telecommunications corporations by organized criminals. The general demise of the free press can be partly attributed to a systematic corrosion of regulations and safeguards, executed by the same entities that benefit most from the ensuing malleability of the reality projected by the mass media: huge corporations, political ideologues and the military-industrial complex. “Somebody, sometime has got to take a stand and say democracy cannot survive, much less thrive with the level of big corporate and big government interference and intimidation in news.” -Dan Rather on “Larry King Live,” 9-20-07 The current musical chairs approach to political office further degrades the distinction between corporate and government objectives. Former high profile politicians serve on boards of powerful corporations, forming intricate networks linking corporate media to military, congressional and executive branches of the US government. Some then re-enter the political arena, completing the “revolving door” cycle. Conversely, many corporate executives become politicians, and around and around it goes.xv Each of the six remaining corporate media behemoths has direct ties, through interlocking directorates and common shareholders, with other giant corporations,xvi many of which are government contractors. And some corporations that are government contractors flat out own media corporations, like GE owning NBC. There are currently more government contractors out there than ever before. Tim Shorrock, reporting for Salon.com, wrote the following in an article published in 2007: "On May 14, at an industry conference in Colorado sponsored by the Defense Intelligence Agency, the U.S. government revealed for the first time how much of its classified intelligence budget is spent on private contracts: a whopping 70%." There are now more private contractors working for the federal government than actual government employees; the line between corporate and government interests has all but vanished. And the entities responsible for this phenomenon are the same entities that have historically exploited the disempowered to further their agenda of political and social control. Underworld atrocities involving political, military or commercial exploitation of children are not going to make the 10:00 news. But why would this corporatocracy bother to discredit survivors who remember previously repressed trauma if that trauma were an isolated incident, perpetrated by a solitary criminal? Or people anywhere on the spectrum of dissociative "disorders"? They have to squelch the whole notion of repressed memories and dissociative identities, and especially the fact that a person can be deliberately split for sadistic reasons.

7

If the average citizen understood the basic psychodynamics of extreme trauma, they would be more likely to give credence to survivors' memories in general. Public pressure would be brought to bear on the legal justice system to respond accordingly, which would inevitably lead to public exposure and criminal convictions. This could ultimately lead to large networks of corruption collapsing. General social acceptance and understanding of the manifestations of psychological trauma represent a serious threat to those whose power, wealth and ambitions depend on survivors remaining invisible and discredited. "Go, go, go said the bird: human kind cannot bear very much reality." - T.S. Eliot, from Burnt Norton Author David Ray Griffin coined the phrase “nationalist faith” to describe the phenomenon of categorical denial, in the face of irrefutable, relevant evidence, of incidents wherein governments have acted against their own citizens. This unconscious, inner framing of how the world works, of what is and isn’t possible according to unprocessed beliefs, is a big part of the brick wall survivors face when they try to speak their truths. The brutal, hidden world of organized criminal networks that survivors understand intimately is a completely invisible and, more importantly, impossible reality to the majority of the population. The same can be said of extreme domestic violence. No father would prostitute his own daughter, or sell her to a sadistic doctor. There’s no such thing as a satanic cult, because no human being would worship evil. The U.S. military would never torture a child until their mind splintered into pieces to build a super spy, or an assassin. Governments could never traffic innocent children with the same indifference with which they illegally traffic arms or illegal drugs. But they do. Another deterrent to widespread acceptance of survivors' post trauma experience is based on a simple truth about human nature: it's very sad and unpleasant to hear about crimes perpetrated against children. It's easier to pretend it doesn't happen than to acknowledge it and feel powerless to stop it. Judith Herman wrote, in Trauma and Recovery: "It is very tempting to take the side of the perpetrator. All the perpetrator asks is that the bystander do NOTHING…the victim, on the contrary, asks the bystander to share the burden of pain. The victim demands action, engagement and remembering.” STRENGTH IN NUMBERS If anything, standard therapeutic practice, in its current form, discourages survivors from collaboration. This is due, in part, to the prevailing myth that survivors’ memories and accounts are fragile and susceptible to distortion by exposure to other survivors’ histories. This can be seen as an extension of the misperception that survivors, especially of mind control, are by nature super-suggestible.

8

This is a particularly cruel bias in light of the fact that they have sustained abuse so violent in nature that they were pushed to the limit of integration and had to split from the experience (a natural, adaptive response). To suggest that they’re somehow innately more impressionable and gullible than a “normal” person is to sadistically dismiss the courage and strength it took to survive. These misconceptions only serve to exacerbate the debilitating sequestering of a population already condemned to social isolation through denial of both their symptoms and the underlying causes. Also, these biases obviously have the disturbing effect of protecting the perpetrators. One survivor who bears witness to being tortured or trafficked is “delusional,” two survivors pointing at the same perpetrator is a law suit, and they know it. “There was a theft. That much I am told. I was abandoned. That much I know. I was forced backward. I was forced forward. I was passed hand to hand like a bowl of fruit. Each night I am nailed into place and forget who I am” -Anne Sexton, from Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty) The perpetrator of an atrocity steals many things from the victim: innocence, power, meaning, hope and faith among them. But the giant disconnect the victim experiences is perhaps the most tragic loss of all. Because no one can heal in isolation. The disconnects happen on every level. Internally, the sensory and emotional impressions of the trauma are shattered into oddly isolated states. The victim can suffer from identity fracturing and disintegration. Attachments to family and friends can be breached, and victims often feel socially detached in general. The dissociations are profound. That's why it’s so vital that survivors reach out and communicate with one another; it’s why survivor solidarity can be such a profoundly healing experience. And what heals survivors of society’s darkest deeds heals society. BELL RINGING “Ring the bells that still can ring Forget your perfect offering There is a crack, a crack in everything That's how the light gets in.” -Leonard Cohen, from Anthem

9

Since the media, the legal justice system, the scientific community, and the health provider industry have all failed spectacularly to comprehend, acknowledge and communicate the truth about post-trauma experience, deliberate dissociation, and the atrocities that spawn "survivors," the onus is on survivors themselves to enlighten society. As Emma Goldman wrote, "The most violent element of society is ignorance." As long as the nature of the aftermath of psychological trauma is one of society's best kept secrets, perpetrators of atrocities will prevail. General awareness of survivors' challenges and dilemmas has the awesome potential to lead not only to personal justice on a small scale, but ultimately to social justice on a global scale. This is the precious gift survivors have to give, through their courage, integrity and hope: the protection of future generations of innocent children. "Whenever I despair, I remember that the way of truth and love has always won. There may be tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they may seem invincible, but in the end, they always fail. Think of it - always. -Mahatma Gandhi

10

i

Notes Even the number of reported missing children is staggering: According to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, “Every year in America an estimated 800,000 children are reported missing, more than 2,000 children each day. Of that number, 200,000 are abducted by family members, and 58,000 are abducted by non-family members. The primary motive for non-family abductions is sexual. Each year 115 children are the victims of the most serious abductions, taken by non-family members and either murdered, held for ransom, or taken with the intent to keep.” http://www.missingkids.com/missingkids/servlet/NewsEventServlet?LanguageCountry=en_US&PageId=4046
ii

In 2006, Michigan Governor Jennifer M. Granholm signed two bills into legislation that made torture a criminal act. See: http://www.michigan.gov/gov/0,1607,7-168-23442_21974-133334--,00.html
iii

TORTURE OF CANADIAN WOMEN BY NON-STATE ACTORS IN THE PRIVATE SPHERE: A SHADOW REPORT (March, 2008) – Jeanne Sarson, RN, BScN, MEd, Linda MacDonald, RN, BN, MEd Available at: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cedaw/docs/ngos/VOWCanada42.pdf Their incredible website: http://www.ritualabusetorture.org/
iv

Helen McGonigle, a Connecticut attorney and fearless survivor advocate, made the following observation (emphasis hers): “...the worldwide proliferation of the multi-billion dollar pornography industry, internet child porn rings, sex trafficking, all combined with the millions of unregistered births, provides an ample supply of potential victims. As a Senior State Department adviser on trafficking in persons was quoted: "we're not finding victims in the United States because we're not looking for them". - From The Girls Next Door, New York Times Magazine January 25, 2004.
v

1,471 adult survivors of extreme abuse from more than 30 countries participated in this groundbreaking on-line survey developed by Carol Rutz, Wanda Karriker, Thorsten Becker and Bettina Overkamp: http://extreme-abuse-survey.net/ See also: Wanda Karriker’s 2007 United Nations presentation: http://extreme-abuse-survey.net/survey.php?en=d and her 2008 presentation of highlights from the EAS trilogy: http://ritualabuse.us/smart-conference/conf08/highlights-extremeabuse-survey/
vi

It’s now commonly referred to as PTSS, or post-traumatic stress syndrome, as the term “disorder” is a misnomer in the sense that it implies that there’s something inherently wrong with the survivor. In fact, it’s a sane, adaptive response to an overwhelmingly crazy event. The same can be said for DID, but sadly, as of yet, isn’t. vii Conspiracy of Silence, the hour long documentary about this scandal involving the typical constellation of survivor horrors: satanic ritual abuse, mind control, child trafficking, senators, major media corporations and, of course, the CIA, was scheduled to air May 3, 1994, on the Discovery Channel, but was cancelled unexpectedly. A new book about the scandal and the ensuing cover-up was published by investigative journalist Nick Bryant this year (2009).
viii

“The Greenbaum Speech” by Dr. Corydon Hammond is a prime example: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_mindcon03.htm ix From http://web.archive.org/web/20070405174814/www.aches-mc.org/mind_control.html: “In March of 1995, Valerie Wolf, M.S.W., and two of her clients who had been subjected to mind control experimentation since early childhood appeared before the President's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. After consulting with forty other therapists across the country (the majority of whom remained anonymous for reasons of personal safety), Ms. Wolf documented in writing the names of the research projects and the names of the people involved. The two survivors, Claudia Mullen and Chris DeNicola Ebner, testified that as victims they experienced electric shock, hallucinogens, dislocation of limbs, sadistic acts of pedophilia, hypnosis and sensory deprivation. Often they were locked in cages for long periods of time. At the conclusion of the Presidential Hearing, the Committee recommended further exploration of the mind control experimentation on unwitting human subjects. It has been over a year and a half since this recommendation was made, but nothing further has been done by the President's Advisory Committee. You will not be surprised to learn that there has been no coverage or investigation by the mainstream media despite the testimony provided by Wolf, Mullen and Ebner.”

x

SMART: http://ritualabuse.us/

xi

Carol Rutz’s presentation: http://ritualabuse.us/smart-conference/conf07/the-world-will-know-results-of-the-2007international-survey-for-adult-survivors-of-extreme-abuse/
xii

Government documentation of mind control experiments: http://web.archive.org/web/20060613070613/parascope.com/ds/mkultradocs.htm
xiii

See Ron Patton’s overview of Monarch training: http://web.archive.org/web/20070405152034/www.achesmc.org/monarch.html
xiv

A prime example of an organization that has a lot to gain and everything to lose by influencing popular media is the quintessentially metastatic Tavistock Institute. This London-based institution, with its long history of colluding with the MI6 and CIA on mind control techniques, is known both as the “mother of all propaganda ministries” (to quote Dr. John Coleman, author of The Tavistock Institute of Human Relations) and the world center for foundation ideology. It has been reported that the institute currently operates a multibillion dollar a year network of foundations in the US, which in turn are enmeshed with a multitude of giant corporations.
xv

One particularly egregious example is the Washington D.C. based private equity firm, the Carlyle Group. Run by leading members of Bush Senior's presidential administration, Carlyle is the largest private equity firm in the world, and the nation's 11th largest defense contractor. In 2008, Booz Allen Hamilton, one of CIA’s major contractors, sold a majority stake in the US government business to The Carlyle Group for $2.54 billion. Portfolio telecommunication companies include Dex Media, the former directories business of Qwest Communications, and Insight Communications, the ninth largest cable company in the U.S. Former FCC Chairman William E. Kennard is now managing director of Carlyle Group's telecommunication and media practice. He's also on the New York Times Company board of directors. Editor-in-chief of Time magazine from 1995 2005, Norman Pearlstine is Carlyle’s telecommunications and media group senior advisor. Carlyle company director is Daniel Akerson, a former board member of AOL Time Warner (CNN is owned by Time Warner.) Frank Carlucci, Carlyle Chairman and Chairman Emeritus from 1987 to 2005, was a former Deputy Director of the CIA, and former US Secretary of Defense under Reagan. The elder President Bush, (also former CIA Director) was a senior advisor until he retired in 2003 amid conflict-of-interest allegations. He's currently on retainer. President George W. Bush served on the Board of Directors of Caterair, one of Carlyle's first acquisitions. Former secretary of state James Baker was senior Carlyle Senior Counsel until 2005.
xvi

See Project Censored’s 2009 Media Map of Major Media Ownership and Governance: http://www.projectcensored.org/censorship/media-map/

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful