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General Biology I

Unit 2: The Cell


Feb 6 Intro to Metabolism

Exam 1- most commonly missed


! Why isnt mitochondrion part of the endomembrane system? ! Not derived from ER or Golgi ! Not a primary function of lipids? ! Water-proofing, vitamin precursor, signaling, short-term NRG source ! Darwins finches ! Adaptive radiation, not mutation frequency ! Not a structural feature of monosaccharides? ! # C atoms, R-groups present, spatial orientation of OH groups, location of carbonyl group, none of these

Exam 1
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AFTE R CLAS S

of the Lister Hill Library of the Health Sciences

Energy of Life

= mini chemical factory

Metabolism
!!

What is it?
change !! set of life-sustaining chemical reactions, enzyme-catalyzed
!!

!!

What does it do?


growth and reproduction !! maintenance of structures !! responding to environments
!!

Metabolic Pathways

crystal

Metabolic PathwaysSimplified

Enzyme 1 rxn 1

Enzyme 2 rxn 2

Enzyme 3 rxn 3

Starting molecule

End Product

Catabolic- breakdown pathways, releases NRG, cellular respiration Anabolic- building molecules, uses NRG, protein synthesis
crystal

Metabolic PathwaysSimplified
Downhill!

NRG stored!

Energy!!!

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)


!! ATP

molecule used by all known cells to temporarily store and transfer energy
Chemical NRG

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)


!! energy

is released from ATP via hydrolysis of one phosphate ( __________ reaction)

!! energy

is added to ADP via dehydration of one phosphate ( __________ reaction)

Phosphorylation
!! phosphorylation

general term for the addition of phosphate to a molecule phosphorylated into ATP via dehydration reactions (endergonic) does the energy to phosphorylate ADP into ATP come from?

!! ADP is

!! where

Redox Reactions
!! reduction-oxidation

(redox) reactions involve the loss or gain of electrons that loses one or more electrons oxidized (electron donor) is __________ that gains one or more electrons reduced (electron acceptor) is __________

!! atom

!! atom

Redox Reactions
!! electron

transfer in redox reactions is often accompanied by protons (H+) reduction oxidation NAD+ NADH

!! NAD+

is an important electron carrier in cell respiration and fermentation

Cell Respiration
!! cell

respiration is a process by which ATP is produced via a long series of reactions respiration is constantly happening donor: ________ glucose ( ________ oxidized ) oxygen ( ________ reduced ) acceptor: ________

!! cell

!! electron !! electron

Where does energy come from?

Homework: Cellular Respiration!!

!! How

are cellular respiration and photosynthesis related?