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1

The motion of a particle is defined by the relation x = t 4 − 10t 2 + 8t + 12 , where x and t are expressed in inches and seconds, respectively. Determine the position, the velocity, and the acceleration of the particle when t = 1 s.

SOLUTION

x = t 4 − 10t 2 + 8t + 12

v= a=

**dx = 4t 3 − 20t + 8 dt dv = 12t 2 − 20 dt
**

x = 11.00 in. v = −8.00 in./s a = −8.00 in./s 2

At t = 1 s,

x = 1 − 10 + 8 + 12 = 11 v = 4 − 20 + 8 = −8 a = 12 − 20 = −8

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission. 5

Inc. respectively.00 ft/s 2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.00 ft/s 2 At t = 2 s.PROBLEM 11. 6 . where x and t are expressed in feet and seconds. and the acceleration of the particle when v = 0. At t = 1 s. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. v= dx = 6t 2 − 18t + 12 = 6(t 2 − 3t + 2) dt = 6(t − 2)(t − 1) dv = 12t − 18 dt a= So v = 0 at t = 1 s and t = 2 s. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies.00 ft a2 = (12)(2) − 18 = 6 a2 = 6.000 s x1 = 15.2 The motion of a particle is defined by the relation x = 2t 3 − 9t 2 + 12t + 10. the position. x1 = 2 − 9 + 12 + 10 = 15 a1 = 12 − 18 = −6 t = 1. SOLUTION x = 2t 3 − 9t 2 + 12t + 10 Differentiating. x2 = 2(2)3 − 9(2) 2 + 12(2) + 10 = 14 t = 2.00 ft a1 = −6.00 s x2 = 14. If you are a student using this Manual. Determine the time. you are using it without permission.

where x and t are expressed in mm and seconds. x1 = 10sin 2 + 15cos 2 + 100 = 102.5) = −0.0794 s for vmax so vmax = 20cos(2.056 by combining the sine and cosine terms.3 The vertical motion of mass A is defined by the relation x = 10 sin 2t + 15cos 2t + 100.1 mm/s Note that we could have also used vmax = 202 + 302 = 36. you are using it without permission. SOLUTION x = 10sin 2t + 15cos 2t + 100 v= a= dx = 20 cos 2t − 30sin 2t dt dv = −40sin 2t − 60 cos 2t dt x1 = 102.5 40 2t = tan −1 (−1.9828 and −0. Inc.1 mm/s 2 amax = 72. respectively. without the prior written permission of the publisher.40 mm/s 2 For trigonometric functions set calculator to radians: (a) At t = 1 s.1588 t = 1.1588) − 30sin(2.6 mm/s a1 = −11. amax = 402 + 602 = 72. (b) the maximum velocity and acceleration of A. −40sin 2t − 60cos 2t = 0 tan 2t = − 60 = −1. Determine (a) the position. All rights reserved. 2t = 2.9 v1 = 20cos 2 − 30sin 2 = −35. 7 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.1 mm/s 2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.9 mm v1 = −35.PROBLEM 11. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.1588) = −36.0794 s t = 1. velocity and acceleration of A when t = 1 s.9828 + π Reject the negative value. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies.40 (b) Maximum velocity occurs when a = 0. For amax we can take the derivative and set equal to zero or just combine the sine and cosine terms.056 vmax = −36.6 a1 = −40sin 2 − 60 cos 2 = −11. If you are a student using this Manual.

6e −4.23692 sin16t = sin 4. x0 = 0 v0 = 960 mm/s a0 = −9216 mm/s 2 (b) At t = 0. SOLUTION x = 60e−4. respectively. (b) t = 0.PROBLEM 11.9 mm/s x0. Inc. you are using it without permission.3 s.8t = e −1.99616 cos16t = cos 4.3 = −(13977.11 m/s 2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.3 = 14.23692)(0.8t cos16t dt v = −288e−4.8 cos16t (a) At t = 0.23692)( −0.4e−4. 8 . No part of this Manual may be displayed.16 mm or 3.23692)(0.8t sin16t + 960e −4.23692)(−0.3 = 87.4 A loaded railroad car is rolling at a constant velocity when it couples with a spring and dashpot bumper system. e−4. Determine the position.99616) − (9216)(0.08750 x0.8t cos16t v= a= dv = 1382.99616) + (960)(0.6)(0.3 s. After the coupling. the velocity and the acceleration of the railroad car when (a) t = 0.8t sin16t + 60(16)e−4.3 = 3110 mm/s 2 v0. without the prior written permission of the publisher.3 = −(288)(0.3 = (60)(0.8t sin16t dx = 60(−4.8t sin16t where x and t are expressed in mm and seconds.16 v0.8t sin16t − 4608e−4. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. the motion of the car is defined by the relation x = 60e−4.8t cos16t dt − 4608e−4.44 = 0.8)e −4. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved.8t sin16t − 9216e−4. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8 = −0.9 a0.08750) = 87.8 = 0.23692)(−0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.8t sin16t x0 = 0 mm v0 = 960 mm/s a0 = 9220 mm/s 2 a = −13977.08750) = 3108 a0.99616) = −14.8t cos16t − 15360e−4.

PROBLEM 11. If the motorist wishes to pass the light without stopping just as it turns green again.00 m/s v = 18.00 km/h v = 18. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. determine (a) the required uniform deceleration of the car.417 m/s 2 (b) v = v0 + a t when t = 24s: v = (15 m/s) + (−0. (b) the speed of the car as it passes the light. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.4167 m/s)(24 s) v = 5.34 A motorist is traveling at 54 km/h when she observes that a traffic light 240 m ahead of her turns red. SOLUTION Uniformly accelerated motion: x0 = 0 v0 = 54 km/h = 15 m/s (a) x = x0 + v0t + 1 2 at 2 when t = 24s. you are using it without permission. 44 .4167 m/s 2 1 a (24 s)2 2 a = −0. The traffic light is timed to stay red for 24 s. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.00 km/h PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. x = 240 m: 240 m = 0 + (15 m/s)(24 s) + a = −0. If you are a student using this Manual.

No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.6 ft + v1 (16 s) + 1 (−32.PROBLEM 11.2 ft/s 2 )(16 s) 2 2 v1 = 252 ft/s 2 v 2 = v1 + 2a( y − y1 ) or (b) We have At Then or y = ymax . without the prior written permission of the publisher.6) ft ymax = 1076 ft PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Based on tracking data.2 ft/s 2 )( ymax − 89. 46 . © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies. SOLUTION (a) We have At tland . Knowing that the descent parachute failed to deploy so that the rocket fell freely to the ground after reaching its maximum altitude and assuming that g = 32. you are using it without permission.36 A group of students launches a model rocket in the vertical direction. Then y = y1 + v1t + y=0 1 2 at 2 0 = 89.2 ft/s 2 .6 ft at the end of the powered portion of the flight and that the rocket landed 16 s later. v = 0 0 = (252 ft/s) 2 + 2( −32. they determine that the altitude of the rocket was 89. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. (b) the maximum altitude reached by the rocket. All rights reserved. determine (a) the speed v1 of the rocket at the end of powered flight.

3666 m/s + (4. at B 2 vBC = 0 + 2(4.3666 m/s) d = xD − xC d = 2.37 A small package is released from rest at A and moves along the skate wheel conveyor ABCD. we have PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.8 m/s 2 )tCD tCD = 0. for B or or Finally. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.3666 m/s = 0 + (4. If the velocity of the package at D is 7.3666 m/s)t BC t BC = 0. (b) the time required for the package to reach D.8 m/s 2 as it moves down sections AB and CD.2 m/s.8 m 2 /s 2 ) + 2(4. without the prior written permission of the publisher.38196 s xC = xB + vBC t BC 3 m = (5. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed.38196) s t D = 2.2 m/s = 5.PROBLEM 11. SOLUTION (a) For A B and C D we have 2 v 2 = v0 + 2a( x − x0 ) Then.11804 s Then A or and C or Now. or B D 7.8 m/s 2 )(3 − 0) m = 28.40 m and at D or or (b) For A B and C 2 2 vD = vBC + 2aCD ( xD − xC ) (7.8 m/s 2 )t AB t AB = 1.11804 + 0.2 m/s)2 = (28.8 m 2 /s 2 (vBC = 5. The package has a uniform acceleration of 4. All rights reserved. and its velocity is constant between B and C. Inc.8 m/s 2 ) d D we have v = v0 + at 5. 47 .06 s C. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.55901 s t D = t AB + t BC + tCD = (1. determine (a) the distance d between C and D.55901 + 0.

667 ft/s + (0.667 ft/s)t AB + (0.333 m/s)(40 s) + 1 a A (40 s) 2 2 a A = −0. xB = 0 + (vB )0 t + (xB is positive At t = 42 s: or (b) When the cars pass each other Then (95. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies.PROBLEM 11.03390t AB + 154t AB − 3200 = 0 t = 20.667 ft/s . Inc. Knowing that A passes Point Q 40 s after B was there and that B passes Point P 42 s after A was there. (c) the speed of B at that time. respectively. 54 . their speeds are v A = 65 mi/h and vB = 40 mi/h.667 ft/s)(42 s) + aB = 0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher.7 s vB = 51. If you are a student using this Manual.83447 ft/s 2 x A + xB = 3200 ft 1 aB (42 s) 2 2 aB = 0. (b) when the vehicles pass each other.333 ft/s)t AB + or Solving (c) We have At t = t AB : 1 aB t 2 2 x A = 0 + (v A ) 0 t + 1 a At 2 2 (v A )0 = 65 mi/h = 95. determine (a) the uniform accelerations of A and B. origin at Q.834 ft/s 2 1 1 2 2 + (58.685 s and t = −4563 s vB = ( vB ) 0 + a B t vB = 58. All rights reserved.83447 ft/s 2 )t AB = 3200 ft (−0.33 ft/s . SOLUTION (a) We have (x is positive At t = 40 s: Also.685 s) = 75. At t = 0. No part of this Manual may be displayed.43 Two automobiles A and B are approaching each other in adjacent highway lanes. you are using it without permission.) 3200 ft = (58.767 ft/s 2 (vB )0 = 40 mi/h = 58. origin at P.76667 ft/s)t AB 2 2 2 0. and they are at Points P and Q.8 mi/h PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. A and B are 3200 ft apart.) 3200 m = (95.927 ft/s t>0 t AB = 20.83447 ft/s 2 )(20.

00 m/s Substituting into Eq. 61 . (b) the velocity of portion D of the cable. you are using it without permission. Inc. (1) or (b) From the diagram Then yB + yD = constant vB + vD = 0 v D = 2.00 m/s PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies.00 m/s (c) From the diagram Then Now x A + yC = constant v A + vC = 0 vC = −6 m/s vC/D = vC − vD = (−6 m/s) − (2 m/s) = −8 m/s vC/D = 8. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. SOLUTION From the diagram.PROBLEM 11. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Determine (a) the velocity of block B. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual.49 Slider block A moves to the left with a constant velocity of 6 m/s. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. (c) the relative velocity of portion C of the cable with respect to portion D. we have x A + 3 yB = constant Then and (a) v A + 3vB = 0 a A + 3aB = 0 (1) (2) 6 m/s + 3vB = 0 v B = 2.

SOLUTION From the diagram: Cord 1: Then and Cord 2: Then and 2 y A + 2 y B + yC = constant 2v A + 2vB + vC = 0 2a A + 2aB + aC = 0 ( y D − y A ) + ( y D − y B ) = constant 2vD − v A − v B = 0 2aD − a A − aB = 0 (1) (2) Use units of inches and seconds.55 Block C starts from rest at t = 0 and moves downward with a constant acceleration of 4 in. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation./s 2 2 2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. (c) the change in position of block A after 5 s. 1 1 v A = −vB − vC = 3 − (4t ) = 3 − 2t in. without the prior written permission of the publisher. (b) the time when the velocity of block A is equal to the velocity of block D. determine (a) the time when the velocity of block A is zero./s 2 2 1 1 a A = −aB − aC = 0 − (4) = −2 in. No part of this Manual may be displayed./s 2 aB = 0 vB = −3 in. Motion of block C: vC = vC 0 + aC t = 0 + 4t where aC = −4 in. Motion of block B: Motion of block A: From (1) and (2)./s2.PROBLEM 11./s. Knowing that block B has a constant velocity of 3 in./s upward. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 71 . © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

00 in. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 2 Change in position = 10. 3 − 2t = 0 t = 1. All rights reserved.500 s Motion of block D: From (3). reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. 72 . ∆y A = ( v A ) 0 t + 1 a At 2 2 1 = (3)(5) + (−2)(5)2 = −10 in. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies.00 s (b) Time when vA is equal to v0.PROBLEM 11. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.55 (Continued) (a) Time when vB is zero. 3 − 2t = −t (c) Change in position of block A (t = 5 s). vD = 1 1 1 1 v A + vB = (3 − 2t ) − (3) = −1t 2 2 2 2 t = 3.

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