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. Either single-point or multi-point response spectrum analysis can be performed. in addition to deflection. HomeSupportANSYS Tips & Tricks APDL Commands Objects in ANSYS® Mechanical (Workbench) v14. stress and strain. velocity and acceleration results can be obtained. contact us to learn more about our training and mentoring services.Not finding what you are looking for. Depending on the results requested in Analysis Settings for a Response Spectrum solution.5 after Response Spectrum Analysis Figure 1: Response Spectrum Analyses in the Project Schematic of Workbench Introduction ANSYS Mechanical (Workbench) supports Response Spectrum Analysis.

or Velocity.dat file generated for an environment by Workbench .Users sometimes want to use APDL Commands Objects in postprocessing to extract results data and create Output Parameters. and it is applied to all constrained nodes during the SOLVE. or Acceleration can be added as an object in a Response Spectrum environment. In single-point response spectrum analysis. Workbench Mechanical permits description of supports (zero displacement boundary conditions) in the Modal environment. Model Settings In a Response Spectrum Analysis. This article illustrates where information can be obtained with postprocessing APDL Commands Objects after a Response Spectrum Analysis. an excitation input of Response Spectrum Displacement. Analysis Settings can be used to indicate whether in addition to the displacement that is automatically generated. a user would like to have Velocity and/or Acceleration results generated: Figure 2: Analysis Settings and a Simplified Load in a Response Spectrum Analysis During the Batch ANSYS run that reads in the ds. A global direction for the excitation is entered.

Substep 2.mcom reswrite. Acceleration results are saved in Load Step 4. the result is written to a new file called Temp. Examination of v14..3 FREQ. SV. results are saved in the RST results file in the folder for the environment..e-004. the result is appended to Temp. Velocities result.file.1.mcom /post1 /inp. Velocity results are saved in Load Step 4.1000.1.1084..mode...rst as Load Step 4. we see a SOLVE for a displacement analysis.1124.1..0.4.e-004.0.2..rst as Load Step 4. Substep 2: . In the first code fragment taken from the ds.1.2.file.mode In the second code fragment from the ds.file. The reswrite command in the ds.. Substep 1: /solu antype. Substep 3.original.Displacement.spectr spopt. Displacement. After the MCOM file’s commands are executed (they combine the mode shapes into a combined response).0.0 SVTYPE..1040. Velocity and Acceleration results have all been requested in Analysis Settings..disp solve freq fini *list. The structure of an example ds.mode.10000.e-004 srss.mode SED. After the MCOM file is executed.1..e-004.1.dat file are shown. Velocity and Acceleration results.. Substep 1. In the following example.dat file.Temp.original.dat file appends the result in database memory to whichever RST file is specified.mcom. the displacement results are saved in the RST file as Load Step 4.5 models shows that with a Response Spectrum Analysis. Four code fragments of the ds.Mechanical.dat file..mcom /copy.sprs /copy.1 fini /copy.dat file for a Response Spectrum analysis illustrates the formation of the Displacement.

1040.velo solve freq fini *list.mcom /copy.2.. the result is appended to Temp.1.e-004.mcom reswrite.0. /solu SED.1084.1..0.e-004..original..2..1124.mcom.2 fini /copy..2..mode In the third code fragment from the ds..acel solve freq fini *list.0.e-004.rst is created by renaming Temp.mode.e-004.Temp.rst: .1...mcom /post1 /inp. SV.mcom reswrite..file.0.. the “usual” results file called file.1.0.2.mcom /copy.3 FREQ.0 SVTYPE..1040.Velocity.1.1.1124.1.original.e-004 srss.../solu SED. Substep 3.dat.1.10000.4.4.1.3 FREQ.10000.3 fini /DELETE.e-004 srss.1084.e-004. After the MCOM file is executed. Accelerations result.mcom..file.1.1000.Temp.rst as Load Step 4. SV.0 SVTYPE.dat file..1000.mode In the last code fragment from ds..0.1.mcom /post1 /inp....1.e-004.Acceleration..file..

The Displacement result in Load Step 4. The Acceleration result in Load Step 4.) are not physically meaningful.Temp. Substep 1 contains degree of freedom displacement results at nodes. numbered 4./DELETE. with up to 3 substeps containing Displacement. strain etc. plus Velocity and Acceleration results if requested in Analysis Settings. but may be related to older techniques employed in the ANSYS Mechanical APDL interface. Substep 3 contains accelerations instead of displacement at nodes.. while the derived results (stress. Substep 2 contains velocities instead of displacements as the “displacement” results at nodes.rst The RST results file available for postprocessing contains only one load step. and again the derived results are not physically meaningful. The historical reason for using Load Step 4 is not apparent.rst. The Velocity result in Load Step 4.file. The following figure shows a deformation plot resulting from a Response Spectrum analysis: .file. in addition to derived stress and strain data.rst /RENAME.

More than enough modes of vibration were extracted to span the range of excitation frequencies used later.Figure 3: Deformation Calculated in Single-point Response Spectrum Analysis Understanding the above image requires examining Details settings for various objects in the Outline. The Modal analysis included fixed supports at two ends of the plate in this model. Figure 4: Boundary Conditions on the Modal Analysis —Fixed Support The natural frequencies of vibration calculated in the Modal environment are listed in a table: .

High-frequency mode effects without extracting all modes. .Figure 5: Modal Frequencies Analysis Settings in the example Response Spectrum analysis requested a relatively simplified SRSS mode combination (See Figure 2 above). Modes with partially. as well as scoped to geometries of interest. Note that the region of peak excitation in this table spans the first mode of vibration in the Modal analysis above. Figure 6: Response Spectrum Displacement Tabular Data Input Results should include displacement plots. and ignored more sophisticated settings that might be considered in accurate commercial work. Data is entered in a frequency/amplitude table. particularly in the direction of excitation. but should generally be created in X. Y and Z. Stress and strain results may be of interest. for example:    Modes with closely-spaced natural frequencies. A Response Spectrum input of Displacement is entered to excite the structure in this example.or fully-rigid responses. taking care to employ the correct units and scale factor.

28318E-01 Acceleration 3. and Acceleration is Velocity multiplied by ω.00000E-04 1.94784E+03 .28318E-04 6.94784E-03 3.00000E-04 Velocity 6. as alternatives to a Displacement excitation in a singlepoint Response Spectrum analysis. A small spreadsheet was created to illustrate equivalent excitations when using Displacement. Displacements are in mm: Freq Hz 1 1000 Displacement 1. they can be plotted.If Velocity and Acceleration were requested in Analysis Settings. Velocity and Acceleration inputs. too: Figure 7: Response Spectrum Velocity Result Velocity and Acceleration inputs are supported. Velocity is Displacement multiplied by ω.

my_stress_z_imin..s. .53996E+07 9.png ! Generate plots in PNG format.sort.my_stress_z_min. ##################################################################### /COM. However. ##################################################################### /COM.98760E+03 3.36219E+04 7.list ! Examine the RST file results in the output file /show.z ! Sort on Sz values *get. Possible contents are: /COM.sort.30690E+04 1..my_stress_z_max.1.my_stress_z_imax.min ! Min Sz value from selected nodes sort *get. If there is no expansion of Velocity or Acceleration results.sort.. APDL Commands for Post Processing after Response Spectrum ########### /COM. They perform the following steps..1 ! Isometric view /gfile.600 ! Image height in pixels (borders are added to this) ! plnsol.s.imax ! Node with Max Sz *get.06229E-01 6.1. with results printed in the solve.s. and the derived stress results extracted above will not be physically meaningful. display in Outline /view.94784E+05 Figure 8: Equivalent Excitations using Displacement.eqv ! Plot of Seqv ! nsort. ##################################################################### /COM. set.28318E+00 8..00000E+00 2. Velocity and Acceleration The same results were found for the test model whichever one of these three forms of excitation was applied.00000E+00 1.1040 1084 1124 10000 2. if a Velocity and/or Acceleration result has been expanded. .1.z ! Plot of Sz plnsol.00000E-04 1.out file generated for the run. Results with APDL Commands Objects Figure 7 above shows an APDL Commands Object that contains the following APDL commands.max ! Max Sz value from selected nodes sort *get.00000E-04 1. In addition to plotting these quantities. APDL commands can be used to get more information. ##################################################################### /COM. then whichever was generated last will be in database memory. Figure 7 above shows various results of interest after the Solution object for the Response Spectrum analysis.imin ! Node with Min Sz The above APDL coding example (not recommended) does NOT contain a SET command that reads in a result of interest. which will be a displacement result.sort. then when these commands execute they use the result in the ANSYS in-memory database..27785E+07 4.

1. for example: /COM.my_stress_z_min. a SET command must be employed: set.1 ! Load displacement result and associated stresses and strains After the SET command is used (preferred approach).z ! Contour plot of Sz plnsol.The set.600 ! Image height in pixels (borders are added to this) ! set.max ! Max stress value from preceding sort *get.z ! Sort on Sz results *get.list ! Examine the RST file results in the output file /show.min ! Min stress value from preceding sort .y ! Contour plot of UY values plnsol.list command included above will result in the following list of RST file information in the solve. APDL Commands for Post Processing after Response Spectrum ########### /COM. display in Outline /view.. the results of interest can be explored.. 2. Velocity and Acceleration results are in Substep numbers 1.1 ! Isometric view /gfile.sort.0000 4 2 0 3 0.1. To extract Displacement results and associated stress and strain results. The Displacement.4.my_stress_z_max.s. .s.png ! Generate plots in PNG format..s.sort.1 ! Access deflection and derived stress/strain results <---------plnsol. Velocity and Acceleration have been requested: ***** INDEX OF DATA SETS ON RESULTS FILE ***** SET TIME/FREQ LOAD STEP SUBSTEP CUMULATIVE 1 0.1.4.u.eqv ! Contour plot of Seqv nsort.s.s.0000 4 3 0 All results are considered to be Load Step 4.x ! Contour plot of Sx plnsol.y ! Contour plot of Sy plnsol. and 3 respectively.out file when all of Displacement.0000 4 1 0 2 0. set..

Support Resources   SimuTech Support™ Training Locations SimuTech Group Company     Our Company Offices Employment Privacy Policy . then the “apparent” displacement degree of freedom values will contain velocity or acceleration data.4. derived data such as stress and strain have no physical meaning. Substep 3. and use of the *GET or *VGET commands can move data of interest into parameters. Once a SET command has loaded the result of interest from the RST file. This can permit customized postprocessing and design studies. they are saved in Load Step 4. Command SET. Professional analysis work may require more advanced Response Spectrum Analysis Settings. *get can retrieve data on degree of freedom values. If set. The purpose of this article was to illustrate results retrieval with APDL. stresses. Substep 1. respectively. The RST results file from such an analysis will contain the Displacement result in Load Step 4.4. (The Analysis Settings must be set to non-default generation of Velocity and Acceleration for the data to be available). Substep 2 and Load Step 4.2 or set. Conclusions Workbench Mechanical can perform both single-point and multi-point Response Spectrum analysis.4.4. plots can be generated with APDL commands. and anything else generated in the RST file.4. respectively. This simplified example used SRSS for mode combination.3 are issued. Remember that when a Velocity or Acceleration result is loaded in APDL. strains.2 SET.After the nsort command.1 SET. If Velocity or Acceleration have been generated (non-default selections in Analysis Settings). note the *get commands that retrieve max and min results of interest.3 DOF Result Meaning Displacement Velocity Acceleration Note that postprocessing with APDL Commands Objects in Workbench can create Output parameters for Workbench if the parameter names start with the letters “my_”.

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