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Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and

its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the Earths climate. Even though it is an ongoing debate, it is proved by the scientists that the planet is warming. The 29th century is experiencing a continued increase of Earths mean atmospheric temperature by about .! degrees " and about two thirds of it occurring since 9#$. This is global warming is affecting the natures balance and has a huge impact on life li%e continued heat waves, and sudden occurrence of storms and floods. &ont we see time to time the epidemics that are devastating to human life and the flooding of the farmlands that puts economy in a deep hole' (cientific evidence indicates that since 9)$, the worlds climate has been warming, primarily as a result of emissions from non *stop burning of fossil fuels and the ra+ing of tropical forests. (ince the industrial revolution till this day, there is a constant emission of the carbon into the atmosphere, everything we do we leave carbon footprints. ,t is a man made cause of the global warming. The global emissions -umped . percent in 2$ and are expected to -ump another 2./ percent in 2$ 2, researchers reported. The greenhouse effect is a process by which the greenhouse gases absorb thermal radiation0 these are then reradiated in all directions. 1ut when some of these radiations come bac% to the surface and lower atmosphere, it causes increase in the average surface temperature leading to global warming. Global warming Causes The causes are many of which the main culprit is the increase in the greenhouse gases that is produced by burning fossil fuel and deforestation, thus intensifying the greenhouse effect leading to global warming. The four main contributors of the greenhouse effect are, water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane and o+one. 2ining for coal and oil releases methane in the atmosphere. 2ore ever the lea%age from natural gas fields and landfills are additional source of methane. Excessive cutting down of the trees is another factor causing global warming. 3hen deforestation happens the efficiency by which carbon dioxide is stored and oxygen released by the green plants are decreased to a huge rate in turn causing increased concentration of carbon dioxide that leads to increased greenhouse effect. The nitrous oxide from fertili+ers, gases used for refrigeration and industrial processes are other factors that cannot be forgotten as the cause of Global 3arming. 4nother source of methane is methane clathrate, a compound containing large amounts of methane trapped in the crystal structure of ice. 4s methane escapes from the 4rctic seabed, the rate of global warming will increase significantly.

,ce caps and glaciers reflect sunlight, bouncing high temperature sun *rays bac% into space away from the Earth. 3hen these icecaps are removed the earth gets warmer as the dar% oceans absorb much thermal radiation from the sun. (ome regions may be wet with rain and some areas will suffer drought due to global warming. The climatic changes happen due to global warming. (easonal changes are unpredictable unexpected thunderstorms might result as mentioned earlier. The burning of wood 5should be reduced to a greater extent6 releases oxidi+able carbon to the atmosphere whose presence in greater amount causes the elevation of temperature. There is strong evidence that emissions of chlorofluorocarbons 57"7s6 were the ma-or cause of the recent abnormal warming. 8i%e carbon 7"7 do not trap heat but in the presence of 9: rays the chlorine gets detached from 7"7, drifts up into the stratosphere and these unattached chlorines catalytically convert ;+one molecules into ;xygen molecules depleting the o+one layer.