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SHOOTING HOW TO CAPTURE VIDEO TECHNICAL TIPS
Literary script: It is the text and dialogue of the film. Technical script: It includes all the technical features:
the actor’s movements movement of the camera the types of shot the sequence they belong to the scene the soundtrack.
The shooting team.
The director: The person in charge of the final product. He decides how and where it is done. Actors/Actresses: they are those who embody to the characters Producer: The one that decides the expenses and provides the necessary means. In cinema, it also is understood that is in charge of looking for the funding. Assistants: both the director and the producer have assistants.
Make-up, hairdresser's and characterization: those who characterize the actors and take care of his/her looks. Sound: they record the original sound with microphones. Camera operator: he is the manager of handling the camera Script: it is the link between the director and the others. And he/she usually says the number of shots, that is to say, the scene the shot belongs to. Lighting: It is the fact to decide what lens to use, what reinforcement is needed from artificial light, etc.
Advice: Use a tripod to obtain a better image. Don’t use the continual zoom while shooting. Just take different shots. Don’t put the camcorder facing sunlight. Light must always be behind you or on your side. Be careful with unwanted noise from: People, traffic, animals…
Remember that within the soundtrack noise can have different sources: Off voice for a narrator voice to represent character’s though Different noises to set up a situation: a bell tolls, birds, a ring, etc.. Shot different scenes with the camcorder don’t try to film continuously.
Extreme Long Shot: It's a descriptive shot. In that shot, you can see the place where the action is taking place. Long Shot: The same than the one we saw before but with a difference: You can see the actors in that shot. American Shot: a medium-long ("knee") film shot of a group of characters, who are arranged so that all of them can be seen by the camera. Medium Shot: The character cut by the waist.
Close Shot: It shows the head or the face of the character Detail Shot: It shows small detail. Wide-Range Shot: The camera moves like a person moves his head and film. Travelling: the camera moves with a steadycam Zoom: the camera doesn't move, the lens changes and the image increases. Subjective shot: the camera films what the person is watching.
What the different shots mean
Big general shot: Descriptive, general sight of landscape, it shows where the action is taking place.. General shot: It focuses on a particular place. More limited than big general shot. American shot: It focuses on a particular person. The figure is cut at the knee level. Middle shot: It shows more detail. The figure cut at the waist level. Close shot: It shows intention, feelings,… Detail shot: It directs the attention to one interesting centre. It is very good to explain many situations instead of dialogue.
Panoramic shot: The camera spins around the space. Travelling: The camera is moving for the tripod, steadicam… Crane shot: The camera is moving in the air in many directions. Zoom: The lens moves for many distances. Special shot: Superimposing, change sounds… Subjective shot: The camera looks through the eyes of one person. Shot-Into shot: Changes the shots. Nosedive shot: The camera looks the persons who stay above the lens.
How to capture a video.
You need a capture card. You also need video software to capture the video. Plug in a cable from the videocamera in the computer. After that, capture the video with the video software. Now you have the video in the computer and you can record it in a CD.
save your video/s in a CD or DVD we are going to use the program called nero Open the program and select DVD or CD Click in CD or DVD-ROM ISO Click in new
Select your directory and add your archive/s Click in burn and choose the caracteristics of your CD/DVD Click in burn and wait for a moment
Put into the computer
If you have a camera recorder that can record in a memory card of SD. You have to insert the memory SD card into the SD´s driver
If you have a camera that can redord a tape or mini DV you need a machine to transform the videos from mini DV tape to data for the PC.
How to record
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Press the button on in the camera Open the screen Finally, Press the button rec (if you want stop the recording press rec again)
How to import the videos into the computer
1. 2. 3.
Plug the camera usb cable in the computer. Open the screen and select to connect with the computer. Import the video.
Open Windows Movie Maker. Import the videos Organize the videos Import the soundtrack
To add effects:
Click to see effects Select the effects and press ctrl+d Click to see transitions Select the transition and press ctrl+d
To add transitions:
Import: Click in Import audio or music Choose the sound that you want for your video (You can donwload a great sound from a soundbank) Drag the video to the line time
To silence a video
Click with the right button of the mouse in the sound. Click in silencing .
The multiple audio track