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XPIC Function on ZXMW SR10 S340 V2.

1. Function Description XPIC is a feature that allows two radio carriers to use the same frequency while there is a polarity separation between them. Since they will never be completely orthogonal, some signal cancelation is required. In addition, XPIC includes an automatic recovery mechanism that ensures that if one carrier fails, or a false signal is received, the mate carrier wont be affected with it. This mechanism will also assure that when the failure is cleared both carriers will be operational. 1.1 Conditions for XPIC XPIC is enabled simply by loading an XPIC script to the radio in the IDU. In order for XPIC to be operational, all the following conditions must be met: Communications with ODU are established in both IDU o ODU supports XPIC o both IDUs support XPIC The frequency of both radios should be equal. Protection is not enabled The same script is loaded in both IDUs IDU is not in Stand-alone mode

If any of these conditions is not met, an alarm will alert user. In addition, events will inform user of which conditions are not met.

1.2 XPIC recovery mechanism The XPIC mechanism is based on signal cancellation and it assumes that the two transmitted signals are received (with a degree of polarity separation). If for some reason such as hardware failure one of the carriers stops receiving a signal, the working carrier may be negatively affected by the received signals, which cant be canceled in this condition. The purpose of the XPIC recovery mechanism is to save the working link while attempting to recover the faulty polarization. The mechanism works as follows: The indication to entry the recovery mechanism is a loss of modem preamble lock, which takes place at SNR~10dB. The first action taken by the mechanism is to cause the remote transmitter of the faulty carrier to mute, thus eliminating the disturbing signal and saving the working link. Following this, the mechanism will attempt at times to recover the failed link. In order to do so, it takes the following actions: o The remote transmitter is un-muted for a brief period. o Probe the link to find out if it has recovered. Otherwise, mute it again. o o This action is repeated in an exponentially growing interval. This is meant to quickly bring up both channels in the case of a brief channel fade, but not seriously affect the working link in the case of a hardware failure. The number of such attempts is user-configurable.

Note that every such recovery attempt will cause a brief traffic hit in the working link.

All the time intervals mentioned above (recovery attempt time, initial time between attempts, multiplication factor for attempt time, number of retries) can be configured by user, but it is recommended to keep the default values. The XPIC recovery mechanism is enabled by default, but can be disabled by user.

1.3 XPIC-Related PMs The following PMs and indications are added when XPIC is enabled: Current XPI is shown as part of the radio parameters o A normal XPI is between 20 and 26dB Minimum and maximum XPI in each interval 2. XPIC usage guideline XPIC is supported with IP-10G IDUs in version 6.6.1 and higher. XPIC can only be configured in a node: slots 1+2 and/or slots 3+4 and/or slots 5+6.

IDU license determines the allowed script and link capacity. Identical configuration should be used in all IDUs participating in a link: XPIC Script Frequencies SW version (IDU, ODU) HW version (IDU, ODU) Protection is disabled 3. XPIC Configuration on IP-10 G 3.1 Log-in

When configuring an IDU, make sure the relevant unit is selected (a black line will highlight selected IDU).

3.2 Versions Check that your IDUs and ODUs are installed with the required version (6.6.1 or higher)

3.3 XPIC Script Apply the required script to both IDUs (Main & Ext.) on both ends: Expand the + icon next to the script in the MRMC Table Click the Apply button IDU will automatically restart to apply the new script

When IDUs complete the reset process, verify XPIC script is successfully assigned.

3.4 Radio Parameters Verify that no alarms exist in the system. Clear the defected blocks counter and verify that there are no errors in the system. Read the MSE and XPI and verify that they fit the link design (if no values are defined, verify that they are below -34dB and above 25dB, respectively).

Configure Radio Parameters and verify both links (H+V) are operational.

3.5 XPIC Configured Verify Main View in GUI shows icon next to IDUs.

4. Link commissioning and trouble shooting 4.1 Link Commissioning Make sure IF Cables are identical in length (H and V). Commission the H link as a single link system with V channel muted, verify RSL and MSE are as expected. Commission the V link as a single link system with H channel muted, verify RSL and MSE are as expected. Check stability of RSL readings. Upon confirming the above steps, proceed to configure XPIC as explained in previous configuration part.

4.2 Improving XPI Levels When XPI levels < 25, antenna feeders need to be re-aligned. One of the parameters that impacts the XPI is the antenna XPD (Cross Polarization Discrimination) In the following steps, we shall measure the antenna XPD to determine the XPD of each antenna a. Mute H transmitters on both ends: H link is irrelevant now b. Measure RSL on H receivers: we measure the v interference now c. Measure RSL on V receivers calculate the difference between V and H d. Re-align the antenna feeders to read a bigger difference: RSLH RSLV > 25dB e. Un-mute the H transmitters f. Repeat steps 1-4 for the V link

4.3 XPIC Events (EMS Event Log) During the XPIC mechanism, events are displayed in the EMS Event log to allow detailed description and effective troubleshooting Various cases are encoded as a single event with a bitmask code Event title = Insufficient conditions for XPIC Bitmask Codes

The following events indicate changes in the XPIC state: Remote TX Mute (try # n) was Set by XPIC Recovery on Slot # n Remote TX Un-mute (try # n ) was Set by XPIC Recovery on Slot # n XPIC Recovery Started on Slot # n XPIC Recovery Finished Successfully on Slot # n XPIC Recovery Finished Unsuccessfully on Slot # n. Remote Mute was Set XPIC Recovery on Slot # n Stopped Due to an External Event XPIC Recovery (XRSM) was disabled XPIC Recovery (XRSM) was enabled

Notice : Protection mode : 2+2 HSB