# April 17, 2014

Rational Functions
We know what a function is....but what does Rational mean?
Well, a Rational Number is....a ratio of integers, with the downstairs! 0 such as

9345632 2 or 3 623479 So, a rational function is a ratio of .... functions. Not just any function, though.
A Rational function is a ratio of Polynomials.

April 17, 2014

Rational Functions
A Rational function is a ratio of Polynomials.
We write R(x) =

P(x) Q(x)

where Q(x) is not a constant function equal to zero.

Examples:

April 17, 2014

Is it rational? Can it be made to look more like ONE rational function? Let's do it!

April 17, 2014

Is it rational? Can it be made to look like ONE rational function? Let's do it!

April 17, 2014

Is it rational? Can it be made to look like ONE rational function? Let's do it!

Exponential functions are not rational functions.. Why? Because each term MUST be a power function

April 17, 2014

Is it rational? Can it be made to look like ONE rational function? Let's do it!

IT is not RATIONAL you cannot have an exponent that is a fraction

April 17, 2014

Is it rational? Can it be made to look like ONE rational function? Let's do it!

Same thing Fractional exponent= Not a power function= cannot be a polynomial

April 17, 2014

Long Run Behavior of Rational Functions
First of all, what do we mean by "long run behavior"?

What happens to y as x goes to ±" ?

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R(x)=

P(x) Q(x)

How do we find the end behavior? ! Graph it. ! Look at the end behavior of the ratio of leading terms.

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If the leading terms have the same power, the end behavior of the rational function is equal to the ratio of leading coefficients.

Remember graph it!!!!!

April 17, 2014

If the leading terms are of different order, then the end behavior is either 0 or ±".

If the upstairs power < downstairs power, then the end behavior is equal to zero.

Graph it!!!

April 17, 2014

If the leading terms are of different order, then the end behavior is either 0 or ±".

as x goes to infinity the limit of R(x) goes to infinity as x goes to negative infinity the limit of R(x) goes to negative infinity

If the upstairs power > downstairs power, then the end behavior is equal to ±".

April 17, 2014

vertical asymptotes

Vertical asymptotes may be present at the roots of the downstairs polynomial. If the polynomial has the same root upstairs as downstairs, however, and that root divides away, then there is no asymptote. Rather, there is a "hole" in the graph.

HOLE AT -1

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2

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What is the end behavior of

The graph approaches 1 What is this called?

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Where are the vertical asymptotes of

?

Graph it!!! You will see the asymptotes at 0 and -1

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April 17, 2014

Homework: Section 9.4 #8, 10, 19, 20, 24

Cubed functions :) (x+a)3= x3 +3ax2 + 3a2x +3a3

April 17, 2014