# 515 - SARASWATHI VELU COLLEGE OF ENGINIEERING

JAMBUKULAM ROAD, MELVENKATAPURAM, SHOLINGHUR -631102 VELLORE DIST

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK – EVEN SEMESTER
SUB CODE & NAME: EC2353– ANTENNA & WAVE PROPAGATION YEAR / SEM: III / VI

Staff Name : Mr.S.Premkumar/Mr.J.Sivaguru
UNIT I - RADIATION FIELDS OF WIRE ANTENNAS PART-A (Two Marks)

1. Define antenna. 2. Define a Hertzian dipole. 3. Define vector potential. 4. What is meant by retarded potential? 5. Draw the radiation pattern of a horizontal dipole. 6. Define radiation resistance. 7. Define current element. 8. Define half wave dipole. 9. Define Quarter wave monopole. 10. Define Wire Antennas. 11. Define Radiation Resistance. 12. Define current element. PART B (16 Marks) 13. Derive the expression for the radiated field from a short dipole. 14. Derive the expression for power radiated by a current element and its radiation resistance. 15. Define dipole antenna. Derive the radiation field and radiation resistance from a half wave dipole. 16. Derive the expression for radiation field and radiation resistance. 17. Write short note on i) Vector potential ii) modification potential iii) Retarded Potential iv) capacitance Hat
UNIT TEST II - ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS AND ANTENNA ARRAYS PART A (Two Marks)

1. State pattern multiplication 2. Define effective area and specify its significance. 3. What is polarization? 4. Define Radiation intensity. 5. Define Directive gain. 6. Define Directivity. 7. Define Beam width. 8. Define Band width. 9. Explain Reciprocity principle. 10. Define Effective length.

i) State and Prove reciprocity theorem. Obtain the expression for the field and the radiation pattern produced by a 2 element array of infinitesimal dipole with distance of separation λ/2 and currents of equal magnitude and same phase 19. What is LPDA? 11. Obtain the expression for the field and the radiation pattern produced by a 2 element array of infinitesimal dipole with distance of separation λ/2 & currents of equal magnitude and phase shift 180° 18. Discuss the design aspects. Define array factor. For an array N element feed with signal of equivalent amplitude and phase. .11. Name and sketch an antenna which provides circularly polarized waves? 5. 15. Derive the expression for radiation resistance of small loop antenna.i) Explain the construction of Yagi antenna. What are the parameters to be considered for the design of a helical antenna? 2. 20. How wideband operation is possible with this antenna. What are the types of radiation modes of operation for a helical antenna? 3. 21. determine the maxima and minima directions. What is meant by loop antenna? 12. 17.TRAVELLING WAVE (WIDEBAND) ANTENNAS PART A ( Two Marks) 1. What is the relationship between effective aperture and directivity? 14. List the applications of helical antenna? 4. What is rhombic antenna and give its applications? 10. Name and draw a frequency independent antenna? 6. What are the applications of log periodic and Yagi Uda antenna? Part B ( 16 Marks) 12. ii) Write a short note on Self and mutual impedance of antenna. What is meant by Traveling wave antenna? 7. Give the design equations 14. UNIT TEST III . ii) With neat sketch explain the operation of Helical antenna. What are the advantages of antenna arrays? PART B 15. 13.i) Write a short note on Traveling wave antenna. What do you mean by parasitic elements? 9. Derive the expression for radiation resistance of loop antenna with circumference equal to wavelength. What do you mean by driven elements? 8. 13. ii) Specify the design consideration for a rhombic antenna. Draw the radiation pattern.i)What is folded dipole antenna ? ii) Explain the term pattern multiplication. Explain the geometry of a log periodic antenna.

What is duct propagation? 10. What is multihop propagation? . Define wave velocity and group velocity. Explain the principle of operation & application of parabolic reflector and its types of feeding 13. Explain briefly how surface wave propagation takes places. 13. What are the types of lens antenna? Give the equation of the shape of the lens 16. Distinguish between ground wave and sky wave. What are sectoral horn antennas? 2. What are the factors that affect the propagation of radio waves? 11.i) Define induction and equivalence theorems ii) Derive the far field generated by Huygen’s source. How will you find directivity and power gain of the horn antenna? 12. 7. 14. What is meant by fading? 5. What is multipath propagation? 6. 12. Define skip distance. PART B (16 Marks) 11. 2. What is meant by Faradays rotation? 8. 14. i) What do you understand by Lunederg lens? ii) Define Babinet’s principle 17. Define spill over. Define Huygen’s Princple. What are the application of slot antenna? 6. Determine the power radiated from the open-end of a coaxial line ? 15. Define Gyro frequency.UNIT TEST IV . Name any four substrate materials for micro strip antenna? 4.APERTURE AND LENS ANTENNAS PART A ( Two Marks) 1. What are different types of diversity reception? 4. What is the principle of phased array design? 10. Define critical frequency. Define Biconical antenna. 3. What are the different methods of feeding slot antennas? 5. 9. Define co axial antenna? 8. 7. Explain how E-plan type metal plate lens antennas are developed and derive the expression for spacing between the plates and equation of ellipse UNIT TEST V – PROPAGATION PART A 1. State: Faradays law. i) Discuss the radiation from slot antenna? ii) Derive the design equation of the horn antenna and HPBW. 9. What are secondary antenna? 3.

Explain the different types of Diversity technique. 20. 16. Derive the expression for calculating field strength at a distance in space wave Propagation 17. Derive the expression for refractive index of ionosphere and critical frequency. Derive the expression for Permitivity and conductivity of ionized gas. Explain in detail about ionosphere propagation. 21.Part B 15. 18. Write short notes on i) Ground wave propagation ii) space wave propagation 19. Define and explain for ionospheric region i) Critical frequency ii) MUF iii) Skip zone iv) virtual height of a layer ******************* All the Best **************** .