CSE/IT/SEM-4/M-401/ABSTRACT ALGEBRA/ASSIGNMENT-2014 ASSIGNMENT-1/2014

GROUP - A (Multiple Choice Type Questions) 1. Choose the correct alternatives for the following: i) Let G be a Group and a, b ∈ G. Then (a−1 b)−1 is equal to a) ab−1 c) a−1 b−1 b) b−1 a d) b−1 a−1

ii) The set {[2], [4], [6], [8]} is a group under multiplication modulo 10. The identity element of the group is a) [2] c) [6] b) [4] d) [8]

iii) Let G be a finite group of even order. Then the number of elements of order 2 in G is a) 2 c) even iv) The generators of the cyclic group (Z, +) are a) 1, -1 c) 0, -1 b) 0, 1 d) 2, -2 b) 4 d) odd

v) Let f : G → H be a group homomorphism. Then Im(f ) is a a) Cyclic subgroup of G c) Normal subgroup of G b) Cyclic subgroup of H d) Normal subgroup of H

vi) The number of elements of order 8 in a cyclic group of order 8 is a) 1 c) 2 b) 8 d) 4  vii) In the group S3 of all permutations on {1, 2, 3}; the inverse of   a)   c)  1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 3 1 2      b)   d) 1 2 1 3 1 2 3 2 1 2 3 2 3 1  3  2  3  1   is

Prove that there exists an unique element b ∈ G such that a ∗ b = b ∗ a = e. 8. Let (G. Find the order of [3] in U14 . ∗) be a group and a ∈ G such that ◦(a) = n. Let (G. ∗) is commutative if and only if (a ∗ b)2 = a2 ∗ b2 . b ∈ Z. b ∈ G. Prove that a group (G. Prove that the identity element of a group is unique. The identity element of the group (Z. (a) If am = e for some positive integer m. 5. Show that they form a group under the usual complex multiplication. where ‘e′ is the identity element of G. 2 . ·) is a) 2 c) 1 b) 3 d) infinite ix) Let Z be the set of all integers and ⊕ be a binary operation on Z defined by a ⊕ b = a + b +10 for all a. Let U9 = {[a] ∈ Z9 : 0 < a < 9 and gcd(a. 7. (b) Prove that for every positive integer t. Show that U9 forms a group under multiplication modulo 9. ◦(at ) = n gcd(t. Then (ab)14 is equal to a) a c) b GROUP . ∗) be a group and a ∈ G. Consider all the complex roots of the equation xn = 1.n) . 9) = 1}.B (Short Answer Type Questions) b) a−1 d) ab 2. 4. 6. for all a. then prove that n divides m.CSE/IT/SEM-4/M-401/ABSTRACT ALGEBRA/ASSIGNMENT-2014 viii) The number of unit elements of the ring (Z. +. b ∈ Z. ⊕) is a) 0 c) -10 b) 10 d) 1 x) Let Z be the set of all integers and ⊕ be a binary operation on Z defined by a ⊕ b = a + b + 1 for all a. Then the inverse of the element 5 is a) 5 c) -6 b) -5 d) -7 xi) In an Abelian group ◦(a) = 5 and ◦(b) = 7. 3.

Let (G. 22. 24. Let (G. Suppose that a2 = e and a ∗ b4 ∗ a = b7 .CSE/IT/SEM-4/M-401/ABSTRACT ALGEBRA/ASSIGNMENT-2014 9. 17. Prove that b33 = e. Find out the inverse element of (123) ∈ S3 . Prove that C (a) is a subgroup of G. 15. Let G be a group and H be a nonempty finite subset of G. Give a counterexample to show that every commutative group is not cyclic. 23. Let G = {a ∈ R : −1 < a < 1}. b ∈ G. 13. Show that (G. Then H is a subgroup of G if and only if for all a. ab ∈ H . Find all the generators of this group. The Center of the group G is defined by Z (G) = {x ∈ G : g ∗ x = x ∗ g for all g ∈ G}. Show that every cyclic group is commutative. Let G be a group and a ∈ G. Give a counterexample to show that union of two subgroups of G is not necessarily a subgroup of G. ∗) be a group and a ∈ G. Prove that every subgroup of a cyclic group is cyclic. 19. If ◦(a) = 24. Find out the inverse of the permutation (1234)(56) ∈ S6 . 18. 11. ◦ (a7 ) and ◦(a10 ). If G is a commutative group . ∗) be a group and a. ∗) be a group. b ∈ G. Prove that Z (G) is a subgroup of G. Define a binary operation ∗ on G by a ∗ b = a. Show that the 7 th roots of unity form a cyclic group. Find out the order of each element in the Group S3 . [8] and [10]. Then the Centraliser of a is defined by C (a) = {x ∈ G : x ∗ a = a ∗ x}. 14. then prove that H = {a ∈ G : a2 = e} is a subgroup of G. 10. 3 a+ b 1+ab for all . then find out ◦(a4 ). 20. Prove that intersection of any two subgroup of a group G is also the subgroup of G. In the group Z15 find the order of the following elements: [5]. Let (G. 25. b ∈ H. 16. ∗) is a group. 12. Find out the order of the permutation (1234)(56) ∈ S6 . 21.

Then prove that {aH : a ∈ G} forms a partition of G. 29. Let H be a subgroup of a group G. Then ◦(a) divides n and an = e. Prove that the order of H divides the order of G. Let H be a subgroup of a finite group G. 4 .CSE/IT/SEM-4/M-401/ABSTRACT ALGEBRA/ASSIGNMENT-2014 26. Prove that every group of prime order is cyclic. 28. 27. Let G be a group of finite order n and a ∈ G.