! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! All IBO examination questions are published under the following Creative Commons license: !


! ! CC BY-NC-SA (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ The exam papers can be used freely for educational purposes as long as IBO is credited and new creations are licensed under identical terms. No commercial use is allowed.

b) 61. b) decarboxylase. The analysis of bacteria DNA composition made after a period corresponding to two successive replication showed that correlation of 14N/15N in DNA was: a) 1:1. d) GCU. The DNA triplet GCT is complementary to the tRNA anticodon: a) GCT. 4. b) 2:1. 8. b) CGA. b) glucose and glucose-1-phosphate polymers. b) a plasma membrane and vacuoles. How many triplets of DNA nucleotides code 20 amino acids? a) 20. . A peptide bond is formed between: a) phosphate and carboxyl. Bacteria cultured in an environment containing light nitrogen isotopes (14N) were transferred to an environment containing heavy nitrogen (15N) for a period corresponding to one replication and then they were brought back to the initial environment. Cellulose and glycogen are both: a) polysaccharides. 6. b) to enable the mRNA to attach itself to any ribosome. All procaryotic cells have: a) ribosomes and mitochondria. c) alcohol and aldehyde. 7. b) carboxyl and amino. 9. The sequence of nucleotides of mRNA is complementary to the sequence of nucleotides of: a) the 2 strands of a DNA molecule. d) disaccharides. c) to code each one for the proper amino acid. 5. c)4:l. c) a plasma membrane and nuclear membrane. d) all the tRNA molecules. c) the molecule of tRNA. d) hydrolase. d) aldehyde and amino.II INTERNATIONAL BIOLOGY OLYMPIAD 1. d) to indicate the end of the coded message in the mRNA. c) 64. b) one of the strands of a DNA molecule. d) a plasma membrane and ribosomes. c) UGC. c) oxidase. The function of the so-called "nonsense" codons is: a) to code each one for several amino acids. 3. 2. The above reaction is catalysed by: a) dehydrogenase. d) 4. c) polynucleotides. d) 8:1. e) GCT.

The probability of his sister belonging to the same type is: a) 1/16. d) symbiosis. 15. d) lipids and polysaccharides. Antibodies are synthesised: a) in macrophages only. d) phloem —> mesophyll —> stomata. 20. c) proteins only. b) cells which can reproduce themselves. How this type of feeding is called? a) parasitism. . c) saprophytes. The human forearm and the bird's wing have the same structure. Insulin injecting into human blood: a) reduces glycogen synthesis. d) sex-chromosomes. c) is controlled by the hypothalamus and the ovary. c) universal recipients. 17. At the time when a cell bagging to divide. 19. Meiosis produces: a) gametes in all cases. b) universal donors and recipients. Molecules of water get to the leaves by the following way: a) stomata —> mesophyll —> xylem. c) phloem —> xylem —> mesophyll. b) xylem —> mesophyll —> stomata. c) in macrophages and lymphocytes. d) increases the blood glucose content. b) birds and mammals have common ancestors. b) in lymphocytes only.to the В blood group.to the A blood group. d) 1/2. 11. his mother . b) increases muscles consumption of glucose. b) 1/8.10. c) organelles which can reproduce themselves. b) lipids only. 12. b) spores in all cases. Any kind of cell has a plasma membrane built of: a) lipids and proteins. c) 1/4. b) commensalism. d) is not known for man. d) birds and mammals are well adapted for flying. b) N/2 and Q/2. it has N chromosomes and Q DNA. b) stimulates follicles growth in the ovary. A boy belongs to the 0 blood group. People with type 0 blood are: a) universal donors. What DNA quantity and chromosome number is expected in each daughter cell after mitosis? a)NandQ. The certain species of fungus grow on animal facals. Autosomes are: a) nonsex-chromosomes. c) mammals are less adapted to their environment than birds. 18. 13. 14. c) N and Q/2. This suggests that: a) birds are derived from mammals. 16. c) spores and gametes in both animals and plants. d) N/2 and Q. Secretion of the follicle-stimulation hormone (FSH): a) affects the ovary only. d) in macrophages and neutrophils. and his father . 21. d) usually spores in plants and gametes in animals. c) reinforces glycogen destruction. d) unable to give their blood for any blood transfusion.

31. 30. Bacteria are characterised by the following peculiarity: a) they have a cell structure. b) the mitochondria and the plastides only. b) low — low. d) liver. b) speeding up the heart contractions. Cells from the skin of a person suffering from Down's syndrome are examined through the microscope.22. the lysosomes and the plastides. Which of the listed below processes is not connected with adrenaline action? a) stimulation glycogen change to glucose. b) they are diploid. d) A+G/T+C. b) pancreas. 28. c) a haploid set of chromosomes. Human individual features depend: a) on genotype entirely. In a plant cell the organelles separated by two membranes from cytoplasm are: a) the nucleus only. c) the nucleus. c) A+T/G+C. b) on environment impact entirely. d) high — low. d) the mitochondria. 26. Which of the following could be observed in each cell? a) additional chromosome. c) gall bladder. b) the 8-th — the 10-th. 25. b) the shortage of chromosomes. d) chromosome number differs from that in adjacent cells. d) they are free living. 29. 23. Which of the listed below organs produce non-active enzyme forerunner into mammal's digestive tract? a) salivary glands. d) the 21-th — the 28-th. c) intensification peristalsis of the intestine. c) is able to promote or reduce variation. b) reduces variation. 27. Lung ventilation is necessary to maintain concentration of carbon dioxide and oxygen of the following relation: C02 02 a) high — high. the mitochondria and the plastides. 24. c) they can be seen through the powerful microscope. Sexual reproduction in plants and animals: a) increases variation. c) low — high. . c) on interaction between genotype and environment. parasitic or symbiotic organisms. DNA composition analysis showed that one of the listed correlations cannot change: а)А/T. d) on parents genotype entirely. b) G/C. What days of female menstrual cycle fertilization is mostly probable? a) the 7-th — the 9-th. d) pupil's dilating. c) the 11-th — the 17-th. d) has no effect on variation.

. Breathing is more rapid.. Spores of two type......... 3..... The diagrams illustrate the situation. Vitamin....Plant B.... The sporophyte generation of the flower plant is a diploid one..... The vascular tissues are present. b) 2n... d) reduction nitrates to nitrogen. b) oxidation ammonium compounds.. 34... b) low 02. which is the most important for growth and crepuscular vision............. c) 2 and 5..32.. c) oxidation nitrites into nitrates. 37....Plant C.. b) 1 and 4... Which of the soil processes is useless for vascular plants? a) nitrogen fixation from atmosphere.... blood concentration...Plant A................ 35. b)B. The scheme illustrates some stages and processes of green plant life cycle... Which of this plants is an angiosperm one? a) A...2...3.. when physical load is concerned with? a) high 02 blood concentration. than phytoplankton.. Male gametes have flagellums....... c) one phytoplankton generation develops food for several zooplankton generations... when: a) zooplankton reproduces faster. 33.... 38... Spores of one type. с) C. 36. is: a) A. 2. Which of the listed below pairs of processes are able to make the most valuable contribution to the genetic diversity of species? a) 1 and 2... d) one zooplankton generation feeds on several phytoplankton generations. b) one zooplankton generation feeds on one phytoplankton generation.Plant D.. Then its endosperm is: a) n. A simple key for determination four different plants is worked up: 1.. Male gametes don't have flagellums.. d) D........... The vascular tissues are absent... d) D.. d) low C02 blood concentration.... b)B... c) high C02 blood concentration... d) 3 and 4.. с) C.. d) 4n....... c) 3n. ..

d) dendrite —> synapse —> axon —> neuron body. b) B. 42. 41. 40. i.39.B. The general cause of verdure correlated variations from the South to the North and from the plain to the peaks of the mountains. Rh+. c) benefit features are heredited. While breathing: a) the diaphragm contracts. Transfer of Rh is: a) transfer of genetic information from DA/A to mRNA.e. c) abdominal muscles contract. Rh+. 44. b) axon —> neuron body —> dendrite —> synapse. Which of the number pyramids correlates with the food chain: plants-aphid (Aphididae) ladybird (Coccinellidae)l 45. Rh". Lamark's statements is turned down nowadays? a) sometimes it is difficult to distinguish one species from another with the help о morphological features. d) plants have some difficulties about slope setting. d) living beings adapt themselves to the environment. d) no muscles contract. Which of J. The nerve impulse travels in the organism by one of the listed below ways: a) dendrite —> synapse —> neuron body —> axon. d) recognition of anticodons mRNA. Which of the listed birds will get more evolution benefit? Bird Number laid eggs hatched nestling reproducing offspring a) 9 8 2 b) 2 2 2 c) 9 9 3 d) 7 5 4 46. 43. The results of blood testing are represented in the table: Plasma Agg utinant a b + Agglutination What blood was taken for analysis? a) A. d) AB. b) sun lights fall angle is smaller on mountain slopes. b) living beings vary. c) organition of amino acids according to the codons. with increasing latitude as well as altitude is connected with: a) while altitude as well as latitude increases temperature declines. c) dendrite —> neuron body —> axon —> synapse. c) clouds gather over the mountain peaks. Antibodies Rh+ - b) intercostal muscles contract. b) transfer of information from mRNA to rRNA. . с) B. Rh+.

55. The gene specifying its structure: a) would be longer in a procaryote. d) temperature.47.5 milliard years. d) there is no difference. c) predatoriness. What weight will zygote's DNA have in prophase of the first mitosis? a)4-10-|2g. b) would be longer in an eucaryote. In biocenosis nutritious substances cycling isn't concerned with: a) transference some food elements from an organism to atmosphere. c) bicycle instead of driving. In the desert the limited factor for plants is usually: a) duration of daylight. c) 3. 48. 52. d) become a vegetarian.5 milliard years. Which of the listed below factors affect is correlated with population number least of all? a) parasitism. b) newborn child fecal. 53. . d) number limitation of ecosystem organisms caused by shortage of some food elements. c) cilia are longer. d) vagina. 54. d) adult urine. 57.6 • 10" g. 51. c) adult fecal. c) quantity of moisture. c) abdominal cavity. 56. In what part of human body discovering of bacteria Staphylococcus epidermiclis does not cause a trouble? a) skin surface. The population is able to increase its number exponentially: a) when only food is limited. c) would be same length in a procaryote and in an eucaryote. In the nucleus of rabbit's cell haploid DNA number weighs 4'10-n g. The most ancient paleontologycal illustrations of life on the Earth are dated: a) 32 million years. 50. b) 600 million years. A cilium differs from a flagellum by: a) its bases doesn't possess 9+2 arrangement of microtubules. In what test does the Escherichia coli not discovering cause troubles? a) drinking water. c) 1.2 • lO"11 g. b) salinization of soil. The most effective action about improving the environment is: a) the second use of glass package. d) 3. b)8-10-12g. 200 amino acids form the protein. b) active participation in the movement for developing laws protecting the environment. d) 4. b) accumulation of metabolism wastes. b) when firstly it occurs in the surrounding proper for this species but not yet inhabit by it. d) hard winter. b) flagellum is capable of rotatory motion whereas. b) nasal cavity. c) only when predators are absent. cilium is not. 49. c) increasing of population density in that regions where food elements storage are more than in another. d) in laboratory only. b) joining the most food elements to food webs through animals.

59. In the rocks of nearly 3. d) monoploid. . The eucaryotic cell. b) it is a good flyer. 67. Who proposed a coherent theory in the field of evolution first: a) Charles Darwin. c) it has a great number of offspring. c) amino acids. c) Alfred Wallace. 65. c) Aa x Aa. b) facilitated diffusion of amino acids into the cell. b)2. d) rapid succession of generations occurs. d) transporting across open channels. Of the following crosses. d) a lot. Lipid's binary membranes are not freely permeable to which of the following molecules? a) oxygen. but lacking a polysaccharide coat. c) a mixture of some heat-killed Pneumococcus having polysaccharide coat and some Pneumococcus lacking coat. The result of Na+-K+-pump function is not: a) low NaT concentration in the cell. 68. b) Na+-K+-pump. with one more chromosome is: a) diploid. d) both cells would go on living. If one-cell animal (Amoeba proteus) and the erythrocyte are put into distillate water: a) both cells would be destroyed. b) AA x Aa. c) amoeba would go on living and the erythrocyte would be died. 61. d) high K+ concentration in the cell. 66. Home fly (Musca domestica) is able to adapt to environmental changes quicker than human because: a) it is smaller.58. d) water. b) dinosaurs. d) Julian Kuxley. and the erythrocyte would go on living. d) Aa x aa. c) 4.5 milliard years the fossils are found of: a) viruses. c) developing the proton's gradient of concentration. When a healthy mouse is infected with Pneumococcus. c) facilitated diffusion. 60. c) aneuploid. c) bacteria. b) is alive. it is likely to become ill and die if the Pneumococcus is: a) heat-killed. b) Jean Baptiste de Lamark. b) carbon dioxide. How many centrioles are seen in the beginning of prophase in human cell? a)l. which is a testcross? a) AA x aa. 63. d) both lacking polysaccharide coat and heat-killed. 62. d) algae. b) haploid. c) 69. b) amoeba would be died. 64. b)46. d) 92. Which of the following ways of transporting molecules across membranes utilise ATP directly? a) diffusion. How many chromosomes one can observe simultaneously when anaphase finishes in human skin cell? a) 23. 69.

c) Plasmodium vivax. d) in Europe. 80. d) DNA or RNA. how evolution occurs is that: a) God determines. d) sex reproduction depends on water. What feature is not peculiar to Azotobacterl a) procaryotic. c) pectin. 77. First fossils of Australopithecines were found: a) in Africa. What plant cells can function after their death? a) cambium. c) ways of traits heredity. b) fitness enable one species to leave more offspring. c) in America. 79. The major factor. 83. b) cellulose. b) moisture air of marshes. is: a) human. b) heterotrophic food. c) gametophyte dominates in the life cycle.the flower. d) in Australia. b) in Asia. b) fly. causing deviations from Hardy-Wainberg equilibrium is: a) mutations. d) Charles Darwin had no doubts. c) aerobic. The first fossils of genus Homo were found: a) in South Australia. Viruses can contain: a) only DNA. c) collenchyma. b) their vascular tissues are badly developed. d) environmental impact causes adequate species adaptations. For Trypanosoma the host. . 71. One can consider the bryophytes as the dead-end evolutionary siding because: a) they have no true roots. b) lack of blanks in palaeontology history. Malaria is caused by: a) mosquito bite (Anopheles maculipennis).70. b) chemosynthetic. c) mycelium.and C4-photosynthesis. 72. b) they have the organ of seed reproduction . Charles Darwin considered that the most doubt about the truth of his theory is: a) Earth age. which species should evolve. c) they have C3. Cell walls of Fungi are mainly made of: a) glucose. 76. d) none of listed above. d) a + b + c. b) only RNA. 81. 73. d) Bacillus malaria. c) certain species has "built" in plan of evolution. All Fungi are characterised by: a) spore reproduction. c) DNA and RNA. d) near-related breeding. 75. Angiosperms dominate in the modern Earth flora because: a) they have well-developed tissues securing high metabolism. b) migration. d) vassels. c) selection. in which sexual reproduction occurs. b) sieve-tubes. d) developing basidiocarp. c) in South-East Asia. d) chitin. 78. c) antelope. Charles Darwin's explanation of the way. 74. 82. d) atmospheric nitrogen fixation. b) in South Africa.

b) have closed circulatory system and a heart. 91. b) having extremities. b) positive geotropism. c) tendrils in grapes (Vitis) and hawthorn (Crataegus) prickles. 86. Which of the listed pairs aren't homologous organs? a) tendrils in grapes (VWs) and tendrils in the garden pea (Pisum). c) closed circulatory system. You sneeze and have watery eyes every spring. Your physician tests you and says that you are allergic to pollen of a plant Ambrosia. d) excreta phytoncids. The common features for Annelida and Arthropoda are: a) exoskeleton. 85. b) high reproduction intensity. d) don't need any circulatory system because they don't have any organs. 87. 88. b) insects pollinated. b) in the cavity. inhabiting water permanently. lay his eggs: a) on above-water plant parts. c) in the cell. d) never. b) at night only. Then its endosperm would contains chromosomes: a) 12 chromosomes. d) digs into silt. 94. b) 24 chromosomes. c) on underwater plant parts. It is because of: a) negative heliotropism. 93. d) needles (Pimis) and cactus prickles (Mammillaria). b) into the bank soil. d) hermaphroditism. c) 36 chromosomes. .84. d) 48 chromosomes. You guess that Ambrosia is: a) high plant. Organic compounds pass through xylem: a) after autumn leaf-fall only. d) b + c. d) on inhalation from the head to the tail and on exhalation from the tail to the head. There are 24 chromosomes in the cells of pine {Pinus sylvestris) leaves. All helminths are characterised by: a) the digestive system is absent. 89. c) on inhalation and on exhalation from the tail to the head.lung mollusc. 92. Air flows through birds lung: a) on inhalation from the tail to the head. b) on exhalation from the head to the tail. Lymnaea stagnalis . The seed germinating on the soil surface has a root growing vertically nevertheless of seed's posture. d) segmentation. c) wind pollinated. c) substratum structure. d) positive hydrotropism. Sponges (Porifera) digestion is: a) out intestine. Flatworms (Plathelminthes): a) don't have any circulatory system and body cells get their feed and oxygen as a result of diffusion. b) tendrils in grapes (Vitis) and strawberry {Fragaria) runners. c) have opened circulators' system. c) only when buds of leaf-fall trees develop. 90. c) the senses are absent.

b) large amount of energy is lost at every link. 99. b) no. 102. 97. Glycocalyx (the highest layer of a great number of animal cells) contains different polysaccharides and proteins. a) yes. 106. High radiation of human body doesn't cause: a) destroying of blood cells formation. b) cancer. . Cell plasma membrane contains different proteins only. c) stomach-intestine bleeding. a) yes. Pinocytosis is common for animal. White bears (Thalarctos maritimus) don't eat penguins (Impennes) in wildlife because: a) they don't meet each other in wildlife. Which of the populations has a greater chance to extinct? ***Following information deals with the questions № 101-135. d) penguins meat is toxic. the stomata is opened. b) modified abdomen segment. c) modified ovipositor. b) penguins swim faster than bears. 104. Decide true or false that or either statement. There is age distribution in a population in schemes. 101.Polysaccharides prevail in the basis matter of plant cells cytoplasm. d) neither the one nor the others. ions of different salts. d) a + b + c. b) plant juice. fungi and bacteria cells only. mineral and organic molecules pass through the narrow channels in the cell membrane from the environment into the cell. 96. When guard cells turgor is higher than usual. 103. Water. b) no. a) yes. c) predators are unable to eat predators. b) no. 100. c) excrements of hoofed animals. 98. b) no. Sting of a bee (Apis mellifera) is: a) modified organ of copulation. a) yes. b) no. c) penguins live within groups and it is dangerous to attack them. Horsefly {Tabanus) females eat: a) blood. d) no one of the variants. a) yes. a) yes. There are not more than 6 links in food chains usually because: a) environmental resources are limited. b) no.95. 105. d) myocard infarction.

bacteria and blue-green algae (Cyanophyta). Barberry (Berbris vulgaris) prickles and dog-rose (Rosa canina) prickles are homologous organs. a) yes. a) yes. 120. b) no. where it forms chromosomes. . lipids and polysaccharides. b) no. Ribosomes contain proteins. b) no. 117. b) no. 115. a) yes. Ribosomes are common for cells of all living beings. 116. 114. a) yes. 108. a) yes. Cross-pollination always gives more benefits than self-pollination. 121. b) no. 109. a) yes. b) no. 110. infusoria and great amount of other one-celled animals (Protozoa) feed by phagocytosis. Melanism appears as a result of genetic diversity and is enable to be "caught up" by natural selection. Proteins are synthesized on the membranes of smooth endoplasmic reticulum. a) yes. In all plant and animal cells there is an organelle located near the nuclear envelope and named cell center (centrioles). Tendrils of the garden pea (Pisum sativum) and tendrils of the cucumber (Cucumis sativus) are analogous organs. a) yes. b) no. b) no. a) yes. Mitochondria are found in cytoplasm of the most plant and animal cells. Nucleolus are the places where big and small ribosomes parts are formed. b) no. 118. b) no. DNA and proteins form nucleolus. Ameba. b) no. b) no. Lysosomes are formed by the Golgi complex. Only cell nucleus contains DNA. 113. b) no. a) yes. a) yes.107. RNA. b) no. 119. 112. a) yes. a) yes. a) yes. 111. Phagocytosis is common for animal cells as well as for plant. b) no. 122. a) yes. RNA. a) yes. Human arm and whale's (Balaenoptera) flipper are homologous organs. b) no.

Mendel. 28. 134. 17. 4. 132. 13. hair cells of organ of Corti. vane. migration. Tympanic membrane is common for every land vertebrate animal ears. b) no. 21. b) no. The codes of the answers: 11. Tadpole tails disappear because of dead cells digesting by lysosomes. Write the terms proceeding from the listed definitions. Ieucoplast. 25. a) yes. a) yes. 129. commensalism. 128. . 131. convergence. a) yes. a) yes. 135. divergence. a) yes. 7. clone. 5.123. 1. 23. a) yes. a) yes. 26. thermophobic. b) no.Sant-Iler. 6. Platelets are formed in the spleen. recolonization. 14. symbiote. 3. tissue. mycorrhiza. 18. Mitochondria were not found in the cells of some anaerobic organisms. b) no. 12. 133. 125. a) yes. hemolymph. b) no. In cephalopod's eye accommodation achieves by changing the shape of the lens. b) no. a) yes. Natural selection is the only force that is capable to maintain the high ц level of heterozygotes in wildlife populations. sporophyte. mesoderm. coprophagous. 27. b) no. The term "genetics" was suggested by G. b) no. 127. 15. mantle. Animals adapt to sweet and salt substances better than to bitter and sour ones. a) yes. 124. a) yes. Penguins have a keel on the sternum. macroevolution. a) yes. ontogeny. a) yes. 126. intron. Some Australian marsupials (Metatheria) species and species of placental (Eutheria) mammals are convergent ones. 24. 16. b) no. symplast. 130. b) no. ***Following information deals with the questions № 136-165. 2. b) no. The Eustachian tube preserves the eardrum (tympanic membrane) from destroying when atmosphere pressure fluctuates. The first full conception about evolution was developed by J. evolution. b) no. 22. They live in South America as well. b) no. Oviparous (Prototheria) occur not only in Australia and neighbour islands.

etology.... 20. . neuston. A group of living beings inhabiting upper level of water on the border with air. 138.. 140. Variant of bone tissue forming the placoid fish scales and the main part of mammals teeth. Reproducing part of hearing system of mammals and humans.. parthenogenesis.8. 145. Vegetative genetically identical offspring of one organism.. 29. An organism which eats excrements of other animals. 142.. 10. 149. The type of evolution coming into existence of taxons higher than species..... 9... Organism inhabiting at permanent low temperature conditions. 146... Interaction between members of the population of one species or various species in order to obtain a mutually required resource available in limited supply.. 148. 147. mainly mammals.. Embodiment of plant or animal cells in tissues while out-cells matter is destroying or dissolving. 137... The outer crease of the skin in Mollusca. Artificial return to some territory of the species extinct there before.. 153.. Cirripedia covering the whole body or its part.. rhizome.... Liquid tissue circulating in insects body..... crossing-over.. The exchange of corresponding chromatid segments between homologous chromosomes responsible for new combinations of various alleles. The independent development of similar structures in unrelated organisms to identical environment.. Plants of arid habitants stable to overheating and dehydrating because of a number of adaptive features. Origin of living beings from former living forms. 144.. 136. 139. Brachiopoda. which transfer the energy of sound waves into the nervous impulse. 150.. Colourless plastides of various form and function in plant cells. The permanent or temporary living together organisms of various species in which one of the partners eats meat residues or excretes of the other not harming it.. 152. 143. 141... 30.. The certain or by chance movement of organisms of some species from the area lines. pericardium. xerophyte. 19. 151. 154.

The outer crease of the skin in Mollusca.. Variant of bone tissue forming the placoid fish scales and the main part of mammals teeth. 138.. Vegetative genetically identical offspring of one organism..155....... 150.. 156. The independent development of similar structures in unrelated organisms to identical environment.... 155. Cirripedia covering the whole body or its part.. 156... A symbiotic association between fungi and the roots of a vascular plant. 145. 154. The course of development of an individual.. 153.. the whole complex of transformations . Brachiopoda. mainly mammals... A group of living beings inhabiting upper level of water on the border with air... Liquid tissue circulating in insects body. 152. Origin of the group of organisms from common ancestor... Reproducing part of hearing system of mammals and humans.. An organism which eats excrements of other animals. A symbiotic association between fungi and the roots of a vascular plant. Organism inhabiting at permanent low temperature conditions. 143.. Artificial return to some territory of the species extinct there before.. 148. Interaction between members of the population of one species or various species in order to obtain a mutually required resource available in limited supply. 146. The type of evolution coming into existence of taxons higher than species. 140.. Origin of living beings from former living forms... 147.. 149.. which transfer the energy of sound waves into the nervous impulse.. 144.. 141.... Origin of the group of organisms from common ancestor. Colourless plastides of various form and function in plant cells.. 139. 151. 142. Embodiment of plant or animal cells in tissues while out-cells matter is destroying or dissolving... 46 157. The exchange of corresponding chromatid segments between homologous chromosomes responsible for new combinations of various alleles. Plants of arid habitants stable to overheating and dehydrating because of a number of adaptive features..

Lamellate-like part of a contour feather growing from both sides of the shaft.from egg to life end (death or the new division of an individual). 159.. One of the forms of sex reproduction when female sex cells develop without fertilization.. Compliment the letters of the figures with codes of the answers. 161. n + n... .. ***Following information deals with the questions № 166-169. n. A modified shoot with long thin internodes and scale colourless. 158. 162... which are marked by letters in the figure? The codes of the answers: 1. 160. 163.... Strong sac of connective tissue enclosing the heart of some invertebrate and all vertebrate animals.. The asexual plant generation producing spores. rarely green leaves. 166. Science about behaviour of living beings.. Unity of cells of multicellular organism (except sex ones). 2. 3n... Answers: .. 164. What is the chromosome number of the organisms and their generations.. 165. 2n.. 4.... Segments of the gene which has not genetical information.. 3. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) 1) m) n) o) .

which are shown in the figure: The codes of the answers: 1.. Answers: a) b) c) g) h) i) d) j) e) k) f) l) m). 2. 9. chorion villus.. which are shown in the figure? The codes of the answers: 1. cervix. Orchidaceae. Find the connection between terms and structures. . Answers: a) b) c) d) e) f) . endometrium. vagina. umbilical cord. 4. 168. 6. 10. 3. parasitism. 2. Poaceae. resides of yolk sac. 10. 4. 8... amnion. Magnoliaceae. neutralism.. 5. amnion cavity. chorion. 5. 11. placenta. 6. which are shown in the figure: The codes of the answers: 1. Rosaceae. 3. Solanaceae. predation. 169.. 3. 13. 12. competition. Liliaceae. 4. Brassicaceae. Fabaceae. mutualism. Ranunculaceae. uterus cavity. What terms refer to types of interactions of the living organisms. 9. 6. Find the connection between the families of plants and flower diagrams. 7. miometrium. 7. allantois. 5. Lamiaceae.167. 8. 2. commensalism.

171. Hybrid individuals of the first generation were grey (agouti). Find the genotypes of the parents.Answers: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) . Write these data into the shown bellow scheme. Black and white mice were hybridized. 3 black mice. Sex: The genotype: . p brown spaniel x white spaniel F1 white spaniels F2 12 white spaniels.. 1 brown spaniel. ***Following information deals with the questions № 170-172. Write conventional letter signs into the shown below scheme. While they are combined the turtle colour occurs. That red kitten was female. In cats the gene of black colour and the gene of red colour are connected with sex. After their hybridization segregation occured in number of 9 grey. 4 white mice. The turtle-coloured cat gave birth to 5 kittens in proportion 1 red : 2 turtle : 2 black. 170. p turtle-coloured cat x tom-cat The phenotype: The genotype: F1 1 red kitten. Find the genotypes of the parents and Fx-cross and F2 -cross. 3 black spaniels.. The hybrids of the second generation showed the segregation in proportion 12 white : 3 black : 1 brown.. located in the X-chromosome and produce incomplete dominance. р black mouse x white mouse F1 grey mice F2 9 grey mice. 2 turtle kittens. When brown-coloured spaniels of thoroughbred lines were crossed with white-coloured ones the resulting hybrid individuals occured white-coloured. 4 white. Write them into the shown below scheme. genotypes and sex of kittens. 172. hybrids Fl and F2. 2 black kittens. Find the genotype and the phenotype of the tom-cat sire. Solve following genetic problems. 3 black.

15. The process of development involves incomplete or complete metamorphosis. 18. 28. 24.compound (in the most species) or simple (ocellus). There are two pairs of antennas. 26. 30. 22.carapace. e) mite (Acarina). 10. The eyes are compound (in many species) or there is the unpaired nauplial eye. can consist of different number of segments. They are the unique invertebrate animals who are capable to distinguish sounds. There are mandibular and maxillas. The process of development is a direct one or involves metamorphosis. 32. Breathing occurs by the help of tracheas system or through the body surface. The excretory system is formed by Malpighian tubules. There are simple eyes (ocellus) in different number (from 1-2 pairs to 8 pairs. b) nearly 35000. consisting of overesophageal double ganglia and ventral nerve cord. Antennas are absent. Some small animals do not have neither lungs nor tracheas. Species number: a) nearly 1 million. There is one pair of antennas. b) slater (Oniscoidea). 21. 7. 29. The nervous system is formed alike the one in primitive Arthropods and even Annelids: this is the brain. 6. 4. 13.173.prosoma and abdomen epistosoma. Moult is common for larva as well as for adults. thorax and abdomen. There are 3 pairs of walking legs on the thorax. The body is formed by cephalothorax . 4 pairs usually on the cephalothorax). There are respiratory pigments in the blood. 9. 33. There are 5 pairs of walking legs. The dorsal ganglia (brain) is fused with the subesophageal ganglia. Segments are organized into tagmas . the abdomen. Their body is clearly subdivided into the head. the thorax. The codes of the answers: 1. 23. c) nearly 60000. 11. Antennas glands or maxillary glands are excretory system. 19. There are 4 pairs of walking and feeding legs. There are two variants of respiratory system: tracheas and/or lungs. 12. 17.the head. 27. f) solifuga (Solifugae). In the most species the process of development involves metamorphosis. d) cyclop (Cyclopes). 20. 31. The legs are uniramulous.hatches from the egg. The nervous system is concentrated. In some species one or more nervous ganglia of ventral nerve cord are remained. There are cheliceras and pedipalps. 8. 5. 25.through the body surface. Members: a) scorpion (Scorpiones). 2. Sexual glands and Malpighian tubules are excretory system. . There are two types of eyes . 3. 16. c) crawfish (Palinuridae). 14. Adults do not moult. From the listed information collect the data about spider (Arachnida). They breathe through the gills. The legs are biramulous. but when they are absent . In many species the basal of the head is covered by chitin fold . The certain larva nauplius .