INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla

BASIC TECHNICAL ENGLISH

USER MANUAL

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla

Basic Technical English

1

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla

INDEX
Topic User Manual Recommendation……………………… Introduction ……................................................………. Unit 1: Check up and Parts. (Basic Technical Vocabulary) 1.1 Check up ………………………………………………… 1.1.1 Basic English Principles ……………………………… 1.1.2 Common Tools ……………..………………………… 1.1.3 Measurement and Size………………………..……. 1.2. Parts (1) ....…………………………………...…..…….. 1.2.1 Appliance Parts ……………………………………… 1.2.2 Assembling …………………..……………………….. Unit 2: Tools and Equipment Function. 2.1 Parts (2) ..……………………………………………….. 2.1.1 Tool Parts …………………………………………….… 2.1.2 Functions …………………………………………….… 2.1.3 Location Parts ……………….………………………... 2.2. Movements ………………………………….………... 2.2.1 Movement Equipment Directions ..………………. 2.2.2 Instructions ..........…………………………………..… 2.2.3 Equipment Operation………………………………... Unit 3: Flow and Materials 3.1 Flow ……………………………………………………….. 3.1.1 Heating System ……………………………………….. 3.1.2 Cooling System ……………………………………….. 3.2 Materials ………………………………………………….. 3.2.1 Material Testing ……………………………………….. 3.2.2 Properties ………………………………………………. Unit 4: Dimension Specification and Reporting 4.1 Specification ……………………………..……………… 4.1.1 Dimension ……….……………………..………………. 4.1.2 Quantity ………………………………..………………. 4.2 Reporting ………………………………..……………….. 4.2.2 Recent Incidents …………………..…………………. 4.2.3 Damage and Loss ………………..………………….. Basic Technical English 2 PAG. 4 5

8 8 11 12 13 13 14 18 18 19 22 23 23 25 27 31 31 33 36 36 38 42 42 43 44 44 45

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla

Unit 5: Troubleshooting and Safety 5.1 Troubleshooting ………………………………………… 5.1.1 Operation ……………………………………………… 5.1.2 User Guide ……………………………………………... 5.2 Safety ……………………………………………………... 5.2.1 Rules and Warnings ………………………………….. 5.2.2 Safety Hazard …………………………………………. Conclusion ………………………………………. Bibliographic References and Source Information … Appendix ……………………………………………………

49 49 51 53 53 54 56 57 58

Basic Technical English

3

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla

USER MANUAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The next symbols below are those which you will find in this manual to a better identification about the activities you will carry out.

Icon to activities.

identify

listening

Icon to activities.

identify

reading

Icon to identify functions.

grammar

Iconl to identify pair or team activities.

Icon to activities.

identify

writing

Icon to exercises.

identify

written

Icon to identify that the participant will carry out a presentation.

Icon to identify examinations.

the

Basic Technical English

4

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla

INTRODUCTION
In this modern world of constant interactions, where globalization predominates, we need qualify persons, and an important tool: the knowledge of English language, as well as the business language; such reason the English Language has become an indisputable tool for the international communication. In developed countries, this reality has been noticed, giving special attention to the English Language learning in all levels of education. This is not only observed in the international world, we appreciate English influences in every moment in our life. The comprehension and managing of English language empower human development, whatever, social or work area. Nevertheless, requirements in a job every time are more difficult, for this reason we need more people with better academic knowledge and certainly in the English language learning, thereby this course has been developed in technical language, to provide the participants a basic knowledge that promotes his professional development. This course is aimed to those people who want to extend his knowledge in the English language for a better personal development. In the five units couse, the participant will learn to ask and give information; common usual tools and assembling; systems and materials; besides participant will acquire vocabulary to specify dimensions and reports of construction; consequently the participant will be able to distinguish and describe an user guide and safety signs. In conclusion, we expect to qualify all interested in the acquisition of fundamental knowledge of Technical English Language as a tool for their professional development.

Basic Technical English

5

Basic Technical English 6 .INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla UNIT 1 CHECK UP AND PARTS (BASIC TECHNICAL VOCABULARY) OBJECTIVE: At the end of this unit the participant will know vocabulary about common usual tools and appliance parts trough the assembling of itself.

In this unit. South Africa. also it is a business language. in order to establish a communication when you meet people recently. Canada. Australia and many other countries around the world. the participant will know how to name common tools. United Kingdom. we will learn something about exchange personal information elements. The main subject. Basic Technical English 7 . it is a short conversation which some basic elements for describing personal details at the moment that they are first meeting each other.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla INTRODUCTION TO THE UNIT 1 English is a main language in the United States. besides.

b) Hello. (3) _____________you Mr. a) Pleased to meet you. Notice: am are is Is are are a student. Contractions : I am » I’m You are. They are » You´re. Rossi? b) Yes.1 Basic English Principles In English we use verb to be. (6) _____________ Borys. on off. We are.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 1. I (1) am Hans Beck b) Hi. electricians. 2 a) Excuse me. A. She is. Danielle. Jamal. when we want to introduce ourselves and introduce somebody else. 3 Grammar Focus. Borys. I am. My (5) _____________Jamal.1 CHECK UP. My name (2)_____________ Pedro Lopez. They´re He is. a technician. It´s Affirmative I You He/She It (the machine) They (the switches) We/They Basic Technical English 8 . a) Pleased to meet you. (4) _____________Danielle Martin. a) Hello. a) Good to meet you. It is » He´s. early. (7) _____________you from Russia? b) No. She´s.1. b) Nice to meet you. 1. am are I’m is name’s 1. a) Hi. Rossi. Complete the dialogues with the words in the box. Mr. (8) _____________from Poland. We´re.

Where? When? How? How many? Why? Notice: Wh-Question is that called? Who are those called in English? Contractions : What is ». (Not Yes. a student. Wh.) Is he a technician? Yes. (Not Yes.g. e. What´s You can say What´s this? But not What´s it? You have to say What is it? Basic Technical English 9 . an M6 spanner from Italy .) Notice: Wh-Question Where are is Who are What is we now? the manager? those men? that sound? Contractions : In these tables.means any question word.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Notice: Negative I You He/She that We/They am are is Is are not not not not not a technician. he is. Contractions : I am not » I’m not You are not » You´re not / You aren´t He is not » He´s not / He isn´t She is not » She´s not / She isn´t It is not » It´s not / It isn´t We are » We´re not / We aren´t They are » They´re not / They aren´t Yes/No Question Am I we Are the switches you he/she Is that early? late? on? the manager? a technician? an AC adapter? Notice Don´t use contractions in a short answer. he´s. I am. Are you French? Yes. late. I´m.

20th. 7. 20. 14. Cardinal Numbers: 1. 2. 3rd. 8th. 17th. 18th. 5. 12. 15th. 6. 17. 4th. 16th. 3. 10. eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty Ordinal Numbers: 1st. 2nd. first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth 11th. 14th. 9th. 7th. 12th. 8 9. eleventh twelfth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth twentieth Basic Technical English 10 . 4. 19. 15. 10th. 13th. one two three four five six seven eight nine ten 11. 13. 18. 6th. 16. 5th. 19th.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Nationalities Country Brazil Egypt Mexico Nationality brazilian egyptian mexican Numbers We use numbers to talk about age and phone numbers when we introduce each other.

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 1.2 Common Tools A.1. Match the pictures with the words in the box. adapter saw antenna screw bolts cable screwdriver chisel spanner nuts washers plug 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Basic Technical English 11 .

Work in pairs. A. Listen and complete the checklist. Washer /M6 / 60 2. What size? 10mm. Bolts /M16 /60 5. Screws / 24 mm/100 3. Nuts / 36 mm / 75 4.1.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 1. please. 1. Make a short dialogue with your partner. How many? Fifty.3 Measurement and Size. B. please. Nails /30 mil / 80 Basic Technical English 12 . Bolts / 10mm / 50 Example: Customer: Shopkeeper: Customer: Shopkeeper Customer: I need some bolts.

1 Appliance Parts A.2 PARTS. axle deck nose plate tail truck wheel Basic Technical English 13 . Label de diagram with the word in the box.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 1.2. 1.

What are those are Axles. A B C D E F Basic Technical English 14 . What’s this called? Use this when you don’t know the English word. What’s this? Use this when you don´t know what it is. even in your own language. this ‘s a deck .2. What ‘s is 1.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar Focus. called ? called these ‘se decks.1 Assembling B. How do you assemble a skateboard? Put these diagrams in order. that Is an axle.

and check your answers to B. Put it in order. _____ Put the plate on the four bolts. Basic Technical English 15 .INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla C. ____ Put the axle on the large bolt. _____ Put the nuts on the bolts. ____ Put the nuts on the axle. ____ Tighten the nut. Read this instruction manual. _____ Tighten the nuts. ____ Tighten the nuts. ____ Put the large nut on the large bolt. ____ Put the wheel on the axle.

in the same way.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla UNIT 2 TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FUNCTION OBJECTIVE: At the end of this unit. He/She will know about an equipment function and operation. Basic Technical English 16 . the participant will difference the kind of tools and their parts.

we can describe each part of a tool. so we need to know about caution according to the kind of tools. items or devices contain different tools and materials.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla INTRODUCTION TO THE UNIT 2 In most cases. So this unit introduces to participants some of the use of some common basic tools. in this chapter we are going to acquire knowledge about how equipment works. Besides. moves and operates. We are to discover some about tools and functions. Basic Technical English 17 .

A: Listen and complete the TV advert. Basic Technical English 18 . do does doesn’t have 1. it (6) _________.99. Do you (1)________ a Multi Tool? Yes. 2. Buy one now! B: Complete the dialogue with the words in the box. a (4) ___________ and a (5)__________ . it (4) _________.1 Tool Parts. Does it (5) _________ a pair of scissors? No.1 PARTS(2) 2.1. Does the Multi Tool (3) ________a hammer? Yes.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 2. Only £29. There are some common tools which are differentiated by their various components. 3. I (2)_______. The Multi Tool has everything you need. This is the New Tool! Use it at home! Use it on the building site! Use it when you travel! It has a (1) ____________ and a pair of (2) __________. It also has a (3) _________ .

/ No I don’t Yes it does.? B. it does.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar focus: Do Does You the Multi Tool The Multi Tool a Multi Tool? a hammer? a hammer. It has two saws. The cover comes in three colors: black. a corkscrew and a pair of scissors. / No it doesn’t have Doesn’t C: Read the product review and complete the labels for the tool. (1) (2) (3) (5) (6) (4) (7) D: Ask and answer questions about the Survival Tool and the Multi Tool. Basic Technical English 19 . Yes I do. Yes. / No it doesn’t. The other opens bottles. It doesn’t have a ruler. blue or red. It has a plastic cover. a screwdriver. Use the words in the box. And it doesn’t have a hammer. pliers can opener hammer screwdriver blade scissors A. Does the Survival Tool / Multi Tool have…. It also has two openers. one opens can. Product Review: Survival Tool This tool has a blade. because the tool is too small.

4. mains electricity + AC adapter solar power dynamo batteries ____ ____ ____ ____ B: Label the photos of the emergency radio in the next page with the words in the box. Some equipment need to be empowered by a power source. . alarm antenna clock compass handle thermometer torch Basic Technical English 20 .INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 2. which work in different ways. A: Match the words with the pictures.2 Functions. 3.1. 2. 1.

(5) D. 6. 2. 8. 7. 3. 4. thermometer compass torch clock alarm solar panel handle antenna a) shine a light (3) b) make electricity (6) c) turn the dynamo (7) d) tell the time (4) e) find North (2) f) receive radio signals (8) g)measure temperature (1) h) make a loud noise. 5.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla C. Example: The thermometer measures temperature……… Basic Technical English 21 . 1. Make sentences from the part and functions in activity C. Match the parts with their functions.

B. 4. 2. Is that it? A: Yes. B: Where’s the START button? A: It’s at the bottom. in the center.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 2. 9. 1. move the cursor up to the CLOSE button. 8. on the right. A. Now click. Do you see it? B: Yes. on the left. …… Now. 5. bottom left bottom right center bottom center left center right center top top left top right center _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Grammar focus: in at on in the middle. 3. At the top. B: Where’s that? A: It’s an X. that’s correct. at the top. A: OK. Basic Technical English 22 . Match the TV monitor with their locations. On the left.3 Location Parts.1. 6. know put the cursor on the START button. 7. Read the next dialogue referring to a computer lesson. It’s on the right. at the bottom. B: Is that it? A: Yes that’s it.

Helicopters can fly forwards. Then put the DVD drive at the top in the middle and put the printer at the bottom on the left. Finally put the keyboard at the bottom on the right.2.1 Movement Equipment Directions Planes and helicopters are two well-known flying objects. and put the computer at the top on the right. 2. Correct this description.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla C. but they can not fly straight up or straight down. 2. There are six mistakes in location. but they can not fly backwards or sideways. Put your screen in the center of the system. and can turn to the left and to the right.2 MOVEMENTS. which directions can planes and helicopters fly? A: Read the following text. Put the scanner at the top on the left. straight up and down. Passenger planes can fly forwards. They can fly diagonally up and down. and put the other speaker in the center on the right. sideways and backwards. Here is one way to set up your computer station. Basic Technical English 23 . Then put one speaker in the center on the left. and put the mouse at the bottom in the center. planes and helicopters can rotate on their horizontal axis. Helicopters can also rotate on their vertical axis. But.

No. 3. Practice dialogues. but a helicopter ______. A plane _______ fly straight up. Complete the sentences with can or can’t. but it _____ fly forwards. but it _____ fly diagonally. Helicopter(s) / rocket(s) / plane(s) / fly sideways / fly straight up / fly diagonally up / rotate. / No it can’t. Work in pairs. A helicopter _____ fly sideways but a plane _____ . Can C. A plane _____fly straight up.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla B. D. A plane ______ fly sideways. Example: A: Can a plane fly forwards? A: Can it fly backwards? Yes it can. 1. it can’t Basic Technical English 24 . Thick (√)the boxes according to the text before. 4. Yes they can. Direction forwards backwards up and down sideways Plane Helicopter Grammar focus: It They it they can can’t / can not fly fly sideways sideways? Yes it can. / No they can’t. 2.

Label the diagram with the words in the box. Push it to the right. Work in group.2. Now what happens? Look at the joystick on the right.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 2. Now what happens? Basic Technical English 25 . Pull it down. 1. Push it to the right. Push it to the left. What happens? 4. What happens? 2.2 Instructions. 3. Push it to the left. Push it up (away from you). Push it up. antenna handle joysticks slider switch. Pull it down (towards you). What do you think the plane does when you move these controls? Look at the joystick on the left. A. B.

5. b) the plane goes faster. 4. c) the plane goes down d) the plane goes more slowly e) the plane rolls to the left f) the plane goes up g) the planes rolls to the right h) the plane moves to the right E. Write the instructions about what actions the equipment follows. 3. managing controls makes an equipment follows your actions. Use photos or pictures. Think about an equipment similar to the previous one. match your actions with the plane’s actions. 8. D. 1. 2. As you could see. 7. Now. Your action Move the LH stick up Pull the LH stick down Move the LH stick to the left Move the LH stick to the right Move the RH stick up Pull the RH stick down Move the RH stick to the left Move the RH stick to the right The plane’s action a) the plane goes to the left.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla C: Read the manual and check your answer in exercises A and B. Basic Technical English 26 . 6.

3 Equipment Operation. Look at the diagrams. Then read the manual below and write the letter (A –G) from the diagram next to the controls.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 2. Basic Technical English 27 .2. A.

You are learning to drive. Slow down. Etc… Basic Technical English 28 . Student B. Use words from the manual. Give Instructions. Follow the instructions. The fork tilts down C. Work in pairs. Stop!. Reverse. Have a driving lesson. Drive forwards. Describe the movements of the truck. A. Example. Student A: You are the driving instructor. Go faster. Go slowly. Act them out.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla B.

through the water flow system. the participant will know the functions of heating and cooling systems. Basic Technical English 29 .INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla UNIT 3 FLOW AND MATERIALS OBJECTIVE: At the end of this unit.

and at the same time the participant will learn how testing material according to their properties. Basic Technical English 30 .INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla INTRODUCTION UNIT 3 In the engineering area it is very important to have basic knowledge about flow. In addition. the participant will learn how the water flows in cooling and heating system. in this unit the participant will have the opportunity to learn to differentiate some kind of materials the objects are made of. Through this unit.

The water flow is presented as an important element in this topic to know the function of the heating and cooling systems . In the tank. When you open the valve. The hot water rises and flows from the panel into the tank.1 Heating System. through the valve. B. It then flows into the tank. hot water stays at the top and cold water sinks to the bottom. The sun heats the water in the panel. Cold water enters the system through the inlet. From here. Draw arrows to try to describe the direction of the flow. A. Basic Technical English 31 . Look at this system in which the water flows. Read the text and check the directions of your arrows in A Solar water heater. Here it finally leaves the system. a water tank an inlet. The tank is above the solar panel. a solar water panel. The main parts of this system are water pipes. the water flows into the solar panel. to the shower head. a valve and a shower head.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 3.1. 3.1 FLOW. hot water flows from the tank.

through the pipes.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla C. around the circuit. START HERE cold water goes into the system warm water enters the water tank warm water goes out of the panel water goes from the tank to the panel The valve opens cold water enters the water tank water becomes warm in the panel warm water flows to the shower Grammar focus: flow move The water go pass -s flow go -s -es into the tank. The electron Basic Technical English 32 . from the inlet. out of the tank. Draw the flow chart by putting these boxes into the correct order. to the outlet. through the cables. around the solar panel.

a fan cools the water. Complete the table with these verbs in the box. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in the box. Water _______________ the solar panel trough the outlet pipe. 3. At the same time. When you heat the water in a tank. The water in a hot engine is normally around 110°c. the water becomes hot.1. the hot water ___________. When you cool the air in a room. 3. The cool water then leaves the radiator. with the words in the box. 1. The hot water then passes through the thermostat. Read the text and then label the diagram in the next page. 4. Here. Basic Technical English 33 . passes through the pump and enters the engine again. enter leave rise sink go up down in / into out/out of = E.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla D. 2. This controls the temperature of the engine.2 Cooling System A. It flows along the bottom hose. This cools the engine. bottom hose engine radiator top hose water pump thermostat Car cooling system The engine drives the water pump and the pump pushes cool water around the engine. the cool air ________________. and the cool water sinks to the bottom of the radiator. From the thermostat. it flows through the top hose into the radiator. Water ________________ the house trough the inlet pipe.

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Basic Technical English 34 .

The cool air then ________ to the bottom of the tower (5). cool enter flow heat leave rise sink around into out of through to The pump pushes cold water through the pipe to the top of the tower(1). (6) and then it ____________ (7). The hot air finally _________ the chimney __ _________ the air outlet (11) Basic Technical English 35 . It _____________ the house and ___________ the solar chimney (8).(2) Hot air ______________ the tower ___________ the air inlet (3).INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla B. This is a simple way to cool a house in a hot country. It’s like a cold shower. (9) and the hot air _________ (10). Complete the description below. Here. of how this system works with the words in the box. The shower of cold water _________ the air (4). The cool air ______________ the house. the water leaves the pipe through small holes. The Sun __________ the chimney.

talk about what they are made of and their properties. Is the rope breaking? Basic Technical English 36 . What are they made of? Break pull nylon polycarbonate stretch strike B. What is the lecturer doing? 3.2. What material is the rope made up? 2. 1.1 Materials testing A. Work in pairs.2 Materials. 3. Look at the helmet and rope of the lecturer.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 3. In this section you will learn some vocabulary about materials. Listen and answer the following questions then complete the dialogue.

bend compress cut drop heat scratch stretch strike Basic Technical English 37 . B. I’m (2) __________ it. I’m (1) __________ the rope. Is it (3)____________ ? No. it (4)____________ . Match the actions with the verbs in the box. That´s right. Grammar focus: I The rope what are is you the rope ‘m am isn’t is not pull break do break -ing -ing -ing? the rope C.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla A. It (5) ___________ ______________. A. B.

(not stretch) 3. Complete his description. The block (8) _______________ (not break). OK.2. But the ropes (10) _________________. ceramic fiberglass polycarbonate polystyrene rubber Basic Technical English 38 . ceramic concrete diamond fiberglass graphite steel Example: You can’t burn / melt / break / scratch / bend/ cut it easily. B. now I (3) _______________ (put) this helmet on the floor. Now I (1) _____________ (heat)this plastic to 100°C. Work in pairs. Right. A. The lecturer is testing other materials. What are these made of?.2 Properties When talking about materials. Now Dr Wilson (9) ______________ (hang) a weight of 500 kg from the ropes.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla D. now the jaws of the vice (7) ______________ (compress) this plastic block. now look at Dr Wilson. it is important to understand their key properties. But the plate (6) _________________ (not bend). Discuss with your partner. OK. Match the photos with the materials. Can you see? It (2) ______________ (not melt). Think about the most important properties of the materials in the box. And now the machine (4) ______________ (drop) a 10 kg weight on it. He (5) ____________ (strike) the metal plate with a hammer.

2. 4. This material doesn’t corrode if you put it in water. This material doesn’t break if you strike it or drop it. Describe their properties and resistance. Work in pairs. Match the words with their opposites. Choose an object. 1. 3. e) it’s corrosionResistant..  What’s this made of?  It’s made of ceramic.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar focus: What What is ‘s are ‘re this helmet those ropes made of? It They is ‘s are ‘re made of polycarbonate. Basic Technical English 39 . 2. 5. D. E. nylon. Example. 1. 4. You can’t bend this material. tough hard rigid strong light a) soft b) heavy c) weak d) brittle e) flexible F. C. Make questions and answers about the photos in B. 3. 5.. You can’t scratch this material or cut it. a) It’s rigid. b) It’s hard c) It’s tough d) It’s heat Resistant.  What are these made of?  They’re made of polycarbonate.. Match the sentences. This material doesn’t burn or melt if you heat it.

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla UNIT 4 DIMENSION. SPECIFICATION AND REPORTING OBJECTIVE: At the end of this unit. the participant will be able to specify dimensions and quantities about constructions. Basic Technical English 40 . as well as reporting unexpected situations in the work area.

The specifications are used when it is ordained or material purchase. for that reason in this unit. On the other hand. which are relevant to the projects of manufacture or construction. This unit treats with different types of specifications. knowing that in the work areas there are many unexpected situations. Basic Technical English 41 . we have prepared this unit to provide vocabulary about dimensions and quantities. dimensions and quantities. hurts and loss. we take in count that the engineers work in different areas like construction.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla INTRODUCTION TO THE UNIT 4 In all kinds of work we often need to describe objects or things. we will provide tools to the participants helping them to elaborate reports of incidents.

1 SPECIFICATION.1 Dimension.1. Look at this picture. Listen to the next part of the TV programme and complete the specification of the bridge. What do you know about this bridge? B. 4. A.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 4. Millau Bridge: specifications Structure Completion date Material: cables and deck Material: piers Total number of spans Length of inner spans (1) Cable-stayed (2) December 2004 (3) (4) (5) (6) m Length of outer spans Number of piers Height of pylons above deck Height of deck above water Length of deck Width of deck (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) m m km m m Basic Technical English 42 .

4.000 tonnes. By super-fast elevator. Basic Technical English 43 . This is Taipei 101.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar Focus. The base of the building has an area of about 450 m2. Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the building. 101. kilometres deep. Reinforced concrete.2 Quantity A. It is currently the highest in the world. centimetres wide.1. aluminium and glass. high 2 wide is it? It´s 10 How long are they? They´re 100 deep 1000 millimetres high. steel. metres long. 1 How high is Taipei 101? 2 What’s the footprint of the building? 3 How many storeys does it have? 4 How do you get to the top? 5 What’s the building made of? 6 How much steel and concrete is in the building exactly? A B C D E F About 700. The building has two high-speed elevators. Read the FAQs from the website and match them to the answer. It towers above Taipei at the amazing height of over 508 metres. Each elevator travels at 17 m/s.

4. Basic Technical English 44 . Screws are countable a one some two a bag of two bags of screw Cement is uncountable some cement screw -s a bag of two bags of Do you need some/any screws? cement? How many much (screws) (cement) do you need? 4.1 Recent Incidents A.2.2 REPORTING.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar Focus. Look at the photo and say what’s happening in each picture.

2 Damage and Loss A.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla B.2. Enter details Customer name Car Registration No Location: Road Between Junction (4) Problem (1) (2) (3) and Junction (5) Going (6) (7) 4. Match the verbs with the pictures. Crash Recovery Co Ltd online customer call information. bend break burn crack cut dent scratch tear 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Basic Technical English 45 . Listen to this phone call and complete the details in the form.

4. 6. bend break burn crack cut dent scratch tear 1. I have He has Focus on action dented the radio. Past participle. The lenses of the goggles are ___________________. broken the speakers. 2. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box. The insulation of the cable is ___________________. The side of the box is ___________________. 3. Focus on result of action The radio is dented The speakers are broken Adjective B. The overalls are ___________________. 5. The pipe below the tank is ___________________. The surface of the road is ___________________. Basic Technical English 46 .INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar Focus.

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla UNIT 5 TROUBLESHOOTING AND SAFETY OBJECTIVE: At the end of this unit. Basic Technical English 47 . the participant will comprehend the function of an equipment. as well as risky situations where the equipment operates.

an invaluable tool for performing real-time computer support. there are some simple steps you can take to try and diagnose a problem. even if you are a non-technical person. They also will learn about preventive support. Finally. It is not intended to be a complete guide to all possible problems. However.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla INTRODUCTION TO THE UNIT 5 This document gives some basic advice about troubleshooting.identifying the support category to which a user-reported problem likely belongs. and document the preventive measures that are or should be in place at your school. they learn to use Remote Assistance. participants will learn to perform the first step of troubleshooting. Even if you don't manage to solve a problem yourself. Basic Technical English 48 . hardware and software suppliers and help desk staff will be in a much better position to help you if you have managed to perform some basic troubleshooting procedures before you contact them. In this chapter.

1.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 5. 5.1 TROUBLESHOOTING. How does this vehicle move? (1) (5) (2) (3) (4) Basic Technical English 49 .1 Operation A.

a flexible rubber skirt. It has a fiberglass body. a large fan . push. Read this article from a technical magazine and answer the question below. a friction wheel. at the front. The engine drives the fan. The rider uses the handlebar to steer the board. On the body there is a fiberglass platform. The skirt contains the air and the cushion or air supports the airboard. One lever controls the speed on the engine and the fan. a handlebar and two levers. like a small hovercraft. The function of the fan is to suck air in and to force it downwards. What happens if you take your hands off the levers? 5. simply release the levers.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla B. The other lever controls the friction wheel. The skirt and the friction wheel are suspended from the body. 1. Basic Technical English 50 . THE AIRBOARD how it works. This pushes the vehicle upwards and propels it forwards. The board moves on a cushion of air. This supports the rider. Find words which mean the opposite of (1) backwards (2) upwards. The engine and the fan are mounted on the body. What is the friction wheel for? 2. The levers are attached to the handlebar. If you want to stop. You stand on the airboard and raid it like a skateboard. Does propel mean pull. Which part of the airboard does the rider stand on? 4. Is the skirt above or below the body? What is it made of? Can you bend it? 3. The handlebar is mounted on the body. an engine. The friction wheel touches the ground for one or two seconds and accelerates the airboard into the air. hold or control? 6.

1. 2. the speed. X is suspended from Y. Grammar Focus. NO 3. 2. X is attached to Y. 1. A.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla C. 3. 4. Does ________________________________? If the computer does not start.1. Listen and complete the flow chart. Match the pictures with the sentences. Check ________________________________ Basic Technical English 51 . Press ________________________________ Press the power botton.2 User Guide. check the green LED. X is mounted on Y. What does do the engine the lever -s do? It They drive control -s the fan. X is connected to Y. 5.

take it out. the light is off. 5. there is a disk in the drive. if the computer does not start. if the computer does not start. if there is a disk in the drive. Instruction drive a way. switch on the power and press the power button again. Notebook computer – troubleshooting FAQ I pressed the power button and opened the display.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla B. check the disk drive. check the green LED. Read the article and find the main idea in the text. take it out and press the power button again. Try these solutions: 1. If Basic Technical English 52 . 4. 6. check the power source. press the power button again 2. Grammar Focus. the car doesn´t start. if the power source is off. 3. If the green LED is off. press the power button. Condition the car starts. check the battery. but the computer does not start or boot-up.

Here are some examples: You must not lift this with a hook: see (3) ____ Never take the guard off this machine: see (4) ____ MANDATORY ACTION SIGNS. The signs are yellow and black in colour and triangular in shape.2. Here are some examples: Warning. white and black in colour and round in shape.2. Poison: see (1) ____ Danger. You must do this. You might injure yourself. Here are some examples: Always read the manual before you service this machine: see (5) ____ 6. This signs order you to do something. You must not do this. They say: Do not do this. You must use the guard on this circular saw: see (6) ___ D 3. Danger. A B 1. SAFETY 5. The signs are red. Fire hazard here: see (2) ____ PROHIBITIONS SIGNS. Look out. Match the examples to the signs. Always do this. E F 5. These signs prohibit an action. 2. These signs warn you about a danger. Read the text.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla 5. They say things like this: Warning. and round in shape. Basic Technical English 53 . These signs are blue and white in colour. C WARNING SIGNS. They say: Do this. Be careful. There is a danger or hazard here. 4.1 Rules and Warnings A.

2. touch the machine. You might fall into the gap. Do not Don´t Never You must not You mustn’t Wear Always You must wear a hard hat here. You might trap your hand in the gears. You could trip over the bricks. 5. You could get an electric shock. You could injure your head.2 Safety Hazard A. Look at this pictures and say what’s happening? Relate the pictures with the sentences. Warning Letter Number Possible result You might burn your hands. Listen and write the warning number in the table.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar Focus. Basic Technical English 54 .

on the stairs. Basic Technical English 55 . The fire exit Some cables There was There were was were some liquid some boxes locked. on the floor.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla Grammar Focus. coiled.

Some reasons to learn it are practical. some aspirational. science. or of going on foreign business trips. being able to talk to them in their own languages will help you to communicate with them. It may also help you to make sales and to negotiate and secure contracts. but whatever your reasons. getting a promotion or a transfer overseas.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla CONCLUSION With the continuing expansion of English as an integral communications tool for education. post-secondary education technical students are increasingly finding themselves in positions requiring them to manage high-technology studies in technical English. On the other hand. business and commerce. having a clear idea of why you learn a language can help to motivate you in your studies. others intellectual. Basic Technical English 56 . That’s why learning a foreign language takes time and dedication If your work involves regular contact with speakers of foreign languages. Knowledge of foreign languages may also increase your chances of finding a new job. technology.

Richards.org/interchangearcade/main.A.mindseries.A. INTERCHANGE INTRO THIRD EDITION Jack C. U. 2010. & Jacques C.V.com Basic Technical English 57 . 2008 Websites: www.cambridge. Macmillan Publishers S.S.pearsonlongman. 2005.INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES OR SOURCE INFORMATION Books: OPEN MIND LEVEL 1 Mickey Rogers. Essex: Pearson Longman. de C.net www2. Cambridge University Press.do www. TECHNICAL ENGLISH 1 Bonamy D.

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO SUPERIOR DE Centla APPENDIX Countries and Nationalities Country Afghanistan Argentina Australia Belgium Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador England Finland France Germany Greece Guatemala Haiti Honduras Indonesia Ireland Italy Japan Korea Malaysia Mexico Morocco Spanish Afganistan Argentina Australia Bélgica Bolivia Brazil Canadá Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dinamarca República Dominicana Ecuador Egipto El Salvador Inglaterra Finlandia Francia Alemania Grecia Guatemala Haití Honduras Indonesia Irlanda Italia Japón Corea Malasia México Marruecos Nationality Afghan Argentine / Argentinean Australian Belgian Bolivian Brazilian Canadian Chilean Chinese Colombian Costa Rican Cuban Danish (Dane) Dominican Ecuadorian Egyptian Salvadorian English Finnish French German Greek Guatemalan Haitian Honduran Indonesian Irish Italian Japanese Korean Malaysian Mexican Moroccan Country Netherlands Spanish Holanda Nationality Dutch New Zealander Nicaraguan Norwegian Panamanian Paraguayan Peruvian Filipino Polish Portuguese Puerto Rican Romanian Russian Saudi Spanish Swedish Swiss Taiwanese Thai Turkish British American Uruguayan Venezuelan Vietnamese Welsh New Zealand Nueva Zelanda Nicaragua Norway Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Nicaragua Noruega Panamá Paraguay Perú Filipinas Polonia Portugal Puerto Rico Rumania Rusia Saudi Arabia Arabia Saudita Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey España Suecia Suiza Taiwán Tailandia Turquía United Reino Unido Kingdom (UK) United States Estados Unidos Uruguay Venezuela Vietnam Wales Uruguay Venezuela Vietnam Gales Basic Technical English 58 .