Bowers 1 Torie Bowers Professor Jacobs ENC 1101 April 1, 2014 Annotated Bibliography 1. Eckstein, Barbara.

"Studies in Short Fiction." Hawthorne's 'The Birthmark':

Science and Romance as Belief 26.4 (2006): 511-19. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. The basic ideas of this source are the issues of looking at the relationship between science and love as a religion instead of separate entities. This source discusses the scientist’s personality has left him unfit for human companionship, and how science did and continued to affect this part of him all throughout the story. This source is very specific in comparison to my others. I chose to analyze this story that had a theme of love, science, and religion and how they interacted and connected with another. I believe there could be a slight philosophical/religious bias, just because every individual has their own beliefs and those will reflect in the result of the analysis and how the story as a whole is read. This source will be very useful to me, and I do plan on using it in my paper because it is so specific to my choice of analysis and theme for ‘The Birthmark’. 2. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "The Birthmark." The Norton Introduction to Literature. 11th ed. New York City: Norton and, 2013. 290-301. Print. This source is the actual text of the short story. The basic plot of the story would be the tale of a woman who marry a scientist, and is facing the constant battle of love vs

Bowers 2 science and ultimately loses herself and her marriage in the process to remove this “awful deformity”, (a birthmark) from her face. This source doesn’t compare to my other sources because this is the actual text. Without this being written the other sources would not exist. I will be using this source throughout my text most likely more frequent than any other I may come across. I know this source is credible because it was approved by the school board to be taught to me. 3. Howard, Jeffery. "Nathaniel Hawthorne's 'The Birthmark'" The Explicator 70.2 (2012): 133-36. Academic Search Complete. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. The basic outline of the journal entry is the evaluation of Hawthorne’s use of allegory all throughout the story. For example Howard describes his use of allegory and characters name, also with Aylmer’s dreams, the placement of Georgiana’s mark, and many more. This source also touches on Aylmer’s relationships with people versus his relationship with science and knowledge. This source is very specific in it’s great detail of the use of allegory. When reading this source I also found that another journal entry that I will be using as another source is referenced in this entry, for a different publisher. So to me that shows they are both credible and extremely reliable sources. 4. 2004, Snipes, Katherine. "Masterplots II: Short Story Series, Revised Edition, January P1-2." Revised ed. New England: Salem, 2004. 1-2. Print. Short Story. This source is basically an outline of the story through another person’s analysis. The main points of this article are the basic breakdowns of a story that should be done before you begin any analysis. For example; theme, symbolism, allegory, etc. This source

Bowers 3 also gives a brief explanation for each analysis she chose upon and why with support from her own credible sources. I believe this source will be very helpful to me because it is breaking another analysis down into simpler terms, and with this simple analysis I can chose whether to have her points support mine or I can refute hers with textual evidence which will ultimately make my analysis stronger. This source is credible because I found it off an a database and its from a journal of purely short story analyses, but I also believe it could reflect a bias because whatever way she chose to analyze this piece will come from her own personal opinions on the subject. I think the overall goal of this source is to just give a brief breakdown of the story and majority of it’s literary elements.


Walsh, Conor. "Aminadab in Nathaniel Hawthorne's THE BIRTHMARK."

(2009): 1-3. Academic Search Complete. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. The main points of this article discuss the religious involvement that is laced all throughout, “The Birthmark”. Walsh believes that the religious intertwining comes from symbolism of the assistant. The assistant’s name in the story is Aminadab, which translates to my nation is noble, and this has been used many times throughout history as a way of showing support for a religion. I believe the goal of this source is to look a little deeper within the piece instead of just going off what were words are written. I also know this source is credible because of it’s origin. I believe this source will help me in analyzing this piece because most people read the story and believe that the main focus is upon the relationship between love and science, I personally believe the

Bowers 4 story could be making a biblical reference to the holy trinity, this holy trinity being religion, science, and love.