Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources Documents "Document 17"- Foreign Relation of the U.S.

1964-1968, Volume 1, Vietnam, office of the Historian. We used various excerpts from this source to help us prove the government had a responsibility to protect the South Vietnamese from communism. We utilized multiple quotes, and commentary for supporting documentation. Young, Marilyn B., John J. Fitzgerald and A. Tom Grunfeld. The Vietnam War: A History in Documents. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 2002. This source provided us with background information about the war, it also had useable and relevant documents and information beneficial for our website. Interview “Interview with Noel Groff.” Personal Interview. 8 March 2014. We asked Mr. Groff about his military experience, he expressed how he was a “professional military man” and join the U.S. Navy long before the war started. He told us his job in the war was simply to shuttle aircraft and troops from the Philippines into Vietnam. He also described some of his best war stories. From this interview, we learned that not everyone opposed what the government was doing in Vietnam. “Interview with Mike Billows.” Phone Interview. 31 March 2014. During our conversation with Mr. Billows, he described his feelings about the war. He gave us a brief overview of his life prior to the war, and he then told us how he ended up going to Vietnam even though he was in college.

Speeches "President Lyndon B. Johnson's Address to the Nation." March 31, 1968. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. The speech by President Johnson was used to solidify our knowledge on how the government responded to the Tet Offensive. This helped us understand the government’s desire to censor what the public learned about the actual events unfolding in Vietnam. Secondary Sources Articles "Career Training USA." Career Training USA US Involvement in the Vietnam War Comments. InterExchange, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. This source increased our knowledge and understanding of the United States’ involvement in the war and the varying opinions on the war. "Communism." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, 2005. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. This source helped us better understand what communism was and why, as Americans, we feared it much.

"John F Kennedy and Vietnam." John F Kennedy and Vietnam. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. We used this article to help us further our understanding of the role JFK had prior to the Vietnam War. We needed more information on how he managed the threat of possible war, and the alternative opinions he brought to the table.

"Graphic Novel Seminar: United States Involvement in the Vietnam Conflict-- Hunter Lively." Graphic Novel Seminar: United States Involvement and President in the Vietnam Conflict-- Hunter Lively. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014 From this site, we learned that the president, Harry S. Truman, essentially started out involvement in Vietnam. He created a program to have economic and military aid sent to France. We choose to use this source because it gave us a starting point for the U.S. involvement in the war.

Hoyt, Alia. Howstuffworks: How Communism Works. 1998. 23 February 2014. This source game us a better understanding of communism, and why we were so eager to stop its spread. This article gave us a basis to construct our thesis. "No Way to Win: The Vietnam War and the Tragedy of Containment." No Way to Win: The Vietnam War and the Tragedy of Containment. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2014. This text helped us understand the massive bombing strategies that the United States used in order to stop the spread of communism.

Rosenburg, Jennifer. "Vietnam War." About.com 20th Century History. NRelate, n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. This source gave us background information about the Vietnam War and also talks about why the U.S. felt they needed to enter the war. Additionally, it gave us a well written summary of the end of the war that we used on the End of the War page.

"U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The tet offensive, 1968-1961-milestones office of the historian" From these quotes and site, we understood that the Tet Offensive was an important part of the North Vietnamese’s plan to weaken the United States. It expressed how the North Vietnamese had been planning the massive attack for months before it happened.

"VENITISM." : The Sorry State of Modern Mainstream Academic Economics. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. The quote we used states that if we do not act in Vietnam, they will stand little chance against the massive power of communism pushing down. "The Vietnam War." The Vietnam War. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. We chose this site because it provided a lot of useful information regarding the war. Such as, why we got involved, the domino theory, French rule of Vietnam, and many other useful topics. "Vietnam War: US, involvement: Infoplease. Infoplease, 2012 Web. 12 Feb 2014 This site helped clarify that South Vietnam was in desperate need of our assistance prior to our involvement. It also helped us grasp that our involvement was not solely based on our interests as a nation, but also to better the lives of the South Vietnamese. Books Timeline of the Vietnam War. New York: Gareth Stevens, 2012. Print. This book gave a very detailed timeline of the events that occurred throughout the Vietnam War. This was a secondary source and is the timeline used on the website. Frankum, Ronald Bruce, and Stephen F. Maxner. The Vietnam War for Dummies. New York, NY: Wiley Pub., 2003. Print. This book is a great secondary source that allowed us to learn more about the Vietnam War in depth.

Images

"American soldiers protect Vietnamese civilians." Image. National Archives. World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Feb. 2014 This source helped us show the United States was trying to help the Vietnamese people during the war and help protect them against the aggression of the North.

"America Wasn’t the Only Foreign Power in the Vietnam War |." N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This picture shows us just how the U.S. would deploy large amounts of troops to stop the enemies’ advances. "Designer Daily." Design Daily News 10 Amazing Cold War Propaganda Posters Comments. N.p., 4 Aug. 2009. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This picture helped us comprehend the anti-communist mentality that existed prior to the Vietnam War. "Girl and child amid the ruins of Saigon, Vietnam." Image. National Archives. World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. This picture was used to show the actual reactions of the Vietnamese people and how the war affected their lives and property. "Guilford County North Carolina Veterans Memorial." 20th Century War Photo Panels at Guilford County Veterans Memorial. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This photograph helped us to picture what fighting the war was like for the soldiers who were on the front lines.

Harvey Richards Media Archive. Digital image. Harvey Richards Media Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. Placed on home screen for visual purposes, this photograph shows that the American people were unhappy with soldiers dying in Vietnam.

Ip, Michael. "Looking Back: The End of the Vietnam War." ABC News. ABC News Network, 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. We choose this picture because it illustrated that our actions in Vietnam were not decided by one man. Rather, it would take a group of people to discuss possible maneuvers and attacks.

"John F. Kennedy - Google Search." John F. Kennedy - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. We choose to use this image to give a face to the quote of one of our countries most beloved presidents. Lee, Matthew. Yahoo! News. Yahoo!, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. We selected this image because it illustrates the negotiations that happened between the U.S. and Vietnam.

"Marine Corps Installations Command Recognizes Their Vietnam Veterans at the Pentagon." 50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War Commemoration. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. This image show various statistics about the war, which were extremely helpful in assisting us in grasping just how many troops we investing in Vietnam and the significant loss of life. "Nixon Library Hosts 40th Reunion for Vietnam War POWs." Fox News. FOX News Network, 23 May 2013. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This picture is used to show how jubilant families were as there family members returned home from Vietnam. Photograph of a Female Demonstrator Offering a Flower to a Military Police Officer, 10/21/1967. Digital image. Photograph of a Female Demonstrator Offering a Flower to a Military Police Officer, 10/21/1967. N.p., 21 Oct. 1967. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. Shows how the American people protest, and how the military personnel did not react to the protesting. Q: And Babies? A: And Babies. Digital image. Imperial War Museums. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. This photo was used on the homepage as a way to portray the propaganda used by the people to stop the war.

"This Day in Quotes." : The Origins of the “falling Domino Principle” and “The Domino Effect”…. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. This picture displays the countries that were the easiest to attack. The Domino effect is what lead to the war, what started it. We used this picture to help prove our thesis statement by showing what the United States thought the consequences of spreading communism would be. "The Economissed: Domino Theory | Gold Made Simple News." Gold Made Simple News. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. We discovered that this picture/quotes explains what the domino theory is. We used it prove how Vietnam started and how its effected the war and the influences that it had. "Vision to Strike Wear Military Blog", Vision strike wear military blog W.P. Hid Web. Feb, 2014 This picture shows the use of bombs in Vietnam from a GI’s point of view.

"Vietnam War Photos Still Powerful Nearly 50 Years Later - NBC News." NBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. This image illustrates the fear the Vietnamese had during the first years of the war. Wheeler, Kimberly. STOP THE WAR. Digital image. STOP THE WAR. N.p., 31 May 2013. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. This picture was used to illustrate the home page of the website and helps the viewer understand the mindset of the American people toward the war.

Quotes
"The American Involvement in Vietnam." Rational Revolution. N.p., Apr. 2003. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This quote from President Eisenhower helped us understand how and why the United States got involved with the spread of communism in Vietnam.

Goodreads: Quotes about Vietnam War. 2014. 23 February 2014. This source gives us quotes from those who played a vital role in the Vietnam War and helped us understand their point of view of the war and what they did during the war. "John F. Kennedy: quote on the Vietnam War." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This quote helped us understand why the U.S. government decided to get involved in Vietnam. "Richard Nixon: quote on the Vietnam War." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This quote provided us with insight on how the president felt toward ending the war. "Richard M Nixon Quotes & Sayings." Richard M Nixon Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This quote from Richard Nixon helped to show us what the mentality after the war was like. "Vietnam Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014 This website provided insightful quotes from individuals involved in the decision making processes. "Vietnam War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. This quote gave us a general understanding of the overall effect that the Vietnam War had on the American people.

"Vietnam War Quotes." - Conservapedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. This source gave us priceless opinions about the war. It also gave us quotes from some U.S. officials and why they felt we needed to protect Vietnam.
Videos

"B-52 Bombing North Vietnam." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Apr. 2008. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

This bombing video proved to us what the United States got involved with. What they went through. We used this to show how the bombings summed up the war to lead it to an ending. "Berlin Wall -Best Clip-." YouTube. YouTube, 20 Oct. 2008. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. This clipped showed how the Berlin Wall fell. This clip was a part of the history channel so we know it was a very valuable source. It helped us prove that towards the end of the war the Fall of the Berlin wall was a huge asset. "Cactusairforce.com." Cactusairforce.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. This video interview conducted and produced by Arboryglyph, was recommended for use in our website by Mike Billow, who we also interviewed in person. This video helps the viewer understand the years of service Mr. Billow provided for our country. "HD Historic Archival Stock Footage Vietnam War - Napalm Bombing Runs." YouTube. YouTube, 09 Sept. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. We selected this video to help us understand the massive effects the United States’ weapons had on Vietnam as a country. It also helped us picture how during the war over 50% of Vietnam’s rainforests were destroyed due to aweinspiring and frightening weapons like napalm. "JFK -- "We Will Never Fear to Negotiate"" YouTube. YouTube, 24 Jan. 2008. Web. 10 Mar. 2014. We used this video because it explains how John F. Kennedy was willing to negotiate. It is helpful because it helps our readers understand some of JFK’s thoughts. We used this under the category Background, because it gives the readers a better understanding of what happened prior to the war.

"Khe Sanh Bombing Clip." YouTube. YouTube, 28 Apr. 2011. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. This short clip just shows what the bombing actually did. How it affected the countries and it showed how the bombing exploded. It also briefly shows the areas of where the explosions occurred. "Richard Nixon-Address to the Nation on an Agreement to End the War in Vietnam (January 23, 1973)." YouTube. YouTube, 23 July 2010. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. This video explains what Richard Nixon take was on the end of the war. Whether or not he thought the United States had the right to be involved or not, the war did not end how most people thought it would.

Audio

"Covered Wagon Musicians - Napalm Sticks to Kids." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Feb. 2012. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. This song shows the anti-war propaganda that was used to gain support for the movement to stop the war. "Larry Othello - I'm Coming Home." YouTube. YouTube, 08 Mar. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. This audio clip, taken from I’m Coming Home by Larry Othello transfers the feelings the soldiers felt as they returned home from war. "The Beach Bums (Bob Seger) "Ballad of the Yellow Beret" - (1966) Are You Kidding Me Records." YouTube. YouTube, 03 Oct. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. The Ballad of the Yellow Beret is a comedic version of the notorious Ballad of the Green Berets. In this version, Bob Seger is mocking draft dodgers who avoided fighting for their country. "Old Crow Medicine Show - Big Time In The Jungle." YouTube. YouTube, 23 Jan. 2009. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. This song elaborates the story of most of the young men who were drafted to fight in Vietnam.