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**The lattice method for multiplying numbers has been used
**

for hundreds of years. It is very easy to use if you know the

basic multiplication facts. Study the examples below.

Operations and Computation

Use the lattice method to multiply 3 ϫ 45.

Read the answer. 3 ϫ 45 ϭ135

The box with squares and diagonals is called a lattice.

Write 45 above the lattice.

Write 3 on the right side of the lattice.

Multiply 3 ϫ 5.

Write the answer as shown.

Multiply 3 ϫ 4.

Write the answer as shown.

Add the numbers along each diagonal,

starting at the right.

Use the lattice method. Multiply 4 ϫ 713.

70 seventy

4 ϫ 713 ϭ 2,852

3

4 5

4

7 1

0

4

2

8

2

8 5

1

2

3

2

3

4 5

1

5

3

4 5

1

5

1

2

3

4 5

1

5

1

2

1

3 5

EM2007SRB_G3_OPE.ccc.qxd 1/3/07 9:35 AM Page 70

The numbers along a diagonal may add up to a 2-digit

number. When this happens . . .

◆ Write the 1s digit.

◆ Add the 10s digit to the sum along the diagonal above.

Operations and Computation

Use the lattice method. Multiply 7 ϫ 89.

Read the answer. 7 ϫ 89 ϭ 623

The sum along one diagonal is 6 ϩ 6 ϭ 12.

Write the 1s digit of 12.

Add the 10s digit of 12 to the sum along

the diagonal above.

This sum is 6.

Use the lattice method. Multiply 34 ϫ 26.

Read the answer. 34 ϫ 26 ϭ 884

Write 26 above the lattice.

Write 34 on the right side of the lattice.

Multiply 3 ϫ 6. Then multiply 3 ϫ 2.

Multiply 4 ϫ 6. Then multiply 4 ϫ 2.

Write the answers as shown in the lattice.

Add the numbers along each diagonal

starting at the right.

For the sum 18, write 8. Then add 1 to the

sum along the diagonal above.

seventy-one 71

7

8 9

6

3

5

6

2 3

7

8 9

6

2 3

3

2 6

0

6

1

8

0

8

2

4

4

3

2 6

0

6 0

8 4

1

1

8

0

8

2

4

8

4

5

1

6

6

3

EM2007SRB_G3_OPE.ccc.qxd 1/3/07 9:35 AM Page 71

The search for ways to record computation

started in India, perhaps about the eleventh

century. The lattice method of multiplication

was probably passed on from the Hindus

to the Arabians. The Arabians then passed

it on to the Europeans. Fifteenth-century

writers in western Europe included it in

their printed books.

The first printed arithmetic book appeared

in Italy in 1478. Luca Pacioli listed eight

different ways to do multiplication in this

book. He called one of the ways “lattice

multiplication.” The name suggests the

gratings that were placed in windows to

keep people from looking through them.

Operations and Computation

4 ϫ 36 ϭ 3 ϫ 517 ϭ

47 ϫ 73 ϭ 64 ϫ 8 ϭ

2.

4.

1.

3.

72 seventy-two

Check your answers on page 338.

7

4 7

3

3

5 1 7

4

3 6

8

6 4

Did You Know?

In the late 1500s, John

Napier invented a set

of numbered rods

that could be used to

multiply numbers.

The rods were strips of

wood or bone, called

Napier’s Bones. Using

these rods to multiply

is almost the same as

using the lattice method.

EM2007SRB_G3_OPE.ccc.qxd 1/3/07 9:35 AM Page 72

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