EXTERNAL REPORT External Case Study Report

Ricardo Assesses Bowman TurboGenTM Products
Assessor: Ricardo plc Location: Engines: Product: United Kingdom 0.5 MW to 2.0 MW Diesel Engines “The application of Bowman turbogenerator systems shows the potential for significant fuel consumption benefits in continuous power applications.” Dave Rawlins, Chief Engineer, Ricardo UK Limited

TurboGenTM Range Findings:  Significant fuel saving improvements
 Low risks to engine reliability

Ricardo conducts technical assessment of Bowman turbogenerators in the 0.5 MW to 2.0 MW diesel engine range with positive performance benefits. Ricardo
Ricardo is a global, world-class, multi-industry consultancy for engineering, technology, project innovation and strategy. With almost a century of delivering value, Ricardo employs over 2300 professional engineers, consultants and staff. Ricardo is committed to providing outstanding value through quality engineering solutions focused on high efficiency, low emission, class-leading product innovation and robust strategic implementation. Ricardo’s client list includes the world's major transportation original equipment manufacturers, supply chain organizations, energy companies, financial institutions & governments. Guided by corporate values of respect, integrity, creativity & innovation and passion, Ricardo enables their customers to achieve sustainable growth and commercial success.

Chief Engineer, Ricardo “The application of Bowman turbogenerator systems shows the potential for significant fuel consumption benefits in continuous power applications. For the right applications, they have the potential to provide significant fuel savings for end users, with risks to engine reliability and durability being managed providing system output level is maintained.”
Dave Rawlins, Chief Engineer, Ricardo UK Limited

Bowman turbogenerator

The Assessment
During 2012 and 2013, Ricardo completed a two month simulation and experience based assessment of Bowman's turbogenerator systems. The assessment focused on diesel engine power ratings from 0.5 MW to 2.0 MW, and was based on Ricardo’s WAVE modelling and on data provided by Bowman Power. The study reviewed the potential impact on engines of fitting turbogenerator systems, including areas such as component thermal loading, exhaust back pressure, boost system interaction and the lubrication and cooling system. It also reviewed potential risks to engines in terms of retrofitting, durability, maintenance and packaging.

Sectioned view of the Bowman turbogenerator

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Tel: +44 (0)23 8023 6700
Case 0003 0001 Issue 01 / June 2013

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EXTERNAL REPORT External Case Study Report

Ricardo endorses Bowman TurboGenTM Products
Ricardo Report Extracts
“Bowman turbogenerators clearly demonstrate the potential for significant fuel consumption improvements.” “As the turbogenerator system is focused on continuous rating applications, the risk of increased exhaust temperature and pressure should be minimal due to the availability of higher rated stand-by variants of the same engines.” “If total system power output is maintained, the principal system risks are increased exhaust backpressure and increased exhaust gas temperature levels on non EGR applications. The primary engine subsystem risk is the valvetrain system, with component durability being influenced by changes in exhaust conditions.” “The principal engine risk to valvetrain system durability may be mitigated through maintaining system output (reduction in base engine output) and revisions to valvetrain components (i.e. valve springs) should issues arise in operation.” “The application of the Bowman Power turbogenerator to engines where these solutions (EGR/AT) are applied should reduce base engine risk compared to the non EGR engines assessed in this study.”

Conclusions
In summary, the technical assessment undertaken by Ricardo showed that Bowman turbogenerators offer significant fuel saving improvements and, if system level output is maintained, the potential risks to engine reliability and longevity are minimised. Ricardo reported that the primary engine sub-system risk is the valvetrain system, with component durability being influenced by changes in exhaust conditions and may be straightforward to mitigate. For instance, in fuel saving applications, when a diesel engine is fitted with a Bowman turbogenerator the same system power output is produced, whilst running at a reduced base engine power output. This may be enough to mitigate the risk and if not changes to the valvetrain components may be required (i.e. stiffer valve springs). Ricardo also reported that the risks associated with increased exhaust temperature and pressure should be minimal. In cases where the Bowman turbogenerators are used in continuous power applications, the diesel engines generally run at a de-rated output when compared with other variants. The increase in exhaust temperature and pressure still potentially leaves the engines operating within the normal parameters of the higher rated variants of the same engines. For more information, please contact

Typical Engines

0.5MW Engine e.g. Liebherr 9512

1.0MW Engine e.g.Cummins KTA50GS

2.0 MW Engine e.g.Caterpillar 3516 Page 2/2

Tel: +44 (0)23 8023 6700
ERS technology ltd. 9701 201st Langley BC Canada V1M 3E7 www.energyrecoverysystems.ca