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Archery Study Guide


History The origin of archery is unknown; however, archery has been an activity with varied objectives for human beings since the beginning of recorded history. The successful use of archery skills by primitive people literally meant survival for them by providing food. Skilled archers through the ages were able to win battles, and that changed the course of history for many nations. In contemporary society, target archery is considered a challenging sport for the competitor who places value on the pursuit of excellence. Target archery was adopted into the Olympics in 1972. The oldest tournament on record is the Ancient Scorton Silver Arrow Contest in Yorkshire, held every year since 1673, excluding the 2 World Wars. The National Archery Association (NAA) is the governing body of target archery, founded in 1879. The National Field Archery Association (NFAA) was established in 1936, sets rules and regulations governing field archery competition.

Safety Rules and Precautions 1. Do not touch any equipment unless told to do so by the instructor. 2. Never use inferior equipment (i.e. split arrows, frayed strings, etc.). 3. Do not draw and release a bow string without an arrow. 4. Do not wear jewelry. 5. Wear simple clothing. 6. Keep the bow arm elbow turned out to avoid string slap and wear an arm guard for protection. 7. Never run with equipment. 8. Never nock an arrow if someone is in front of you. Nock arrows only when given the command to do so by the teacher. 9. NO HORSEPLAY! 10. Retrieve arrows ONLY when given the command to do so by the teacher. Never cross the shooting line while others are shooting (wait for command). 11. All non-shooters should stand behind the safety line and not bother the shooter. 12. Never point bow and arrow anywhere other than the target. 13. Shoot only at the target. 14. Never draw and shoot when anyone is between you and the target. 15. Be sure the area in back of the target is clear. 16. Never shoot in the air or in any direction where you might destroy property or endanger life. 17. Pull arrows out of target with two hands carefully as to not break the arrow. Place one palm against the target as a brace, and pull the arrow out of the target with the other hand. 18. Bows and arrows are not toys. Safety precautions must be followed. Archery is not a dangerous sport, but the bow and arrow does have lethal potential!!

Tips on Shooting Technique


Stance Feet parallel, shoulder width apart Weight on both feet Good tall posture Grip and Bow Arm Wrist and arm are straight Upper edge of index finger is just below arrow plate Elbow point outward, and is not locked Shoulders are level not hunched or turned in Bow arm steady and there is no movement before, during, or immediately after release Nocking The arrow nocked at 90 degree angle with string Index feather away from bow Drawing String is gripped near the finger tips with three fingers (tips only) Hand is straight and relaxed with thumb and little finger in palm Wrist remains in line straight with the forearm and hand as string is drawn A full smooth draw is made (pulling all the way back) Elbow is pulled back at shoulder height as string is drawn Anchoring The anchor point is at the archers face (chin, cheek, jaw) and be consistent The head remains level and turned toward target

PE II

Archery

2008

Archery Study Guide


Aiming Aim for 2-3 seconds after coming to full draw Both eyes open Release Anchor point remains steady before, during and after release The position is held until the arrow hits the target The string is released by straightening all three fingers at once

Scoring
Target Consists of 5 concentric circles Gold = 9 points Red = 7 points Blue = 5 points Black = 3 points White = 1 point

Scoring All arrows landing in the colored areas of the target face receive the appropriate point value. An arrow that cuts two colors receives the higher value. Arrows in the petticoat have no scoring value Terms
Anchor Point- a certain spot on the shooter's face, which the index finger of the string hand comes to on the draw Arm Guard- a leather pad worn on the inside of the bow arm to protect the arm from the slap of the bow string Arrow Rest- the part of the bow or handle that forms a shelf for the arrow to ride Back- the part of the bow that is away from the archer Belly or Face- the side of the bow that faces the archer Bracing the Bow- placing the string into the bow nocks to ready it for shooting, also called stringing the bow Crest- Lines or decorations near the arrow feathers Draw- the act of pulling the bowstring to the proper distance, this distance is also known as the anchor point End- six arrows shot in succession as in a tournament Eye- the end of the bowstring looped for securing the end of the bow Finger Tab- a piece of flat leather worn on the string hand to protect fingers Fletching- the feathers on an arrow Grip- the handle of the bow Index feather- the feather at right angles to the nock or the different color feather Limbs- the two ends of a bow, form the handle riser out; the limbs bend and give the arrow the spring that propels it Nock- the groove on the end of an arrow into which the string goes Overdraw- pulling an arrow past the handle of the bow Over Strung- using a string that is too short for the bow Point or Pile- the tip on the end of the arrow Petticoat- the white outside on the target that has no score Quiver- a receptacle for holding or carrying arrows Range- the distance to be shot or the place to shoot archery Release- to let the strings go, to shoot an arrow Round- shooting a specific number of ends at a specific distance Serving- the thread wrapped about the bowstring to prevent fraying Shaft- the main body of the arrow Shelf- the place on the bow where the arrows rest Shooting line- the line the archer straddles when target shooting String notch - the grooves on the bow where the string is attached. Tackle- equipment used by an archer Trajectory- the path of the arrow in flight Weight- the number of pounds required to pull the bow to the correct arrow length games.

PE II

Archery

2008

Archery Study Guide

Stringing the bow The bow with the set is a recurve bow. The recurve gives better string retention and quicker arrow release. Be sure to string the bow so that the recurves are as shown in the illustration. The bow handle is made with an arrow shelf on both sides for either right or lefthand shooters.

The Arrow The arrow nock always has the groove positioned so that the index feather can clear the bow in the best fashion.

PE II

Archery

2008

Archery Study Guide

Nocking the arrow Place the arrow nock groove on the string. Make sure the arrow nock groove is completely seated on the string. The arrow should be 90 degree (right angle) to the string. Holding the string and arrow You will need to pull the string with the pads of the first three fingers.

Shooting stand and aiming Stand with your body at a right angle to the target. (Right-handers will have their left shoulder toward target; lefthanders will have their right shoulder toward target). Extend left arm toward the target with your head in a natural looking at the target position. Your right arm should be lined up with the arrow while you draw and shoot.

PE II

Archery

2008