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# Metrobank-MTAP-DepEd Math Challenge 2013 Individual Finals Third Year Category A Answer Key

3 2

5 3

7. 14 8. 27/7

5 4

cm

9. 3 cm

3 2 2 3

+ +

3 22 2 32

+ +

3 23 2 33

+ = + =

1 1 2 2 3

=3 =1

1 1 3

## (1 point) The sum of the series is A B = 2. 2. 45

(1 point) In a regular hexagon, each interior angle is 120 so ABN = ABC N BC = 120 90 = 30 . (1 point) ABN is isosceles with AB = N B (they are both equal to BC ). Therefore, N AB = 1 1 2 (180 N AB ) = 2 (180 30 ) = 75 . (1 point) Finally, F AN = F AB N AB = 120 75 = 45 . 3.
2+ 3 2

or

3 2

1 N M Q is a 30 -60 -90 triangle. M Q = 1 and M N = 3. The area is 2 1 3= (1 point) N P Q is a 45 -45 -90 triangle. N P = 2 = QP . The area is 1 2 2 2 = 1. 3 3 1 2 +1 (1 point) The required ratio is = + . 2 (1) 2 (1 point) 4. 3 (1 point) S12 =
12 2 [2a

3 2 .

## + 11d] and S5 = 5 2 [2a + 4d].

12 2 [2a

(1 point) The equation is S12 = 6S5 , i.e., 6(2a + 11d) = 15(2a + 4d) (1 point) This leads to d = 3. a

## + 11d] = 6 5 2 [2a + 4d]. 12a + 66d = 30a + 60d = 6d = 18a

5. 2 cm

(1 point) Letting r be the radius, and the points of tangency as indicated, we have BD = BE = r. Therefore, AD = 5 r and CE = 12 r. (1 point) Since F is the point of tangency on AC , we have AF = AD = 5 r and CF = CE = 12 r. Since the hypotenuse is 13, then (5 r) + (12 r) = 13. (1 point) This equation yields r = 2. Part III 1. 14/9 (1 point) The terms are a1 = a, a4 = a + 3d and a12 = a + 11d. (1 point) Since they form a geometric sequence, (2 points) Simplify: a2 + 6ad + 9d2 = a2 + 11ad = 9d2 = 5ad = d 5 = . a 9
a4 a1

a12 a4 ,

## (1 point) The required ratio is 2. 2 2

a2 a+d d 14 =1+ = . = a1 a a 9

(2 points) A and C are both moved to G after the two foldings. If we let AE = CF = x, it follows that EG = F G = x and BE = BF = 2 x. (2 points) EBF is an isosceles right triangle with leg 2 x and hypotenuse 2x. Therefore, 2x = 2( 2 x). (1 point) Solving this yields x = 2 2. Alternative Solution (1 point) Note that AD = (1 point) 2 and so BD = 2.

DGE after the fold, so they are congruent. Thus, ADE = GDE . AE BE x 2x (2 point) DE is then an angle bisector in ADB . It follows that = , i.e., = . AD BD 2 2 (1 point) Solving this yields x = 2 2.

## DAE coincides with

3. 6

(3 points) It can be shown that BAD = CAD = . One way of showing this is by letting CAP = . Since AP C CP D, it follows that P CD = . Now, since P CD BAD (these are both right triangles with ADB = CDP ), it follows that BAD = P CD = . (1 point) In the right triangle ABC , AB = x + 3 2 and therefore, AC = 2(x + 3 2). Alternatively, AC 2AB without expressing this in terms of x. Since AD is an angle bisector of one may just note that = x CD AC ABC , we have = = = 2. BD AB 3 2 (1 point) This yields x = 3 2 2 = 6.