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Grade 7 - Ch. 6 Review


Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. A clothing manufacturer phones your home and asks if you would buy a new hat that provided your MP3 player with solar power. You answer !"nly if it looks cool too# $ow much does it cost%& 'he caller replies that the hat has not yet been created but the company wants to know if people would buy it. (hat is the manufacturer doing by calling you and asking your opinion% a. gathering market research as they try to decide if they should build a solar MP3 hat b. gathering market research to try to get young people to buy their product c. advertising as they try to decide if they should build a solar MP3 hat d. advertising to try to get young people to buy their product ). (hile at the mall one day you see a market researcher stopping adults to ask them if they drive a car. 'hose that do are asked a few *uestions about what features they would most like to have in the ne+t car they buy. (hen you tell the market researcher you would like to answer the *uestions too they politely decline. (hy would you not be a good candidate for the *uestions% a. 'he manufacturer of the cars only wants to ask people who drive and buy cars. b. 'he market researcher has to choose random people at the mall. ,y asking to be part of the study you are not randomly chosen. c. Market researchers never ask people *uestions when they volunteer to participate. d. 'he market researcher was finished work for the day. 3. "rganic fruits and vegetables have become very popular in recent years. $ow would the farmers growing these fruits and vegetables know that people like their products and the prices they charge without talking to the consumers% a. 'he farmers must do market research by phone instead of asking people at the grocery store. b. 'he farmers overhear conversations at the grocery store when dropping off their produce. c. -f consumers like the organic products they buy them every week. d. -f the farmers do not use market research there is no way to know what consumers are thinking. .. /very time you or your family uses a credit card a debit card or a !fre*uent buyer& card information about the people buying the item and about the item itself is gathered by computers. (hat e+ample shows the type of information manufacturers most want from this type of market research% a. Your family spent 012. b. Your family shops for groceries on 3aturday mornings. c. 4amilies living in $amilton buy sports clothing with the colours black gold and white. d. A person named 3hane from Mississauga bought three new video games today. 2. (hich of the following shows a person not being a wise consumer% a. calling and te+ting your friends with a new mobile phone before you actually buy it b. buying a camera because it is on sale even though you have a good camera already c. reading reviews and asking your friends and family what kind of computer you should buy d. writing an email to the manufacturer of some sunglasses that scratch very easily 5. A !monitor arm& is a special attachment that allows the user of a computer to move the computer screen to a position directly in front of his eyes. 'his stops the user from bending his neck too far up or down when viewing the screen. (hat design concept does the monitor arm illustrate% a. budget shopping c. market research b. aesthetics ____ d. ergonomics 6. 'his safety poster illustrates what design and use principles for using a computer%

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a. market research c. universal design b. ergonomics d. aesthetics 7ew tires for a car are designed to last )8 888 km. -f the tires last less than that and consumers feel that they do not get their money9s worth. -f the tires last longer the manufacturer must charge more for the tires. (hat concept does producing tires in this manner illustrate% a. creating a model c. product disposal b. market research d. planned obsolescence ,efore they sold the very first ice cream cone the owners of the ice cream booth and the waffle booth made a few cones and tested them to see if the waffle would hold the ice cream properly. (hat step in the design process were these first unsold cones% a. prototypes c. consumer9s choice b. models d. advertising !;educe reuse recycle& is a slogan that relates to the lifespan of products. (hy is it important to think about the lifespan of a product before purchasing it% a. /ven when you have finished using a product it can take many years before the product actually breaks down. b. 'he lifespan of most products is less than one year. c. /+pensive products usually break down as waste much more *uickly than ine+pensive ones. d. Most products made now are designed to break down *uickly or be recycled easily. (hy do products made locally often have less impact on the environment% a. <anadian manufacturers usually use far less energy to make their products than in other countries. b. Much less fuel is used to transport the product to where you purchase it. c. =ocal products almost always use less materials during manufacturing. d. <anadian products must be environmentally friendly by law. At which step in the lifespan of a product does the consumer typically first see it% a. model c. prototype b. production d. disposal You may know of someone who refuses to wear last season>s clothing because it is no longer at the height of fashion. 3avvy manufacturers count on this reaction so that the shopper is encouraged to purchase new clothing every season and they can benefit from a repeat customer. (hat is this idea called% a. planned obsolescence b. disposal c. customer>s choice d. market research

Name:_____________________ ____ 1.. (hich purchasing consideration would be least likely to affect the environment% a. how far the product had to travel to reach you b. the working conditions of the people who made the product c. the conse*uences of buying a product that is intended for a brief period of use d. how the raw materials that went into the product are managed ____ 12. Assuming you live in "ntario which tomato has the largest environmental impact% a. a tomato grown in a soil?less fertili@er?rich solution in a greenhouse in "ntario b. a tomato grown by you in a tub on your deck fed with organic fish emulsion fertili@er c. a tomato grown in an organic market garden a short drive from your home d. a tomato grown in Me+ico on a heavily fertili@ed and irrigated field Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. ____ 15. 3ome consumers choose imported strawberries over locally grown ones. 3trawberries grown for e+port are grown in bulk and therefore must be shipped to your local grocery store. 'his means that they have less impact on the environment. ____________________ ____ 16. A product>s lifespan starts as an idea. ____________________ ____ 11. A Aewellery designer may need to learn more about how to set precious stones before making a particular ring. 'his is called market research. ____________________ ____ 1:. =/B <hristmas lights consume a small fraction of the electricity that conventional <hristmas lights consume. 'his means that =/B lights are cheaper to operate. 'herefore choosing =/B lights over conventional lights does not lessen the impact on the environment. ____________________ ____ )8. A simple way to reduce the amount of waste products a school produces is to ask children>s parents to make them litter?free lunches which means lunches packed in reusable containers. ____________________

Name:_____________________ Matching Match each term with the correct description below. a. lifespan d. prototypes b. planned obsolescence e. market research c. models f. product disposal ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ )1. )). )3. ).. )2. )5. designs created by the inventor to see which one is best a working model of the final design used for testing where the lifespan of a product ends this is constructed in order to make sure everything in the product to be manufactured works as planned designing a product to have a limited lifespan from the idea for a product until its disposal Match each term with the correct description below. a. impact e. composting b. raw materials f. energy c. fuel g. sustainable d. recycling ____ )6. 'his is a method of production in which the impact on an ecosystem is reduced as much as possible ____ )1. 'his is necessary whenever a product is transported which adds to the overall effect a consumer product has on the environment. C<hoose the most specific answer.D ____ ):. Along with energy every product that is manufactured re*uires these. ____ 38. Esing less of this when producing items helps reduce the impact on the environment. C<hoose the most specific answer.D ____ 31. -f you purchase locally made or locally grown goods you are lessening your ___ on the environment. ____ 3). 'his is one method which reduces the amount of organic waste added to landfills and which can be used to help lawns and gardens. ____ 33. 'his is one method that reduces the amount of waste in landfills and also can offer a new source of resources for production of consumer.

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