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Mobile IPsec on 2.0


You can connect a number of devices to pfSense 2.0 using IPsec, most notably Android (Phones and Tablets) and iOS (iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, etc) devices but anything that is capable of IPsec will typically work. This document covers the most common setup for mobile devices, which is IPsec using Xauth and a mutual Pre-Shared Key. This setup has been tested and working on Android 2.3.3 and iOS 4.3.5. Others may work as well, including the actual software Cisco client.
Contents 1 IPsec Server Setup 1.1 Mobile Clients 1.2 Phase 1 settings 1.3 Phase 2 settings 1.4 User Settings 1.5 Firewall Rules 1.6 IPsec SA Preference 2 Device Setup (Android) 3 Device Setup (iOS) 4 Troubleshooting

IPsec Server Setup


This is the setup for the pfSense side of the connection

Mobile Clients
Check "Enable IPsec Mobile Client Support" Check "Provide a virtual IP address to clients"

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Check "Provide a virtual IP address to clients" Enter an unused subnet in the box, pick a subnet mask Set any other desired options here Save, apply, create p1 if it doesn't exist.

Phase 1 settings
Authentication method: Mutual PSK + Xauth Negotiation mode: aggressive My identifier: My IP address Peer identfier: User Distinguished Name, vpnusers@example.com Pre-Shared Key: aaabbbccc Policy Generation: Unique Proposal Checking: Strict Encryption Algorithm: AES 128 Hash Algorithm: SHA1 DH Key Group: 2 Lifetime: 86400 NAT Traversal: Force Save

Phase 2 settings
Mode: Tunnel Local Network: (your local network) Protocol: ESP Encryption Algorithms: AES 128 *only* Hash Algorithms: SHA1 *only* PFS key group: off Lifetime: 28800 Save, apply

User Settings
Go to System > User Manager Add a user, grant the user the xauth dialin permission, or add to a group with this permission. Note that for xauth, the password used is the password for the user, not the "IPsec Pre-Shared Key" field. That is used for non-xauth IPsec.

Firewall Rules
Don't forget to add firewall rules to pass traffic from clients

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Firewall > Rules, IPsec tab Add rules that match the traffic you want to allow, or add a rule to pass any protocol/any source/any destination to allow everything.

IPsec SA Preference
System > Advanced, Miscellaneous tab. Uncheck "Prefer Old IPsec SA"

Device Setup (Android)


NOTE: These settings are not present on all Android devices. See Android VPN Connectivity for more info. Settings, Networks & Wireless, VPN Settings, Advanced IPsec VPNs From there, press the menu button, then add. Connection Template: PSK v1 (AES, xauth, aggressive) VPN Name: whatever you want VPN Server: IP of the server The phone forces the keyboard to numbers, not sure if a hostname is supported. Pre-Shared Key Type: text Pre-Shared Key: PSK from the Phase 1 above Identity Type: User FQDN Identity: vpnusers@example.com Username: your xauth username Password: your xauth password Internal Subnet IP: Whatever subnet(s) you specified in p2 above. Finish

Device Setup (iOS)


Settings > General > Network > VPN Add VPN Configuration Click IPsec Description: whatever you want Server: IP of the server Account: your xauth username Password: your xauth password (or leave blank to be prompted every time) Group Name: vpnusers@example.com Secret: PSK from the Phase 1 above

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Troubleshooting
By default iOS will tunnel all traffic over the VPN, including traffic going to the Internet. If you are unable to access Internet sites once connected, you may need to push a DNS server to the client for it to use, such as the LAN IP address of your firewall if you have the DNS forwarder enabled, or a public DNS server such as 8.8.8.8/8.8.4.4. The reason for the above is that your 3G provider is likely giving your mobile devices DNS servers that are only accessible from their network. Once you connect to the VPN the DNS servers are now being accessed via the VPN instead of the 3G network, and the queries are likely to be dropped. Supplying a local/public DNS server will work around that.

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This page w as last modified on 16 January 2013, at 22:28. This page has been accessed 35,341 times.

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