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# Asifia College of Engineering and Technology M.

## Tech Mid I Electrical Power System

ADVANCED POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS

## PART A ANSWER ALL T!E "#ESTION \$%&%'()*

1. Explain the terms P-Q, P-V and Slac !"ses #or a power system. \$. %isc"ss contin&ency analysis !y %' Model. (. Explain the selection o# circ"it !rea er. ). Explain symmetrical and "nsymmetrical #a"lts in power system .

## PART + ANSWER ANY T!REE "#ESTIONS \$,&- ' .%*

1. *hat are the methods "sed #or load #low sol"tion+ %isc"ss ,-S method #or load #low

sol"tion and state ad-anta&es o# this method. \$. 'ompare ,.S, ./ and 0ast deco"pled power #low methods o# load #low sol"tion. (. %isc"ss piecewise sol"tion o# interconnected systems. ). %isc"ss "n!alance #a"lt analysis #or a (-phase to &ro"nd #a"lt. 1 (2MV1, 11 V &enerator has 3143\$452.\$p" 32452.26p". 1 line to &ro"nd #a"lt occ"rs on the &enerator terminals. 0ind the #a"lt c"rrent and line to line -olta&es d"rin& #a"lt conditions. 1ss"me that &enerator ne"tral is solidly &ro"nded and that the &enerator is operatin& at no load and a rated -olta&e at the occ"rrence o# #a"lt. 1lso #ind the line c"rrent #or a (-phase #a"lt. 6. %isc"ss symmetrical component analysis o# "nsymmetrical #a"lts. 7ow is #a"lt comp"tation done "sin& 3 !"s #orm"lation.

Asifia College of Engineering and Technology M.Tech Mid I Electrical Power System
ADVANCED POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION

PART A ANSWER ALL T!E "#ESTION \$%&%'()* 1. /eali8e an&le impedance relay and reactance relay "sin& amplit"de and phase comparators \$. Explain the -ario"s types o# switched distance schemes "sed in power system protection (. Explain the E##ect o# power swin&s on the per#ormance o# distance relays ). Explain the ,enerali8ed mathematical expressions #or distance relays

PART + ANSWER ANY T!REE "#ESTIONS \$,&- ' .%* 1. Explain the characteristics o# a relay whose characteristics chan&es with chan&e o# line impedance \$. explain in detail the trans#ormer di##erential protection scheme (. Show that the power swin& loc"s is a circ"lar arc. %eri-e expressions #or its radi"s and #or coordinates o# its centre ). explain the Principle o# o"t o# step trippin& and !loc in& relays 6. Explain the principle o# operation o# the #ollowin& Microprocessor !ased relays with #lowchart and !loc dia&ram. a9 :-er c"rrent relays !9 %irectional /elay

Asifia College of Engineering and Technology M.Tech Mid I Electrical Power System
RENEWA+LE ENER/Y SYSTEMS

PART A ANSWER ALL T!E "#ESTION \$%&%'()* 1. *hat is Tidal Ener&y+ %eri-e the expression #or maxim"m power in a tide. \$. Explain the principle and en-ironmental impacts o# :TE'+ (. Explain !rie#ly ca"ses o# tides+ ). Explain anaero!ic di&estion #or !io&as PART + ANSWER ANY T!REE "#ESTIONS \$,&- ' .%* 1. 'lassi#y -ario"s types o# ;io Mass con-ersion systems in detail+ \$ a9 Explain Principles o# EM0 &eneration !9 %isc"ss 0"el cells in detail. ( a9 %isc"ss in detail a!o"t ener&y stora&e !9 Explain ,lo!al ener&y position. ) a9 what are the types o# 0"el cells+ %isc"ss any one o# them. !9 Explain a!o"t com!ined cycle co&eneration. 6 a9 Explain poll"tion #ree ener&y systems in detail. !9 ,i-e description o# !atteries in detail.

Asifia College of Engineering and Technology M.Tech Mid I Electrical Power System
MODERN CONTROL T!EORY
PART A ANSWER ALL T!E "#ESTION \$%&%'()*

1. Explain phase-plane analysis o# nonlinear control systems \$. Explain the sta!ility in the sense o# lyap"no(. *hat is the -aria!le end point pro!lem+ %isc"ss the &enerali8ed !o"ndary condition. ). Explain sta!ility analysis o# non-linear systems thro"&h descri!in& #"nctions

PART + ANSWER ANY T!REE "#ESTIONS \$,&- ' .%* 1. *hat is a sin&"lar point+ %raw the phase tra5ectory o# the #ollowin& sin&"lar points< i9 Sta!le node ii9 "nsta!le node iii9 Saddle point i-9 Vortex point. \$. Explain the Method o# Isoclines #or 'onstr"ctin& Tra5ectories (. Explain the di##erent types o# .on-=inearity>s ). %e#ine the #ollowin& i9 Sta!ility in the sense o# Lyapunov ii9 1symptotic sta!ility iii9 1symptotic sta!ility in the lar&e

Asifia College of Engineering and Technology M.Tech Mid I Electrical Power System
!I/! VOLTA/E EN/INEERIN/

PART A ANSWER ALL T!E "#ESTION \$%&%'()* 1. 7ow do yo" meas"re hi&h direct c"rrents+

\$. Explain a!o"t meas"rement o# hi&h direct c"rrent -olta&es. (. Explain the mechanism o# li&htnin& stro es. ). %escri!e di##erent tests cond"cted on ca!les.

PART + ANSWER ANY T!REE "#ESTIONS \$,&- ' .%* 1. Explain the -olta&e do"!ler circ"its #or dc -olta&es \$. %escri!e &eneration o# hi&h alternatin& -olta&es "sin& cascaded trans#ormers. (. Explain di##erent theories a!o"t the char&e #ormation in clo"ds ). 1 transmission line has the #ollowin& line constants /4o.1ohms? m, =41.\$@m7? m, '42.22A"0? m and ,42. I# the line is a (-phase line and is char&ed #rom one end at a line -olta&e o# \$(2 V, #ind the rise in -olta&e at the other end, i# the line len&th is )22 m 6. Explain !rie#ly testin& o# isolators and circ"it !rea ers

Asifia College of Engineering and Technology M.Tech Mid I Electrical Power System
!VDC TRANSMISSION

## PART A ANSWER ALL T!E "#ESTION \$%&%'()*

1. Explain a!o"t constant i&nition an&le control. \$. Explain a!o"t the o-er -olta&es d"e to dist"r!ance on dc side. (. Explain a!o"t di##erent types o# con-erter #a"lts in h-dc transmission systems. ). Explain the typical arran&ements, merits and demerits o# -ario"s MT%' systems.

## PART + ANSWER ANY T!REE "#ESTIONS \$,&- ' .%*

(0 Explain the Indi-id"al phase control #or h-dc systems. \$. Explain the constant extinction an&le control #or h-dc systems. (. Explain the o-er -olta&es d"e to %' and 1' side line #a"lts. %0 %escri!e the Volta&e interaction 7armonic insta!ility pro!lems in h-dc systems. 10 *hat are smoothin& reactors+ Explain the protection scheme employed in s"r&e arrestors on dc side.