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1652 Jan van Riebeeck establishes a way-station for ships. Town laid out on a Dutch grid pattern and farmlands established. 1688 French Huguenots arrive. 16601806 40,000 slaves are imported from West Africa, Madagascar, India, Ceylon, Malaya, and Indonesia to work on farms. 18651905 Immigration: workingclass immigrants arrive from all over Europe to settle in the city. German farmers develop Philippi for market gardening. 1814 Capital of the British Cape Colony. Urban growth continues haphazardly at the hands of developers. 1836 The Great Trek: 10,000 Dutch families leave the Colony to travel north.

1870s80s Trade to the port is increased by Highveld gold rush. Segregation begins, as native Africans are moved to Ndabeni. 1930s-40s 1910 Legislative capital of the Union of South Africa is Cape Town. 19101941 Suburban development along racial lines is inuenced by the British garden city movement, and the oversized, zoned planning of Modernism. Foreshore reclamation begins, linking harbor to the central city. 1950s 1924 Growth of planned townships on the Cape Flats: slums Act allows for forced removals in the inner city. 1948

1960s Large industrial areas grow up on the outskirts of the city. Railway lines and roads are used to strategically separate areas. 1965 District Six declared a whites-only region and 60,000 forcibly removed, many to Lavender Hill and surroundings. Slum clearance accelerates, forcing thousands into hostels and tented emergency camps.

1970s80s Steady growth of Cape Flats townships and informal settlements, most notably Khayelitsha and Mitchells Plain. Violent clashes and forced removals continue. 1988 Touristic development of the V&A Waterfront. It becomes the countrys most popular tourist destination with 1.5 million visitors monthly. 1990s Urban sprawl: end of inux control leads to rural migration and rapid growth of underserviced, overcrowded Cape Flats settlements. Informal economy and violence levels boom due to unemployment and inequality. Gated communities for the rich spring up in response to widespread lawlessness. 201011 1990 Abolishment of the last of the Apartheid laws by President F.W. De Klerk. 1994 First democratic election in South Africa sees Nelson Mandela elected president. 2000s


Urban planning aims for complete separate development: National Party elected on a platform of Apartheid, leading to the Group Areas Act.

Central City Improvement District (CCID) established with a focus on safety and urban maintenance. Integrated Development Plan (IDP), a 5-year government plan, lays solid framework for urban improvement.

Soccer World Cup builds on infrastructure and public space improvements underway in the city. World Design Capital 2014 bid won by Cape Town.