velez-8ublo C M

1,2
, L Cardona
3
, A Carranza
4,3
, L Alonso
1
, n 1eryda
1
, ! 1omás
2
1 kA8uM8L, 8lodlversldad y Conservaclón. Av. 8lvera 3243, MonLevldeo CÞ 11400, uruguay
2 lnsuLuLo Cavanllles de 8lodlversldad y 8lologla Lvoluuva, unlverslLy of valencla, ApLdo. 22083, L-46071 valencla, Spaln
3l88lC and ueparLmenL of Anlmal 8lology, laculLy of 8lology, unlverslLy of 8arcelona, Avda. ulagonal 643, L-08028 8arcelona, Spaln
4 CenLro unlvesrlLarlo reglonal LsLe (Cu8L) Sede Maldonado, ÞunLa del LsLe, uruguay
3 Área 8lodlversldad y Conservaclón, Museo naclonal de PlsLorla naLural, C.C. 399, C.Þ. 11000, MonLevldeo, uruguay
!"#$%&'(#!%"
• ln uruguayan coasLal waLers lmmaLure green LurLle (!"#$%&'( *+,(-) occur year round (Marunez-
Souza #. ($. 2010, velez-8ublo #. ($. 2013, Conzález Carman #. ($. 2012). 1hese waLers hosL foraglng
and developmenLal nerluc grounds for lndlvlduals recrulung aûer Lhe oceanlc phase of Lhelr llfe cycle
(López-Mendllaharsu #. ($. 2006).
• ln oLher reglons, Lhls hablLaL Lransluon ls accompanled by a dleLary shlû, belng neusLonlc and pelaglc
lnverLebraLes replaced by macrophyLes and/or seagrass as maln food resources (8[orndal 1997, 8elch
#. ($. 2007). Powever, Lhe umlng and process of Lhe dleLary shlp may vary reglonally (Cardona #. ($.
2010).
• Þrevlous dleL sLudles showed LhaL green LurLles occurrlng oñ uruguay presenL an herblvorous dleL
based on macroalgae (uarre CasLell 2003), buL deLalls abouL Lhe dleLary shlû are unknown.
1PL Þ8LSLn1 S1uu? AlMS
1C unuL8S1Anu 1PlS
&!*#+$, -.!/# uu8lnC
C8LLn 1u81LL Cn1CCLn?
Anu 1C ASSLSS 1PLl8
nu18l1lCnAL uLÞLnuLnCL
Cn 1PL 0+($%+12+*
(%00'"!#,.
0+#*$!+1 +"& 0*#.%&-
• 1he coasL was dlvlded lnLo Lhree zones (llg. 1) based on Lhe dlñerences ln hydrologlcal
characLerlsucs: [lLZ] lnner esLuarlne zone, characLerlsed by a ßuvlal-marlne sallnlLy
reglme lnßuenced malnly by Lhe 8Þ dlscharge, [CLZ] ouuer esLuarlne zone, marlne
sallnlLy reglme lnßuenced by Lhe 8Þ and oceanlc waLers, and [CZ] Cceanlc zone, wlLh
oceanlc lnßuence.
• ln order Lo sLudy [uvenlle green LurLle dleL ln Lhe uruguayan coasL, we collecLed guL
conLenLs from 34 green LurLle sLranded beLween 2009 and 2013 .
• 1o beuer undersLand Lhe onLogenlc dleLary shlû of green LurLles, speclmens were
classlñed ln Lhree slze classes: CCL < 33 cm [n= 10], 8: 33 cm < CCL < 40 cm [n= 20], C:
CCL > 40 cm [n= 17])
• 1he relauve lmporLance of each dleLary group/specles found was recorded as
frequency of occurrence (lC).
$*-'1#-
• All Lhe LurLles analyzed were of lmmaLure slze, wlLh mean ± Su curved carapace lengLh, noLch Lo up (CCLn-L) of 40.0 ± 7.0 cm (range 29.8-
62.0, n = 47).
• 1he speclmens analyzed had an omnlvorous dleL (llg. 2), wlLh hlgh occurrence of boLh macroalgae (lC=74.1°) and gelaunous
macrozooplankLon (lC= 46.3°). AlLhough we found LwenLy dlñerenL specles of macroalgae, only ñve Laxa occurred ln more Lhan 40° of
Lhe samples.
• Marlne debrls occurred ln 72.2° of Lhe sLomach conLenLs analyzed, Lhus conñrmlng LhaL green LurLles lngesL ßoaung ob[ecLs
opporLunlsucally.
• Celaunous macrozooplankLon prevalled ln LurLles < 33 cm CCL (lC=80°) and macroalgae occurred ln less of Lhem (60.0°). Celaunous
macrozooplankLon was sull abundanL ln LurLles ranglng 33-40 cm CCL (lC = 43°), buL Lhe frequency of occurrence of macroalgae lncreased
Lo 63.0°. llnally, macroalgae was Lhe mosL frequenL food lLem (lC= 82.3°) ln LurLles larger Lhan 40 cm CCL, alLhough gelaunous
zooplankLon was sull presenL (lC= 23.3°). Marlne debrls were abundanL ln Lhe Lhree slze classes, alLhough Lhe frequency of occurrence
decrease wlLh slze, from 80° ln Lhose shorLer Lhan 33 cm CCL Lo 38.8° ln Lhose larger Lhan 40 cm CCL (llg. 3).
CnL? llvL 1AxA Cl MAC8CALCAL CCCu88Lu ln MC8L 1PAn 40° Cl 1PL SAMÞLLS
/$0( -12 (82.3 °) !%,'3* -1 (40.0°)
45(.#$%31'( -1 (62.3°) 6.#5%7$(,'#$$( 7(1'$$(7#( (40°)
!%&,5(7(&."3- -12 (47.3°)
(%"(1'--!%"-
1hls prellmlnary sLudy shows an lmporLanL change ln Lhe green LurLle dleL aûer recrulung Lo coasLal hablLaLs, where
Lhey explolL Lhe mosL abundanL food resource ln uruguayan nerluc hablLaLs, Lhe 345674894: ;:<=>7<?5 5733@<?=A.
neverLheless, gelaunous macrozooplankLon sull sLand as a relevanL dleLary lLem aûer recrulLmenL, Lhus suggesung
LhaL [uvenlle green LurLles occurrlng ln nerluc hablLaLs oñ uruguay are besL descrlbed as 73<?B76:C Lhan as
herblvores.
+(D"%E1*20*"#-
AuLhors are really graLeful Lo all karumbe members and volunLeers who once formed parL of Lhe nCC. Also Lo all Lhe persons (ñshermen, naval ÞrefecLure, llfe guard servlce,
rangers, clvll organlzauons and cluzens). AuLhors wlsh Lo Lhank Lo Lhe Marlne Zoology unlL of Lhe unlverslLy of valencla Lo help ln Lhe lasL parL of Lhls work. !1 ls supporLed by
pro[ecL CCL 2011-30413 of Lhe Spanlsh MlnlsLry of Lconomy and Compeuuveness. llnanclal suppoerL fromllAWLo karumbe, 8uñord small granL Lo Cv and Agencla naclonal
de lnvesugaclón e lnnovaclón (Anll) Lo AC ls also acknowledge. 1hls research was conducLed under llcence (no. 200/04, 073/08 and 323/11) from Lhe launa ueparLmenL
MlnlsLry of Caule, AgrlculLure and llshlng of uruguay.
/!2F GH ulgesuve Lrack of a [uvenlle green LurLle sLranded ln 8ocha (CZ). ulñerences were founded a log Lhe
dlgesuve Lrack, ln Lhe oesophagus only macroalgae were presenL, a mlx of macroalgae and gelaunous
macrozooplankLon ln Lhe sLomach conLenLs, and [usL marlne debrls ln Lhe lnLesune conLenLs.
/!2F IH 8lo de la ÞlaLa esLury map, Lhe uruguayan coasL were dlvlded lnLo Lhree zones based on Lhe
dlñerences ln hydrloglcal characLerlsucs: [lLZ] lnner LsLurlne Zone (330 km), [CLZ] CuLer LsLurlne Zone
(130 km) and [CZ] Cceanlc Zone (230 km). Creen LurLles sLrandlngs locauons were lndlcaLed by Lhe red
clrcles. 1he leuers lndlcaLe Lhe lmporLanL feedlng areas for [uvenlle green LurLles ln uruguay coasLal
waLers: +, Marlne ÞroLecLed Area of Cerro verde, J, ÞunLa del ulablo, (, Marlne proLecLed area of Cabo
Þolonlo, &, La Þaloma, *, ÞunLa del LsLe and /, Þlrlapolls.
/!2F KH lrequency of occurrence of maln dleL lLems for each slze class (CCL ln cm).
1!#*$+#'$*& (!#*&
8[orndal (1997) loraglng ecology and nuLrluon of sea LurLles. 1he blology of sea LurLles. C8C Þress, 8oca 8aLon, pp. 199-232.
Cardona eL al. (2010) Asynchrony beLween dleLary and nuLrluonal shlûs durlng Lhe onLogeny of green LurLles (!"#$%&'( *+,(-) ln Lhe
MedlLerranean.!LM8L.
uarre casLell (2003) PáblLos allmenLarlos de [uvenlles de LorLuga verde (!"#$%&'( *+,(-) en Cerro verde, 8ochaF
Conzález Carman eL al. (2012) 8evlslung Lhe onLogeneuc shlû paradlgm: Lhe case of [uvenlle green LurLles ln Lhe SW ALlanuc. !LM8L
López-Mendllaharsu eL al. (2006) 8lologla, Lcologla y LLologla de las LorLugas marlnas en la zona cosLera uruguaya.
Marunez-Souza eL al. (2011) Cerro verde, uruguay, can be a year-round feedlng area for [uvenlle green LurLles?. Þroceedlngs of Lhe 31
Annual Symposlumon Sea 1urLle 8lology and Conservauon.
8elch eL al. (2007) 1he ºlosL years" of green LurLles: uslng sLable lsoLopes Lo sLudy crypuc llfesLages. 8L
velez-8ublo eL al. (2013) Marlne LurLle LhreaLs ln uruguayan waLers: lnslghLs from12 years of sLrandlng daLa. M8
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