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MANASIKIBHAVA (PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS):

It can be divided in positive & negative emotions. (Ch. Vi. 4/8)


POSITIVE Harsha, Priti, Dhairya, Dhriti, Medha, Virya, Shraddha
NEGATIVE - Bhaya, Shoka, Krodha, Chinta, Raga, Dvesha, Moha
In Ayurveda the etiology and symptomatology of many diseases
highlight the importance of MANASIKBHAVA. When they are in physiological
limit described as Manasikbhava but when it crosses the physiological range, they are
termed as Manasikvikara, in Ayurvedic literature. These psychic factors are involved
in almost all the disease process along with physical disturbances as both of these are
inter dependent. Acharya Charaka has quoted
Te cha Vikaraha parasparam anuvartamanaha kadachitnu braghanti (Ch.
Vi. 6/8)
Sharirika and Manasika Doshas are found to be affecting mutually each other.
It seems that Ayurvedists have followed the psycho-somatic approach where more
emphasis is given to the integration aspect of these two factors.
Charaka has mentioned so many instances here it has been shown that somatic
disorders also affect the psychic conditions of a human being. For exampleShoka Bhaya etc. cause Vataprakopa (Ch. Chi. 19 / 12)
Vayu is the cause of enlivement (Utsaha) and excitement (Harsha). When Vayu
becomes abnormal in the body it dejects the mind (Ch. Su.12/8).
Marichi says that abnormal Pitta gives rise to fear, anger, excitement, hallucination
(Moha), exhilaration and lucidity (Ch. Su. 12/11).
The normal Kapha generates the enlivements (Utsaha) and slotha (Alasya) and
abnormal Kapha causes excessive Slotha and hallucination (Ch. Su. 12/12).
Similarly, it is seen that excess of grief and anxiety affect the Vata, the anger affects
the Pitta, and the much joy affects the Kapha (Ch. Ni. 1/19-22-25)
Mana Agni both are Sattva Pradhana
Dusti of Mana
DustiofAgni
(Su Su. (Su.Su.46 / 50)
NEGATIVE
Improperdigestion
It is obvious by the review of Ayurvedic literature that there is no exact
synonym or equivalent to Irritable Bowel Syndrome. So there does not seem to be any
justification to search for similar name that may be synonymous to IBS. But
symptoms of IBS are described scattered in different contexts of Ayurvedic classics.
Vikaranam Kushalo Na Jihriyat Kadachana (Ch.Su. 18/45)
It is not always important to name a particular disease and not all disease can
be given a definite nomenclature. It is the deranged Doshas that cause different
diseases basing on the site of their aggravation and localization.
Bhishaja prak parikshyaiva vikaranam swalakshnam (Ch. Su. 10/21)
A physician should try to examine and understand a disease by all its
symptoms and then management to get better results. Instead of trying to find an exact
synonym of it, we may attempt to find the most possible correlate so that the Doshic
involvement in this clinical entity could be done at the level of aetiology or
aetiopathogenesis or at the level of symptomatology.
As will be described later in detail, IBS is a motor functional disorder of the
gastrointestinal tract manifesting as altered bowel habits, abdominal pain in the
absence of detectable organic pathology. The symptoms are markedly influenced by
psychological factors and stressful life situations. Few disorders of Mahasrotas
mentioned in Ayurveda, which have a resemblance with symptoms of IBS, will be
discussed. This correlation may be done at the level of aetiology or aetiopathogenesis
and at the level of symptomatology.